Questions tagged [chronology]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1 vote
0 answers
148 views

When were Yazdegerd III and Peroz III born?

Yazdegerd the Third was the last ruling Sasanian King of Kings of Iran, overthrown by the Muslim invaders. Peroz III was his son who never succeeded in regaining the throne. I used to read that ...
  • 17.6k
4 votes
1 answer
244 views

(How) did the Republican Romans refer to previous decades or centuries?

Nowadays we can speak of, say, "the 1970s" or "the 18th century," and it conjures up that era's zeitgeist, fashions, etc. It's true that such things changed more slowly in the ...
  • 49
2 votes
1 answer
161 views

Why doesn't Eusebius of Caesarea mention Julian calendar in his Chronicle?

Why doesn't Eusebius of Caesarea even mention the Julian calendar in his Chronicle? Chronicle by Eusebius of Caesarea covers period till A.D. 325. Armenian translation of Chronicle ends with the ...
  • 157
2 votes
1 answer
348 views

What media did Irenaeus used to write his letters?

Eusebius of Caesarea (AD 260/265 – 339/340) in his work Church History (Book V, Chapter 20 "The Writings of Irenaeus against the Schismatics at Rome") said: Irenaeus wrote several letters ...
  • 157
1 vote
1 answer
261 views

When did it become popular to drop the A.D. in dates?

Since when did it become popular to shorthand years from 2020 A.D. to 2020? I haven't seen anything after a google search, and in fact I wonder if it was even popular to use A.D., ever. I don't recall ...
1 vote
1 answer
386 views

What calendar did the Maruyan Empire use?

Research has brought up conflicting answers to this question and the answers I have gotten are generally confusing and poorly written. I'm wondering what calendar the Mauryan Empire used and what ...
1 vote
1 answer
224 views

What is the most common calendar for pre-Julian dates?

When I read some date of event that happened before introduction of Julian calendar by Caesar, what calendar that date is more likely to refer? Proleptic Julian calendar or proleptic Gregorian ...
9 votes
1 answer
259 views

How old is Philippe Buache's map of New Discoveries?

(See 6MB high-resolution version.) The University of Hawai'i at Manoa owns a copy of this map of the Pacific by Phillippe Buache. Its library record gives the date "Circa 1750"; I wonder if we can be ...
  • 27.3k
1 vote
0 answers
51 views

How old were the youngest employees of the Russian-American Company?

The Russian-American Company, founded 1799, employed some real lowlifes. Golovnin about 1810 found them "composed for the most part of dissolute persons, many of whom have been flogged with the knout ...
  • 27.3k
6 votes
2 answers
654 views

What calendars were used in Eastern Rome?

I was hoping to shed some light on the calendars used in the Eastern Empire. Firstly, this question is related but without answer until now (and by me). It also doesn't encompass the later imperial ...
  • 10.6k
3 votes
4 answers
324 views

When did we find out time of day changes with longitude?

I know that Greenwich mean time was established in 1675, as an aid to navigation. Portuguese and Spanish navigators in the 15th century also appeared to be aware of the usefulness of timekeeping for ...
1 vote
1 answer
212 views

Until what time was the Ancient Roman calendar era used?

Until what time was the Ancient Roman calendar era, based on the founding of Rome, used? Or what was the latest historical event that was mentioned in chronicles with an Ab Urbe Condita year?
  • 281
6 votes
2 answers
198 views

When was the Passover Seder ritual formalized?

When were the Passover Seder customs in their present form formalized? As a terminus post quem I think we can surely take 70 CE when the Second Temple was destroyed since parts of the Seder ...
24 votes
3 answers
4k views

What did the people of the Middle Ages call their period?

It's clear that Middle Ages is a term from the Renaissance. My question is: What names did scholars use during the Middle Ages for their own period? Well, of course Middle Ages is a single name for ...
2 votes
1 answer
134 views

When did they start mass-producing imitation leather?

More specifically, I'm reading "Lolita" by Vladimir Nabokov which describes in some detail the American landscape of the late 1940's. Here's a quote: On especially tropical afternoons, in the ...
  • 3,295
5 votes
2 answers
265 views

What pharaoh did Cambyses defeat in the invasion of Egypt?

According to currently accepted history, the Persian king, Cambyses conquered Egypt in 525 BC. According to Herodotus, the pharaoh of Egypt at the time was "Psammetichos", whom modern historians ...
  • 37.4k
1 vote
1 answer
117 views

Who is the Amyrtaios of Herodotus?

In Herodotus it reads the following of Anoosis, the blind pharoah, and Amyrtaios, a pharaoh living over 700 years after him: ... when the Ethiopian had gone away out of Egypt, the blind man came ...
  • 37.4k
7 votes
1 answer
1k views

Who is Heckler?

On researching the Black Plague I have a few times run into the name of "Heckler" who supposedly is the source for the information that 25% of the population of Europe was killed by the plague. For ...
  • 37.4k
-6 votes
2 answers
4k views

The Chronology Challenge: earliest verifiable date of a historical event? [closed]

If we go backwards in time using verifiable dates, what is the earliest event which can be associated with a specific day without question? I am most interested in answers that actually show the ...
  • 37.4k