Questions tagged [canada]

Second largest country in the world, located in North America, having boundaries with the United States. The political system is parliamentary democratic monarchy, in personal union with the United Kingdom.

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75
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15answers
26k views

Why did North America economically prosper, and maintain stable government and South/Central America didn't?

Disclaimer: I understand this is a generalized statement and doesn't account for every scenario (for example: the US civil war). In general, why over the course of our whole history has the United ...
73
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3answers
64k views

Why did Canada not join the American Revolution?

America declared independence from Britain and fought a war of independence. Several states joined the fight, however, Canada remained British. Why did the American rebellion and war of independence ...
31
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2answers
23k views

When did Canada become truly independent?

I see that Canada became independent in 1867. But someone told me it wasn't truly independent until the 1980s. Is that true? In what sense is it true? I don't see anything about it in that article or ...
26
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5answers
25k views

Why are the USA and Canada's states border so straight?

Many states within the USA and Canada have straight lines as a border, completely ignoring natural borders like mountains or rivers. Many American states and Canadian provinces are just rectangle-...
23
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9answers
92k views

Why did Canada, Australia and New Zealand separate from the UK?

I asked this question in various places on the Web. I haven't received a clear answer. The USA separated from the UK because the people felt that they were not British, and they weren't. Weren't ...
20
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2answers
4k views

How much materiel was shipped to Continental Europe per month, after D-Day?

Once D-Day landed (1944 Jun 06), how much materiel was shipped into Continental Europe by the Western Allies per month? Did this monthly figure change much by 1945 May? Materiel includes basically ...
17
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2answers
17k views

When did the American War of 1812 actually end?

My daughter was recently studying this in high school, and somehow I had always assumed that it had only lasted a year. Apparently it ran on for at least a couple of years, but her textbook only ...
12
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2answers
698 views

In Canada, is it true that when Mormons first arrived (1887) they weren't allowed to settle within 50km of Lethbridge?

In 1886, a Mormon named Charles Card was directed by the then President on the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, John Taylor, to go north and find a suitable settlement site in Canada. In ...
12
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1answer
176 views

How did people dress at the Jesuit missions to the Hurons?

The Jesuits established a number of missions among the Huron people of what is today Ontario during the 1600s. Unlike many other proselytizing groups of that era, the Jesuits were known for ...
11
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2answers
5k views

Why did Loyalists go to Canada during the American Revolution

I am currently learning about the American Revolution and I have some questions about the loyalists. I know that they were supportive of the British Empire, but why did they leave the U.S. and, when ...
11
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1answer
787 views

Was it worthwhile for Britain to side with the USA in the Canada-Alaska border dispute?

In 1903 the Canada-Alaska border dispute was decided by a tribunal of 3 American members, 2 Canadian members, and 1 British member. The British member sided with the Americans with the stated goal of ...
11
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4answers
698 views

Does the Kimmirut find indicate pre-Viking Europeans traveling to Baffin Island?

A 2008 article from the Nunatsiaq News claimed there was new evidence of European contact with the Canadian Arctic, saying things like: Dating of some yarn and other artifacts, presumed to be left ...
11
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1answer
260 views

How was Canadian sovereignty in the arctic threatened in the 1950s?

Wikipedia article on the settlement of Grise Fiord in the Canadian Arctic strongly suggests that Canada in the 1950s was striving to populate its arctic territory in response to challenges to its ...
10
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1answer
528 views

Why did the maple leaf become associated with Canada?

One of the national symbols of Canada is the maple leaf, it is even on our flag, yet, unlike the Moose or the Beaver, Maple trees are more common in the states than in Canada. Which made me wonder, ...
10
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1answer
387 views

Why is/was the world's expo 1967 so important to Montreal, Canada?

Although I have read Wikipedia's article on Expo Montreal 1967, I haven't been able to figure out why Expo 1967 still continues to strike an emotional chord in Canadians some 45 years after the event. ...
10
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1answer
389 views

Sugar Island - why does it belong to USA?

The attached map below is just a picture from google maps I know posting such pictures might not be a good practice, but I needed to specify the position of Sugar Island and St Joseph Island. My ...
9
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1answer
1k views

Who was Chief Poking Fire?

Is there any information about who was Chief Poking Fire? He was the chief of Kahnawake reservation close to Montreal (Canada). On all the pictures he looks like a person with European descent. Is ...
9
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1answer
4k views

Did Britain send convicts to Canada during the colonial era?

During the colonial era before the American War of Independence, Britain sent convicts to its North American colonies which eventually became the USA, but did Britain also send convicts to those ...
9
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1answer
307 views

Why are Quebeckers different from Acadians?

These two French-speaking peoples of Canada are quite distinct, both in linguistic as well as historical terms. How did this difference arise? Did they arrive at different times to Canada? Do they ...
8
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1answer
535 views

The US founding fathers and Canada

In the Articles of Confederation, the United States' founding fathers provided for Canada (in the form of the Province of Quebec) to join as a 14th state. However, Canada didn't take advantage of it ...
7
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1answer
236 views

Was the mortality rate among Irish emigrants to Canada really ten times those to America? If so, why?

In a Reddit AMA with an Irish historian, he made this claim about emigration during the Great Famine: In 1847 around 20% of emigrants on the Canadian route died at sea or just after arrival. They ...
7
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1answer
252 views

What was the ratio of French to English speakers in Upper Canada before and after the American Revolution?

Immediately before the American Revolution, the area that would become Upper Canada (modern-day Ontario) was largely French-speaking, having been a French colony until 1763 when the British took over. ...
7
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1answer
258 views

How does finding a Franklin ship change what we know about the expedition?

An expedition to find the Franklin ships has found one. At this point, the searchers aren't sure if they've found HMS Erebus or HMS Terror. But sonar images from the waters of Victoria Strait, just ...
6
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3answers
920 views

Were discrepancies from the 45th parallel in the US-Canadian border ratified?

The treaty of 1783 between the United States and Britain said that the boundary separating Quebec from the states of Vermont and New York was to be at the 45th parallel of north latitude. (The state ...
6
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2answers
319 views

Were the Quebecois ever considered higher-class because they spoke French?

For a very long time, French was, well, the lingua franca. All courts spoke French, from England to Russia. Everyone else, as always, tried to emulate what the nobles were doing, and learned French if ...
6
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1answer
270 views

Why was the FSSF (Devil's Brigade) multinational?

During WWII, the US and Canada formed a unit together called the First Special Service Force. But why? Especially considering that Canada fought under British leadership for nearly all other aspects ...
6
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1answer
211 views

Line houses and laws?

What were the circumstances of the construction of the various buildings through which the boundary between Vermont and Quebec passes? In particular, what were the laws affecting construction on the ...
6
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1answer
162 views

When did the Nuu-Chah-Nulth stop whaling?

I am wondering when the Nuu-Chah-Nulth stopped whaling. I've been looking around and can't seem to find anything.
5
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3answers
2k views

What was the impetus behind the British Empire's acquisition of what is now Canada?

What led the British to Canada as part of a plan to colonise North America? There are no good natural resources in Canada and, from what I can see, there was no point in getting a military ...
5
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2answers
166 views

In early WW2, how much of the merchant marine was American?

WW2, before the US entered, ran from 1939 Sep 01 to 1941 Dec 07. During this time, a lot of merchant vessels sailed in convoy to Britain. I am wondering, of all the people who crewed those vessels, ...
5
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1answer
268 views

Was there any distinction between the 13 Colonies and the Canadian provinces prior to the American Revolution?

Was there any distinction between the 13 Colonies that became the United States and the Canadian colonies/provinces prior to the American Revolution? For example, did New Brunswick and New Hampshire ...
5
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0answers
164 views

What was the geopolitical status of Newfoundland prior to 1949? [closed]

Newfoundland "only" became part of Canada on March 31, 1949. What was the geopolitical status of Newfoundland prior to its annexation to Canada (or however it fused with the rest of Canada, if "...
4
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5answers
2k views

Why Canada failed to emerge as a Great Power like UK or France? [closed]

What factors prevented Canada to become a Great Power like UK or France?
4
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1answer
252 views

What were the dominant Native American cultures in Eastern Canada and New England in the late 900s?

It's an oddly specific question, I know. Just to lay my cards on the table I'm writing a piece of short fiction about a small band of vikings that penetrates deeper into the American interior than any ...
4
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1answer
87 views

What was John Buchan's position on Jewish immigration?

Canada was very restrictive about Jewish immigration in the late 1930's. John Buchan was governor general of Canada at that time. What was his position on Jewish immigration into Canada at that time?...
4
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0answers
90 views

What could explain the myth (or truth) of drunken defenders during the battle of the plains of Abraham?

I have come across popular references towards the sodden or sozzled state of the French and Canadien defenders of Quebec City during the Battle of the Plains of Abraham. Mostly, these references are ...
4
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0answers
191 views

How motivated were the Australian, Canadian and NZ soldiers in the British army during the two world wars? [closed]

How motivated were the Australian, Canadian and NZ soldiers in the British army during the two world wars? Did they feel that their homeland was under threat or did they have problem understanding why ...
4
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0answers
156 views

Why did the US give up the portion of Vancouver island below the 49th parallel but insist on keeping Point Roberts?

Point Roberts remained US territory because the Americans insisted on maintaining the strictest interpretation of the Treaty of Oregon, even though it was pretty much useless being a tiny exclave. But ...
4
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0answers
355 views

Dimensions and parts of Fort Douglas, Winnipeg Canada

I am having troubles estimating the dimensions of Fort Douglas that WAS in Winnipeg Canada. Fort Douglas (from what I understand, correct me if I'm wrong) was the stage of the battle of Seven Oaks. I ...
3
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1answer
1k views

What, if anything, did Hitler think of the Canadian government's treatment of the Native Americans?

What, if anything, did Hitler think of the Canadian government's treatment of the Native Americans? Asking because the TVTropes "Final Solution" page said (now removed): While the Holocaust may be ...
3
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1answer
328 views

Why was it deemed necessary that the “average person… knows they are on the border”, which resulted in the creation of the US-Canadian border slash?

The Atlas Obscura's US-Canada Border Slash, says: The Slash was initially deforested for the sole purpose of, according to the IBC, making sure that the “average person… knows they are on the ...
3
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1answer
946 views

Why didn't the Franklin expedition seek assistance from the Inuit?

The Franklin expedition has been in the news again recently, as the wreck of the HMS Terror was recently located by the Arctic Research Foundation. This follows the discovery of the wreck of the HMS ...
3
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1answer
249 views

Who sold this book in London in the 1930s?

Several years ago, I purchased a copy of A.W. Wheen's English translation of Erich Maria Remarque's Three Comrades (published, as best as I can tell, sometime in 1937 by Hutchinson & Co. of London,...
3
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1answer
163 views

Did the Canadian Tuxedo emerge out of the Wool Shortage of 1973?

I understand that the Hudson Bay Company is responsible for the proliferation of the "Canadian Tuxedo". The Canadian Tuxedo is described as a denim jacket with jeans. The denim jacket must have ...
3
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2answers
354 views

Did Leon Trotsky get stopped by authorities in Halifax?

In Antony C. Sutton's book Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution he argues that Leon Trotsky was given $10,000 in New York. http://reformed-theology.org/html/books/bolshevik_revolution/chapter_02....
3
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2answers
330 views

What was Lester B. Pearson's motivation for instituting Canada's 40 hr. work week?

Back in the 1960s, Lester B. Pearson instituted Canada's 40-hour work week as well as 2 weeks vacation and a new minimum wage. However, his motivations for doing so at that time are not clear to me. ...
3
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1answer
292 views

19th century cabins: why were beds off the ground? Or weren't they?

I know films and historical accuracy are, unfortunately, enemies, but a couple of years ago I saw a film that included a family living in close quarters in a cabin and they all slept on cots on the ...
3
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0answers
77 views

Which Canadian universities required Ancient Greek and Latin? From when to when?

I limit this question to universities in Canada. 1. What rough percentage of universities required Ancient Greek and Latin, for admission? 2. Then what about after admission, during university? ...
2
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2answers
156 views

What was the wage of the soldiers serving in the CEF compared to the soldiers serving in the British army?

I believe that the title explains the question quite well however I will elaborate. We know that soldiers, even conscripted ones were indeed paid during their service in the two different armies. ...
2
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0answers
50 views

What was life like in the 1920s to 1930s in Bruno, Saskatchewan?

What was the population, demographics, and types of services that they would have had? Looking for an overview of that whole area during the 1920s and '30s. Would most babies been born at a ...