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Questions tagged [great-depression]

Questions related to the history of the world-wide economic crisis which began in the United States with the October 1929 crash of the stock market, extending through the 1930's.

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17 votes
3 answers
3k views

How does one "ride on the brake beam"?

This would be a better fit for trains.stackexchange.com if it existed... but it doesn't, so I'm asking here. I started with the question of what it means when the narrator of Eliza's Son (1913) says ...
Quuxplusone's user avatar
  • 2,285
0 votes
0 answers
83 views

How widespread was hunger and starvation during The Great Depression? [duplicate]

There has been some discussion over how many people have died of starvation during The Great Depression, with the common consensus being that direct starvation killed very few, but the symptoms of ...
Emile Durkheim's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
303 views

Were firearms used by the farmers for intimidation in the penny auctions during the Great Depression?

I think firearm usage for such type of intimidation is in inevitable, at least in the US if not elsewhere. I just wanted to know if there are any historical accounts of their usage. (By usage, I don't ...
TheReal_Skywalker's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
362 views

Were there duststorms in Louisiana in the 1930's?

I am researching the dust-bowl era of the US, and am wondering if the dust-bowl impacted Louisiana. I know it was mostly in Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico etc. But I am wondering if it is plausible for a ...
Eric Hasegawa's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
1k views

What was the expected retirement age for men in Spain in 1936?

I am trying to find out what the expected age of retirement was for men in Spain in 1936. I tried searching the Internet but the results I found were for recent years and not time past.
Andrew Truckle's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
122 views

What is a "jerry-built area" in the 1937 HOLC maps?

Established as part of the New Deal, the Home Owners' Loan Corporation offered mortgage loans to expand home buying. In the process it made a detailed grading of neighborhoods into categories A (green)...
Alexlok's user avatar
  • 151
3 votes
1 answer
523 views

What were the largest companies in the world before and after the Great Depression?

The Great Depression obviously had a very severe effect on stock markets; how did this affect the world’s largest companies, by market capitalization? Were steel companies, such as U.S. Steel, ...
George Carver's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
524 views

During the Great Depression in America, was there an increase in popularity of Communism?

During the Great Depression, was there an increase in the popularity of Communism among the everyday American and if so, was this due to a longing for better living conditions?
S. Allen's user avatar
29 votes
2 answers
14k views

During the Great Depression, did the US Army do a study involving paying people to dig a hole and fill it back up?

This website indicates a study was done by the US army but it offers no citation or identifying information. I've scoured to try to find the answer myself but am running short on time. Is it true?
Jacob's user avatar
  • 291
0 votes
1 answer
191 views

Book recommendation on the Nazis for a (very) advanced reader [closed]

I want to get my history teacher - who has taught me for three years and given a lot of extra help and support - a book. He has been studying the Nazis for several decades and is very knowledgeable, ...
riemann_lebesgue's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
1k views

Why did the death rate increase in US cities in 1934, when it decreased in each year from 1929 to 1933

This question was prompted by a particular statement by user Pieter Geerkens in the discussion about the deaths due to famine during the Great Depression found here. My understanding of the Great ...
Senor-Freebie's user avatar
63 votes
4 answers
20k views

Why did stock brokers go bankrupt after the crash of 1929?

If the sole purpose of a broker is simply to buy and sell for others, why would they go bankrupt in the stock market crash? It's not like they have money invested in the cause, they just play with ...
Jordan's user avatar
  • 749
7 votes
1 answer
8k views

Is there a name for the WPA Art Style?

There seems to be a discernable common (although not universal) style to a lot of the art produced by the WPA during its history (1935-1943). I'd characterize it as more simplistic than realistic, ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
  • 120k
1 vote
1 answer
209 views

What was the most important change that took place in American society as a result of the New Deal?

I'm having trouble identifying a singular, most important factor of the New Deal that changed American Society. I'm leaning toward saying that the creation of the PWA was the most important factor ...
SAVen's user avatar
  • 51
0 votes
2 answers
1k views

The allure of totalitarianism/ communism/ fascism [closed]

In the 1930s there was a rise of totalitarianism whether fascism or communism such as Hitler's Germany, Mussolini's Italy, and Stalin's Soviet Union What would've been the allure of totalitarianism ...
didgocks's user avatar
  • 263
5 votes
1 answer
3k views

Why did Franklin D. Roosevelt confiscate gold from the American people during the Great Depression?

FDR outlawed ownership of gold in 1934 with the Gold Reserve Act. It was a very courageous act by a democratic government because nobody will elect a government which takes money from them. Gold was ...
curious's user avatar
  • 4,546
4 votes
2 answers
237 views

Other than coffee and tobacco what major product became Cuba's source of wealth in the 18th century?

How did the Industrial Revolution affect the production of this commodity? What, if any, affect did the Great Depression have on the industry?
Kev's user avatar
  • 53
1 vote
1 answer
6k views

What is wrong with Russian claim that 7 million people starved to death in the Great Depression in the USA? [duplicate]

An article published in Russia claims that 7 million people are demographically unaccounted for during the Great Depression in the USA, and can therefore be assumed to have died as a result of the ...
Maya's user avatar
  • 11
6 votes
3 answers
9k views

Was the Stock Market Crash of 1929 a cause or result of the Great Depression?

Did the Stock Market Crash of 1929 effectively cause the Great Depression, or were there economic factors already in place at that time such that the Greet Depression would have happened anyway, and ...
tcrosley's user avatar
  • 404
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

What was the reason for US Fed rate increase in spring 1928?

I was reading this wikipedia article on the great depression of the 1930s. This timeline mentions that in 1928, USA Fed increased interest rates. What was the reason behind this move. I read ...
square_one's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
670 views

How were FDR's economic policies as Governor of New York contradictory?

I have read in a number of Roosevelt's biographies that as Governor of New York, Roosevelt was not so aware of how economics works. He recognized that radical change was needed to respond to the Great ...
user112829's user avatar
38 votes
3 answers
214k views

How many people in the US starved to death during the Great Depression?

I was trying to look this up earlier and could not easily find reliable information on the internet, mostly due to a new popular claim that 7 million people starved to death in the Great Depression! ...
Razie Mah's user avatar
  • 5,975
9 votes
1 answer
7k views

During the Great Depression, roughly what proportion of Americans lived below the World Bank PPP $1.25/day poverty line?

The $1.25 PPP/day standard (in 2005 dollars), as defined by the World Bank Wikipedia. To be more specific, let's pick the year 1932, which is roughly when the Great Depression was said to be at its ...
user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
2k views

What steps did President Herbert Hoover take to reduce unemployment during the Great Depression?

I am mainly trying to remember the name that was given to the jobs that he created that were rendered 'worthless', and paid a very low wage. Such examples were scaring away pigeons and selling apples. ...
Will Perry's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
3k views

Did Roosevelt's New Deal lift the U.S. out of the depression or did it actually prolong the Depression and cripple American capitalism? [closed]

While the New Deal did much to lessen the worst affects of the Great Depression, its measures were not sweeping enough to restore the nation to full employment. Critics of FDR's policies, on both ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
233 views

Inflation After Executive Order 6102 (FDR Leaving GoldStandard)

I'm looking at this image which implies that the US leaving the Gold Standard started revival after the Great Depression. I'm thinking that it could all be explained with rapid inflation due to the ...
David's user avatar
  • 121
14 votes
3 answers
5k views

In what ways was the Gold Confiscation Act of 1933 beneficial/detrimental to Americans?

On March 9, 1933 Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) called Congress in for an emergency session, which would result in the speedy passing of the Gold Confiscation Act. According to FDR's Executive Order (...
E1Suave's user avatar
  • 3,830
21 votes
2 answers
836 views

How do Friedman and Bernanke's explanations about the causes of the Great Depression compare?

I know that both Friedman and Bernanke wrote papers (or books, in Friedman's case) about the cause of the Great Depression. How do their points of view compare and contrast?
Aarthi's user avatar
  • 411