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Questions tagged [christianity]

Christianity is one of the monotheistic Abrahamic religions along with Islam and Judaism. Christianity is the largest religion of the world, and the predominant religion in those countries considered part of the "Western" world. Adherents of Christianity are known as Christians.

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What kind of book is “Evangelium de transitu Mariae”?

The heir to the throne only appears in a book closely related to the Acts, the Evangelium de transitu Mariae, under the name Abdan, a short form of Abdagases, as the coins call him. Source What ...
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Why did ancient people think that mountains have roots? [migrated]

The Bible mentions in Jonah 2:6 and Job 28:9 that mountains have roots. Why would they believe that? Edit: I was more interested as to why, in the absence of any evidence, they would think so. What ...
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Why does some Califate money feature crosses?

Why does some Muslim money feature crosses? Like the following ones: Was the cross an early Muslim symbol?
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Where does Marsilio Ficino write that all nations worship a God whose name is spelled with four letters?

I have seen quoted in the name of Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499), also spelled Marcellus Ficin, that all nations of the world worship a God whose name is spelled with four letters. Does anybody know ...
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Do historians support the existence of brothers to Jesus?

Jesus does not have a brother in some Christian traditions, his mother Mary is a perpetual virgin. For instance the Catholic church holds this theory as a theologoumenon, namely a theological ...
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Why was Wang Zhiming apparently pardoned, unlike other Christian victims of the Cultural Revolution?

Wang Zhiming is a particularly famous Christian martyr of the Cultural Revolution in China – he is one of ten martyrs of the 20th century to have a statue above the Great West Door of Westminster ...
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Why was James II and VII (same person), the last Roman Catholic monarch of Britain, not forced to convert to Anglicanism?

From what I understand (although my English history is very poor), to be the monarch of England, one must convert to Anglicanism, as the monarch is also the head of the Anglican Church. I believed ...
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What is the pre-schism Christian church called today?

I've come upon numerous instances where a pre-11th century person or artifact is associated with either the Orthodox or Catholic church. The most recent example is in Francis Fukuyama's "The Origins ...
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Why was the Council of Nicea held in Nicea rather than Rome or Constantinople?

The title sums it up quite nicely. At school, we refer to the 5 centres of the Christian world as being Rome, Constantinople, Antioch, Jerusalem and Alexandria. I'm only wondering if there is any ...
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Primary sources on Medieval Christian depictions of non-Christians (in English)

I'm a history student and I'm looking for primary sources in English (not Latin) that could help me with my research. I'm trying to find primary sources preferably written by Christian monks about the ...
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Late 17th century colonial Anglican pastor

I am preparing to play an Anglican pastor/priest at a live-action role-playing game. The (pretend) location: an English colonial outpost in the Caribbean. The (pretend) time period: circa 1695. And ...
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Is Armenia the first Christian state?

I have heard from people and read on the internet that Armenia is considered to be the first country to adopt Christianity as state religion (the exact date is widely disputed, though 301 AD is the ...
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How did Christianity replace Roman Paganism and other ancient religions?

Christianity seems to have been the first world religion that was interested in and successful with establishing itself as not only the state religion of but practically the only in an empire - namely,...
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Have historians offered interpretations on why the disciples claimed they saw a resurrected Jesus? [closed]

It is generally accepted by historians who studied the Bible that Jesus almost certainly existed and was crucified. We also know that his disciples claimed Jesus appeared to them after his death. ...
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What religions did Constantine convert to?

The Roman Emperor Constantine the Great was the first Emperor to legalize Christianity. He also converted to Christianity, from his deathbed. As I remember 40 years ago from theology studies ...
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Were there any Crypto-Olympian worshipers after 380 AD/CE? [duplicate]

In 380 AD/CE, the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius issued The Edict of Thessaloniki which nationalized Christianity within Greece, Asia Minor, Italy, as well as other parts of The Roman Empire, while also ...
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How was financial profit viewed in Medieval Europe?

What was the attitude of people in Medieval Europe towards earning money, making a profit etc. I know that in some places Jews were well established as merchants because, from the point of the view of ...
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What was Marcus Aurelius's view of and interactions with Christianity?

I know that Christians were persecuted during Marcus Aurelius's lifetime. I believe he mentions them only once in his Meditations, in which he scorns them. But that's really all I know about the ...
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Is there any evidence that Jesus' Mother lived in Ephesus? [closed]

There is a Shrine Chapel in the ancient city of Ephesus-(present-day Efes, Turkey) that is dedicated to Jesus' Mother, Mary, titled, "House of the Virgin Mary" which is administered by The Roman ...
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Are there any records of Charlemagne's baptismal (ie. Christian) name?

Just like the title states, I am curious if Charlemagne took on a baptismal name.
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Religions that have disappeared/declined significantly in places where they originated or once flourished? [closed]

I'm interested in a list of religions that have either disappeared or significantly declined in followership in the place where they originated or once flourished. One example that I have is for ...
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Were women in 1st century Israel not trusted as witnesses in court?

A common thing I've heard growing up is that women living in Israel in the 1st century couldn't be witnesses in a court of law because [reasons]. The times that I've heard this said it has also ...
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New surnames for baptized natives

During the colonial era, Christian missionaries on remote frontiers around the world chose new Christian names for the natives they baptized. Apparently the monks who missionized Kamchatka also ...
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Did Saint Paul preach at the Theater in Philippi?

We know that Saint Paul traveled to and spent much time in Philippi-(in the North of Greece). In fact, Saint Paul began his European mainland mission in Ancient Neapolis-(present-day Kavala) and then ...
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Did any contemporary sources write about Jesus?

Did anyone write about Jesus at the time at which he was alive? I can't find any sources from the time in which he was alive after a quick preliminary search.
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Why was the city of Philippi abandoned?

I've been googling for answers on why Philippi was abandoned - most think it has something to do with the Ottoman conquest, but why would they abandon a city near the water?
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What was the death toll during the Inquisition?

I'm researching about the death toll during the Inquisition, I'm particularly interested in what happened from 12th to the 15th century but not exclusively to this period. One part of this question ...
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Did St Thomas really come to India?

St Thomas, the apostle is said to have visited India in 52 AD and died in 72 AD in India as per history books. But looks like this event has no proof before 16th century AD. So, my questions are: Did ...
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What is the origin of how people are arranged in Mass/Worship Service?

I've noticed in most Christian gatherings, such as Mass, "Worship Service", etc., the arrangement of the participants follows a general pattern, regardless of denomination: 1) The congregants, or ...
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Was Hagia Sophia built over a pagan temple?

According to Britannica's online article on Hagia Sophia: The original church on the site of the Hagia Sophia is said to have been built by Constantine I in 325 on the foundations of a pagan temple. ...
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Why is the world composed of 55% Muslims and Christians? [closed]

Is it what was prescribed in the Koran of muslims and what is called 'The New Testement' of christians that has given these peoples the ability to gain conversions and great swaths of land? The Roman ...
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Did Greeks and Romans tolerate those who only worshipped some of their gods?

Did Greeks and Romans worship all their gods, or was it permissible to worship some of them only (e.g., only in Diana, Jupiter, Apollo, Mercury, etc.)? {It seems it was permissible to worship some of ...
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Do any sources confirm this quote from Pope Urban II's speech at the Council of Clermont?

according to chronicle of Robert the Monk, Pope Urban II said - ... this land which you inhabit, shut in on all sides by the seas and surrounded by the mountain peaks, is too narrow for your ...
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Constantine the Great created the Chi-Rho from the Greek word for “Christ”. Why choose Greek over Latin, even though he was Roman?

Upon emerging victorious after the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, Constantine the Great created the Chi-Rho from the first two letters of the Greek word ΧΡΙΣΤΟΣ meaning "Christ". Given that ...
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Chronological plausibility of “liars don’t make good martyrs?” [closed]

When I attempt, as a non-Christian, to evaluate the historicity of various historical claims in the New Testament, I come across various things that come across to me as obvious falsifications and ...
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Historical Claims Against Jesus Christ's Existence? [closed]

According to this article, "no one in the ancient world ever flatly denied that Jesus performed miracles – let alone that he existed." Is this historically accurate? Are there any claims in history ...
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Why is the Vatican (Rome) the center of Christianity? [closed]

Jesus Christ was born and died in Palestine. Why did Christianity move to Vatican (Rome) and became the center of Christianity?
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Why couldn't Heraclius and Yazdegerd coordinate?

When Muslims had almost reached Aleppo in 635, Heraclius and Yazdegerd (III) sought an alliance and Heraclius married off his [grand?] daughter to Yazdegerd and they both were set to mount a ...
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Was Saint Patrick an abolitionist?

Wikipedia's article titled Catholic Church and slavery says Saint Patrick advocated abolition of slavery in the fifth century, and cites Life in Medieval Times by Marjorie Rowling. I've read that same ...
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Around 1640s, at what time did people eat Christmas dinner?

To my knowledge, in the past, people used to go to bed earlier; usually at sunset. My question is, around 1640s, when candles were used to light the interiors of buildings, at what time of day did ...
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How did the South USA become more overtly Christian than the North?

What historical factors led to a more overt and rooted Christian culture in the southern USA compared to the northern states? The Bible Belt is an informal region in the southeastern and south-...
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Did people at the time think that the founding fathers were religious men? [closed]

People today think for some reason that the founding fathers were religious men, you know "Good-old Christians" and the sort. Of course this isn't exactly true. Sure, they did think a god of some ...
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Sources on St. Patrick

Do any writings about Saint Patrick written while he lived survive, other than what he wrote himself? Is he actually known to have died on the 17th of March? (I'm guessing he didn't write that himself....
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What was Pope Sylvester's attitude towards Jews?

This is a cross question from Quora: What was Pope Sylvester's attitude towards Jews? When searching for this issue I just did find newspaper articles without citing anything. Celebrating an anti-...
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Why did the Social Gospel movement of the early 1900's fail to reach the working class?

I've been reading about the Social Gospel movement and it seemed that the movement failed overall because it never reached it's target audience, the working class. Instead, it had a flare of movement ...
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1answer
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Why was Archbishop of Carthage, Cyriacus, arrested?

In Life and Letters in Roman Africa page 117, it is mentioned that Cyriacus, the Archbishop of Carthage was arrested by Arab rulers on complaints by his own Roman Catholic followers. I find it very ...
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Was the Jewish population expelled from the Jerusalem after the siege of 70 AD or after the Bar Kokhba revolt?

The Wikipedia article on Bar Kokhba revolt says : and Jews were forbidden from entering it, except on the day of Tisha B'Av. I was under the impression that the Jewish population had already ...
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Did the Bar Kokhba revolt happen before or after Jerusalem's name was changed to Aelia?

There are conflicting views with respect to this on the net. Wikipedia's summary of the names of Jerusalem asserts that the name was changed before the Bar Kokhba revolt, and that was one of the ...
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After Jesus was executed what became of Pontius Pilate

After all of the unrest in the area did Pontius Pilate resolve the issue by the death of Jesus Christ. Historically what became of Pontius Pilate.
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Was the divinity of Roman Emperors taken as seriously as the actual Pagan Gods by other religious communities?

Apotheosis of Roman Emperors and their close relatives after their death was a common practice in the Roman Empire. I understand that it wasn't a meaningless ritual, there was an elaborate Imperial ...