Questions tagged [germany]

For questions on German Empire, Weimar Republic, German Democratic Republic and the modern Federal Republic of Germany. Questions regarding the Third Reich should be tagged with Nazi-Germany.

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6
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3answers
1k views

Why was the C-pennant chosen as the flag of ships from Allied-occupied Germany?

Is there any evidence explaining why the Allies chose the C-pennant, instead of a more intuitive letter? Why not G (for Germany) or D (for Deutschland)? Or A for Allemagne, or S for Sachsa, or N for ...
21
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3answers
3k views

What era is this German 10 DM banknote from?

Exactly what it says on the tin. This is clearly a German 10 mark note of some kind, but I can't find pictures online of any notes like it. The reverse is completely blank, with some bleed-through ...
3
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2answers
1k views

What were the requirements for Iron Cross first and second class?

What were the prerequisites for being awarded an Iron Cross first or second class? Were there stricter requrements for getting an Iron Cross 1st class than an Iron Cross 2nd class? What happened ...
4
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1answer
7k views

Did Russia and Lenin benefit from the Treaty of Versailles?

Russia suffered a substantial land loss and severe economic problems due to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. However, the land Germany gained from Russia was to be independent according to Treaty of ...
3
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2answers
253 views

Was the first paper mill in Germany built in Mainz or in Nürnberg?

Gustav M. Bruce writes in Luther as an Educator: The first paper mill was established in Italy in 1276, and the first paper mill in Germany was opened at Mainz in 1320." On the other hand, a ...
7
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1answer
506 views

Why did the expelled Sudeten Germans and Danube Germans go to Germany, as opposed to Austria?

After the second world war, Germans that used to live in Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia and Hungary, part of long-existent minorities there fled and/were expelled, mostly to Germany. Before 1918, they ...
49
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5answers
10k views

How was Germany able to hold itself together, while Austria-Hungary could not?

After defeat in WWI, the monarchies of the German Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire rapidly crumbled, and their outlying provinces took the opportunity to declare independence and sovereignty. ...
-3
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2answers
366 views

Was there a “European Balance of Power Strategy” for Anglo-American interests in between 1925 and 1935?

There is a meme in the US about British meddling in Europe. It says, basically, that the British didn't want a single power to dominate the continent, so it would support the second strongest power to ...
5
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0answers
178 views

To what extent does the popular memory of Bismarck today differ from the historical reality?

I'm interested in what discrepancies there may be, between the reality of Bismarck versus the image created in the Collective Memory of Germans. In what ways does the popular impression of Bismark ...
4
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1answer
234 views

Why didn't France do a better job of “politically” protecting franc-tireurs during the Franco_Prussian War?

After France lost the battle of Sedan, some of the best defenses of French territory were conducted by franc-tireurs, or what we would call snipers, operating "American Revolution" style, civilians ...
6
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2answers
435 views

Was the flexibility of German army a big contributor to their success?

While in a conversation, my friend claimed that German soldiers were given greater flexibility at defying the orders given by the superiors than other armies around the world in both World War, hence ...
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1answer
165 views

How did the development in education impact the curiosity and creativity in German society pre and post WWI? [closed]

I am currently researching this question; I know that the educational system focused more on science and math after the war which could have allowed for more curiosity and creativity in scientific ...
2
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1answer
259 views

Why did German troops perform this parade near Szászház, in September 1916?

I'm reading "Last Night of Love, First night of War" by Camil Petrescu. In the book, the author says that when the Germans fought against Romanians in front of Szászház village, before the fight, the ...
4
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1answer
187 views

How would a date be written on a German manuscript circa 1445?

How would a date be written on a German manuscript circa 1445? Would it be written in Roman numerals, or written out in regular numbers?
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2answers
1k views

How many times did Germany try to negotiate a peace in WW2?

I am thinking in a list of all peace negotiations, forced or not, successful or not. So far I can think of several: Germany annexed Poland. Peace with Netherlands after invading it. Peace with ...
29
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7answers
5k views

Did Germany's role in WW2 affect the historical perception of its role in WW1?

In the recent Wonder Woman movie (which I know is not an historical essay) I understand that the Germans are treated as the bad guys, almost like nazis although I am pretty sure that Germans in WW1 ...
-5
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1answer
402 views

Learning about WW2 lead me to a current event question about German policy [closed]

Background I am a student currently learning about the atrocities that Nazi Germany committed in the 1940’s. Some of the well-known and worst ones are the concentration camps and horrific experiments,...
3
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3answers
1k views

What rank was second in command on a U-boat?

As the title states, I am curious what was the second in command of a German U-boat during World War 2. This would be the rank that would take over as Captain if something were to happen to the actual ...
10
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4answers
748 views

Are there equivalents of the Domesday Book for other (French or German) duchies?

Is the Domesday Book a one-off census in the wake of the Norman conquest? One can imagine that William wanted an accurate feudal picture of his new kingdom but was it the norm? Did other dukes and ...
4
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1answer
381 views

How did Germany deal with the East German communist Government structure after unification?

When West Germany annexed East Germany, what happened with the Government structure in the East? For example, were the police, judiciary system and executive branch in the East simply renamed, created ...
33
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7answers
11k views

When did Germans begin to call themselves “Deutsche”?

Up to 1871, ancestors of today's Germans lived in different states. What did they call themselves in those times? What did Germans call themselves in the 18th century? Did they call themselves "...
2
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0answers
148 views

Departure Ritual of U-boats (World War 2) [closed]

On the day of a U-boat setting sail what actually goes on prior to leaving for their mission? I am sure it takes more than a morning to make sure the U-boat is sea-worthy, including loading the ...
8
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2answers
3k views

What were the major imports and exports of Germany and France from 1850-1915?

Background: I've been doing some digging on nineteenth century trade, and so far have found this list of Britain's major imports to be an extremely helpful big picture guide. Sadly, I've yet to google ...
51
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6answers
16k views

Were Hitler's anti-Jewish sentiments known at all to those who voted him to power in 1933?

This is partially related to the issue that dislike of certain groups of individuals had long roots in Europe (such as exemplified by this article). Anyway, I was looking at this other question which ...
3
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1answer
236 views

Why was there a sharp decline in the number of municipalities in West Germany in the 1970s?

According to a graph on wikimedia, and the corresponding wikipedia page merging of municipalities applied to an extreme scale in western germany between 1972 and 1979. Most states had less than 1/3 ...
10
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1answer
1k views

What did Julius Lippert lecture on after WWII?

Julius Lippert was a Nazi top functionary (mayor of Berlin till he was demoted and fell out of grace) and a convicted war criminal. However, wiki tells us: He lectured at universities until his ...
8
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2answers
5k views

Why did Paul von Hindenburg wrongly call Adolf Hitler “Bohemian corporal”?

Paul von Hindenburg didn't like Adolf Hitler because he was a low-ranked individual from the poor/low class. He called him mockingly "Bohemian corporal". However in reality Adolf Hitler was not ...
1
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1answer
193 views

The link between Kaiser Wilhelm I. and the city of Bonn

To be more specific, I need to know the link between Kaiser Wilhelm I. and Bonn. Why was the monument placed there? Was it because of his glory or where other factors taking place?
4
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0answers
188 views

Determining the importance of Helmut Kohl's role in the German Reunification

A week ago, former German chancellor Helmut Kohl died. Now some of the orbituaries in common newspapers pick up again the debate on what Kohl's role was in the German Reunification, during which he ...
18
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2answers
1k views

Why were Germanic languages able to spread over much of northern Europe after 500BC? Did they mostly replace Celtic?

I understand it is usually believed (see Germanic peoples (Wikipedia)) that up till roughly 500 BC the common ancestor of the Germanic languages (which today include English, Dutch, German, Danish, ...
3
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2answers
426 views

Was Falkenhayn the first commander to recommend defeating an enemy by bleeding them to death?

In his book The Price of Glory: Verdun 1916, Alistair Horne describes the memorandum introducing Erich Von Falkenhayn's plan to compel France to throw all its men into the defense of Verdun, because (...
10
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1answer
1k views

How long was the Treaty of Versailles intended to be in order?

After WWI Germany was forced to abide by the Treaty of Versailles. In the treaty Article 160 says: By a date which must not be later than March 31st 1920, the German Army must not comprise more ...
7
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1answer
154 views

Henry I. (the Fowler): What kind of contact to hostages was seen as appropriate?

Early 929 Henry I., King of East Frankia, took the Hevelli chieftain Tugumir hostage. As far as is known, the sister of Tugumir went with him into captivity. In the same year she gave birth to Wilhelm,...
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1answer
3k views

What is 'redemptive anti-Semitism'? [closed]

Redemptive anti-Semitism is a theory expounded by Saul Friedländer. According to Wikipedia: he maintains that Nazi anti-semitism was distinctive for being “redemptive anti-semitism”, namely a ...
46
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6answers
7k views

Why did Germany officially acknowledge the contents of the Zimmerman telegram?

The Zimmerman telegram was a diplomatic message from officials in Germany to the Mexican president, sent in 1917. After being intercepted and decoded by Britain's intelligence community, its contents ...
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3answers
4k views

Did the Jews move from Palestine to Germany? [closed]

I have an essay to write and the question is simple. Did the Jews first live in Palestine and then move to Germany? If they did move to Germany, why did they and did they return? I just need to ...
32
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4answers
9k views

Were there any Germans in Japan after the surrender of Germany in May, 1945 and if so, what happened to them?

I assume there were potentially hundreds of German advisers, etc. in Japan at the time of the German surrender. Is there evidence that they tried to reach Allied troops to surrender to them? Did some ...
8
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1answer
459 views

“You Are Now Entering the X Sector”

This phrase is known from post-WWII Germany, written on boundary markers between the various sectors. Does anyone know if this was the first usage, or if the phrase was used in some earlier context? ...
1
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2answers
976 views

What is the main reason for Germany's strong economy? [closed]

Okay, so I have been thinking a bit about this question for some time, and while I obviously havent read a lot of books about German history and economy specifically in which you might find good ...
1
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3answers
268 views

What was the status of travelling perfomers in the Middle Ages (specifically, 13th century Germany)?

I had previously thought that medieval travelling performers were regarded as being of a low social class, not for respectable people to associate with, but upon researching it I found out that many ...
4
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1answer
268 views

How is historical “average calorie consumption” data from eighty years ago estimated?

I read an article in a German news magazine today about the German post-war "hunger winters" of 1946-48. The article cites very detailed statistics about average calorie consumption in Germany in ...
11
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3answers
2k views

How did Hitler have his own private militia in 1923?

I read this article Against Normalization: The Lesson of the “Munich Post” in the LA Review of Books. At the very apex of the Beer Hall Putsch, a clash between his militia and Munich’s chief ...
3
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2answers
979 views

How was Germany involved in the Russian Civil War after the Paris Peace Conference?

What was Germany's involvement in the Russian Civil War after the Paris Peace Conference? After signing the Treaty of Versailles, Germany's economy was pretty much in ruins, but which side of the ...
20
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1answer
6k views

Was Hitler released from jail in 1924 on condition that he ran democratically?

In 1924, Adolf Hitler served only 264 days in prison after his failed coup d'état. Was his release politically ordered? I suppose that the motive could've been that it is better to have him lead the "...
5
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1answer
143 views

1900s Vacation between Germany and America

I'm trying to write a novel about a German who vacations to the US with his family around 1905, but was that even possible at that time? I believe the US had good relations with Germany at the time, ...
2
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1answer
869 views

Why did the Tripartite Pact take so long to sign?

The Tripartite Pact was signed by Germany, Italy, and Japan on 1940 Sep 27. By this time, Germany had already invaded Poland, conquered France, conquered Denmark and Norway, and the Battle of Britain ...
2
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1answer
231 views

Connection between U.S. entry into WW1 and Germans sending Lenin back to Russia

The Germans sent Lenin back to Russia ten days after U.S. entry into WW1. Does anyone know of primary source evidence that the Germans thought of Lenin as a possible way to counter U.S. entry by ...
1
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1answer
211 views

Martin Luther's 95 Theses [closed]

Did Martin Luther actually nail a copy of his 95 Theses to a church door? What do we know and not know about this?
13
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2answers
6k views

Why do central European nations use the color black as their national colors?

We all know that national colors exists, often associated directly with the flag of a nation. Red and white for example are one of the most frequently used colors world wide by many nations (Austria, ...
7
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1answer
623 views

Did Hitler brag about or downplay his war experiences in WW I in appealing to 1932 voters?

I am currently reading Yuval Noah Harari's Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow. IMHO it is unfortunately much weaker than its impressive predecessor (as can of course happen with "second" books). ...

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