Questions tagged [hygiene]

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Traditionally, did Europeans not heat milk before drinking it?

My impression was that before modern pasteurization and refrigeration, most cultures that drank milk considered it a good idea to heat milk before drinking it and so usually did heat milk before ...
user103496's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
214 views

How did the plague doctors get rid of the infections on their gear?

Back in the day with "plague doctors", they had this scary-looking but apparently effective protection gear with the beak and gloves and hat and cape and whatnot. Apparently, it was enough ...
Selvin's user avatar
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23 votes
4 answers
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Did medieval kingdoms issue health related guidelines?

Today national health protection agencies around the world such as CDC in United States often issue health and personal hygiene guidelines during pandemics or epidemic or where a large population of ...
SwiftPushkar's user avatar
27 votes
3 answers
5k views

Was frequent bathing for personal hygiene in medieval Europe common or not?

The usual narrative: No bathing There is a frequently debunked claim that medieval Europeans did not bathe. Occasionally, the claim is connected to pandemics of the era and extended to the idea that ...
0range's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
309 views

How common were private bathing facilities in Late Republican Rome?

For example, there are small private bathtubs in Pompeii, but this is about 150 years later and in a period that practices were changing, as more people became wealthy enough to have such things. My ...
Tania Makarona's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
151 views

How was city cleaning financed and organized in the late 19th century?

This answer about usage of horses contains a brief description of the situation of New York. Are there examples where city cleaning was done by firms or was the communal government responsible for ...
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8 votes
2 answers
4k views

Were slaves allowed to use the Roman baths?

Or to quip: could slaves be patrons of baths?
Felix Goldberg's user avatar