Questions tagged [egypt]

The questions concerning modern-day Egypt and its history from 7th century AD to present. For questions about ancient Egypt, use the [ancient-egypt] tag instead.

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Why is a temple to Hathor in India?

Many internet articles are saying that there is a temple of Deity Hathor (which is an Egyptian goddess) in Nuh district, Mewat city, Haryana state, India . Exact Map's Location This is a reliable ...
shubh pareek's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
273 views

Who was Colonel Palmer of the Mitla Pass?

From Marshall, Sinai Victory: What is called "Parker's Memorial" in this book, and is herein pictured, is described in a reliable source as a monument to the memory of Col. A. C. Palmer, ...
Tomas By's user avatar
  • 2,701
0 votes
0 answers
231 views

What do these Egyptian hieroglyphs mean?

I posted this before and it got closed because it's off topic. However, I looked and saw there were other questions on history asking about Hieroglyphs (for example "are there any Egyptian ...
user284091's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
130 views

How did Egypt turn from "Breadbasket of the Mediterranean" to second-biggest importer of grain?

Egypt is currently undergoing a severe economic crisis. One key reason is that it is importing much of the grain needed to feed its population (and livestock), and this has become expensive/difficult ...
Arno's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
103 views

When was The Tale of Sinuhe first REdiscovered?

I have found a website that gives the details of all of the sources of The Tale of Sinuhe, but I can't figure out what the actual date of discovery was for each of those sources (in order to find the ...
Tzvi K's user avatar
  • 63
0 votes
1 answer
165 views

How do we reconcile hierarchical and violent aspects of Ancient Egypt with its nonviolent principle of Maat, as exemplified in negative confessions?

Maat represents and refers to the ancient Egyptian concepts of truth, balance, order, harmony, law, morality, and justice. Ma'at was also the goddess who personified these concepts, and regulated the ...
november's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
167 views

How were Ceasar's troops supplied with food during the Siege of Alexandria?

During the Siege of Alexandria, Julius Ceasar and a few thousand troops were stuck in the royal quarter of Alexandria for several months, with a local army surrounding them. Did the royal quarter have ...
Fiksdal's user avatar
  • 698
39 votes
2 answers
13k views

What language did Gaius Julius Caesar speak with Cleopatra?

What language did Gaius Julius Caesar (GJC) speak with Cleopatra? My thoughts: GJC spoke Latin. Cleopatra spoke many languages, including Arabic, Aramaic, Hebrew, Egyptian, Greek. Or did they need a ...
Jan's user avatar
  • 447
1 vote
0 answers
217 views

How did the Ptolemaics inherit the tradition of royal incest?

Cleopatra (VII), the last queen of Egypt, was forced to marry her younger brother to keep the royal blood in the family. This, of course was a form of royal incest. From what I understand, the ...
Tom Au's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
205 views

When did blackouts occur in Cairo during WW2?

In what date was Cairo blackout lifted in WW2? Was the date celebrated in the following years? And, not less important: what notable events were in December 21st 1944? A little background: Someone I ...
Meymann's user avatar
  • 185
0 votes
0 answers
165 views

How were elders addressed in Ancient Egypt?

I’m writing a book and want to know how a child would respectfully address an older male and female person—like Sir or Lord or Madam—in Ancient Egypt?
Piermo's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer
2k views

Since when is the Nile Delta known as "Delta"?

It is common knowledge that the Nile delta looks roughly triangular in form, hence roughly like a greek capital delta (especially when on a map oriented with the south on top). According to wikipedia, ...
Jan's user avatar
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-4 votes
1 answer
2k views

Are modern day Egyptians the genetic descendants of Ancient Egyptians? [closed]

On the one hand Egypt clearly views itself as a member of the Arab world. Nasser advocated pan-Arab unity, Egypt is a prominent member of the Arab league, Arabic is the national language, etc. On the ...
conceptualinertia's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
1k views

Who was Nimet Eloui Bey's father?

Nimet Eloui Bey was a famous Egyptian model in the 1920s and 1930s, whom I'm researching at the moment. Although now largely forgotten, she is still mentioned from time to time due to being the first ...
chancellorofpaphos's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
322 views

What is the Ancient Egyptian word for "Fisher"

Or, failing that, "Fish". Need it for a project but really struggling to find anything definitive online. Thank you!
Chloe's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
4k views

Was Mansa Musa's gold as serious an inflationary problem in Mamluk Egypt as is portrayed, and, if so, how did the Mamluks recover from it?

There are numerous sources claiming that Mansa Musa, King of Mali, was one of the richest people alive (#1, #2). Essentially, these claim that Musa was one of the richest people in the history of the ...
gktscrk's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
89 views

What authority did the US Army have in Egypt between 1945 and 1950?

I am trying to research a brief period of time in Egypt immediately after Britain's withdrawal in 1945, specifically the presence and authority of the US military there (if any) before 1950. Was ...
wetcircuit's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
340 views

What are the most recommended non-biased books on Egyptian History

I am new to Egyptology, what are the most recommended non-biased books on Egyptian History, Hieroglyphs, mythology, etc... that are not biased and written by experts in the field? By non biased, I ...
Miled Hayek's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
531 views

What is the diplomatic record on President Sadat's 1971 peace offer to Israel?

I have seen a lot of talk in the Israel-Palestine debate about the 1971 peace offer, but I can't find any original sources on it. Even Wikipedia's brief paragraph about it says "citation needed." ...
Sermo's user avatar
  • 339
1 vote
1 answer
174 views

How did production of grain change with Hellenistic Egypt coming under Roman rule?

As far as I know Egypt, under the Ptolemies, became famous in Hellenistic world for vast agricultural production due to the strict and harsh administration installed there by Greeks. Still I wonder - ...
Eldritch Sandwich's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
418 views

Could Egyptian hieroglyphs accurately record conversational day-to-day discussion?

Whenever I see Hieroglyphs reproduced and read the translation provided it always strikes me that the text appears very stilted and un-natural. Could hieroglyphs be used to transcribe a normal ...
ConanTheGerbil's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
503 views

What was the role of Egypt in Soviet-Afghan war?

Just wanted to know the role of Egypt in the Soviet-Afghan war..like what did it do,who were it’s allies and enemies...I have researched on Wikipedia but didn’t find anything useful except that it had ...
Aakarsh shukla's user avatar
-6 votes
1 answer
296 views

Mesoamerican and Giza's Pyramids [closed]

I am not a history major but I am very interested in Pyramids and their origin. Is there any theory that says Mesoamerican and Giza's pyramids were build before continental drift ?? If so, can you ...
Racaio Cmoto's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
1k views

Why were there "Tributary States" to the Ottoman Empire?

Here's something that's always puzzled me: Whenever there was agitation for independence in the territories struggling for independence from the Ottoman Empire, a lot of times the places concerned ...
user22453's user avatar
  • 1,353
2 votes
0 answers
190 views

Was the inequality of wealth in 1950s in Egypt the result of the Ottoman Empire's former power in Egypt?

One of Nasser's more historic changes he enacted was land reform. This took the form of placing limits on land ownership in terms of feddans, nationalization of large amounts of land, and the issuance ...
Eric Urban's user avatar
  • 1,010
35 votes
2 answers
7k views

How kind were the Muslim occupations of North Africa?

I grew up in Egypt and although I was raised in Muslim-majority country, I am atheist now. In history classes we were told a doubtful story: The Muslims would have been kind and merciful invaders ...
K. M.'s user avatar
  • 481
4 votes
2 answers
221 views

Primary annalistic sources for ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt

Are there any surviving dynastic annals from any of the various civilizations of ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt that provide an authoritative record of their rulers and historical events? This is in ...
Rex's user avatar
  • 41
2 votes
0 answers
63 views

Are the Egyptians the only ones to have carved the dead's biography on the coffin?

I know that Egyptians did it. (See Hornedjitef's coffin) It is very interesting to me that they carved a biography on the coffin that was to be buried - not to mention that it was the inner coffin, ...
Trista's user avatar
  • 21
1 vote
1 answer
396 views

Why did ancient Egyptian sculpture Thutmose abandon his masterpiece Nefertiti bust? [closed]

The Nefertiti bust is one of the most famous pieces of ancient Egyptian art that we have. It's thought to have been a master study for others to copy. The Nefertiti bust was discovered sitting on the ...
blueintegral's user avatar
16 votes
1 answer
3k views

When did the Egyptians stop wrapping their dead in bandages?

I'm curious as to when the Egyptians stopped wrapping their dead in thin strips of fabric and transitioned to burial shrouds. Any historical speculation as to the reasons for this transition would be ...
Resting in Shade's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
379 views

Why did Anwar Sadat establish diplomatic relationship with Israel and did that decision pay off?

Why did Egypt establish diplomatic relationship with Israel and did that decision pay off? As far as I recall, Anwar Sadat was able to convince his people and his followers that establishing ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
599 views

Was Cleopatra technically a princess? [closed]

Obviously she eventually became pharaoh/queen, but as the daughter of the king was she technically a princess?
John's user avatar
  • 9
4 votes
1 answer
366 views

Did Machimoi fight in Phalanx formation?

The 'Machimoi' were low ranking Egyptian foot soldiers, pressed into service by the Ptolemaic Dynasty during a period of manpower shortage. The term Máchimoi... ...commonly refers to a broad ...
Mynott95's user avatar
  • 187
7 votes
1 answer
1k views

When did Sultan Saif ad-Din Qutuz escape from Mongol swords?

In Wikipedia, it is mentioned that Hulagu Khan sent the following letter to Sultan of Egypt, Saif ad-Din Qutuz in 1260: From the King of Kings of the East and West, the Great Khan. To Qutuz the ...
NSNoob's user avatar
  • 8,195
4 votes
2 answers
511 views

Where was the Temple of Onias located?

Josephus writes that the Temple of Onias (Chonyo) in Egypt was built in Heliopoils, however the Talmud (Menahot 109b) seems to understand that the temple was built in Alexandria, not in Heliopolis?
Reb Chaim HaQoton's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
585 views

What was the area of the Mamluk Sultanate?

Both in the Baḥrī period and the Burjī period. I've been trying to find an answer for about 30 minutes and I've found nothing, so if you know, a source would be good too.
RothX's user avatar
  • 153
6 votes
1 answer
1k views

Why and when were ancient Egyptian hieroglyph phonograms used?

There are writings on the walls of some Egyptian temples of Hellenistic period written in Egyptian hieroglyph phonograms. However it was strange for me to know that these are Greek texts actually. ...
progmastery's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
3k views

How much Ancient Egyptian survived into modern Coptic & Egyptian Arabic?

The Egyptian spoken language has evolved dramatically due to influences from the many foreign powers who ruled Egypt over the ages. Coptic is an Egyptian language with strong influences from Greek, ...
thegreatjedi's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
797 views

Where were the British Forces located during Napoleon's Egypt Campaign?

During Napoleon's Campaign in Egypt 1798-1803, the British destroyed the French fleet near the Abu-Qir bay and had a fleet blockade there. Where did the men on the British fleet get supply from in all ...
Ole Petersen's user avatar
  • 1,883
2 votes
0 answers
2k views

What kind of bird is Horus? [closed]

Recently I was reading Brugsch's History of Egypt and he describes the figure of Horus as being that of a "sparrowhawk". Now, I have the greatest respect for Brugsch and consider him the best ...
Tyler Durden's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
898 views

Are the Egyptians homogeneous? [closed]

I don't know whether this is a myth, but I've run into this in various publications, and a few Egyptians I know personally have confirmed it: that the Egyptians of today and those who lived in the ...
Ricky's user avatar
  • 3,435
1 vote
1 answer
130 views

Who is the Amyrtaios of Herodotus?

In Herodotus it reads the following of Anoosis, the blind pharoah, and Amyrtaios, a pharaoh living over 700 years after him: ... when the Ethiopian had gone away out of Egypt, the blind man came ...
Tyler Durden's user avatar
  • 37.9k
5 votes
1 answer
210 views

Did the avenue of the Gods exist? [closed]

In the recent movie, Exodus: Gods and Kings a scene is shown, presumably in Memphis(?) depicting an avenue of the gods, terminated in a pylon. Did such a place actually exist?
Tyler Durden's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
9k views

Where can I find a reliable method of translating English to Ancient Egyptian? [closed]

Having no prior knowledge of the language I am working on a project that requires me to name things using languages similar to ancient Egyptian. So far I have been using this website: http://...
Cripstat's user avatar
-3 votes
2 answers
7k views

Why didn't the ancient Egyptians conquer an empire? [closed]

If we look for example to Romans and Greeks we will find that they had great empires, they invaded a lot of countries and established civilizations outside their countries. Why didn't ancient ...
Sam's user avatar
  • 137
-3 votes
1 answer
9k views

Alignment of South American and Egyptian Pyramids [closed]

I don't remember when and where I hear, but I remember something like this: several pyramids in Egypt are aligned with pyramids in South America . That is, in South America are several (if correctly ...
Oto Shavadze's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
1k views

What would've been the outcome of the Yom Kippur War had the UN not intervened? [closed]

As a kid growing up in Egypt, we obviously had things in our official history textbooks that said that we "totally won that war", and I'm very sure that it's the exact opposite in Israel. So please, I ...
Y.G.'s user avatar
  • 133
-1 votes
1 answer
861 views

What responsibility did Golda Meir have for the Yom Kippur war?

I read in the book "The Iron Wall" by Avi Shlaim, there was a description of the Yom Kippur war that happened due to Golda Meir's insistence on keeping parts of Sinai and not trading them to Egypt ...
XWorm's user avatar
  • 245
3 votes
1 answer
6k views

What machine technology did the Egyptians have to build the great pyramids?

Reading the "Account of Egypt" by Herodotus, it says of the great pyramid of "Cheops" (Macauley translation): This pyramid was made after the manner of steps which some called "rows" and others "...
Tyler Durden's user avatar
  • 37.9k
3 votes
2 answers
3k views

Were any Egyptian pyramids designed to be half an octahedron? [closed]

Are there Egyptian pyramids which were modeled to resemble half an octahedron? Do the angles of some pyramids correspond to angles of an octahedron? For those who don't know what an octahedron is: ...
user50746's user avatar
  • 139