Questions tagged [hungary]

Questions relating to the history of Hungary - a landlocked country in Central Europe.

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Are there any examples of mercenaries receiving title and land in medieval Hungary for services rendered?

I am mostly interested in examples from the 15th century. Could a former mercenary from the Black Army earn a title such as baron or count (alongside a piece of land) for serving the king (or one of ...
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1 vote
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55 views

What branch of Hungarian military service corresponds to this uniform?

Does anyone know the branch of service corresponding to the uniform in this photo from Veszprem Hungary? Is it a Hussar?
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What branch of service and rank is this (possibly Hungarian) 1920 photo?

1920 photo possibly Hungary. Does anyone know which service branch and rank the uniform represents? Thank you for any help.
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15 votes
1 answer
2k views

Why did China decide to support Poland in 1956, but not Hungary?

In 1956, the fate of the Eastern Block was pretty uncertain: The Khrushchev Thaw was causing the satellite countries to rethink their place in the world, as de-Stalinization was bringing the promise ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Where can I find fully translated letters from János Bolyai and Farkas Bolyai?

The mathematicians János Bolyai occupies an interesting place in the history of mathematics for the development of hyperbolic geometry. Certain quotations from letters between him and his father (the ...
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6 votes
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What is this lapel pin logo?

I got this lapel pin in the mid-1980s from a retired communist partisan in Hungary. He had more pins, mostly of communist/socialist organisations, trade fairs, and combines.[1] cold-war era Eastern ...
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2 votes
2 answers
152 views

Was there a trade link between the medieval Hungarian Kingdom and the Mali Empire?

This is very much a cold question as I have found no writings on any link. However, I do know that there was West African and European trade links long before colonialism and quite a bit of Mali gold ...
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3 votes
2 answers
386 views

Who is this statue of?

Purchased it from an Italian leather shop in Budapest Hungary. Curious to find out the history behind it. I was recently informed it may be of a Hungarian cowboy. His outfit looks a bit formal. It ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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What is the earliest historical record of Hungarian words?

Some years ago, I read this comment: On a tangent, a Hungarian friend of mine who is a history teacher once told me that the earliest record of the Hungarian language is not, in fact, the list of ...
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What is the most complete study of Count Benyowszky?

Maurice Benyowsky was a notorious adventurer who wrote a well-known, highly fictionalized autobiography (Memoirs and Travels of Mauritius Augustus Count de Benyowsky). His supposed exploits became ...
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1 answer
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Why are there so many Hungarian family names that have a pejorative tone? [closed]

I've never thought about this much since I grew up with it, but my wife is a foreigner and she thinks Hungarian family names are the weirdest thing ever. Common family names include (the Hungarian ...
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6 votes
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Why does Hungary not follow the "usual Western naming system"? [closed]

In the "usual western system" (I'm not sure if there's a more formal name for this), we have given names first, then family names last. In contrast, in the "eastern system", the order is reversed. ...
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3 votes
3 answers
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Oppression of non-ethnic Hungarians in Hungary pre 1800s

I was reading about Magyarization and it is noted that this process only began in the 1800s. However, I was wondering about earlier oppression of Romanians specifically in the Transylvania regions pre-...
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4 votes
1 answer
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What was the real innovation of the coach-builders of Kocs in Hungary?

Many languages use the word "coach" for wheeled vehicles. It's attributed to the town of Kocs. Wikipedia suggests: During the reign of King Matthias Corvinus in the 15th century, the wheelwrights ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Why didn't the Hungarians help the battle of Kosovo?

I am curious why the Hungarians, as the first neighbor of then Serbia and Bosnia, who sent troops to confront the invasion of the Ottomans, didn't also participate given that it was obvious that the ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Was slavery abolished in the Kingdom of Hungary, and if so, when?

I can find only very little information on the abolition of slavery in the Kingdom of Hungary. The Wikipedia Timeline of abolition of slavery and serfdom only mentions that in 1958 Hungary ratified ...
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10 votes
1 answer
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How many German expellees returned to the Hungarian People's Republic?

During and immediately after World War II, millions of ethnic Germans were forcibly expelled from the countries of eastern and central Europe. Hungary was a somewhat reluctant participant in this ...
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1 answer
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Why did Coloman of Slavonia leave Sajó bridge weakly defended against the Mongols?

During the beginning hours of the Battle of Mohi, Coloman of Slavonia was able to repulse the Mongol attempt to secure the bridge for their safe crossing over the river. But within two hours after ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Why did many Hungarians support Maria Theresa?

In the first decade of the 18th century, Hungarians fought a very exhausting and, in the end, unsuccessful war to secede from the Habsburg Empire and re-establish their old kingdom. That time, the ...
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4 votes
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What is this book about the Avar and Khazar Turks from the early 20th century?

I came across a book on the internet that connected the Avars to the Khazars. It was written sometime during the 1920's-40's, I think the mid 20's, by a European scholar. It never became popular. This ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Was Transylvania autonomous within Hungary before 1526?

Transylvania is presented in Romanian historiography in parallel with the other two "Principalities" with which it ended up united in the 20th century - Wallachia and Moldavia. These two had been ...
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3 votes
1 answer
270 views

Who originally described Attila as "Attila The Hun"

He has been known as "Attila The Hun" for centuries; however, who originally described Attila as "Attila The Hun"? Does this description date back to Roman times or was it invented during a later ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Does anyone know the name of the student who died during the Hungarian Revolution of 1956? If not, why not?

I'm reading up on the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, and it seems that if that one student hadn't died, the revolution never would have started. The revolt began as a student demonstration, which ...
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4 votes
2 answers
365 views

Why did the Hungarians protest and react so much about Khrushchevs secret speech? [closed]

I know that Khrushchev made a secret speech but I don't really understand what the speech was about and why it made the Hungarians so angry to protest. I know that the protest was about the lack of ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Were fake anti-tank mines A Thing?

In the movie Children of Glory (Szabadság, Szerelem), there's a scene in which one of the female protagonists took a few pans, broke off their handle, and placed them on the ground to fool a tank into ...
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9 votes
3 answers
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In the "Immigrationist theory" of Romanians (Vlachs), how did they became the vast majority in Transylvania?

The origins of Romanians is, for me, one of history's more interesting problems and I mostly agree with the "Immigrationist theory". The great mystery for me is how could they become the majority in ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Why is Hungary geographically important to travel between Europe and the Middle East?

In learning a little about the People's Crusade and the First Crusade, it seems Hungary is important as a sort of gateway to the east. The crusades must pass through Hungary in order to get to the ...
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3 votes
0 answers
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Why did Béla III of Hungary seized the casket containing the relics of Saint Ivan of Rila?

Béla III was King of Hungary and Croatia between 1172 and 1196, however he had some difficulties getting recognition of his title.1. Saint Ivan of Rila was born app. 876 a.c. He was a contemporary of ...
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14 votes
2 answers
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Did Hungarian Army ever use crescent banners?

I was reading about Battle of Mohi between Mongol Empire and Kingdom of Hungary. The Wikipedia contains this artistic depiction of the battle: The cavalry on left hand looks like Mongols while ...
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11 votes
1 answer
3k views

Could any Habsburg kings of Hungary speak Hungarian?

From 1526 to 1918, Hungary was ruled by the Habsburgs. Could any of the Habsburg kings speak Hungarian, and if so, to what degree? I know that Sissi, the consort of Franz Joseph I, was particularly ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Identification of two leaders in Hungarian revolution

Who are these two figures involved in the revolution in Hungary after the first world war?
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-2 votes
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What were the origins of the Bulgarian people? [closed]

In my home history lessons and books it is stated that Bulgarians and Hungarians were, in earlier times, pure Turks but they lost their Turkish features over time when they met Christendom. Really, ...
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5 votes
1 answer
239 views

Why was the Imre Nagy government deported to Romania?

After the 1956 Hungarian upgrising, the KGB briefly deported Imre Nagy and his closest followers (Donáth, Lukács, etc.) to Romania. I understand that the Soviet Union would have wanted to remove Nagy ...
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10 votes
1 answer
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Did Radio Free Europe say that the Allies would come to the rescue during the Hungarian Revolution?

I found this video (in Spanish) where a woman claims that Radio Free Europe encouraged the Hungarians to resist, and that aid was on its way. Is this true? Is there any evidence? And if it is true, ...
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4 votes
0 answers
116 views

I am looking for details that can confirm a story about a con-man during the installation of electrical poles and wires in Hungary [closed]

This story was told to my by my grandmother who is currently ~94years old. That puts the story to have taken place around 1920-1930. When she was little; living in Hungary, the country was in the ...
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12 votes
2 answers
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Who owned Franz Josef islands between 1918-1926?

Franz Josef land was discovered and claimed by Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1873. Previously Norway discovered it, but they never reported the discovery. The Austro-Hungarian Empire dissoluted in 1918. ...
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23 votes
9 answers
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What prevented the Mongolian Empire from expanding into Europe?

The Mongolian Empire reached quite a vast extent according to the map below and leaders such as Genghis Khan seemed to defeat all their enemies consistently. Yet, the empire never extended into Europe,...
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9 votes
0 answers
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Does Patonce Cross symbol have any record of use in Hungary?

Hungary introduced new 10000 HUF notes that contain a symbol I couldn't relate to Hungary's history. There were no official notes known to me why they use Patonce Cross on Hungarian notes. And here ...
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9 votes
4 answers
1k views

Why were Austria-Hungary's Slavic minorities put into multinational states?

From the perspective of the post-Cold War generation that saw Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia break up over ethnic squabbles (peacefully in the case of the former, acrimoniously in the case of the ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Of which countries was Ludwig von Mises a citizen?

This is a question regarding the economist and political thinker Ludwig von Mises. A short biography: Mises was born in 1881 in Lviv, then part of Austria–Hungary. He studied and worked in Vienna ...
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10 votes
1 answer
670 views

What happened to copies of Holy Lance (Holy Roman Empire regalia)?

This question is only about copies of the spear that's kept in Vienna, not the Roman one or any other that are connected with "original" Holy Lance. I'm making this research for the story I'm in the ...
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14 votes
3 answers
4k views

Why were there "hussars" all across Europe?

From what I read, hussars are originally a cavalry forces in Medieval Hungary. But then it became a class of light cavalry that were in service in many European nations, and during the Napoleonic wars:...
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15 votes
3 answers
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When Louis I of Hungary died in 1382, why did Polish lords choose Jadwiga instead of Mary as the monarch?

I am looking at a particular moment in Polish history when Louis I of Hungary died in 1382. Although the Hungarian throne was inherited by his daughter Mary, local power brokers back in Poland did not ...
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14 votes
4 answers
1k views

Why were the Prague Spring leaders treated more leniently than Nagy and his colleagues?

Following the Warsaw Pact's 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia the lead Czech reformer Alexander Dubček was dismissed and given a lowly job with the forestry commission. A decade or so earlier, the ...
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