Questions tagged [civil-rights]

Questions related to the history of citizen rights, either granted or protected by governing political bodies of a given society, applying equally to all within the geographical or political borders of that society.

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5
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0answers
158 views

How did American colonial rights and conditions compare to those within the British Isles?

A major point of contention between American colonists and British administrators was that the American colonists, being the descendants of Englishmen, allegedly should have been entitled to ...
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3answers
231 views

Does anyone know a quote, from an opponent of MLK (e.g. a sheriff) which presents him as radical? [closed]

This is for some research I am doing about the life of Martin Luther King.
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1answer
533 views

What were the most common reactions to Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott?

I'm curious about the general reactions to historical events in civil rights by people wanting to keep the status quo. However, this information is hard to find. News clippings I can find are ...
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2answers
783 views

What was the most effective instrument used to disenfranchise the black population in Louisiana?

According to the Wikipedia page on Jim Crow Laws: In Louisiana, by 1900, black voters were reduced to just 5,320 on the rolls, although they comprised the majority of the states population. By 1910,...
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1answer
87 views

Southern Manifesto main idea

What is/are the central idea(s) underlying the Southern Manifesto of 1956? Is it a concern with local autonomy vs. federal power? Is it racism? I have found out that it repudiated the Supreme Court ...
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1answer
2k views

Did the founding members of the Black Panthers ever mention the role of Malcolm X in creating their group?

I'm trying to find out if the Black Panther Party (BPP) ever said (preferably in an interview of some kind) whether Malcolm X or the Nation of Islam's more active approach to civil rights helped to ...
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3answers
4k views

Were women the property of men prior to 1919 in the UK? [closed]

It was suggested in a TV interview that I saw that prior to 1919 in the UK, women were owned by men. An example to solidify this, was women taking on their husbands last name. My question is: Were ...
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1answer
376 views

What does MLK mean by “lonely island” and “vast ocean”?

In the speech, "I have a dream", M.L. King says the following: One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. What ...
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1answer
342 views

How were interracial relationships between African-Americans and Latinos treated in Southern states before the Loving decision?

There are two states in the American south that historically had large numbers of both African-Americans and Latinos, as well as laws banning marriage between black people and white people: Texas and ...
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1answer
95 views

Discrimination against Catholics in Northern Ireland pre-1968

The NICRA sought to prevent discriminatory allocation of government jobs and council housing. The victims of such discrimination were the Catholic/Republican minority - at least, that's how that ...
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1answer
443 views

In segregated South, would Asian-Americans be treated as “colored” or as whites?

During racial segregation in USA many businesses had signs that either restricted service to a particular race or that directed different races through different entrances. Some examples of this ...
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8answers
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Why did LBJ, a staunch segregationist, champion and sign the 1964 Civil Rights Bill?

Lyndon B. Johnson with regards to the 1964 Civil Rights Act.. From the Atlantic The times called for a leader who could subdue the vast political and administrative forces arrayed against change—...
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How successful (or not) was the Civil Rights Act of 1964 concerning employment discrimination?

In 1964 Congress passed the Civil Rights Act, which greatly increased the federal government’s power concerning personal property. Using the Commerce Clause and the recent SCOTUS decision in Wickard v....
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Did the Bill of Rights apply to slaves?

In the pre-Antebellum particularly during the 1850's did slaves and free blacks have rights? Or even citizenship perhaps?
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260 views

How did desegregation affect the jobs of black school teachers in the South?

In its October 6, 1954 issue, the Southern Presbyterian Journal published a report from US News & World Report that suggested that black teachers in the South would be rendered unemployed by ...
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2answers
346 views

Why didn't the zeal of social change brought by ending slavery continue after the US civil-war ended? [closed]

After the US civil war when slavery was (kinda) ended, is there a argument to be made that with the zeal of anti-slavery social change people must have been feeling that they, at least in the north, ...
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1answer
197 views

Did the Kirk-Holden War happen?

I have been doing research on Reconstruction Era micro-conflicts, out of curiosity, and came across this brief paragraph in a Wikipedia article about the Kirk-Holden War: The Klan retaliated and ...
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1answer
414 views

Did the “I have a dream” speech make a big impact at the time it was spoken?

Most Americans know the famous "I have a dream" speech by Martin Luther King. Was this speech actually influential back in 1963 or did it become famous afterwards?
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Accuracy of the Show “I Go On Singing”

I recently saw a show about the life of Paul Robeson called I Go On Singing. It was a good show, but it contained several assertions that made me wonder. Tens of thousands of slaves escaped to ...
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1answer
319 views

Was it normal for New York schools in the late 1960s to be desegregated?

I am currently researching late 1960s America in order to being writing a story. The story is set in 1966 in New York. So were schools (specifically Middle Schools) in New York desegregated by this ...
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1answer
599 views

Were Rosa Parks and Freedom Riders the first ones to use a bus to protest/change?

Buses have been around since the turn of the century. Specifically motor mass-produced buses since 1910 according to wikipedia. Now Rosa Parks did her famous civil action bit in 1955 of refusal to ...
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1answer
416 views

What is the extent to which Malcolm X's activism was influenced by his Muslim beliefs?

Have been researching the role of religion on the Civil Rights movement and while I am aware that Malcolm X identified as a Muslim it is unclear as to how this belief influenced his (and his ...
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When did “whites only” signs (racial segregation) become illegal in the USA?

I'm trying to find out when racial segregation and specifically "whites only" signs became illegal in the USA. Researching Wikipedia has not led me to a clear conclusion. It seems like segregation ...
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2answers
182 views

Why did human and civil rights gain a foothold at the time they did? [closed]

Even though the idea of human equal rights has a rather long history, it wasn't a reality up until the late 18th century. Nobles still had more or less absolute power over the lower classes. The lower ...
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1answer
314 views

What percentage of NAACP in the 1910s was Jewish? [closed]

However, by the mid-1910s, the NAACP had several prominent Jewish members. Brothers Joel and Arthur Spingarn served as board chairman and chief legal counsel, respectively. Herbert Lehman served on ...
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259 views

Did Martin Luther King's political outlook change during the civil rights movement?

From the Montgomery bus boycott to his death in 1968, Martin Luther King always used nonviolence as a strategy. Did his political outlook change (and why) throughout the civil right movement until ...
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1answer
5k views

How was Martin Luther King Jr. viewed by white Americans at the time? [closed]

In today's United States, MLK Jr. is universally regarded as a hero and patriot (...or as universally regarded as one can be in this nation). By that, I mean all races, all political parties—everyone ...
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Was violent or nonviolent protest more effective in the context of the 1960s Civil Rights Movement?

Was violent or nonviolent protest more effective in the context of the 1960s Civil Rights Movement? It seems like a simple question, but on further examination it is a challenge to discern. The ...
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1answer
268 views

What is “Egyptland” in the context of the 1960s black civil rights movement in the US?

Title of Chapter 10 of MLK book From Civil Rights to Human Rights. Egyptland is the name of chapter 10, and I was wondering why this might be and what it is referring to. Thanks for your help!
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309 views

In Montgomery, Alabama, how common was it to be arrested for sitting in the incorrect section of the bus?

Rosa Parks' arrest, which led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott, is the most famous case, while Claudette Colvin is often listed as the first. (Sometimes she is listed as first, other times as the first ...