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Questions tagged [colonization]

The process of a country relocating some of its citizens to a territory under their purvey and asserting political, military and/or economic control over any native inhabitants who may already occupy said territory.

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Can you recommend any good researches on the period of Japanese colonization of Taiwan? [closed]

Just as the title says, I'm currently looking forward towards learning more about the topic. If you know any works that you find fundamental in a way on this topic, I'll gladly accept any suggestions! ...
Freed Mordheim's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
146 views

How much wealth did the US "earn" from Philippines during its occupation as a colony?

I recently came across this article - ‘There’s No Other Job’: The Colonial Roots of Philippine Poverty which highlights that: Decades after independence, the Philippines lacks the kind of factory ...
sfxedit's user avatar
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22 votes
3 answers
4k views

Why did epidemic disease spread only from Europe to America and not both ways in the Columbian Exchange? [duplicate]

In learning about the history of the Americas you often hear about how pre-columbian civilizations operating at a highly advanced level were devastated by epidemic diseases like smallpox, to the point ...
Emmett Palaima's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why wasn’t Japan colonized by the European empires?

Why wasn’t Japan colonized by the European empires? That is a question that I have some doubts, European countries like Portugal had already been there, but they never colonized that land.
João Schmidt's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
1k views

Why didn't Russia colonize in the scramble for Africa?

Russia was a European empire (one of the biggest) when the scramble for Africa happened and they had enough resources to get a ton of Africa, so why didn't they colonize in Africa? It could have been ...
LemonDogeYT's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
886 views

Did China colonize any countries? [closed]

A lot of Asian countries used to use the Chinese alphabet to write such as Japan or Vietnam, were there any countries actually colonized by China that is not apart of modern day China?
Hoshirou Shinsato 's user avatar
26 votes
5 answers
6k views

Why did it take over 100 years for Britain to begin seriously colonising America?

After the New World was discovered, it didn't take long for Spain, and relatively soon after, Portugal, to begin permanent colonisation there. It took over 100 years after the New World's discovery ...
Alister Sinclair's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
750 views

How have European countries affected the caste system in India?

The caste system in India is the paradigmatic ethnographic example of caste. It has its origins in ancient India, and was transformed by various ruling elites in medieval, early-modern, and modern ...
Babu's user avatar
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8 votes
3 answers
991 views

Did the Europeans benefit economically from the scramble for Africa?

In the following video Rudyard Lynch, owner of the youtube channel "whatifalthist" claims that Nearly every African colony cost the Europeans far more than they got out of it – the ...
CuriousIndeed's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
226 views

Did European elites train natives from colonial lands to help spread western values?

In 1961 Frantz Fanon wrote a book called "The Wretched of the Earth". In the preface of the book Jean-Paul Sartre wrote the following: The European elite decided to fabricate a native elite;...
A Dark Divided Gem's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
108 views

What was the state of the Congo in 1959?

I'm reading the Poisonwood Bible. It is about a missionary family, the Prices, who in 1959 move from the U.S. state of Georgia to the village of Kilanga in the Belgian Congo. I really have no idea ...
Daniel Adams's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
261 views

Was the fall of the Inca Empire inevitable? [closed]

Some time ago I watched a documentary on Inca Empire, since its creation to the death of Túpac Amaru. Although it wasn't stated explicitly, I came out of it with an impression that after Manco Inca ...
Reverent Lapwing's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
107 views

Question about pilgrims [closed]

I wanted to ask a pretty silly question about the English colonization of America. This book that I read said that the puritans were immigrating away from England to America for religious reasons, ...
Yeetman's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
324 views

Where does this quote come from?

Emperor Menelik II's wikipedia page quotes him as saying "There was never a time when united that the Ethiopians lost to an enemy in history". I am unable to find anywhere on the internet ...
Giraffeshavelongnecks's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
83 views

What is a term for cultural and social influences left by colonial power that has a long-lasting, negative influence? [closed]

I'm currently doing research on colonial effects on North African countries, and one aspect I want to comment on are both the positive and negative effects of the previous colonial power. Some of ...
qxzsilver's user avatar
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-3 votes
2 answers
338 views

Does the idea of white Europeans being the "true Aryans" come from the British India? [closed]

I have recently had a conversation with a man from India over the Internet and he told me this interesting claim. He said that "Aryan" meant "noble" in Sanskrit, and the British, ...
Anixx's user avatar
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-1 votes
3 answers
326 views

Why didn't colonial empires exchange their colonies with others empire to make their territories whole?

The colonial age created some weird territories that separated one country’s territory into terrible shapes, such as Senegal (colonized by France) and Gambia (colonized by Britain). Why didn't France ...
P-H's user avatar
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-4 votes
2 answers
181 views

Why is Germany's history of colonialism and imperialism less prominent compared to other European nations? [closed]

Spaniards and Portuguese in South America, etc UK in India, Pakistan, etc Dutch in SEA: Indonesia, etc French in Africa Belgians in Congo Why was Germany not as involved as these nations?
d9ngle's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
778 views

Why were the Scandinavians not as expansive as other Europeans in global colonization?

By expansive, I mean in terms of land area. On the Wikipedia pages of Norway's, Sweden's, and Denmark's colonies, it shows they had very few parcels of land around the globe, compared to the colonies ...
Samid's user avatar
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1 vote
5 answers
2k views

Why did no one take Siberia over before the Russians, and how did they do it?

I realize that Russia had ambitions in the east and they took over Siberia. However Siberia was just north of the Mongols really and its islands were easily accessible to Japan in history. They even ...
protectgoodlivingbeingask's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
182 views

Where can I find historical taxation/revenue datasets for imperial countries in the early 20th century?

I'm a grad student trying to conduct research, and my project depends on finding a dataset which enumerates taxation and revenue by colonial-era and post-colonial governments within the early 20th ...
Lysander Cox's user avatar
16 votes
1 answer
2k views

Did Japanese modernisation have an effect on Ethiopia?

On his wikipedia page, Tekle Hawariat Tekle Mariyam, "the primary author of Ethiopia's July 1931 constitution" the article calls him a politician and intellectual of the Japanizer school ...
Giraffeshavelongnecks's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
191 views

What degree of relations did the different Hawaiian islands have between themselves before Kamehameha's unification?

I am trying to figure out if there were actual cultural, commercial and political links among the islands, and especially if there was an actual Hawaiian unified identity or this is constructed after ...
A. Fenzry's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
173 views

Where can I obtain the full "British Statistical Blue Books" of British colonies in Africa?

I'm a poli sci grad student looking to access the full British statistical blue books which catalog statistics for British colonies. Does anyone know where I can obtain access to them, preferably free ...
Lysander Cox's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
148 views

In Indian census, were the children of a Thug recorded as "Yet to Be Thug"?

I read (can't remember where at the moment) that in a population census (probably around 1911) the child of a thug used to be recorded as "yet to be thug" in profession column in India. ...
Michael's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
560 views

Is there a quote that expresses Mill's opposition to Indian democracy?

I heard in a talk that John Stuart Mill was in favor of democracy in his own country but against democracy in India, I read the following in a paper - Mill’s support of British imperialism may seem ...
Michael's user avatar
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10 votes
3 answers
569 views

What were the requirements for Ancient Greek colonist groups?

Disclaimers Given that the colonies were not created in empty space, it may not have been necessary to equip each and every group of colonists with the skills needed to be self sufficient. Assuming, ...
Ludi's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
124 views

Why have some Sahrawis become Moroccan citizens while others ended up in refugee camps?

Quoting from this article, The Sahrawis who did not flee have been given Moroccan citizenship. Is this all there is to the story? Much of the literature on the Western Sahara conflict overlooks why ...
Tfovid's user avatar
  • 277
6 votes
1 answer
908 views

Why has the Congo ended up French-speaking but not Flemish-speaking? [closed]

Why is there hardly any Flemish linguistic heritage in the former Belgian colonies, at least at the institutional level? EDIT (Evidence of prior research): Neither the Democratic Republic of the Congo ...
Tfovid's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
66 views

Was any object from Anza's expeditions conserved?

In the 1770s, Juan Bautista de Anza led two overland expeditions from Sinaloa to Alta California. The first was for reconnaissance and the second, larger and better known, for the purpose of ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
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-3 votes
1 answer
174 views

Did Industrial Revolution economic systems rely on colonies? [closed]

I have read in the Economic Nobel's prize Thomas Piketty's book the following sentence (translation is mine): "The Enlightenment movement and the Industrial Revolution were partially based on the ...
totalMongot's user avatar
  • 6,791
0 votes
1 answer
100 views

Is individual level data from British India censuses (1881 - 1941) available?

If not, was there ever a record of this available? What happened to these records? If available, where can I find them?
Cyril Thomson's user avatar
22 votes
3 answers
5k views

Are there historical instances of settlers who were largely uncontacted and undisturbed after settling?

I am looking for historical instances of a rather specific and strange scenario: Settlers who settled a wild/unclaimed territory (ideally 100-300 in number) who after settling in the new place, were ...
Alexander Gambon's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
411 views

Are views in Thailand on Axis powers influenced by colonization?

John Oliver talked on how Nazi depictions are used commercially in Thailand. However, Thailand regained land from the British and the French during WW2, which maybe could be partially attributed to ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
121 views

When in 1775 was Anza in Culiacán?

Juan Bautista de Anza made an exploratory expedition to Alta California in 1774, then was sent again to take colonist families with him. As the expedition moved north, he recruited them in Culiacán, ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
187 views

What was Rhodesia like before independence? [closed]

I have heard a lot about Robert Mugabe in my time, and he mostly seemed like a good example of how not to run a country. Now that he's died, I'm seeing a lot of articles talking about his supposed "...
Supercreature's user avatar
32 votes
6 answers
8k views

Did Pope Urban II issue the papal bull "terra nullius" in 1095?

Countless sources claim that the origin of the term terra nullius is from a papal bull issued by Pope Urban II in 1095 called "Terra nullius". Here are a two: Pramod K. Nayar, The Postcolonial ...
Gaslight Deceive Subvert's user avatar
22 votes
1 answer
6k views

Why didn't Britain or any other European power colonize Abyssinia/Ethiopia before 1936?

It is well mentioned while reading books on Africa or, the colonization or “scramble” for Africa, that two countries, Liberia and Ethiopia/Abyssinia, had retained their sovereignty as independent ...
Rohit Hari's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
782 views

Why didn't Asian countries expand and trade with Europe? [closed]

There are questions why China didn't explore and discover Europe. The answer is that the Ming dynasty prohibits that. So the issue is that China is so centralized they can't do that. One king says no,...
user4951's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
532 views

Can world systems theory apply to empires?

World systems theory categorizes the economic relationships of countries by placing them in a core or a periphery. In this model, core countries exploit resources in the peripheral countries. This ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
672 views

Why was the duration of territorial contracts often 99 years?

This is based on this Reddit question, but I rectified its mistakes. For example, some European colonies in China were leased for 99 years, like German Kiautschou and the New Territories (but not ...
user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
315 views

Was Lampsacus a Phocaean or Milesian colony?

Lampsacus was an ancient Greek polis situated on the eastern side of the Hellespont (modern Dardanelles) . The English Wikipedia page describes the city as of Milesian AND Phocaean foundation, hinting ...
mooncatcher's user avatar
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30 votes
10 answers
16k views

Why was Germany not as successful as other Europeans in establishing overseas colonies?

French, British, Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch.. they all had vast outreach across the globe on multiple continents. Why did Germans not have this much outreach?
Samid's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
228 views

Why during the colonial era were Berber countries referred to as “Arab”?

I can cite an example: in Dumas’ “De Vicomte de Bragelonne”, Athos’ son (the Vicomte) decides to go to war in Algeria, where he fights against the Arabs: “The vicomte was summoned to surrender by ...
Boh Boh's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
1k views

Why weren't colonies accepted as part of their colonizing countries?

I'll use the British empire as an example, although in principle the same question could apply to every other colonial power. The British empire was ruled by the United Kingdom. The United Kingdom ...
Allure's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
237 views

Did Indigenous Australians burn land to get Europeans to move on, and did Europeans follow suit?

I was told by a guide that when European settlers originally arrived in Australia, Indigenous populations burnt their land to get the Europeans to move on. I am aware that the Indigenous did burn ...
PolymorphismPrince's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
307 views

Did New Mexicans under Spain regard themselves as Mexican?

Mexico, in its original sense, is the homeland of the Mexica (Aztec) people and its principal city. The sense of the name broadened, presumably as people in the metropole spoke broadly about it, and ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
  • 27.5k
3 votes
1 answer
517 views

What was the tonnage carried in the Triangle Trade?

I'm interested in metrics regarding trans-atlantic trade in the era of the sail. The specific timespan doesn't matter. The specific cargo also doesn't matter. I've searched but not found any ...
user49466's user avatar
  • 101
8 votes
2 answers
408 views

Did Western "New Imperialism" actually free slaves in Muslim lands?

Slavery is fair game in mainstream/traditional Islam. I have heard various commentaries that abolishing of slavery in various Muslim-dominated countries actually coincided with the 2nd wave of Western ...
amphibient's user avatar
  • 1,193
7 votes
1 answer
248 views

Were the officers assigned to Kamchatka being punished?

The Russian Imperial army and navy had to build frontier outposts in very remote locations such as Kamchatka. During the Catherine the Great/Paul/Alexander period (1762-1825), the few ostrogs and ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
  • 27.5k