Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange
Join us in building a kind, collaborative learning community via our updated Code of Conduct.

Tag for questions on the study of history itself, such as methodologies or techniques.

0
votes
0answers
60 views

Why was Raul Hilberg's thesis on Jewish complicity in victimhood during the holocaust controversial? [on hold]

Raul Hilberg was the author of the magisterial The destruction of the European Jews, an operational and bureaucratic history of German and Jewish implementation of the classification, property ...
10
votes
4answers
408 views

Can historiography be thought of as “fractal”?

In developing this answer, and others, it seems fairly typical that I start out broad and then add more and more detail as necessary to answer the question and respond to comments. Sometimes the act ...
11
votes
1answer
225 views

Was every Roman citizen part of a curia?

In a book by German historian Klaus Bringmann, I read that during the regal period, the whole population was divided into three tribes. He furthermore states that each tribe was divided into 10 curiae ...
20
votes
1answer
418 views

What was the Victorian opinion of the American Revolution?

BACKGROUND It's pretty remarkable to me, though perhaps it shouldn't be, how much British popular debate there was about the American Revolution. It was often condemned, but sometimes openly ...
1
vote
2answers
133 views

How do historians agree on what common evidence should be used in the writing of history?

I am not really sure about this as the historical method only provides information on what evidence should not be used (source criticism).
2
votes
0answers
59 views

John Glubb - importance and academic interest

Recently I had the displeasure of discussing with someone who argued that professional soldier and amateur historian John Glubb "demonstrated" that women in public offices entail the decadence of ...
10
votes
5answers
1k views

How is progress in history made?

As a concrete example, the Wikipedia article on the historicity of King Arthur quotes historian Thomas Charles-Edwards as saying that "at this stage of the enquiry, one can only say that there may ...
-2
votes
1answer
200 views

Have historians offered interpretations on why the disciples claimed they saw a resurrected Jesus? [closed]

It is generally accepted by historians who studied the Bible that Jesus almost certainly existed and was crucified. We also know that his disciples claimed Jesus appeared to them after his death. ...
4
votes
1answer
620 views

Have there been any major disagreements between historians over what sources should be used to interpret an event?

The sources of interest I have in mind are primary and secondary sources. The disagreement over sources should be due to disagreements over reliability of sources. Edit: made the question clearer
36
votes
2answers
6k views

Source of quote attributed to W.E.B. Du Bois: “When you have mastered numbers…”

I'm working on a history of data visualization in which some works from the 1900 “Exhibit of American Negroes” at the Paris World Fair (the Exposition Universelle Internationale) are featured. A nice ...
6
votes
1answer
472 views

Was Roman expansion & casus belli as just as they claimed?

Every time I read about Rome conquering some other land or nation, it always says that they were the ones attacked and then won that fight. And I find it a bit too convenient and Rome's greatest ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

Is there an established metric in historiography for what constitutes a “modernized” country?

Since the first industrial revolution there’s been a clear and dramatic acceleration in the development of technology, with accompanying impacts on social and political cultural norms, creating ...
4
votes
0answers
91 views

Is there a name for analyzing historical societies based on who murders who?

When I was in college mumblety years ago, I had a professor who mentioned an interesting idea I'd like to learn more about. While discussing the society of the Roman Empire, she mentioned in passing ...
1
vote
0answers
86 views

What strategies are there for analysing omissions in historical sources?

Individual historical texts record only a fraction of what actually happens, and critical readers may recognize incomplete explanations. Depending on what they know about the author and their ...
2
votes
1answer
253 views

What was the source for Adam's children in the endnotes to Josephus' “The Antiquities of the Jews”?

I was reading Josephus' account of Adam's children in "The Antiquities of the Jews" (located in Book 1, Chapter 2) and noticed that the total number of children that Adam had was not in the text ...
4
votes
1answer
486 views

What does the abbreviation “adhib.” mean in historiography or archival science?

What does the abbreviation adhib. mean in the context of historiography and archival science? Remarks. This question is not about the meaning in medicine. This is easy to look up. Of course, ...
19
votes
3answers
2k views

Do any historians consider superior German airpower as the most important factor in the Battle of France?

In the Battle of France, the Allies and Germans had roughly equal number of divisions and troops, and the Allies actually had more artillery and tanks. But the one area where the Germans had a clear ...
1
vote
0answers
153 views

Did the United States colonize California?

Upper California was a province of Mexico from the 1820s to the 1840s (sometimes unified with Lower California). Near the end of this period it was overrun with Anglo-American men that lived apart ...
4
votes
0answers
159 views

To what extent does the popular memory of Bismarck today differ from the historical reality?

I'm interested in what discrepancies there may be, between the reality of Bismarck versus the image created in the Collective Memory of Germans. In what ways does the popular impression of Bismark ...
8
votes
1answer
151 views

Class-conscious, non-Marxist historiographies

Marxist historiography focuses on social class and economics forces, and assumes an inexorable trend towards socialist revolution. What kind of historiography shares the concern about class ...
-3
votes
1answer
62 views

Valid source of Greek historical periods , in a URL [closed]

I am writing a paper and I have to include all the historical eras of Greece as a pre-defined "vocabulary" for a metadata schema. This vocabulary has to be online and be accessible via a URL. So I am ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

To what extent were the information, statistics and updates told to the public of the British and German homefronts accurate and reliable?

My focus question is, as it says in the title above, about whether what was presented to the public on Germany and Britain's home fronts during the First World War was actually true, or was it ...
4
votes
1answer
145 views

When did Russia learn about the Philippines and the Japanese and Spanish presences there?

The Japanese and Spanish did business in the Philippines from the 12th and 16th centuries respectively. In Russia, Vasili III became aware that the Spanish had reached America after his envoys ...
3
votes
5answers
438 views

Is there a Russian Black Legend? (a dispute about the morality of Russia's colonial expansion)

In the early modern era several European nations dramatically expanded their territory through conquest. All of them used violence and coercion to push their frontiers forward. The notion that Spain'...
4
votes
1answer
151 views

Historiography: Will Hegelian or Dialectical Historiography regain any relevance into the contemporary historical discourse?

Much of contemporary Western Historiography and Historical Analysis is dominated by either the Post-Modern or Marxist approaches. Of course, Karl Marx was deeply influenced by George Hegel, however, ...
2
votes
1answer
249 views

How was the start date of the bronze age determined?

Since the bronze age, it's been known that there was a bronze age, follow by an iron age. Today it is accepted that the bronze age in the Middle East started about 3500 B.C. This date is easy to ...
4
votes
5answers
393 views

Emancipation Proclamation in a tweet

Today is the 155th anniversary of the signing (but not the release) of the Emancipation Proclamation. Critics remarked even at the time that it didn't free a single slave, since it only applied to ...
36
votes
3answers
8k views

Is the photograph “England’s Revenge in India” real, staged, or fake?

Might have an interesting puzzle for you here... This picture, titled "England's Revenge in India", appeared in a Nazi propaganda booklet against Britain published in 1941: The propaganda book ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Does Historiography have a usual technical term for historical writing which makes factual claims without giving references for them?

Question. Does Historiography use a standard technical term for the following (commonly encountered) 'mode' of historical writing? The author, towards the beginning of the work, tells the reader a ...
7
votes
1answer
225 views

What was the English Civil War called during the Protectorate?

Between 1642 and 1651, Charles I and Parliamentary forces fought for control over England, Scotland, and Ireland. The Parliamentary forces won and established the Commonwealth of England. During this ...
4
votes
0answers
62 views

What are usual textbooks, used in history programs in the Anglosphere, on historiographical 'methods' (of presentation)? [closed]

Question. What are usual undergraduate and/or graduate textbooks on historiographical method used in contemporary history programs at large universities in the Anglosphere? Remarks. Being a ...
0
votes
1answer
244 views

When was the term for WW2 first used and was it more popular in, say, US before Europe?

I never thought about this but perhaps Germans did not see it as a world war or preferred not to think of it as such. Or, maybe WW2 only became a popular term in most places after the war was over?
8
votes
1answer
191 views

Why was the Records of the Three Kingdoms composed before that of the Later Han?

Our professor taught that Chinese historiographic tradition demands each dynasty to compose the history of the previous one, using the 實錄 or 起居注 provided by said dynasty. Browsing the Wikipedia ...
7
votes
1answer
190 views

Historiography and the uses of history in the Second French Empire?

The Pre(r)amble: Over the past few months I've gotten interested in the development of history and historiography in Victorian England, and how the Victorians saw themselves reflected in and ...
24
votes
3answers
6k views

How do historians know the details of a seemingly private event?

Sometimes I read in history that someone said something, but it seems, it's just a daily conversation, or even in private, or a secret event. So how do history writers know these details? It seems ...
5
votes
0answers
191 views

Were the greatest rulers from before the Classical Antiquity known by ancient historians?

To clearly delimit dates and places, I ask for information about the rulers before 1000 BC in the Fertile Crescent or Eastern Mediterranean. Historians may be Greek, Roman, or peoples belonging to the ...
-4
votes
2answers
326 views

Nothing is discovered until a white man finds out about it [closed]

It is sometimes complained that nothing is considered to have been "discovered" until a white man learns of it. Thus Columbus "discovered" America, and Livingstone "discovered" Lake Victoria. I have ...
3
votes
2answers
235 views

What is the difference between a culture and a civilization?

This is my first question on this site. So, I just hope I would be helped here. As used by historians, what is the difference between a 'civilization' and a 'culture'? I used Google to find some ...
1
vote
2answers
549 views

What is the true reason for the destruction of the Indus Civilisation? [closed]

I would like to know the views that the historians of this age give about the destruction of the Indus Civilisation. Some views were like foreign invasions, natural disasters and epidemics. But I ...
-1
votes
1answer
156 views

Submarine record from WW2 [closed]

I am trying to find an original submarine record sent from submarine to the HQ which includes location, movement, weather, orders and details about the submarine during World War 2. I am trying to ...
13
votes
3answers
873 views

Study of causal structures and dynamics in history?

I was not really sure how to phrase this question, but ok, let me try nonetheless. My background is in natural sciences, but I have always been interested in history as well. Over past years I have ...
21
votes
1answer
796 views

Why did the term “Byzantine Empire” enter common usage instead of “Eastern Roman Empire” or “Roman Empire”

Why did the term "Byzantine Empire" enter common usage instead of "Eastern Roman Empire" or "Roman Empire"? (or Imperium Graecorum?) Wikipedia says that the term Byzantine wasn't used until 1557, and ...
0
votes
1answer
256 views

What was Babur's attitude upon watching heads of his enemies stacked up forming a tower? [closed]

A lot of websites mentioned that his attitude was one of enjoyment. Even a wikiquote says this. Are these sources reliable, meaning that this is true? Or are there other sources that impeach or ...
9
votes
1answer
206 views

How do historians deal with inconsistencies?

Suppose we have some large, long event whose description is made up of thousands of documents, artifacts, testimonies, and photographs. If some document is (or some are) found to be forged, if some ...
2
votes
2answers
218 views

Why were crusaders called “Latins”? [closed]

Crusaders were called "Latins" by some narrative sources and Mediaeval historians. Medieval sources: Albertus Aquensis, Willermus Tyrensis Why was this descriptive term used?
6
votes
1answer
94 views

Works of “Longue Durée” history in English

According to this article on Wikipedia, Longue Durée signifies as approach to writing history that looks at events over an extended period of time, focusing on issues like economics and climate, ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

History of the Historical Museum

I work in a museum, where I research a particular period of history and run seminars that pertain to it. Yet as an institution, historical museums seem to be fairly recent things! When did people ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Good historiography articles about Texas annexation?

I'm having a hard time finding a good historiography article about the Texas annexation on JSTOR. Could you help me find one? I'm not sure what to search for. ("Good" means that it lists common ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

How do we know that the Tiwanaku Empire actually existed as an empire

The wikipedia article as well as scientific papers like Janusek 2002 and Ortloff and Kolata 1993 treat the historical existence of the Tiwanaku empire as a fact without offering any evidence ...
12
votes
1answer
476 views

How accurate did medieval historians think histories to be?

How accurate were histories thought to be by medieval historians? What constituted the historical record? Did folk lore and songs carry as much weight as the churches' histories or other written ...