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Questions tagged [germany]

For questions on German Empire, Weimar Republic, German Democratic Republic and the modern Federal Republic of Germany. Questions regarding the Third Reich should be tagged with Nazi-Germany.

17
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1answer
3k views

Did Emanuel Lasker write a book declaring that Germany had to win the World War I if civilization were to be saved?

Emanuel Lasker, the second chess world champion, was a very interesting person. I read here that “During World War I, Lasker […] invested all of his money in German war bonds. At the end ...
9
votes
1answer
328 views

Which Allied aircraft scored the most air-to-air kills against the Me 262 in WWII?

Backgound The Schwalbe (German: "Swallow") fighter version of the Messerschmitt Me 262 was the first operational jet-powered fighter aircraft, with the first test unit having been formed on 19 April, ...
6
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1answer
247 views

What was the reason that Poland wanted a part of Germany north of Stettin/Szczecin and west of the Oder?

If you look at the map you see the so-called Stettiner Zipfel (Szczecin lobe) in the west of the Oder which includes Stettin/Szczecin. OpenStreetMap How the course of the border is defined is ...
7
votes
2answers
343 views

Why was the first production PzKpfw V (Panther) called the Ausf.D, and the second production version called the Ausf.A?

Background The first Panther (PzKpfw V) production variant, produced from January 1943 through September 1943 was called the Ausf.D. (see below) The second Panther production variant, produced ...
6
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2answers
113 views

Where could I find a map of the communes for Bavaria region before 1930?

I am looking into data for an article and I am missing a pretty important map. The map relates to this question. I need a map of Bavaria communes, the so called Gemeinden divisions (~municipalities ...
3
votes
2answers
194 views

Did German Princes during the Protestant Reformation often live in castles?

I'm writing a short story based on Snow White. My research tells me the story took place during the late 16th century. The timeline of my story coincides with the Protestant Reformation. I am ...
9
votes
1answer
883 views

How many officers on board Type VII-C U-boat? [closed]

As the topic states I am curious of how many offiers were on board a type VII-C U-boat during WW2. I know the crew size was typically 42 to 48, but what was the breakdown of the crew? Bonus points ...
7
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2answers
395 views

Who was “The famous American Roberts” in 1920's Europe?

Reading this clip from a German newspaper left me puzzled: Die praktischen, die smarten Amerikaner! Das Girl haben sie bei uns eingeführt und den Jazz und die Songs mit Rachenkatarrh, und die ...
6
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2answers
289 views

Was it customary for young upper-middle class women to chew gum in public in German-speaking Europe?

I'm writing a fiction work and there is a scene about a young, well-educated, but stormy woman, willing to stretch the boundaries of what's allowed. I'm thinking about making her chew gum in public. ...
22
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7answers
9k views

Why are the majority of Dresden inhabitants atheists or agnostics?

German Wikipedia says that Four fifths of the inhabitants of Dresden do not belong to any religious community. Approx. 20 % of the population is predominantly Christian. Original German text: ...
14
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4answers
276 views

What education was required for a woman to become a teacher in pre-WWII Germany?

When a woman wanted to become a teacher in Germany of the first half of 20th century, she had to attend a preparatory school for 2 years (Präparandenanstalt), and then spend 3-6 years at a female ...
-6
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1answer
189 views

What statuses did Black Africans have in the court and royal family of Emperor Frederick II of Hohenstaufen and do their descendants survive? [closed]

What positions and statuses did Black Africans hold in Germany in the court culture of Emperor Frederick II of Hohenstaufen and later courts? According to Germany and the Black Diaspora: Points of ...
80
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8answers
24k views

Did Russian winter seriously contribute to German defeat on the Eastern Front in WWII?

When people discuss the causes of Hitler's defeat in Russia, one topic is frequently mentioned: climate. People claim that winter contributed significantly to the problems of German army on the ...
10
votes
1answer
215 views

Murder rate in the last years of Weimar Republic 1927-1933

I am writing a paper about mortality during the last years of Weimar Republic, namely 1928-1933. Presenting the data in Berlin, scholars wondered about the reason why the figures about people dead by ...
30
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3answers
9k views

Why weren't army snipers used at the Munich massacre?

I was reading about the history of the GSG 9 and found the following statement on Wikipedia: "Police did not have a specialized tactical sniper team at that time. The army had snipers, but the ...
0
votes
1answer
589 views

Why was Zabrze renamed Hindenburg O.S in 1915?

Through history, many towns got renamed, often by totalitarian, ultra-nationalistic or communist regimes. Most of this renaming happened past 1918 under the influence of Wilsonian self-determination, ...
4
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1answer
197 views

Can someone identify these German ww2 badges?

I have a number of badges on a leather pouch. Can someone identify these?
9
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2answers
407 views

Why were the blackletter typefaces abolished in Germany?

Blackletter typefaces were exclusively used in German and German-friendly countries for several centuries. They were often commonly and errornously called "Fraktur" in German (therefore the Nazi ...
14
votes
4answers
566 views

Did the US provide oil assistance to Germany during WW2?

Some Russian guy on BBC Radio 5 (Up all night) just now shouted down a Yank, claiming that the US had helped Germany maintain its oil supplies during WW2. At least that's what I recall of his rant. I ...
6
votes
1answer
373 views

Was Marshal Foch predicting WW2 20 years in advance just a coincidence?

The Allied Supreme Commander at the end of WW1, Ferdinand Foch, seemingly predicted at the signing of the Treaty of Versailles hostilities with Germany recurring in the future. His prediction for the ...
6
votes
1answer
207 views

Were the events in Nemmersdorf a PR stunt of the Nazi propaganda?

Is there any hard, definitive, reliable evidence that it were the Soviets who committed the Massacre of Nemmersdorf (incl. crucifixions and nailing people on barn doors)? Several, primarily German ...
1
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1answer
92 views

Travelling to Germany in the 19th Century from London [duplicate]

The time period I'm working with is the 1890s, and try as I might I'm really struggling to find the details I need, specifically how long it would take to travel from London to Leipzig at that time. ...
7
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1answer
267 views

How common was the German desire for revenge for the humiliation of 1918 armistice?

The author of the article "How Peace Kept WWI Alive" (here in English) at spiegel.de writes about the relationship between the two World Wars. The article says (emphasis added) that The experience ...
4
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0answers
307 views

Are there pictures expressing anti-occupation sentiment directed at British Forces in Germany before 1990?

Researching the history of the British Army of the Rhine it seems difficult to locate pictures of certain aspects regarding the German view of these times and troops. The Rhine Army or Rhine Garrison ...
4
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2answers
155 views

Who was the Holy Roman Emperor that was a travelling adventurer?

I recall reading about a medieval Holy Roman Emperor, or heir apparent, that didn't get to rule over the kingdom. He was the last in line from a major dynasty, and held a high amount of prestige. He ...
10
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2answers
2k views

What was the largest land area that Germany has ever controlled?

Question is pretty much in the title. What is the greatest area that Germany (including das Deutsche Reich) ever covered. I'd expect it to be either during the World Wars or during the colonial era, ...
7
votes
4answers
552 views

When and how did the term “Nazi” start replacing the term “Germans” in the context of WW2?

Have been browsing through newspapers from September 1939 and hardly any of them mention the term Nazi. Instead, the overwhelming majority of them use the term Germans. Clearly, today in most ...
17
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1answer
503 views

Who voted against German reunification, and why?

The reunification of Germany in 1990 was effected by a treaty between the governments of East and West Germany (the German Democratic Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany, respectively). The ...
6
votes
1answer
151 views

How many German expellees returned to the Hungarian People's Republic?

During and immediately after World War II, millions of ethnic Germans were forcibly expelled from the countries of eastern and central Europe. Hungary was a somewhat reluctant participant in this ...
4
votes
1answer
585 views

What are these “Papal States” in Germany after 1648?

I don't usually watch this person's videos, but I couldn't find another one. What do the "Papal States" in Germany after the Peace of Westphalia represent? I especially want to know what affected the ...
1
vote
1answer
201 views

Why was the C-pennant chosen as the flag of Allied-occupied Germany?

Why did the Allies choose the C-pennant, instead of a more intuitive letter? Why not G (for Germany) or D (for Deutschland)? Or A for Allemagne, or S for Sachsa, or N for Německo, P for Purutia, or U ...
17
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2answers
3k views

What era is this German 10 DM banknote from?

Exactly what it says on the tin. This is clearly a German 10 mark note of some kind, but I can't find pictures online of any notes like it. The reverse is completely blank, with some bleed-through ...
4
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2answers
309 views

What were the requirements for Iron Cross first and second class?

What were the prerequisites for being awarded an Iron Cross first or second class? Were there stricter requrements for getting an Iron Cross 1st class than an Iron Cross 2nd class? What happened ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Did Russia and Lenin benefit from the Treaty of Versailles?

Russia suffered a substantial land loss and severe economic problems due to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. However, the land Germany gained from Russia was to be independent according to Treaty of ...
4
votes
2answers
128 views

Was the first paper mill in Germany built in Mainz or in Nürnberg?

Gustav M. Bruce writes in Luther as an Educator: The first paper mill was established in Italy in 1276, and the first paper mill in Germany was opened at Mainz in 1320." On the other hand, a ...
2
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0answers
166 views

Why did the expelled Sudeten Germans and Danube Germans go to Germany, as opposed to Austria?

After the second world war, Germans that used to live in Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia and Hungary, part of long-existent minorities there fled and/were expelled, mostly to Germany. Before 1918, they ...
3
votes
1answer
416 views

Did Poland help Germany take Czechoslavakia before Germany invaded Poland

In March of 1939, "With Germany's permission" (WW2 for dummies), Poland invaded Czechoslovakia while Germany was annexing the Sudetenland per the Munich agreement. Only 6 months later in September, ...
42
votes
6answers
8k views

How was Germany able to hold itself together, while Austria-Hungary could not?

After defeat in WWI, the monarchies of the German Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire rapidly crumbled, and their outlying provinces took the opportunity to declare independence and sovereignty. ...
-4
votes
2answers
218 views

Was there a “European Balance of Power Strategy” for Anglo-American interests in between 1925 and 1935?

There is a meme in the US about British meddling in Europe. It says, basically, that the British didn't want a single power to dominate the continent, so it would support the second strongest power to ...
5
votes
0answers
160 views

To what extent does the popular memory of Bismarck today differ from the historical reality?

I'm interested in what discrepancies there may be, between the reality of Bismarck versus the image created in the Collective Memory of Germans. In what ways does the popular impression of Bismark ...
4
votes
1answer
203 views

Why didn't France do a better job of “politically” protecting franc-tireurs during the Franco_Prussian War?

After France lost the battle of Sedan, some of the best defenses of French territory were conducted by franc-tireurs, or what we would call snipers, operating "American Revolution" style, civilians ...
6
votes
2answers
330 views

Was the flexibility of German army a big contributor to their success?

While in a conversation, my friend claimed that German soldiers were given greater flexibility at defying the orders given by the superiors than other armies around the world in both World War, hence ...
0
votes
1answer
147 views

How did the development in education impact the curiosity and creativity in German society pre and post WWI? [closed]

I am currently researching this question; I know that the educational system focused more on science and math after the war which could have allowed for more curiosity and creativity in scientific ...
1
vote
1answer
220 views

Why did German troops perform this parade near Szászház, in September 1916?

I'm reading "Last Night of Love, First night of War" by Camil Petrescu. In the book, the author says that when the Germans fought against Romanians in front of Szászház village, before the fight, the ...
3
votes
1answer
169 views

How would a date be written on a German manuscript circa 1445?

How would a date be written on a German manuscript circa 1445? Would it be written in Roman numerals, or written out in regular numbers?
1
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2answers
775 views

How many times did Germany try to negotiate a peace in WW2?

I am thinking in a list of all peace negotiations, forced or not, successful or not. So far I can think of several: Germany annexed Poland. Peace with Netherlands after invading it. Peace with ...
27
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6answers
5k views

Did Germany's role in WW2 affect the historical perception of its role in WW1?

In the recent Wonder Woman movie (which I know is not an historical essay) I understand that the Germans are treated as the bad guys, almost like nazis although I am pretty sure that Germans in WW1 ...
-5
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1answer
291 views

Learning about WW2 lead me to a current event question about German policy [closed]

Background I am a student currently learning about the atrocities that Nazi Germany committed in the 1940’s. Some of the well-known and worst ones are the concentration camps and horrific experiments,...
3
votes
3answers
470 views

What rank was second in command on a U-boat?

As the title states, I am curious what was the second in command of a German U-boat during World War 2. This would be the rank that would take over as Captain if something were to happen to the actual ...
5
votes
2answers
236 views

Are there equivalents of the Domesday Book for other (French or German) duchies?

Is the Domesday Book a one-off census in the wake of the Norman conquest? One can imagine that William wanted an accurate feudal picture of his new kingdom but was it the norm? Did other dukes and ...