Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [holocaust]

For questions about The Holocaust, the genocide committed by Nazi Germany under the direction of Adolf Hitler. For any other genocide, use the [genocide] tag.

5
votes
1answer
155 views

How did the news of the reality Nazi concentration camps reach the United State's mainstream? What were the waves of awareness and when? [duplicate]

I just watched a documentary (I think it was called "We Were There" or "I Was There") featuring interviews of US soldiers that were Jewish and had helped liberate Nazi concentration camps. I was ...
4
votes
1answer
165 views

Did the Nazi regime always or often priotize transport trains to the death camps over military transport?

Moishe Postone claims in his essay Anti‑Semitism and National Socialism (emphasis mine): No functionalist explanation of the Holocaust and no scapegoat theory of anti‑Semitism can even begin to ...
8
votes
2answers
473 views

Does Hitler's “Mein Kampf” contain hints that he wanted to exterminate Jews on the scale that actually happened?

Imagine I live in 1933-1934 and read Hitler's "Mein Kampf". Is there anything in this book that would make me think the Nazis seriously intend to kill between 6 and 17 million Jews? I haven't read ...
4
votes
2answers
488 views

How did Nazi concentration camp staff deal with survivors of gassings?

I've read a story about a woman who was put into a gas chamber and survived it. In the most notorious of all, Auschwitz-Birkeanau, she was herded naked into a gas chamber with hundreds of ...
12
votes
3answers
695 views

Why was an SS commander dismissed and charged for the mistreatment of Jewish prisoners?

Amon Göth was relieved from his position at the Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp and also charged for mistreating and killing Jews, along with the fact that he stole some of their property which ...
0
votes
0answers
113 views

Why was Hitler so fixated on the Jews? [duplicate]

"Fixated" may be a weak term to describe the horrors of the holocaust, but bear with me. Hilter was a populist. He was also a racist, without a doubt. The Jews were convenient scapegoats, on whom he ...
5
votes
0answers
121 views

Nazi Collaboration at an Institutional level in Poland

Following recent legal regulations in Poland prohibiting any association of Polish culpability with the Holocaust and concentration camps, the question that arises is whether there was any Polish ...
9
votes
2answers
474 views

Did more Jews live in Poland than any other country, prior to the Holocaust, because of how Polish laws and people regarded Jews?

Poland in 1900 and just before the Holocaust ranks 1st in a list of nations by Jewish percentage of the population. [1] Now of course in such a ranking that country is Israel. Why did Jews migrate ...
7
votes
1answer
369 views

What color triangles did the different religious groups (those not Jews or JWs) wear in Nazi concentration camps?

I was recently reading through Anton Gill's 1989 book "The journey back from hell" regarding the experiences of concentration camp survivors. On p.31 of this book he mentions that There were ...
6
votes
4answers
507 views

How young were children left alive in Auschwitz?

I was reading a criticism in Wikipedia of The Boy in the Striped Pajamas which has a 9-year-old boy in the camp, but people apparently knowledgeable assert this is not realistic -- those who could not ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

Why didn't Soviet Jews flee east ahead of the advancing Nazis?

As the Nazis invaded the Soviet Union, incorporated conquered territories into Reichskommisariat Ostland, Reichskommissariat Ukraine, and military administration, they went on to implement the ...
-1
votes
1answer
389 views

Nazis and Khazar Theory of Ashkenazi Jews [closed]

I understand that the Nazis made official exceptions for Karaite Jews although in practice this was not always followed and in fact they were not completely "exonerated" in Nazi "racial theory." My ...
-2
votes
2answers
194 views

What was the status of the Polish Jews in Germany prior to WW2? [closed]

My understanding is that there were a large number of Polish Jews in Germany up to around the beginning of WW2 and they bore the brunt of nazi oppression at least at first (as opposed to Jews who were ...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

What aspects of Primo Levi's works are considered historically inaccurate?

I have read his books and I suspect he deliberately changed some details for literary purposes. Of course Holocaust deniers might question much of what he wrote but do serious historians also cast ...
10
votes
3answers
473 views

Is Himmler's memo about genocide authentic? Significant?

In this bio of Yehuda Bauer, we see mention of a Himmler memo to Hitler (dated May 25, 1940): Himmler states his rejection of "the Bolshevik method of physical annihilation of a people out of inner ...
-4
votes
3answers
382 views

Treatment of homosexuals in Nazi Germany [closed]

I read that Nazi Germany only prosecuted gay men, not gay women. This really confuses me. As to my understanding, the Nazis wanted to increase the Aryan population and exclusively gay men don't seem ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

Did personnel from the “Aktion T4” (“euthanasia” murders) kill severely wounded Wehrmacht soldiers on the eastern front?

In Jonathan Littell's novel Les Bienveillantes (English title: The Kindly Ones) the fictional protagonist meets, in 1943, a man employed with the Aktion T4, the organization behind the "euthanasia" ...
102
votes
14answers
25k views

When did the allies find out about the killing of Jews during WW2

When watching "Saving Private Ryan" I noticed during the opening scene that one of the soldiers (who is Jewish) gets emotional when he discovers a Hitler Youth knife, I could only assume it was ...
25
votes
5answers
5k views

Nuremberg Laws - Did they affect existing marriages between Jews and Non-Jews?

The Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honor states: Marriages between Jews and citizens of German or related blood are forbidden. Sexual relations between Jews and citizens of ...
2
votes
1answer
435 views

How did people die in Nazi extermination camps?

Before I get to the question, I'd like to point out that this is a particularly sensitive topic so thanks for letting me ask and hopefully remaining serious. I know that at least 6 million people (1) ...
-5
votes
1answer
193 views

Why was Folke Bernadotte assassinated by Zionist Jews, when he had helped many Jews to escape holocaust? [closed]

I was reading this Wikipedia article about the White Buses operation to rescue Jews from concentration camps. It looks like, based on the article and other information that Folke Bernadotte was ...
4
votes
2answers
253 views

How might someone have gotten a note forwarded from a transport train headed to Auschwitz?

A relative who is no longer living told me that when her uncle (Jewish, living in hiding in France) was discovered and put on a train transport to Auschwitz, not long before liberation, he threw a ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

Is there a good source for statistics of holocaust survivals?

Who had a higher chances of survival, men or women ? Is there a good source for statistical observations of the survivals?
38
votes
8answers
8k views

Were defendants at the Nuremberg trial allowed to deny the holocaust?

In reply to a question on how to respond to Holocaust denial, I answered At the Nuremberg trials the holocaust was one of the indictments. None of the defendants pretended that the holocaust had ...
5
votes
2answers
183 views

Finding information about Johannes Pohl

I am looking for information about Dr Johannes Pohl. According to David G. Roskies in Against the Apocalypse, Pohl was a member of Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg, which was tasked with cataloging ...
12
votes
1answer
251 views

Synagogue Scene in Der Ewige Jude: Looking for more information

This question is fairly technical, but I've run into a dead-end and the historians whom I have asked have been unable to help me. If anybody can direct me to something on this subject, I would very ...
8
votes
3answers
410 views

Was Jud Suss a veiled criticism of Hitler?

In 1940, Veit Harlan directed his most controversial movie: Jud Suss. The film takes various historical liberties, but otherwise depicts the life and death of Joseph Suss Oppenheimer, Court Jew to ...
6
votes
1answer
244 views

Former French PM Blum was in Buchenwald — what is known about his life there?

To me it is interesting that he received special treatment rather than immediate execution. He was considered extremely valuable perhaps as a hostage. Wondering any details about how and why he was ...
3
votes
0answers
291 views

What were the rules for guards in Schindler's factories?

Oscar Schindler was able to leverage money for influence to protect the prisoners in his factories. In addition to barring guards from his factory floor, he was able to influence when a guard could ...
10
votes
1answer
254 views

Fate of Latvian Jewish population sent to gulags in June 1941?

Some of my ancestors were Latvian Jews who came to the U.S. in 1904. I'm trying to figure out whether any part of this branch of my family might still exist in the eastern hemisphere. After the Hitler-...
4
votes
1answer
823 views

Why do people refuse to acknowledge the Holocaust? [closed]

A lot of people nowadays are denying the Holocaust as a hoax and overblown Jewish lie. I read somewhere that Harry Truman (or Eisenhower) thought that people would not believe the Holocaust happened ...
8
votes
5answers
727 views

Were concentration camp guards allowed to talk about their work at home?

In a forum a holocaust survivor reckoned that most Germans did not know about the killing of Jews and others in concentration camps. Others objected and said that people at least knew that Jews were ...
2
votes
2answers
311 views

Is Nazi brutality particularly well known in the US because of the US's Jewish population? [closed]

Related question: Why, in the US, is Japanese brutality ignored compared with the Nazi brutality in WW2? Occasionally I come across people saying that the US's Jewish population has played a role in ...
38
votes
6answers
5k views

Was Anne Frank's story common?

I've been reading the Diary of a Young Girl, by Anne Frank. Prior to reading it, I always assumed that her story was somewhat typical of Jews living in countries that Germany occupied, or even in ...
-3
votes
1answer
203 views

Which were the most important ghettos during Holocaust? [closed]

I have to make a project about ghettos during Holocaust and I was thinking of focusing in some ghettos as there are so many in Wikipedia at this link https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Nazi-...
28
votes
10answers
3k views

How to rebut Holocaust denial argument?

I came across a Holocaust denier who claims that there is a plaque outside Auschwitz which says that the Nazis murdered 1.5 million people there (mostly Jewish). However, the plaque used to say 4 ...
2
votes
3answers
426 views

Is there evidence that German soldiers tried to prevent the Jedwabne Pogrom?

I believe I saw this in one of historian Sir Martin Gilbert's books but I have not seen it elsewhere nor do I know which book of Gilbert's it was. Note that I am not talking about SS but what I recall ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Why did the Nazis target Jehovah's Witnesses?

I have studied the holocaust in some depth, and I am familiar with the repulsive ideological reasons for the Nazis' persecution of Jews, Poles, Slavs, Communists, etc, but I haven't seen any ...
21
votes
2answers
4k views

What were the 52 kinds of victims persecuted by the Nazis?

Out of the surviving 6,808 arrest files of Duesseldorf, a small city of half a million population, 1,440 were those of Communists alone. They were, however, only one among the 52 types of ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

Were death camps originally intended as death camps and if not, what changed?

This Holocaust info page makes two statements that seem contradictory. The following paragraph states that death camps were designed specifically for mass murder. (I assume this means the chemical ...
6
votes
3answers
363 views

What was the opportunity cost to bombing the rail lines to Auschwitz?

Occasionally ranters, internet and otherwise, claim that America betrayed the Jews because Roosevelt was asked to bomb the rails to Auschwitz and he refused/ rebuffed them. Is it difficult to bomb a ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Those Who Do Not Learn History Are Doomed To Repeat It? [closed]

A very well known and circulated idea/quote is: "Those Who Do Not Learn History Are Doomed To Repeat It." Most often attributed to huge massacres and wars, in particular The Holocaust. The idea goes ...
7
votes
1answer
486 views

In a Nazi concentration, labor, or death camp, what was a “'sale' Appel”?

I have listened to 100+ hours of testimonies by Holocaust survivors. Those who were in concentration, labor, or death camps invariably described the brutal roll calls known in German as Appels. ...
3
votes
0answers
230 views

Did Ivan Marchenko actually exist? [closed]

According to Wikipedia (and other sources I saw) so very little is known about Ivan Marchenko that his name is not even mentioned in official documents around that time; even his date of birth is ...
28
votes
5answers
2k views

At which point in time did the majority of German population become aware of the Holocaust?

I've read the wikipedia pages on Responsibility for the Holocaust and German Resistance to Nazism but the answer is not clear. It's established that large numbers of Germans were aware of the ...
10
votes
4answers
711 views

How were middle ranking Nazis known to the allies before the end of the war?

According to Hanns and Rudolf by Thomas Harding near the end of WW2 the allies created a large database ... known as CROWCASS, of war criminals which they intended to target once victory was achieved. ...
-7
votes
1answer
228 views

Holocaust reparations & liberation bill [closed]

Since the end of WWII, Jewish groups have been suing Germany and Axis owned businesses for reparations for their roles in the holocaust. In a similar vein, have the Russians ever sent the Jews a bill ...
4
votes
0answers
352 views

What happened to the overseas wealth of the Holocaust Jews?

Hitler confiscated the wealth of Jews in his conquered territories. But what happened to the overseas wealth of the Holocaust Jews? Were they swallowed conveniently by foreign banks/countries ...
7
votes
0answers
253 views

The Rosenberg diary and the functionalist-intentionalist debate

Today it was announced that the diary of Alfred Rosenberg was been found, after it had disappeared in 1946. Prima facie, this would seem to be a major piece of historical evidence for the ...
14
votes
3answers
5k views

Why was Johannes Blaskowitz indicted at the Nuremberg High Command Trial

Johannes Blaskowitz was a German General during WW2. He committed suicide in 1948 while being tried as a war criminal. His action during the Polish offensive seem rather counter to this, to quote ...