Questions tagged [economy]

Questions which concern the historical management, distribution, and usage of resources; why a particular resource, or state of production, occurred in a certain way.

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6
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3answers
555 views

Did the U.S economy flourish after national debt was eliminated by President Andrew Jackson in 1835?

President Andrew Jackson totally eliminated U.S national debt in 1835. Did the U.S economy boom in the aftermath of debt elimination as a result of not being shackled by debt? Was it good economic ...
6
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2answers
4k views

How did life change for the average American as a result of the end of World War 1?

Every year, the Daughters of the American Revolution host an essay contest concerning American History. I'll disclose that I'm not a student seeking internet help with the essay, but rather just ...
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1answer
1k views

At the start of Barbarossa, what was the state of Germany's oil supply?

Very recently, I came across this statement from Wikipedia: In 1938, two thirds of German oil supply came from the United States and Latin America. It has a citation, some book reference that ...
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3answers
1k views

In the first half of 20th century, how was gold inspected for authenticity?

Let's say this for the years 1900 - 1950, before we had modern analysis tools. When trade payments were made in gold, how was the gold inspected for quality? How did they assess the purity of gold, ...
3
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1answer
243 views

Differences among foraging, cultivation, domestication

I am currently researching the transition from hunter-gathering bands to agricultural communities. I am coming across the word cultivation a lot. It's getting confusing, because sometimes the word ...
3
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2answers
274 views

Did the Soviet Union investigate greenhouses in the early 1920's?

The Soviet Union had major food problems in the 1920's, what with the civil war and an attempt at forced requisitions. Their solution was the NEP, which used grain taxes instead of total requisition, ...
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2answers
323 views

Quantifying economic mobilization?

Total war requires mobilization of the economy. The degree of a nation's mobilization can be quantified in two major ways: Negatively: as, e.g., the reduction of "non-essential consumer production" --...
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2answers
3k views

What were the major imports and exports of Germany and France from 1850-1915?

Background: I've been doing some digging on nineteenth century trade, and so far have found this list of Britain's major imports to be an extremely helpful big picture guide. Sadly, I've yet to google ...
5
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1answer
251 views

What is the first example of a nation where the first railroad network system was somebody's master plan?

The background is that I try to understand how complex socioeconomic systems based on a technology mix came in place and how they evolve today. So I thought of an example, and picked railroads. If I ...
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4answers
1k views

Why has the Brazilian currency been changed so often throughout its history?

It seems like currency in Brazil has been changed many times over the period of its existence. The last time the currency changed was in 1994, with the introduction of the modern Brazilian Real (BRL, ...
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1answer
220 views

In modern terms (for example the 2017 US dollar), how much purchasing power is 50,000 (French) Francs in 1829?

Not simply a conversion of money, as even independent of inflation, the value of basics like bread and such change over time. I am reading "The Count of Monte Cristo" and a character has just remarked ...
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2answers
279 views

Did anyone in Alta California pay in cash?

In the Spanish and Mexican eras, California was an economy very cut off from its mother countries. Most trade was by bartering goods [Josiah Belden by Doyce Nunis, Jr., 1962]. Is there evidence of ...
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2answers
638 views

Was Brezhnev's rule an “era of stagnation” [closed]

Reading my IB textbooks, they say Brezhnev's rule was an "era of stagnation". However they are only able to cite evidence of economic stagnation when claiming that would require "stagnation" in ...
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2answers
505 views

What jobs were available for migrants from the country to Rome?

I've read that the during the late Roman republic and early empire there was a great migration from country to urban living. Historians estimate in peninsular Italy 15%-20% of the population lived in ...
8
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2answers
686 views

Did the food economy of the late Roman republic rely on foreign imports, or was it more localized?

I'm curious to what degree Rome of the late republic was fed by imports as opposed to local goods. (Rome in this case meaning the city and the Italian peninsula, as opposed to her client states and ...
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2answers
574 views

Why did the United States want to “make Europe prosperous once more” with the Marshall Plan? [closed]

Was it purely a matter of self-interest, or were there wider economic (or other) reasons that made the United States feel that it had to "make Europe prosperous once more" with the Marshall Plan?
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2answers
3k views

“America is the richest country in the history of the world” — Would a historian consider this true? [closed]

Bernie Sanders recently described the United States as "the richest country in the history of the world," to make a point about income inequality. I understand that this was meant as a rhetorical ...
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2answers
3k views

Venezuelan crisis of 1902–03: Why is there a Russian flag on the cover of the prominent newspaper 'Le Petit Parisien'?

The Venezuelan crisis of 1902–03[a] was a naval blockade from December 1902 to February 1903 imposed against Venezuela by Britain, Germany and Italy over President Cipriano Castro's refusal to pay ...
2
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1answer
123 views

Which plants had nearly all their mature specimens harvested?

The coastal redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) is a long-living tree native to California. Each mature tree contains an incredible amount of durable and splittable softwood, so nearly all were cut down ...
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1answer
305 views

How cheap were sailing ships in Gold Rush California?

Many ships were abandoned in San Francisco during the California Gold Rush as their crews and passengers headed straight for the gold areas. Some became semi-permanent buildings and some became ...
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1answer
173 views

What was the most important change that took place in American society as a result of the New Deal?

I'm having trouble identifying a singular, most important factor of the New Deal that changed American Society. I'm leaning toward saying that the creation of the PWA was the most important factor ...
3
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3answers
943 views

How did horses become animals of fancy while donkeys largely didn't?

Horses seem to be a much more common sight in so-called "developed" (or rather "heavily mechanized") countries than donkeys are while the latter seem to be still quite popular in many "developing" ...
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3answers
356 views

Why did European countries become more economically advanced than non European countries?

Barring a few places in the erstwhile USSR, for which communism and its fall had a major role to play, countries with a predominantly white population, collectively called "The West" are the most ...
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2answers
698 views

What does it mean that Hamilton “made American credit competitive”?

With the Hamilton (a musical by Lin-Manuel Miranda about Alexander Hamilton's life) craze going around, I've heard a few of the songs. While they are typically very easy to understand, one lyric I ...
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2answers
967 views

What is the main reason for Germany's strong economy? [closed]

Okay, so I have been thinking a bit about this question for some time, and while I obviously havent read a lot of books about German history and economy specifically in which you might find good ...
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2answers
4k views

When did books first become affordable to the general population?

Gutenberg certainly had a great impact on the availability of books, but his printing press didn't help bring books into the hands of the poor. The price of books dropped from thousands of days worth ...
14
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1answer
598 views

Was the European slave market in the East during the colonial era similar to the transatlantic slave market? If not (less brutal, etc), why?

As far as I understand it, European colonialist powers did have a slave market in the East, in the Indian Ocean. That is, there was this market as well as the Transatlantic slave market[1-3]. What I ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Cost of peacock throne vs Cost of Taj Mahal

I am listening to the lectures: Professor Michael H. Fisher, phd - History of India and I stumbled upon a very surprising sentence: The peacock throne cost twice as much as Taj Mahal. Amazed, I ...
4
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1answer
684 views

GDP for World Powers during the Napoleonic Era?

What was the GDP for the strongest world Powers during the Napoleonic Era? Powers like United Kingdom, France, Prussia, Russia, Austria, Holland, Spain, Denmark, United States, China, Ottoman Empire ...
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1answer
830 views

What was the original cost of a Sharps Rifle?

In 1850, when the Sharps Rifle was made, how much did it cost?
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0answers
205 views

Military expenditure over time [closed]

The following graph from the world bank website shows the world wide military expenditure in percentage of the world GDP over time from 1988 to 2015 I am trying to find similar data over a much ...
2
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1answer
133 views

What was the trend of forced labor in Germany and its conquered territories during WWII?

All I can find online about forced labor is the fact that by late summer of 1944, "German records listed 7.6 million foreign civilian workers and prisoners of war in the German territory, most of whom ...
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3answers
383 views

What were Albert Speer's specialties, and how did he apply them when he led Organisation Todt?

I know that Speer was the Minister of Armaments and Munitions as well as the head of the Organisation Todt, but what exactly did he do to make the war production so productive? What changes did he ...
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3answers
7k views

How much did a telephone call cost in the USA around 1920?

I am looking for data on historic telephone call prices in the US between 1920 and 1930. What did it cost to make a call? I know that, back then different rates were charged based on the distance of ...
20
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2answers
4k views

What goods did Germany trade during World War II, and with whom?

I have scoured the internet for numerical figures and an actual list of raw materials to no avail. Moreover, I am reasonably certain that many of you are very knowledgeable upon this subject matter, ...
5
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2answers
455 views

Was having one breadwinner in the family feasible in the early 1900s because of greater pay, lower cost of living, or both compared to today?

Today it is common in western countries for both spouses in a family to hold jobs and jointly be "breadwinners" and for many is an economic necessity. However in the past, it was common to only have ...
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4answers
19k views

When Adam Smith discusses “corn” to what crop does he refer?

In "The Wealth Of Nations", Adam Smith discusses the price of corn in ancient times. Apparently, books such as "Chronicon Preciosum: or An Account of English Money, the Price of Corn and Other ...
6
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1answer
175 views

At the peak of the American whaling industry, what share of the workforce were involved in it?

I have a vague recollection of reading that at its peak, the whaling industry employed an eye-catching proportion of the total American workforce but I can't find the source I originally read. The ...
10
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1answer
323 views

How did the Supreme Court case Lochner vs. New York influence the U.S. economy?

In 1905, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that laws limiting the number of hours bakers could work was a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment. After this, there was a time when a series of labor laws ...
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0answers
200 views

What is the impact of 18th to 19th century colonialism on the live of the common people of the colonial empires

This topic suddenly came to me when I was doing my homework. I went online to search but most of the articles only talked about the impacts on the country or place that was being colonized. According ...
4
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1answer
104 views

Did S. Korea choose petroleum refining as part of WW2 reconstruction?

I just noticed (on Wikipedia) that S. Korea has 3 and the 6 largest oil refineries in the world. That does not make sense. So, was exporting the derivatives of crude oil (gasoline / kerosene / jet ...
4
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1answer
68 views

What taxes were assessed on people in Alta California?

Countries and their churches extract rents from their citizens or subjects through various taxes. What taxes were individual Alta Californians required to pay in the Spanish and Mexican periods?
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5answers
975 views

When have salaries been paid in kind, not cash? [closed]

Formal jobs of the present day pay primarily cash wages, but a great number of historical employees earned primarily food, housing, goods from a company store, scrip, or debt repayment. These non-...
2
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0answers
298 views

What were the personal tax rates in the Byzantine Empire during the 6th and 7th centuries?

What were the tax rates per person in the Byzantine Empire during the 6th and 7th centuries? My findings: wikipedia: Byzantine Economy (has no information regarding the tax rate per person of the ...
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2answers
910 views

Why didn't Mao see that the “Great Leap Forward” would be such a disaster?

I've been reading about Mao Zedong and I heard about his Great Leap Forward. I read that it ended up splitting families apart and causing a massive economic crash. Why didn't Mao Zedong see this would ...
6
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2answers
216 views

Index of importance / economic value various minerals during the Industrial Revolution

I am looking for an indication, possibly an Index, as to the value or importance of common minerals for the Industrial Revolution. So, for example how important was Manganese (or Lead, or Zinc..) ...
2
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1answer
185 views

Did any plantation/hacienda/fazenda owner free all his slaves?

The North and South American masters that kept slaves are today criticized for it. Their income of course depended on slave labor. Anywhere in the Americas, did any of them free their slaves -- not at ...
2
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1answer
149 views

Historical tax revenue as a proportion of GDP

Modern countries vary widely in how much they tax their citizens (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_tax_revenue_as_percentage_of_GDP). Where do historical monarchies fit into this ...
8
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4answers
953 views

What were the limitations on possession of wealth in Soviet Russia and how were they enforced?

Specifically: How were workers compensated, was wage equal everywhere? If not - what affected the variations? What were the limitations of possession of money and/or assets? How were they enforced? ...
3
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2answers
176 views

How much did Spanish California officials earn?

It is my understanding that in Alta California, priests and natives in Missions earned no cash salary, but Spanish army officials would have. From the governor down to a junior soldier, what did they ...

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