Questions tagged [economy]

Questions which concern the historical management, distribution, and usage of resources; why a particular resource, or state of production, occurred in a certain way.

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18
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1answer
1k views

What evidence is there for chain stores or restaurant chains in Ancient Rome?

In his book City, David Macaulay creates a fictional Roman city called Verbonia to show how a 'typical', planned Roman city was started from scratch. Although Verbonia and thus its characters are ...
4
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1answer
575 views

What was the relationship between slaves and poor Romans needing jobs in Rome's labour market?

In ancient Rome's labour market, what was the relationship between slaves and Romans who needed jobs to survive (wage slaves)? What market forces determined the jobs done by slaves versus those done ...
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Was there an embargo of Soviet gold in 1932, and was grain the primary exportable good?

In this article, the author and leader of "The Great Fatherland Party" Nikolai Starikov, claims one of the causes of the Holodomor may have been that the USSR was unable to export anything other than ...
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1answer
732 views

What percent of the US Federal Budget was spent on WW2?

From 1941 Dec 7 to 1945 May 8, what percent of the US Federal Budget was spent on the war? I would like to compare this to today's military spending, which according to this paragraph in wikipedia, is ...
2
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1answer
309 views

Was the Holy Roman Empire a financial union as well as a defensive union?

The Holy Roman Empire was a union of countries under one rule and under one emperor. My question is: Was the Holy Roman Empire a financial union too or just defensive union? For example was any tax ...
10
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1answer
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If the UK received the highest amount of Marshall Aid, why was it broke?

After WW2, Marshall Aid was distributed across Europe to facilitate the rebuilding of countries devastated by the war. West Germany received a large amount of this, and soon had a thriving economy. ...
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1answer
330 views

What was the longest lasting economic bubble? [closed]

The Roaring Twenties bubble lasted around eight years. What was the longest-lasting known bubble that economists agree has already popped?
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76 views

Is there historically a clear connection between a better economy and a freer market? [closed]

Where as a better economy is defined as higher GDP per capita. And the ''freedom'' of a market is decided by the amount of taxes.
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4answers
339 views

Has there been talk of a post-work economy before?

In recent years there has been a lot of talk about the topic of a post-work economy. This includes conversations, news articles, and professional studies. Take for example this LA Times article, that ...
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2answers
719 views

How economically profitable for Nazi Germany were the occupied countries in Western Europe?

Despite the invasions costs, there were at least short-term economic gains as a result of plundering and the confiscation / taking over of resources and factories. Were those benefits so evident in ...
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2answers
5k views

How did the American Civil War help the U.S economy recover from the Panic of 1857 given that civil wars are extremely destructive?

From the Wikipedia article on the Panic of 1857: Beginning in September 1857, the financial downturn did not last long; however, a proper recovery was not seen until the American Civil War. ...
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1answer
164 views

Did the Canadian Tuxedo emerge out of the Wool Shortage of 1973?

I understand that the Hudson Bay Company is responsible for the proliferation of the "Canadian Tuxedo". The Canadian Tuxedo is described as a denim jacket with jeans. The denim jacket must have ...
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2answers
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What did the British Empire mean by “Free Trade” in reference to the colonies?

Background: This feels like sort of a silly question for me to be asking after reading about the Victorian Age and the British Empire for several months, but here goes. As I've read about the ...
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3answers
580 views

Did the U.S economy flourish after national debt was eliminated by President Andrew Jackson in 1835?

President Andrew Jackson totally eliminated U.S national debt in 1835. Did the U.S economy boom in the aftermath of debt elimination as a result of not being shackled by debt? Was it good economic ...
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2answers
4k views

How did life change for the average American as a result of the end of World War 1?

Every year, the Daughters of the American Revolution host an essay contest concerning American History. I'll disclose that I'm not a student seeking internet help with the essay, but rather just ...
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1answer
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At the start of Barbarossa, what was the state of Germany's oil supply?

Very recently, I came across this statement from Wikipedia: In 1938, two thirds of German oil supply came from the United States and Latin America. It has a citation, some book reference that ...
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3answers
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In the first half of 20th century, how was gold inspected for authenticity?

Let's say this for the years 1900 - 1950, before we had modern analysis tools. When trade payments were made in gold, how was the gold inspected for quality? How did they assess the purity of gold, ...
3
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1answer
262 views

Differences among foraging, cultivation, domestication

I am currently researching the transition from hunter-gathering bands to agricultural communities. I am coming across the word cultivation a lot. It's getting confusing, because sometimes the word ...
3
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2answers
287 views

Did the Soviet Union investigate greenhouses in the early 1920's?

The Soviet Union had major food problems in the 1920's, what with the civil war and an attempt at forced requisitions. Their solution was the NEP, which used grain taxes instead of total requisition, ...
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2answers
329 views

Quantifying economic mobilization?

Total war requires mobilization of the economy. The degree of a nation's mobilization can be quantified in two major ways: Negatively: as, e.g., the reduction of "non-essential consumer production" --...
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2answers
3k views

What were the major imports and exports of Germany and France from 1850-1915?

Background: I've been doing some digging on nineteenth century trade, and so far have found this list of Britain's major imports to be an extremely helpful big picture guide. Sadly, I've yet to google ...
5
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1answer
271 views

What is the first example of a nation where the first railroad network system was somebody's master plan?

The background is that I try to understand how complex socioeconomic systems based on a technology mix came in place and how they evolve today. So I thought of an example, and picked railroads. If I ...
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4answers
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Why has the Brazilian currency been changed so often throughout its history?

It seems like currency in Brazil has been changed many times over the period of its existence. The last time the currency changed was in 1994, with the introduction of the modern Brazilian Real (BRL, ...
4
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1answer
264 views

In modern terms (for example the 2017 US dollar), how much purchasing power is 50,000 (French) Francs in 1829?

Not simply a conversion of money, as even independent of inflation, the value of basics like bread and such change over time. I am reading "The Count of Monte Cristo" and a character has just remarked ...
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2answers
298 views

Did anyone in Alta California pay in cash?

In the Spanish and Mexican eras, California was an economy very cut off from its mother countries. Most trade was by bartering goods [Josiah Belden by Doyce Nunis, Jr., 1962]. Is there evidence of ...
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677 views

Was Brezhnev's rule an “era of stagnation” [closed]

Reading my IB textbooks, they say Brezhnev's rule was an "era of stagnation". However they are only able to cite evidence of economic stagnation when claiming that would require "stagnation" in ...
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2answers
524 views

What jobs were available for migrants from the country to Rome?

I've read that the during the late Roman republic and early empire there was a great migration from country to urban living. Historians estimate in peninsular Italy 15%-20% of the population lived in ...
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2answers
767 views

Did the food economy of the late Roman republic rely on foreign imports, or was it more localized?

I'm curious to what degree Rome of the late republic was fed by imports as opposed to local goods. (Rome in this case meaning the city and the Italian peninsula, as opposed to her client states and ...
3
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2answers
577 views

Why did the United States want to “make Europe prosperous once more” with the Marshall Plan? [closed]

Was it purely a matter of self-interest, or were there wider economic (or other) reasons that made the United States feel that it had to "make Europe prosperous once more" with the Marshall Plan?
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2answers
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“America is the richest country in the history of the world” — Would a historian consider this true? [closed]

Bernie Sanders recently described the United States as "the richest country in the history of the world," to make a point about income inequality. I understand that this was meant as a rhetorical ...
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Venezuelan crisis of 1902–03: Why is there a Russian flag on the cover of the prominent newspaper 'Le Petit Parisien'?

The Venezuelan crisis of 1902–03[a] was a naval blockade from December 1902 to February 1903 imposed against Venezuela by Britain, Germany and Italy over President Cipriano Castro's refusal to pay ...
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1answer
124 views

Which plants had nearly all their mature specimens harvested?

The coastal redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) is a long-living tree native to California. Each mature tree contains an incredible amount of durable and splittable softwood, so nearly all were cut down ...
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1answer
354 views

How cheap were sailing ships in Gold Rush California?

Many ships were abandoned in San Francisco during the California Gold Rush as their crews and passengers headed straight for the gold areas. Some became semi-permanent buildings and some became ...
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1answer
176 views

What was the most important change that took place in American society as a result of the New Deal?

I'm having trouble identifying a singular, most important factor of the New Deal that changed American Society. I'm leaning toward saying that the creation of the PWA was the most important factor ...
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3answers
1k views

How did horses become animals of fancy while donkeys largely didn't?

Horses seem to be a much more common sight in so-called "developed" (or rather "heavily mechanized") countries than donkeys are while the latter seem to be still quite popular in many "developing" ...
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3answers
392 views

Why did European countries become more economically advanced than non European countries?

Barring a few places in the erstwhile USSR, for which communism and its fall had a major role to play, countries with a predominantly white population, collectively called "The West" are the most ...
5
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2answers
830 views

What does it mean that Hamilton “made American credit competitive”?

With the Hamilton (a musical by Lin-Manuel Miranda about Alexander Hamilton's life) craze going around, I've heard a few of the songs. While they are typically very easy to understand, one lyric I ...
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2answers
972 views

What is the main reason for Germany's strong economy? [closed]

Okay, so I have been thinking a bit about this question for some time, and while I obviously havent read a lot of books about German history and economy specifically in which you might find good ...
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2answers
4k views

When did books first become affordable to the general population?

Gutenberg certainly had a great impact on the availability of books, but his printing press didn't help bring books into the hands of the poor. The price of books dropped from thousands of days worth ...
14
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1answer
641 views

Was the European slave market in the East during the colonial era similar to the transatlantic slave market? If not (less brutal, etc), why?

As far as I understand it, European colonialist powers did have a slave market in the East, in the Indian Ocean. That is, there was this market as well as the Transatlantic slave market[1-3]. What I ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Cost of peacock throne vs Cost of Taj Mahal

I am listening to the lectures: Professor Michael H. Fisher, phd - History of India and I stumbled upon a very surprising sentence: The peacock throne cost twice as much as Taj Mahal. Amazed, I ...
4
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1answer
775 views

GDP for World Powers during the Napoleonic Era?

What was the GDP for the strongest world Powers during the Napoleonic Era? Powers like United Kingdom, France, Prussia, Russia, Austria, Holland, Spain, Denmark, United States, China, Ottoman Empire ...
3
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1answer
903 views

What was the original cost of a Sharps Rifle?

In 1850, when the Sharps Rifle was made, how much did it cost?
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205 views

Military expenditure over time [closed]

The following graph from the world bank website shows the world wide military expenditure in percentage of the world GDP over time from 1988 to 2015 I am trying to find similar data over a much ...
2
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1answer
137 views

What was the trend of forced labor in Germany and its conquered territories during WWII?

All I can find online about forced labor is the fact that by late summer of 1944, "German records listed 7.6 million foreign civilian workers and prisoners of war in the German territory, most of whom ...
4
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3answers
394 views

What were Albert Speer's specialties, and how did he apply them when he led Organisation Todt?

I know that Speer was the Minister of Armaments and Munitions as well as the head of the Organisation Todt, but what exactly did he do to make the war production so productive? What changes did he ...
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3answers
8k views

How much did a telephone call cost in the USA around 1920?

I am looking for data on historic telephone call prices in the US between 1920 and 1930. What did it cost to make a call? I know that, back then different rates were charged based on the distance of ...
21
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3answers
5k views

What goods did Germany trade during World War II, and with whom?

I have scoured the internet for numerical figures and an actual list of raw materials to no avail. Moreover, I am reasonably certain that many of you are very knowledgeable upon this subject matter, ...
5
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2answers
458 views

Was having one breadwinner in the family feasible in the early 1900s because of greater pay, lower cost of living, or both compared to today?

Today it is common in western countries for both spouses in a family to hold jobs and jointly be "breadwinners" and for many is an economic necessity. However in the past, it was common to only have ...
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4answers
20k views

When Adam Smith discusses “corn” to what crop does he refer?

In "The Wealth Of Nations", Adam Smith discusses the price of corn in ancient times. Apparently, books such as "Chronicon Preciosum: or An Account of English Money, the Price of Corn and Other ...

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