Questions tagged [china]

Generally refers to the country referred to as the People's Republic of China, a country in E Asia. With a surface area of 3,691,502 sq. mi. (9,560,990 sq. km). The current Capital is Beijing.

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Did the first emperor of China die of mercury poisoning?

Did the first emperor Qin Shi Huang die of mercury poisoning? If so, how do we know? I've seen lots of claims that he did (and claims that he didn't), but no citation explaining what primary source ...
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Why was China so underdeveloped until not so long ago? [closed]

A few decades ago, China was at most considered a country starting to develop itself, but usually even a third world country. If a person 30 years ago would have heard that China nowadays would be a ...
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What were the incentives for war during the Warring States Period?

I've been reading about the Warring States Period in Li Feng's 'Early China', and I don't know if I missed a passage but I can't seem to figure out why the period was so violent. I've been searching ...
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What is this symbol in red box?

Excerpted from China Imperial Maritime Customs, Special Series: Silk
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Travelling from England to China in 1810

I'd like to know what would have been the most common route to travel from England to Canton, China, in 1810 and how long the journey would have taken.
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How were Chinese Communist POWs treated after the civil war?

I was watching the film ‘The Assembly’ and the opening scene involved a battle where Chinese Nationalist troops had surrounded a group of Chinese Communists and were about to overrun them. Before the ...
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Please post a picture of the mills tonfa were supposedly used to turn

A tonfa is a forearm length club with a handle protruding sideways. A common claim is that the weapon was originally a handle used to turn millstones. German Wikipedia claims that there are pictures ...
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Do Manchurian Nationalists want Independence?

Manchuria existed from the Middle Ages to present-day China. The Qing dynasty was founded by the Jurchen Aisin Gioro clan in Manchuria in the late 16th Century. Wikipedia:Qing Dynasty The Qing ...
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Why is Shandong named Lu?

Shandong, a Chinese province, is sometimes known as Qilu, after the Zhou dynasty states of Qi and Lu. However, its name is further shortened as Lu. For example, Shandong cuisine is known in Chinese ...
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When were Liu Hui's mathematical works first translated into English?

I'm researching Liu Hui who lived circa 220 AD to 260 AD. He independently solved many challenging mathematical problems, and was an amazing mathematician previously unknown to me. I came across this ...
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What role, if any, did the Chinese Communist Party play in the Soviet invasion of Xinjiang?

The Soviets invaded Xinjiang to support their client, a warlord who had no connection to the CCP. Did the CCP support this invasion? Oppose it? Or just try to avoud talking about it? Related: were ...
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How did Mao Zedong's policy abuse affect those in the Five Black Categories during the Cultural Revolution?

Mao Zedong attempted to fragment society by distinguishing between different sectors of society, by labeling those whose presence was a threat to Mao Zedong communist policy the Five Black Categories. ...
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When the Chinese were driven out of modern Vietnam in AD 938, did an Vietnamese ethnic identity already exist?

With some periods of interruption, China dominated Vietnam for more than 10 centuries between 111 BC and 938 AD. This wikipedia article and its subsidiary links spoke of sinification and shifting of ...
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What happened at the Battle (or not?) of Luding Bridge, during the Long March of Chinese Communists in 1935?

I've just finished reading Mao: The Unknown Story by Chang and Halliday. She seems very biased against Mao and revels in accusing him of lying and manipulating. If this were to be taken as a serious ...
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Before ww2, why did Japan allow Chinese students to study military science?

In 1917, Cheng Fangwu and his friends were openly anti-Japan; yet in Japan they were free to elect whatever major they liked. Cheng studied steel making, guns, ballistics and torpedoes but later ...
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What good came from the Great Leap Forward?

I'm currently reading the book "Mao's Great Famine" by Frank Dikötter. It's a very harrowing book covering the unimaginable waste and destruction of resources, environment and life that occurred ...
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Which tools were available in 1933 for the Chinese government to intervene in the money market?

I do not have profound knowledge of the Chinese banking sector in the 1930s, but, for instance, Tamagna, Frank M. Banking and finance in China. International Secretariat, Institute of Pacific ...
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What percentage of the British Empire's economy was profits from the opium trade?

Between 1820 and 1840 the British sold a lot of Opium in China. Compared with the total size of the British Empire's economy, how big was the Opium trade? I have an old friend who maintains that even ...
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Why didn’t the Chinese leave troops behind in North Korea after the Korean War?

Why didn’t the Chinese leave a trip wire force in North Korea after the Korean War in a similar fashion to the United States leaving a trip wire force in South Korea?
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Is there a biography of Pavel Mif?

Pavel Mif by all Chinese accounts was a ruthless scheming Napoleon (the one in animal farm). Fortunate to the Chinese, Mif was later purged by Stalin. I wonder what sort of family he was from; where ...
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Chinese funerary practice of ball/pearl?

What is the the placing a pearl/ball custom/tradition come from in China? I have inferred they used to put pearls in the deceased mouth for safe passage through the underworld but this seems slightly ...
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What was the Chinese Communist Party's organizational hierarchy in the two weeks between 15JUL1927 and 01Aug1927?

According to Zhang Guotao, Nanchang Upgrising (01Aug1927) was Li Lisan's initiative inaugurated and proposed by Zhou Enlai to Zhang GuoTao. The decision to go ahead was made between Zhou Enlai and ...
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Is there a Chinese Intelligence Agency? Why is it not well known? [closed]

I'm curious to know why we never hear of an intelligence apparatus of China, as we do of CIA or KGB or FSB (Russia). British MI5/6, Mossad even Indian RAW make headlines or at least one finds them ...
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When did toys first become "Made in China"?

I'm continuing to read about the history of toys. The U.S. imports between 50%-75% of its toys from Chinese manufacturers (depending on the year), and my understanding is that they many western ...
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Was anyone blamed for Japan's defeat at Tai'erzhuang?

The battle of Tai'erzhuang was the first major Chinese victory in the Second Sino-Japanese war. IJA 10th and 5th divisions, aiming to take Tai'erzhuang and ultimately Xuzhou, were instead held up in ...
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Animosity between Mandarin-speaking and Cantonese-speaking Chinese?

The PRC-ROC schism aside, has there historically been (or is there today) any animosity or feelings of cultural or racial superiority between Mandarin-speaking Chinese and Cantonese-speaking Chinese? ...
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Why would Japanese people be in China during the 1920s?

I'm writing a historical fiction novel set in the second World War. One of the characters is a Japanese person who has lived in China since childhood. However, as I attempt to flesh out this backstory,...
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How useful were Chinese contributions to the defeat of Japan in WWII?

While there is no doubt China contributed a lot of blood and treasure in the War with Japan, how useful were those contributions given that Japan was strangled by a the navy, bombed by the air force ...
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What was the nature of the Japanese presence in China in the later stages of World War II?

I am trying to understand Japanese punitive expeditions in China such as the Three Alls Campaign and retaliation for the Doolittle Raid on Tokyo. In each case, the Japanese largely retaliated against ...
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When did Wang Mingzhang die?

Wang Mingzhang was a Chinese general of the National Revolutionary Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War. He commanded the defense of Teng County (14-18 March 1938), part of the Xuzhou Campaign, ...
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Book on the History of Hong Kong [closed]

I am new to this Stack Exchange community, so please let me know if this question is out of scope. I am looking for a book on the history of Hong Kong, but I am unsure on whether there are any main ...
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Why did China not seem to have cared about the Nanking Massacre? [closed]

The Japanese really did horrible stuff to China's citizens, which peaked in the Massacre of Nanking. Dozens of women, regardless of the age, where raped and many more killed in really gruesome ways. ...
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In the 18th c., did/would China accept gold from Europe as trade payment? Why / why not?

In reading about the historical Opium situation in China, the silver trade is mentioned again and again. I get the impression that China only accepted silver, even though I have never seen gold ...
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Did Mao Zedong and Chinese communists collude with the Japanese during the Sino-Japanese War?

Whilst answering another question on in which the CCP was militarily involved in the Sino-Japanese War, To what extent did the CPC avoid fighting with the Japanese? I came across groundbreaking and ...
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Did specific countries have special influence in the founding of the UN? [duplicate]

I'm having a presentation on the influence of non European countries in the foundation of the UN. I was wondering was specific points especially China and the US had that got into the foundation of ...
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How many languages did Zhang Shenfu speak?

Zhang Shenfu (Chinese: 张申府; 1893–1986) was a founder and quitter of the Chinese Communist Party, a philosopher, and a political activist.
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What was the Jiangxi Soviet's language of operation between 1931 and 1934?

Gong Chu (龔楚) in his Memoir mentioned that the Chinese Communists in Jinggangshan soviet district between 1931 and 1934 had a shortage of representatives in a Cantonese unit of the red army because ...
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Did Spain and the Republic of China (Kuomintang) have diplomatic relations between 1931 and 1939? Were they friendly or unfriendly?

The Republic of China and the Kingdom of Spain had relations before 1931 (link). Did they maintain these relations after the Second Spanish Republic was established? After 1945, the Spanish State ...
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Which countries actually played a part in the foundation of the UN [closed]

I'm doing a presentation on the influence of countries outside Europe in the foundation of the United Nations, I think China had some influence but I'm not sure!
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Who made those 1:50,000 maps in 1930's China

Gong Chu in his Memoir mentioned several times Red Army officers poring over 1:50,000 maps of the most backward areas of China in early 1930s. I wonder who could possibly make those maps.
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What was the role of state sacrifices and music in Ming China?

I don't understand what is the role of music in their lives and what is the relevance between sacrifices and music? As a historical ethnomusicologist, I wish I could do fieldwork in the Ming court, ...
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Could China be considered a 3rd side during World War 2?

I mean that China was attacked by Japan, yet they held no well-known contributions to the allies. So could they have been a third side?
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What was the Soviet response to accusations surrounding the Lin Biao incident?

According to the official Chinese narrative, Lin was planning to topple Mao with Soviet military help. When this failed, he tried to escape to the USSR. Did the Soviets bother to respond to these ...
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When did China start thinking 8 was lucky and 4 unlucky?

I'm familiar with the reasons for these superstitions, but I can't find any estimate of how old they are. Is one older than the other?
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Sino-Taiwanese air clashes

During the cold war, were there any serious air clashes, resulting in mass scrambling of aircraft on both sides, between the Chinese and Taiwanese Airforces over the Taiwan Straits and the Southern ...
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Why didn't Mao Zedong order to kill locusts initially in the 4 pests campaign?

It looks somewhat strange that the order was centered into sparrows, rats, flies and mosquitoes, although all of those things have a point into the objectives the campaign had, I guess problems with ...
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What was the National Revolutionary Army's "Training Brigade"?

During the Battle of Nanking, China's forces included the so-called "Training Brigade" which defended Purple Mountain. What was the nature of this formation? The Wikipedia article describes them as "...
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Why didn't Deng Xiaoping de-Maoify China after Mao's death? [closed]

Deng Xiaoping was purged twice by Mao Zedong during the cultural revolution, and exiled by Mao for being too moderate and at odds with Mao's insane and genocidal actions. After the death of Joseph ...
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Why was the US table tennis team sent to communist China even after a difference in ideology? [closed]

The USA had an embargo in place with China, due to having fought the Chinese in Korea during the Korean war. For 20 years no American set foot in PRC territory. At last though, the American table ...
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Number of artisanal working hours spent on making Terracota Army

Basing on Wikipedia: Estimates from 2007 were that the three pits containing the Terracotta Army held more than 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses and 150 cavalry horses around 8780 ...

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