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Questions tagged [colonial-america]

Colonial America refers to the period of American history (roughly late 15th century to the mid-19th century) when European states exercised political control over indigenous Americans and European settlers in the Americas. Colonial powers in the Americas included the Spanish, British, French, Portuguese, Dutch, Swedes, and Russians. The term is sometimes taken to refer to pre-Revolution British colonies that would eventually become the United States.

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Was coal exported to colonial America before 1701 via collier?

According to Wikipedia, commercial coal production occurred in North America for the first time in 1701. To meet early colonial (pre-1701) needs for coal (blacksmithing and gunpowder for instance), ...
Jessie Kirk's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
207 views

Was timber rafting ever used in the Americas before the 1800s?

The earliest record of American timber rafting I can find is the painting "The Lumber Raft" by Frances Anne Hopkins, c. 1868. I cannot find any earlier records. Timber rafting is the act of ...
Jessie Kirk's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
2k views

Which places in the USA have been ruled by all three colonial powers, British, French, and Spanish?

I was wondering what parts of what is now the USA could be the location for Jack Sharkey's book The Addams Family 1965, based on the popular tv series. There is a scene where former rulers of the ...
MAGolding's user avatar
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3 votes
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Where in America did James Macpherson travel?

I'm looking into James Macpherson, the 18th century Scottish writer, and I can't find much. I know that in 1764 he took a job as secretary to the colonial governor, George Johnstone, also a Scott, in ...
eje211's user avatar
  • 139
-3 votes
1 answer
131 views

When were the last autonomous indigenous American settlements conquered by the Spanish?

We are generally taught about when Cortez and his allies in Tlaxcala defeated the Triple Alliance (Aztec) in 1521 and Francisco Pizarro in Peru in 1533. I also know Francisco de Montejo established ...
Rozgonyi's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
202 views

What was the worth of 100 pounds of tobacco in 1620?

I am trying to understand the value of whole leaf tobacco in the early 1600s. What could it buy per pound weight or what would it sell for per pound weight in pounds sterling of the time. Outside of ...
ejbpesca's user avatar
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15 votes
1 answer
6k views

Why was the Spanish kingdom in America called New Spain if Spain didn't exist as a country back then?

When the conquistadores arrived in America, the territory of current Spain was divided into multiple crowns/kingdoms but it wasn't what we know today as Spain. I understand at that moment the ...
Julio Bastida's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
80 views

Where can I find a comprehensive collection of all American Founding Fathers' writings?

I was taught in school that the Founding Fathers of America were very prolific and that they produced many documents during their time, including books, pamphlets, magazines, letters, diaries, etc. ...
GDP2's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
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How long did it take arriving passengers to become indentured servants and where did they stay until then? [closed]

In colonial times just prior to the Revolution, when passengers arrived to the New World on a ship, how long would it typically take for them to be indentured to someone? For example, would they ...
A. Duff's user avatar
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26 votes
5 answers
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Why did it take over 100 years for Britain to begin seriously colonising America?

After the New World was discovered, it didn't take long for Spain, and relatively soon after, Portugal, to begin permanent colonisation there. It took over 100 years after the New World's discovery ...
Alister Sinclair's user avatar
1 vote
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16th, 17th centuries, Europe to America: how many trips/settlers per year could one ship carry?

During the 16th and 17th centuries, how many roundtrips, settlers per year could one ship carry from Europe to America? On the Mayflower, there were 102 men, women children. The Mayflower took 66 days ...
Maximus1987's user avatar
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139 views

Does anybody know the name to this British tune?

Does anybody know the name to this British tune? The march is from the show called George Washington (1984 mini-series).
Jeremy Abrams's user avatar
-3 votes
1 answer
176 views

How colonialism have been done right (benevolently)? [closed]

The British Empire (& Europeans, Arabs etc.) colonised many countries but the colonial experience, advertised as a "westernizing the backward people for their own good" masked the ...
Fivehive's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
126 views

How did Incas chroniclers learn to draw?

I came across the magnificent work of an Inca chronicler named Waman Puma de Ayala -- or Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala -- and I wondered: how did he learn to draw his codex? Resources for viewing his ...
atrefeu's user avatar
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9 votes
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Were there any well-established land trade routes in the US colonies around 1700? What did they look like?

I'm considering running a ttrpg campaign set in the US colonies in the early 1700s. The campaign is going to begin around the Salem witch trials and go from there. The players will need to travel ...
Steven's user avatar
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1 answer
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Question about pilgrims [closed]

I wanted to ask a pretty silly question about the English colonization of America. This book that I read said that the puritans were immigrating away from England to America for religious reasons, ...
Yeetman's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
1k views

In 18th century America, how did people board ships to travel long distance?

This is a continuation of this question I asked earlier. According to the answers I got from the question, a better way for my character to travel is by ship, as quoted from user Mark Johnson: Taking ...
Twinkling Star's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
307 views

Did Americans in the later half of the 18th-century have more freedom in choosing a partner?

According to this article, starting from the last half of the 18th century there was a decline in parents' influence over young people's choice of partners, and the idea of romantic love started to be ...
Twinkling Star's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
2k views

Did Continental Army officers wear wigs or keep their hair white like their British Army counterparts?

I just can't find any concrete answer to this question because there is just too much conflicting information. While I know British enlisted men weren't allowed to wear wigs but were forced to grow ...
Twinkling Star's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
348 views

How did coach service in 18th century America work?

I know that carriage transportation in the US imitated that of Europe, and I know that in the 18th century coaches could be used to transport goods and people and they could also be used as a public ...
Twinkling Star's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
236 views

Did George Washington‘s investment in the Ohio Company eventually turn a profit?

The intent of some English and Virginia speculators (including two brothers of George Washington and Virginia Royal Governor Robert Dinwiddie) to open the Ohio Valley (then a French possession) to ...
Marcos Gonzalez's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
305 views

Is the Native American relationship with colonists described in 'In the Days of Poor Richard' historically accurate?

I was reading In the Days of Poor Richard by Irving Bacheller (the full book can be viewed here). At the beginning of the book, there is a long paragraph describing the main character that goes like ...
Twinkling Star's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
97 views

Could an eight-year-old child be eligible to stand trial as a witness and provide testimony in an 18th-century American courtroom? [closed]

I'm doing research for a historical fiction set in a small fictional town in America between the year 1778 and 1779. Let's say I have two characters, John and Jack. John is an officer in the ...
Twinkling Star's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
354 views

What's the origin of the legend that this rock formation in America had a 12th century Welsh Origin?

There is a Welsh legend/myth that America was discovered by a Welshman named Madoc the Great, in the 12th century. His Wikipedia page reads the same but also that there isn't any conclusive evidence ...
Samid's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
694 views

What was the nature of a widow's personal estate in Colonial America?

In books that discuss figures in Colonial America and early American history (and I believe more broadly throughout contemporaneous European history), it is relatively common to see discussions of ...
Justin Cave's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
115 views

What would have been the signal that Pontiac would have given to attack in Fort Detroit?

In the Siege of Detroit, Pontiac had 300 warriors but did not give the "signal" to attack (07 MAY 1763 before the actual siege started). I have found references that a wampum belt was ...
b degnan's user avatar
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0 answers
114 views

What is the source of this image of Miles Morgan's "mark"?

Miles Morgan, one of the founders of Springfield, MA made a 'mark' which resembled an anchor (more than anything), though I read it was also compared to a pickaxe. Sometime in the past few months I ...
Molly Shannon's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
431 views

Were beaches red with lobsters upon arrival of Columbus?

I remember reading somewhere that upon arrival in Hispaniola, Columbus found beaches that were so plentiful with lobsters that they appeared red. It is possible I read this in a book by Bill Bryson, ...
Manfredo's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
651 views

Was the Native American population already decimated before settlers and conquistadors arrived in America?

My understanding (which I am stating in case you find it errant) is that while there were no domesticable animals in the Americas, the East had a history of many plagues received from livestock ...
Shine_Bolt's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
96 views

What did General John Sullivan's sons do?

I'm researching General John Sullivan and need to know what his sons, John (1767-1819) and James (1768-1796) did for a living and how they died. I've looked and looked and only found birth and death ...
Mreinking's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
112 views

What is a "sheare town?"

Another question from my family history research from this quote: Carrie C. Edgett article: John French - a tailor, was living in Topsfield as early as March 1, 1664/5, when a daughter born there, ...
Molly Shannon's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
145 views

What's the significance of "cat, hare, and ale" in this quotation?

From Alice Morse Earle's Colonial Days in Old New York (1896): In Albany in 1677 all "Shrovetide misdemeanors were prohibited, viz.: riding at a goose, cat, hare, and ale." The fine was ...
Quuxplusone's user avatar
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13 votes
1 answer
3k views

How did slavery become permissible in the French West Indies when it was forbidden in France?

In 1315, France abolished slavery in continental France. Unless I am mistaken, the first French territories outside of "continental France" were established in 1534 with the North American ...
ChrisR's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
2k views

How did the Boston Tea Party protest affect the British?

"The Boston Tea Party was a political protest that occurred on December 16, 1773, at Griffin's Wharf in Boston, Massachusetts. American colonists, frustrated and angry at Britain for imposing “...
Avi M's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer
1k views

What was an "alower of Society debts" in colonial America?

"Alower of Society debts" - one of my ancestors held this role in Colonial America. I can find a reference to the role of "tithingman" - but not this... seems self-explanatory, ...
Molly Shannon's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
175 views

Was drowning a form of mercy killing in Colonial America?

In doing family history research I came across this death notice, "John French, his wife drown’d herself 13 May 1701." Curious wording. Last summer I visited the French-Andrews house, ...
Molly Shannon's user avatar
-5 votes
2 answers
113 views

What systems of opression did colonial South America utilized to acculturate indigenous peoples, compared to the ones used in North America? [closed]

After reading and writing about boarding schools (and prisons) of acculturation here in North America, where Indigenous peoples were forced into Western ways, I am left wondering: Did these systems ...
catterina raffo's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
236 views

Were there actually slaves in Georgia while slavery was banned there?

Wikipedia reports that "The Georgia Experiment [from 1735 to 1751] was the colonial-era policy prohibiting the ownership of slaves in the Georgia Colony," and that this was done in order to &...
Colin McLarty's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
278 views

What group is identified by the term "Egyptians" in the Flushing Remonstrance?

I am reading about the Flushing Remonstrance and its significance in the history of freedom of religion in the United States. An article by the Social Science Research Council indicates it was ...
Daniel Widdis's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
574 views

How was religious diversity represented in the Thirteen Colonies?

I understand that many settlers of the original thirteen English colonies in America were Protestants (or Puritans, specifically) who left Europe in search for better religious freedom. However, since ...
Wottensprels's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
46 views

What sort of boat transported transport the French colonial Governors of New Orleans?

I am writing a description of the changeover of the French colonial Governors of New Orleans in 1753, from Vaudreuil to Kerlérec. There is mention of a Governor's boat used to take important guests to ...
Shankara Angadi's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
278 views

Is there basis in saying Venezuela was Aragonese?

So... This sounds like a silly question even to me, but this is the background. In the recent TV show, Bolivar, there is an Inspector of Weights and Measures for Caracas who comes in to weigh a ...
gktscrk's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
122 views

Any truth to this story of Native American journeying to England?

In "A New Voyage to Carolina", John Lawson, British Surveyor-General of North Carolina, asserts that some natives once attempted to journey themselves all the way to England as an attempt to cut out ...
Slereah's user avatar
  • 436
1 vote
0 answers
67 views

Did other British colonies at the time have seats in parliament [duplicate]

I know the American colonies didn’t have a seat, but what about the other British colonies. Did some have it. Like Australia, and the places in Africa.
Max's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
1 answer
121 views

How long to travel from Ireland or England in 1680 to Plymouth in the Massachusetts Bay Colony?

I'm writing a historical fiction romance novel and I'm trying to gain a perspective of the travel times. The story is set in 1692, but the hero and his family arrived around 1680 from Ireland.
Kathy Crouch's user avatar
10 votes
4 answers
457 views

How did American colonial rights and conditions compare to those within the British Isles?

A major point of contention between American colonists and British administrators was that the American colonists, being the descendants of Englishmen, allegedly should have been entitled to ...
user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
559 views

When did Europeans realize Native Americans had weaker immunity to Old World diseases?

The question is fairly simple: when did Europeans come to a general knowledge that the Native Americans had weak immunity specifically to Old World diseases? I'm looking for the first person to ...
shiningcartoonist's user avatar
49 votes
2 answers
13k views

Why did a young George Washington sign a document admitting to assassinating a French military officer?

On May 28, 1754, a young Lt. Colonel named George Washington ambushed a French force at Jumonville Glen with assistance from a Iroquois leader named Tanacharison. One of the casualties was the French ...
RichS's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
202 views

What were the rules of the migration to the Louisiana Territory in USA?

To my best knowledge, at the point of Louisiana Purchase, the area was inhabited mostly by Native Americans. At the time there existed some legislation regarding how the settlement should look like. ...
TwoStepsOutside's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
160 views

Gregorian dating in the Julian time period?

William Penn wrote about his friend and my 9th great grandfather, Cuthbert Hayhurst, dying in 1682. I have seen the letter in Penn's writing. How is it that he dated the death in 1682 when the ...
Terry Arbeiter's user avatar