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Questions tagged [carthage]

Topics relating to the ancient Mediterranean city of Carthage, its culture and history, or the territories it controlled.

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2 answers
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How was Rome able to conscript and equip 400k soldiers during 2nd Punic War in a pre-industrial society?

I have counted legions and allied legions Rome conscripted during 16 years of Punic War. It's roughly 400k and could be even more. Battle Year Result Battle of Ticinus 218 BC 2,000 Roman casualties, ...
ÖzgürP's user avatar
  • 411
2 votes
1 answer
346 views

Did Hannibal's elephants wear protective footwear?

Researching the logistics of Hannibal's march I can not find any reference to whether his elephants wore protective footwear. Hannibal was a supreme field commander so it's impossible to imagine he ...
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3 votes
1 answer
595 views

Did Cato the Elder think destruction of Carthage was more important than anything else for Rome?

Cato's known for always ending his speeches in the Senate on any topic whatsoever with "Ceterum autem censeo Carthaginem esse delendam", conventionally translated as "Furthermore, I ...
lessthanideal's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
148 views

Did Hannibal join Antiochus in order to get back at Rome, or was he merely escaping his political enemies in Carthage? [closed]

According to Livy's history of early Rome (Book 33), Hannibal was forced to flee Carthage in 195 BC after his disgruntled political enemies among the Punic aristocracy sent word to Rome accusing him ...
Rex's user avatar
  • 47
0 votes
1 answer
960 views

What was the Carthaginian (Punic) term for elephant

Considering the legendary status of war elephants in Carthaginian (world) history... Do we know what their term was for “war elephants”, or simply “elephants”? Can someone point me in the right ...
Gary Dean's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
930 views

At the start of the Second Punic War, why didn't Hannibal engage Publius Scipio in Hispania, but crossed the alps instead?

Sorry, I forgot exactly where I remember this from but as Hannibal moved towards the Alps with around 50,000 troops, he was pursued by Scipio with fewer troops (actually, if anyone can find a source ...
Hao S's user avatar
  • 810
1 vote
0 answers
1k views

What kind of apparel did Carthaginians wear?

Did Carthaginians wear togas like the Romans did? Did they wear laurels? What kind of other clothing might they have worn? (If you're looking for a specific time period - around the beginning of the ...
vityavv's user avatar
  • 111
4 votes
0 answers
305 views

What is know about Baal Hammon's Vegetal Crown

What more is known about the Vegetal Crown of the Carthaginian chief god Baal Hammon? I've searched for more information about this particular motif but can't find any. Obviously it can be thought ...
Johan88's user avatar
  • 1,319
1 vote
2 answers
2k views

How did Carthage Lose the First Punic War to Rome?

(264 to 241 BC) Carthage seemed to have many significant strategic advantages at the beginning of the conflict. Carthage Generals were both experienced and accomplished. Carthage had a larger and ...
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3 votes
2 answers
930 views

Was there a state or kingdom in the Maghreb of North Africa that predates the founding of Carthage?

Was there a state or kingdom in North Africa before the arrival of the Phoenicians and the foundation of Carthage in 814 BC, except the primitive Capcian civilization?
mohamed amdouni's user avatar
123 votes
15 answers
35k views

Why, in ancient battles, did being encircled mean defeat?

Why, in ancient battles, did being encircled mean defeat? The classic example of that is the Battle of Cannae, where 80,000 Roman infantry were surrounded by 40,000 Carthaginian infantry. Every ...
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14 votes
1 answer
501 views

Was the Carthaginian Senate for life or not?

I've been reading the Federalist Papers and, in the 63rd, Madison writes, "It adds no small weight to all these considerations, to recollect that history informs us of no long-lived republic ...
米凯乐's user avatar
  • 1,696
-4 votes
1 answer
332 views

How did the african kingdom of Carthage adapt to their environment? [closed]

This is really important to me cause I need the answer to this for my ss hw and I just can't find any sites with reliable info.
HelpMePlz's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
158 views

Why was Archbishop of Carthage, Cyriacus, arrested?

In Life and Letters in Roman Africa page 117, it is mentioned that Cyriacus, the Archbishop of Carthage was arrested by Arab rulers on complaints by his own Roman Catholic followers. I find it very ...
NSNoob's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
4k views

Why have we never found any elephant skeletons in the Western Alps?

It is widely assumed that the Carthaginian general Hannibal Barca crossed the Western Alps some 2200 Years ago with an army of men, horses and elephants in direction of Italy and the Roman Republic. ...
Orsinus's user avatar
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17 votes
3 answers
3k views

Why did the original Carthage never become a Roman city?

Carthage fell to the might of Rome, I think it was, three times in total. They were completely defeated and accepted some pretty horrible terms of surrender. And yet they maintained their self ...
Jonathon's user avatar
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32 votes
6 answers
7k views

Where did Hannibal cross the Pyrenees?

Hannibal's passage through the Alps has been extensively studied, regarding the route chosen and logistics involved in passing a large army through difficult terrain. Before that, Hannibal would have ...
ALAN WARD's user avatar
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4 votes
7 answers
3k views

Why didn't the senate of Carthage reinforce Hannibal in Italy?

During the second Punic war, Hannibal Barca fought in Italy for 14 years, and yet the Romans managed to bring the war to Africa. How is that possible, especially after battles such as Cannae? If ...
Juan Antonio Gomez Moriano's user avatar
34 votes
7 answers
30k views

Why didn't Hannibal attack Rome after the Battle of Cannae?

Hannibal Barca defeated 8 Roman legions in the Battle of Cannae. At that time Carthage also had control over Hispania. Why did Hannibal not seize Rome at that time?
Juan Antonio Gomez Moriano's user avatar
13 votes
1 answer
3k views

Roman era clothing (Egypt + Carthage)

In 2014, it is 2000 years ago that Emperor Augustus died. To celebrate this, we are doing a huge project (Historical Walking Dinner) in which we re-enact certain groups of the Roman population in that ...
Michiel Standaert's user avatar
13 votes
3 answers
2k views

What Calendar was used in Carthage?

Is there any information about the calendar system used in Carthage ? Was it solar or lunar ? What date did Carthaginians took for a reference day (1st day of the 1st year) ?
ahmed's user avatar
  • 505
10 votes
1 answer
2k views

How did the Carthaginians manage to survive three years of siege?

The siege of Carthage was the main event in the third Roman war. It went on from 149 B.C. to the spring of 146 B.C. According to Wikipedia the Carthaginians would have had about 410 000 citizens and ...
Jeroen K's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
2k views

National Symbology and Iconography of Carthage

Are there any design elements that symbolized the Carthaginian empire? The Roman empire is associated with many iconographic and stylistic elements, like the golden eagle on military standards and ...
Nerrolken's user avatar
  • 7,692
5 votes
1 answer
3k views

Construction of the Great Cothon of Carthage

I'm fascinated by the Great Cothon of Carthage, but when I try to learn more about it online, there's surprisingly little information. Everyone has physical descriptions of the size and shape, but ...
Nerrolken's user avatar
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20 votes
4 answers
4k views

How much is known about the Punic language (of classical Carthage)?

How much is known of the Carthaginian language, which as I understand it is called Punic and descended from Phoenician? Google searches show some sketches of alphabet characters and such, but do we ...
Nerrolken's user avatar
  • 7,692
10 votes
1 answer
795 views

What actual proof is there for Carthaginian child sacrifice?

Is there undisputable proof for Carthaginian child sacrifice? I know Roman sources wrote about it, and burned bones have been found, but those could be cremations. I read the last confirmed human ...
Jeroen K's user avatar
  • 1,907
12 votes
3 answers
1k views

At the Battle of Zama, was the Roman army more "native" than the Carthaginian?

At the battle of Zama, which army had a higher proportion of native troops? Within the context of this question consider troops to be either "native" or "mercenary". Native troops serve out of ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k
13 votes
2 answers
2k views

Do we consider Carthage as belonging to a different civilization from the Phoenician one?

Carthage was founded by Phoenicians settlers around 800 BC. Because of its position, and being in a relatively calm area (compared to their homeland), Carthage quickly rose in importance, overtaking ...
astabada's user avatar
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22 votes
1 answer
3k views

What is the state of the art historical analysis of claims that Carthaginians discovered America?

The Carthaginians, and the Phoenicians in general, are renowned for their seafaring abilities. There is evidence for their circumnavigation of Africa, and strong evidence for the fact that Hanno the ...
astabada's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
3k views

What role did Jews play in the Punic Wars?

There were Jewish communities throughout the Mediterranean at the time of the Punic Wars? What role if any, did Jews play in these wars?
Kinnard Hockenhull's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
2k views

Does a Baal human sacrifice statue from Carthage exist?

While I was reading a Roman history book, it said that people from Carthage used to sacrifice children by placing them on the arms of Baal's statue and letting them roll to the fire. What would be ...
loki's user avatar
  • 225
7 votes
2 answers
951 views

Did the Carthaginians have the option of sending Hannibal to Sicily?

Sicily was a major focus of the First and Second Punic Wars. The first Punic war ended with Carthage handing over major grain-growing areas on the island, and the port of Lilybaem to Rome as spoils of ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k
10 votes
2 answers
3k views

What kind of siege weapons were used during Punic wars?

I would like to know which kind of siege weapons were used during Punic wars on both sides, there is not very much information around.
Jarek's user avatar
  • 203