Questions tagged [germany]

For questions on German Empire, Weimar Republic, German Democratic Republic and the modern Federal Republic of Germany. Questions regarding the Third Reich should be tagged with Nazi-Germany.

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0 answers
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Who is 'Chlodebaudo/Chlodebaud' in the Merovingian-era Clovis I genealogy & Charlemagne ancestry, supposedly mentioned in a Salic Law manuscript?

In Henry H. Howorth's The Ethnology of Germany.-Part VI. The Varini, Varangians, and Franks.-Section II (1884), p.228 he writes: We must remember also that in a genealogical table attached to an old ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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When did Silesia become a part of the Holy Roman Empire?

As the question says, when did Silesia become a part of the HRE? The wikipedia article on Silesia claims some of them entered into a fiefdom relationship with Bohemia, therefore becoming a part of the ...
6 votes
2 answers
314 views

What was the extent of Kohl's government opposition to the independence of Ukraine?

There's a (paywalled) piece in Der Spiegel summarized as In 1991, the Helmut Kohl government wanted to prevent the eastward expansion of NATO and the independence of Ukraine - this is shown by ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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How could a man be made a bishop of a place while not having received major orders?

This article on Franz Wilhelm von Wartenberg, which cites this Catholic Encyclopedia article describes von Wartenberg as having been made a bishop of two different places before even being ordained a ...
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1 vote
2 answers
414 views

Is the story of Peter Niers brutal execution authentic?

Okay, so I asked a similar question to this on the Medical Stack Exchange. It's not doing too well (2 downvotes), and I can kind of get it. Medical professionals want nothing to do with the harm of ...
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1 answer
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Was the unemployment rate in the Nazi regime lower than the Weimar Republic?

We know that the Nazis didn't count women, Jews, and National Labour Service in the unemployment statistics, which was called 'invisible unemployment', Putting the 'invisible unemployment' scenario ...
1 vote
0 answers
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How culturally different were the small German states within the late HRE? [closed]

I was reading online about the formation of the German Empire and encountered the phrases: At [the time the HRE came to an end] German identity only existed in a somewhat basic and symbolic form. ...
18 votes
2 answers
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Did a British civilian row across the channel and shoot 6 Luftwaffe pilots?

As we were studying WWII, our history teacher told us a story that, to me at least, seemed apocryphal. But given that she didn't provide any citations, I was unable to confirm our falsify her story. ...
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26 votes
2 answers
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Were there luxury restaurants in East Germany?

I was recently reading the excellent book Mac B, Kid Spy: Mac Saves the World by Mac Barnett. It is set in 1989, and Mac crosses the Berlin Wall to infiltrate the Television Tower in East Berlin. I ...
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1 answer
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Have any non-German NATO forces been stationed in Eastern Germany since reunification? [closed]

What, if any, non-German NATO forces have been stationed in Eastern Germany (i.e. the former GDR territory) since reunification?
3 votes
1 answer
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Was there an East German counterpart to the Goethe-Institut?

The Goethe-Institut is a cultural association founded by the Federal Republic of Germany in 1951. It established offices all over the FRG, as well as in foreign countries, to offer German language ...
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How long would a letter take to arrive in Geneva from Ingolstadt? (Georgian era)

The two cities are ~300 miles (488 km) apart as the crow flies. In the late 1700s/early 1800s, how long would it take to send a letter from Ingolstadt to Geneva, and vice versa?
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In the coat of arms of Georg von Frundsberg, where does the ostrich come from?

Georg von Frundsberg (24 September 1473 – 20 August 1528) and all his successors had a dual coat of arms - one part with a black mountain, the other with a white or silver ostrich. Some heraldry ...
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1 answer
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What do the last four digits of this postal cancellation stamp mean?

How does one interpret the last digits "10-11"? The ones after the date?
7 votes
3 answers
542 views

Why did the number of Nazis in the Bundestag increase significantly in 1953?

Looking at the list of former Nazi party members who were politically active after '45, we can see that there was a significant increase in '53 (from 17 to 45, so almost three times as many). That is ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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What were Nazi policies around converts to Judaism?

While Judaism is not a missionary religion, it is possible to convert to Judaism. I can only assume (although I've not found any sources on this), that practicing converts were treated like any other ...
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2 answers
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Why were some German and Japanese cities bombed more than others during WW2? Is there a scientific consensus?

I'm trying to study the long-run effects the strategic bombing of German and Japanese cities had on urban and economic development. Reading some articles about it I get contradictory information about ...
25 votes
3 answers
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How and why was the boundary between West and East Berlin decided to be where it was?

I have been trying to find detailed explanations (and, if available, references in English or German about it) to the following about the division of Berlin into West and East sides after WW2: how ...
-1 votes
1 answer
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What did the Germans believe were the causes of WWI during the war and after?

Did the Germans en masse believe they were waging a defensive war or a war for colonies, or a war for living space, or preventive war or a war in support of allies? I have read about some opinions of ...
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1 answer
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Was "Nobody intends to build a wall" Machiavellian? [closed]

When Ulbricht said in 1961: "Nobody intends to build a wall", is there any truth to the idea that he was being deliberately Machiavellian, knowing that most East Germans would read the signs ...
3 votes
0 answers
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West Berlin: who else fled besides East Germans?

When the Iron curtain descended across Europe, and Berlin was the only hole unplugged, did large numbers of other Eastern Europeans flee that way as well? I know that East Europeans could across into ...
3 votes
2 answers
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Are there any good books in English about the mechanics of German reunification?

Are there any good books in English about the mechanics of German reunification? I'd be interested to know how such things as: Criminal justice. Who was released and who remained in prison? Did ...
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1 answer
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Why were the kingdom of Prussia's territorial ambitions focused in Saxony?

If I have remembered it correctly the Hohenzollerns tried several times to annex the electorate/kingdom of Saxony. From the reign of Frederick II (the great) to the aftermath of Napoleonic wars where ...
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2 answers
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Does city-specific economic data for the pre-WW2 decades exist for Japan and Germany? How do I find out?

I'd like to the an analysis using historical economic data of Japan and Germany. For that I'm trying to figure out, if data exists from before 1945 of economic production in different japanese and ...
19 votes
4 answers
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How were the West Berlin air corridors negotiated?

This grew out of a question I asked on the Politics SE, which I'm moving here because it's tangential to that question. As far as I can tell, after World War 2, the Western powers negotiated air ...
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1 vote
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Which place in Europe and/or Russia had its catenary lines removed/replaced several times for political reasons?

I could swear I remember reading about a city or rail line -- maybe in Germany? Maybe in Poland? -- that had the overhead electrical wires for trains removed, exported to another city or country, and ...
11 votes
1 answer
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What are the 'mushroom trusts' referenced in Churchill's "Second World War"?

It is in a section where he is referring to the collapse of the German economy during and after hyperinflation… p.10 The Gathering Storm – The Follies of the Victors 1919–1929 Here is the passage that ...
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9 votes
1 answer
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What does this acronym and the symbol in the middle represent?

One of my Polish friends just bought a ruined old brick house in a village in Poland, which was supposedly reigned by Germany during the second world war (I didn't ask the name nor the location of the ...
22 votes
3 answers
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Were there German bomb disposal units in WW2?

There is lots of information about British bomb disposal units in Britain during WW2. Britain dropped a lot of bombs in Germany. Many of them didn't explode - they're still digging them up now. The ...
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20 votes
3 answers
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Have Germans expelled from Eastern Europe been re-enfranchised?

After World War II, large numbers of ethnic-Germans who had lived in Eastern Europe were expelled - by the local (post-Nazi-occupation) government, by the USSR and even with some Western power ...
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1 answer
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Post WWII Munich- U.S.occupation

Is there any way to find out which unit of the US army of occupation took control of US HQ in Munich after April 30th, 1945?
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1 answer
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Which 1848 German revolutionaries became key players in the US Republican party?

Gillian Brockell wrote in an article at the WP: In 1860, two major factors helped to propel Lincoln — a one-term congressman and country lawyer most known for losing a Senate campaign — to the ...
14 votes
1 answer
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Was the 1977 sale of a submarine to Indonesia controversial in Germany at the time?

In April 2021, the Indonesian submarine KRI Nanggala sunk with all hands. The submarine was sold by Germany in 1977 (contract signed, manufacture finished in 1981). Just two years before order, ...
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Did the Prussian army commit atrocities?

We know the German armed forces, all of it, during WW2 committed atrocities. Same for the German army during WW1. I also found some references the Prussian army committed atrocities during the Franco-...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Why did East Germany fail? And why did DDR need hard currency 1986-1989?

Sometime back I saw Deutschland 83 then Deutschland 86 and finally Deutschland 89. The sad part is even though you see the series, you don't really understand why did East Germany fail? Why exactly ...
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2 answers
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Why is Germany's history of colonialism and imperialism less prominent compared to other European nations? [closed]

Spaniards and Portuguese in South America, etc UK in India, Pakistan, etc Dutch in SEA: Indonesia, etc French in Africa Belgians in Congo Why was Germany not as involved as these nations?
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1 answer
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After the Cold War, how did Berlin develop so much more rapidly than Moscow? [closed]

How did Berlin redevelop so rapidly that today its economy is way better than Moscow's following the Cold War?
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2 answers
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Did the Sturmabteilung uniform look ridiculous in terms of German fashion in the 1920s?

Ridicule is a common method of social dismissal. The Sturmabteilung (SA) were a German fascist militia in the 1920s, 1930s and 1940s. Their most basic uniform was described as a yellow brown ...
49 votes
1 answer
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How did German unification affect existing sentences for criminal convicts?

The German reunification of 1990 was legally the annexation of West Berlin (a separately administered occupied territory) and East Germany (the German Democratic Republic, or GDR) by West Germany (the ...
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At the end of WW2, multiple German leaders either committed suicide or made preparations to do so -- was this unprecedented?

I have read nothing of German officers and/or political leaders committing suicide after WWI and it is my sense that WW2 might have been the first time that so many people planned or actually went ...
2 votes
3 answers
578 views

Was there a German re-urbanization plan for after WWII?

Was there a Germany-wide re-urbanization plan for after the WWII? I don't mean a hypothetical Nazi re-building plan, but a real implemented plan. All these things would get intense resistance in ...
2 votes
1 answer
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How did different asset classes perform during the Weimar hyperinflation?

I read many years ago a story about someone in Germany in the 1920s who had been tipped a US dollar immediately seeking investment advice presumably because it was so valuable. Now, this did not make ...
5 votes
1 answer
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How strong was pacifism in interwar Germany?

During the rearmament of Germany operated by Hitler and especially during the remilitarization of the Rhineland, the French Republic stayed by and, in doing so, probably failed to seize the last ...
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4 votes
0 answers
198 views

Has the Federal Republic of Germany ever refused diplomatic credentials for foreign ambassadors?

The proposal of Douglas Macgregor as US ambassador for Germany has been criticized in Germany and it has been suggested that the Germany government should simply refuse his diplomatic credentials. ...
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1 answer
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Who was Mathilda von Merckens and which was her castle?

I am reading “The Magic Lantern”, the autobiography of Ingmar Bergman. In it, he describes a castle of a musicians' patron: Every summer before the war [World war II], they were invited close to ...
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8 votes
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What uniform is this (German/WW1?) and could a 15–16 year old be wearing it?

I was told that this would be a German uniform from WW1. Is that correct? I would assume that would be right, however, the picture is from spring 1917 and the young man was only 15–16 years old in ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Why are some school systems from September–July versus others that go April–March?

I've heard from colleagues and on-line sources that the Japanese school system starts the school year on 1st of April and I've heard the same used to be true in Germany. In Belgium, where I live, I ...
40 votes
6 answers
10k views

What were Germany's long-term aims in World War I?

In World War I, according to the Schlieffen Plan, Germany aimed to defeat France in several weeks, before freeing up soldiers to fight on the front against Russia. Suppose their plan would have ...
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11 votes
1 answer
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Identifying this uniform, possibly German or Polish

This photo was in my great-aunt's album. She only identified it as "he came from Germany", but the picture was taken in Bunzlau, which I believe to be in Poland. I am guessing it is from ...
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10 votes
2 answers
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Were union disputes the only reason for low female employment in WWI German factories?

While giving a lecture on the end of WWI, Prof. David Stevenson mentions a disparity in female employment between the Allies and Germany. The relevant portion is here. The British army is not short ...
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