Questions tagged [christianity]

Christianity is one of the monotheistic Abrahamic religions along with Islam and Judaism. Christianity is the largest religion of the world, and the predominant religion in those countries considered part of the "Western" world. Adherents of Christianity are known as Christians.

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Drug abuse in the Holy Land?

Was there prevalent drug abuse in the Holy Land at the time Jesus lived? If so, what drug would that be? By "abuse" I mean use of large quantities of the drug over time which may have had mind ...
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Pre-Christian use of the Greek Septuagint

I'm interested in the pre-Christian use of the Septuagint, as well as the Greek language, within Jewish everyday life in Israel and in the synagogues of Israel. Is there evidence that the LXX or ...
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Do historians support the existence of brothers to Jesus?

Jesus does not have a brother in some Christian traditions, his mother Mary is a perpetual virgin. For instance the Catholic church holds this theory as a theologoumenon, namely a theological ...
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After Jesus was executed what became of Pontius Pilate

After all of the unrest in the area did Pontius Pilate resolve the issue by the death of Jesus Christ. Historically what became of Pontius Pilate.
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What conditions have led to Abrahmism splitting into different religions sometimes, but not always? [closed]

What conditions cause the teachings and claimed revelations of certain religious figures in the Abrahamic tradition—e.g. Jesus, Muhammad—to lead to the formation of entire new religions, whilst others—...
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When was the festival of the See of Peter in the 6th Century?

I've been researching the decrees of the second Council of Tours (AD 567), specifically Canon XXII: Some still hold fast the old error, that they should honor the 1st of January. Others, on the ...
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What kind of book is “Evangelium de transitu Mariae”?

The heir to the throne only appears in a book closely related to the Acts, the Evangelium de transitu Mariae, under the name Abdan, a short form of Abdagases, as the coins call him. Source What ...
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Why does some Califate money feature crosses?

Why does some Muslim money feature crosses? Like the following ones: Was the cross an early Muslim symbol?
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What is the last historical mention of people worshipping the Roman gods?

Today, there are many polytheists and neopagans who worship the ancient Roman gods. They are, however, a very new development, and not the descendants of an unbroken line stretching back to the Roman ...
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What was the status of Arab Christians during the crusades?

Did Arab Christians take an active role in the crusades in the Holy Land or at any point on their trip to the Holy Land. Or were they victims of the crusaders? Did the crusaders typically ...
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What is the origin of the subdivisions of Heaven and Hell?

Isra and Mi'raj is the name of the journey of the prophet Muhammad, where he witnessed heaven and hell, describing their structure as well as the punishment and rewards that lay beyond. Hell and ...
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Where does Marsilio Ficino write that all nations worship a God whose name is spelled with four letters?

I have seen quoted in the name of Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499), also spelled Marcellus Ficin, that all nations of the world worship a God whose name is spelled with four letters. Does anybody know ...
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Did any contemporary sources write about Jesus?

Did anyone write about Jesus at the time at which he was alive? I can't find any sources from the time in which he was alive after a quick preliminary search.
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Why was Wang Zhiming apparently pardoned, unlike other Christian victims of the Cultural Revolution?

Wang Zhiming is a particularly famous Christian martyr of the Cultural Revolution in China – he is one of ten martyrs of the 20th century to have a statue above the Great West Door of Westminster ...
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Did Saint Paul preach at the Theater in Philippi?

We know that Saint Paul traveled to and spent much time in Philippi-(in the North of Greece). In fact, Saint Paul began his European mainland mission in Ancient Neapolis-(present-day Kavala) and then ...
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Why was the Council of Nicea held in Nicea rather than Rome or Constantinople?

The title sums it up quite nicely. At school, we refer to the 5 centres of the Christian world as being Rome, Constantinople, Antioch, Jerusalem and Alexandria. I'm only wondering if there is any ...
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How did Christianity replace Roman Paganism and other ancient religions?

Christianity seems to have been the first world religion that was interested in and successful with establishing itself as not only the state religion of but practically the only in an empire - namely,...
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Late 17th century colonial Anglican pastor

I am preparing to play an Anglican pastor/priest at a live-action role-playing game. The (pretend) location: an English colonial outpost in the Caribbean. The (pretend) time period: circa 1695. And ...
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Primary sources on Medieval Christian depictions of non-Christians (in English)

I'm a history student and I'm looking for primary sources in English (not Latin) that could help me with my research. I'm trying to find primary sources preferably written by Christian monks about the ...
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Is Armenia the first Christian state?

I have heard from people and read on the internet that Armenia is considered to be the first country to adopt Christianity as state religion (the exact date is widely disputed, though 301 AD is the ...
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Have historians offered interpretations on why the disciples claimed they saw a resurrected Jesus? [closed]

It is generally accepted by historians who studied the Bible that Jesus almost certainly existed and was crucified. We also know that his disciples claimed Jesus appeared to them after his death. ...
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Why did people die for their religion in the 400s CE (or even now)?

Before the institution of Christianity and the evolution of Buddhism into Mahayana Buddhism, people never felt quite so strongly about religion. Suddenly, people feel ready to die for it and die ...
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Did Christians ever use crucifixion as punishment?

I've been watching the show Vikings on the History Channel and on the latest episode Christians capture an alleged apostate. As punishment they decide to crucify him. Of course this is just a show ...
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What does this spear & carpentry square symbol mean?

What does this symbol (placed on the shield being held by an angel figure) mean? Is there any historical explanation for what it represents?
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What was the death toll during the Inquisition?

I'm researching about the death toll during the Inquisition, I'm particularly interested in what happened from 12th to the 15th century but not exclusively to this period. One part of this question ...
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What religions did Constantine convert to?

The Roman Emperor Constantine the Great was the first Emperor to legalize Christianity. He also converted to Christianity, from his deathbed. As I remember 40 years ago from theology studies ...
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Were there any Crypto-Olympian worshipers after 380 AD/CE? [duplicate]

In 380 AD/CE, the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius issued The Edict of Thessaloniki which nationalized Christianity within Greece, Asia Minor, Italy, as well as other parts of The Roman Empire, while also ...
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How was financial profit viewed in Medieval Europe?

What was the attitude of people in Medieval Europe towards earning money, making a profit etc. I know that in some places Jews were well established as merchants because, from the point of the view of ...
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What was Marcus Aurelius's view of and interactions with Christianity?

I know that Christians were persecuted during Marcus Aurelius's lifetime. I believe he mentions them only once in his Meditations, in which he scorns them. But that's really all I know about the ...
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What factors permitted Buddhism to be successful in Japan but Christianity less so?

From reading The Samurai and the Sacred, it looks like Buddhism achieved acceptance into Japanese culture due to its willingness to assimilate with the (already present) Shinto religion. Conversely, ...
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Is there any evidence that Jesus' Mother lived in Ephesus? [closed]

There is a Shrine Chapel in the ancient city of Ephesus-(present-day Efes, Turkey) that is dedicated to Jesus' Mother, Mary, titled, "House of the Virgin Mary" which is administered by The Roman ...
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Are there any records of Charlemagne's baptismal (ie. Christian) name?

Just like the title states, I am curious if Charlemagne took on a baptismal name.
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Why was the city of Philippi abandoned?

I've been googling for answers on why Philippi was abandoned - most think it has something to do with the Ottoman conquest, but why would they abandon a city near the water?
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Religions that have disappeared/declined significantly in places where they originated or once flourished? [closed]

I'm interested in a list of religions that have either disappeared or significantly declined in followership in the place where they originated or once flourished. One example that I have is for ...
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Why did not the Byzantines attempt to recapture the holy land from the Arabs?

Given the importance of the holy land to the Christians, as well as the importance of many great cities (Alexandria, Damascus and Jerusalem) to the Byzantine empire, why were not there any early ...
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Were Christian Mediterranean ports open to Muslim traders in the middle ages?

This article talks about Muslim-christian trade in the middle ages 11th-14th century, also referenced in this answer. In brief: Trade greatly intensified after the crusaded and was conducted at ...
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Were women in 1st century Israel not trusted as witnesses in court?

A common thing I've heard growing up is that women living in Israel in the 1st century couldn't be witnesses in a court of law because [reasons]. The times that I've heard this said it has also ...
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New surnames for baptized natives

During the colonial era, Christian missionaries on remote frontiers around the world chose new Christian names for the natives they baptized. Apparently the monks who missionized Kamchatka also ...
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How did the South USA become more overtly Christian than the North?

What historical factors led to a more overt and rooted Christian culture in the southern USA compared to the northern states? The Bible Belt is an informal region in the southeastern and south-...
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Why did Christianity disappear in North-Western Africa?

During Roman times North-Western Africa had a thriving Christian community, giving birth to Saint Augustine and a long lasting heresy. This is similar to many Christian communities of the time, from ...
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What is the origin of how people are arranged in Mass/Worship Service?

I've noticed in most Christian gatherings, such as Mass, "Worship Service", etc., the arrangement of the participants follows a general pattern, regardless of denomination: 1) The congregants, or ...
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Why is the world composed of 55% Muslims and Christians? [closed]

Is it what was prescribed in the Koran of muslims and what is called 'The New Testement' of christians that has given these peoples the ability to gain conversions and great swaths of land? The Roman ...
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Why couldn't Heraclius and Yazdegerd coordinate?

When Muslims had almost reached Aleppo in 635, Heraclius and Yazdegerd (III) sought an alliance and Heraclius married off his [grand?] daughter to Yazdegerd and they both were set to mount a ...
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Do any sources confirm this quote from Pope Urban II's speech at the Council of Clermont?

according to chronicle of Robert the Monk, Pope Urban II said - ... this land which you inhabit, shut in on all sides by the seas and surrounded by the mountain peaks, is too narrow for your ...
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Constantine the Great created the Chi-Rho from the Greek word for “Christ”. Why choose Greek over Latin, even though he was Roman?

Upon emerging victorious after the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, Constantine the Great created the Chi-Rho from the first two letters of the Greek word ΧΡΙΣΤΟΣ meaning "Christ". Given that ...
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Chronological plausibility of “liars don’t make good martyrs?” [closed]

When I attempt, as a non-Christian, to evaluate the historicity of various historical claims in the New Testament, I come across various things that come across to me as obvious falsifications and ...
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Historical Claims Against Jesus Christ's Existence? [closed]

According to this article, "no one in the ancient world ever flatly denied that Jesus performed miracles – let alone that he existed." Is this historically accurate? Are there any claims in history ...
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Why is the Vatican (Rome) the center of Christianity? [closed]

Jesus Christ was born and died in Palestine. Why did Christianity move to Vatican (Rome) and became the center of Christianity?
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Why did Martin Luther hate the Jews?

Some suggested that Martin Luther hated the Jews because the Jews didn't believe him. Yet, some Christians think that Martin Luther is a libertarian and state that he didn't think beliefs should be ...
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Was Saint Patrick an abolitionist?

Wikipedia's article titled Catholic Church and slavery says Saint Patrick advocated abolition of slavery in the fifth century, and cites Life in Medieval Times by Marjorie Rowling. I've read that same ...