Questions tagged [india]

A country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east.

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68 views

What is the meaning of 'successive dynasties '? [closed]

I know it means one after another, but dynasty means a series of rulers or leaders who are all from the same family. how could one family have two dynasty? I mean, it is same then why successive???
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Why didn't the ancient Indians build a wall like China? [closed]

My understanding of invasions of the Indian subcontinent is that they mostly came from central Asia or the Mediterranean. My understanding of the Great Wall(s) of China is that they were constructed ...
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How many British and British affiliated Indians lost their lives in the Indian freedom struggle?

There is a lot of material on how many Indians lost their lives, killed or missing in the British colonial era. But how many people affiliated to the East India Company and later, the British Empire ...
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Why could no one reach the southernmost tip of India?

The southernmost tip of India was almost always occupied by the regional kingdoms of the region like Chola Chera Pandya and so on. However, no Indian empire was able to conquer it from the north. May ...
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147 views

Why are there so few Greeks and Macedonians in India? [closed]

India has be entered by people of various cultures which has led to cultural diversity but considering the fact that the Seleucid empire had ies and friendship with Indian empires why aren't there ...
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What was the Chola kings ancestry?

Chola King Rajendra Chola's copper plates indicate that the Cholas were descendants of the Solar Dynasty Kings of India. Are there any other evidences available and is there a dynasty tree available?
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218 views

Why are pre-Harappan strata grouped together with Early Harappan strata? Does this not obfuscate the development of the civilization?

(1) I don't understand why some sites are called early Harappan because these sites are pre-Harappan so why we use wrong name with that. Can any one explain? From 'India's Ancient Past' by RS Sharma, ...
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Did the emperor Ashoka really build hospitals or is that a myth?

I've seen a lot of sources claiming that Emperor Ashoka (c. 268 to 232 BCE) of the Mauryan dynasty, the dynasty that ruled most of the Indian subcontinent in the 3rd century BC, was responsible for ...
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Who actually won Battle of the Hydaspes? [duplicate]

The battle resulted in a Greek victory and the surrender of Porus. Wikipedia says Alexander won the battle. Porus’ defeat of Alexander at the Battle of Hydaspes (Jhelum) – N.S. Rajaram But voice of ...
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Who were Alexander's historians that wrote about Indian social conditions?

I'm reading Ancient India, and in Chapter 12, it is written that Alexander's historians also give us important information about social and economic conditions. They tell us about sati system, fine ...
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Why was the Tea Horse Route through Tibet less prevalent than the Silk Road route through Tarim Basin, for contact between China and India?

The two major travellers to India, Faxian and Xuanzang visited India from the circuitous western route, while the third one Yijing travelled by sea. Xuanzang described hardships in his journey, and ...
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In Indian census, were the children of a Thug recorded as “Yet to Be Thug”?

I read (can't remember where at the moment) that in a population census (probably around 1911) the child of a thug used to be recorded as "yet to be thug" in profession column in India. ...
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Who used to present the Indian Order of Merit?

I was reading about the Indian Order of Merit, and the Battle of Saragarhi in particular. All of the martyred soldiers were, for instance, conferred with the highest gallantry award for natives of ...
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Is there a quote that expresses Mill's opposition to Indian democracy?

I heard in a talk that John Stuart Mill was in favor of democracy in his own country but against democracy in India, I read the following in a paper - Mill’s support of British imperialism may seem ...
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234 views

After the 1947 India Partition, why did Sikhs & Hindus fleeing Pakistan travel to Delhi rather than stay in Amritsar?

After 1947 Partition of India, why did Sikhs and Hindus (escaping newly created Pakistan) not stay in a nearby city such as Amritsar, but instead migrate another 400 miles away to Delhi? According to ...
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Why did British Gen. Frank Messervy oppose the invasion of Kashmir?

According to Wikipedia: In October 1947, Messervy had become aware of the mobilization of Pashtun tribesmen in the North-West Frontier Province for the invasion of Kashmir. The governor George ...
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Did Jinnah in 1947 or 1946 forsake his demand for Pakistan on the condition of maximum autonomy for the provinces within the united India?

Is this true that Mr. Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the All India Muslim League in 1947 or 1946 accepted the proposal for freedom for a united India if the provinces could be granted maximum autonomy within ...
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Why do we study Mughals as part of medieval history of India and European conquest as modern India? [closed]

Babur, the founder of the Mughal dynasty, came to power in 1526. Aurangzeb, the last Mughal ruler (not counting later Mughals), died in 1707. The Portuguese came to India in 1498 and by 1510 they had ...
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221 views

Why did the USA suspend military aid to Pakistan in 1965? [closed]

Look at the following image (Image Source): There is an instant slump of military aid of the USA to Pakistan from 1966 onward. It seems like the USA suspended aid to Pakistan just after the 1965 Indo-...
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Was the title of Pasha bestowed or used in the Indian subcontinent?

Was the title of pasha often bestowed or used in the Indian subcontinent before, say, 1914? If so, which authority bestowed these titles? Are there any well-known examples of pre-1914 pashas? The ...
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129 views

How was early Indian history re-constructed? [closed]

I heard that ancient Indian history was reconstructed from Iranian/Persian and Chinese texts that survived til today. Is this true? Also what were the other major sources used?
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When and how did Seethekami, the tribal version of Ramayan, come into existence amongst the Haalaki in Karnataka?

Ramayan, an ancient Sanskrit text, though true or not forms an integral part of numerous cultures not only in India but in several Asian countries. But across cultures and this text is not consistent ...
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Were Tipu Sultan and his father sultans or prime ministers?

From his title, I thought Tipu Sultan was a sultan (king). However, I've read a little about Mysore Kingdom, found that it was ruled by Wodeyar family and once upon a time the kings were puppet kings ...
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Can anyone find the Cartier designs for the unmade Baroda Crown of Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III?

This video, The Great Indian Crowns, featuring Jewellery Historian and Author Rene Brus, mentions a 'Crown Project' at the 14:23 mark. It was a 1930s project to make a crown for Maharaja Sayajirao ...
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How were ancient Indian mathematical texts found to modern scholarship?

Unlike e.g. Greco-Roman or Chinese texts, which were written on relatively durable writing material, most ancient Indian literature was done on palm-leaf manuscripts, which typically don't survive ...
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Is there any data that supports or refutes the claim made in this paper about the Harappan/Indus Valley civilization?

I came across an old article recently, about the collapse of the Harappan civilization. Here's the paper it is based on- https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3387054/ I found this to be the ...
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What calendar did the Maruyan Empire use?

Research has brought up conflicting answers to this question and the answers I have gotten are generally confusing and poorly written. I'm wondering what calendar the Mauryan Empire used and what ...
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What stopped the British from granting independence to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands?

On the Wikpedia article about the History of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands: During the independence of both India (1947) and Burma (1948), the departing British announced their intention to ...
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What was the role of the mountain ranges surrounding India in developing India's civilization?

I am reading 'The Wonder That Was India' by A.L.Basham. In chapter 1, Introduction the author says, India's isolation has never been complete, and the effect of the mountain wall in developing her ...
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101 views

Did Duleep Singh have any daughters or grand-daughters born around 1900 to 1910?

I am researching whether Duleep Singh had daughters or grand-daughters born between 1900 and 1910. Even if they are illegitimate (his children had no legitimate children) From what I understand, ...
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Why did Allied Command maintain passive, especially Indian units in Middle East during the years 1942 and 1943?

I have found, going through stack exchange questions, a pair of links that speak about the presence. Those links are: Statistics on the number of divisions during WWII and the deployment of a (mostly ...
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Why would anyone from Japan be in Northern India in early 1900s?

I am trying to write a fictional history novel. Can someone tell me why a young man from a wealthy, samurai family from Japan would be in Northern India in the early 1900s (after WW1, before WWII). ...
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Could somebody help me find (or recommend me) some primary sources regarding Christian missionaries and India during the 19th and 18th century?

Specifically during BEIC rule, primary source examples of Christianity in India and how it affected the different populations of low and high caste Hindus. Additionally, how it affected Muslims. If ...
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138 views

Did Muslim women in colonial India before 1939 have to become Christian to divorce?

Muslim Law in India in 1939 did not accept a women's right to divorce before the Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act, 1939. Prior to the enactment of this Act, 1939 (DMMA), conversion of either spouse ...
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Is individual level data from British India censuses (1881 - 1941) available?

If not, was there ever a record of this available? What happened to these records? If available, where can I find them?
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Apart from Veer Savarkar and S.A. Dange, were there any Indian revolutionaries who filed mercy petitions to the British?

In today's Indian politics, it is often pointed out by anti-Hindutva political parties that Veer Savarkar, an Indian freedom fighter and founder of the Hindutva philosophy, wrote mercy petitions to ...
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Who was the first to conceive the “Two Nation Theory”?

This link gives the definition of Two-nation theory: The two-nation theory is the basis of the creation of Pakistan. It states that Muslims and Hindus are two separate nations from every ...
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Can anyone identify the regiment and rank from this photograph?

Can anyone identify the regiment this officer belongs to and his rank please? He seems to be wearing an Indian General service medal (1895-1902 pattern) with a battle clasp, but I cannot make out the ...
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Were any tactical missiles used during the 1971 Indo Pakistan war?

During the Indo-Pakistan war of 1971, some Sidewinder and Atoll missiles were used in the air. The SA 2 guidline was used by the Indian side as SAM, and on sea the Indian navy struck Pakistani bases ...
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What does “MET HLS INDIA” inscribed on a bottom of brass sugar bowl mean?

I've recently inherited two old Indian brass items, bought in the 1970s (or earlier) in Poland, and I'm trying to work out where they come from. I've easily identified the origin of the ice bucket, ...
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Why did the Chagatai Khanate cease invasions of India?

After many defeats (last in 1306?) at the hands of the Delhi Sultanate, the Chagatai Khanate ceased the invasions. What were the main reasons for this decision? I read on wiki that many thousands of ...
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Can anyone identify the uniforms in these pics, dated 1903 - 1904, Calcutta?

A little background... his father was a merchant with offices in Bremen and Calcutta; his mother tutored the children of the Viceroy of India. In later documents he states he was a member of the Royal ...
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Could British India have realistically allied with both Afghanistan and the Punjab?

In his book The Return of a King, historian William Dalrymple is strongly critical of British policy toward Afghanistan prior to the disastrous invasion of 1839. He implies, quoting the British envoy ...
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Where were Hindus and Sattagydia in the late Achaemenid Empire?

I found two maps that show territorial composition of Achaemenid Empire around 500 BC: While there are other significant differences between them (because of historical sources scarcity), the most ...
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What effect did the Bronze Age collapse have on India?

There was direct trade between Mesopotamia and India from the 3rd millennium BCE, and indirect trade as far back as the 9th millennium BCE. I'm wondering what effect the Bronze Age collapse (c. 1200 ...
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How common are the following activities historically? [closed]

In present day India the ruling party has started to rename the cities by claiming to take them to their origins. It has been discussed here, here and here. Primarily the cities with Muslim Names for ...
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How did Indian diets change after arrival of Muslim kings?

I would like to know how did the diets of people changed due to the new kingdoms that came in and took over the Indian Subcontinent. Was it earlier more vegetarian due to religious reasons and shifted ...
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When was the idea of a unified India conceived?

At multiple times, during multiple periods, India (as in, the Indian Subcontinent) was fractured with multiple kingdoms, principalities etc. It usually came after the fall (or withdrawal) of empires(...
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Why didn't Delhi became part of Pakistan?

I have read about Pakistan Movement (PM), about the Partition of India between the two and I want to know why Delhi didn't became part of Pakistan (in contrast to Edirne of the Ottoman Empire which ...
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What factors explain Indian territorial restraint towards Pakistani occupied Kashmir despite military success against Pakistan?

It would seem that the Indian army managed on three separate occasions to beat its Pakistani opposite, but did not press these advantages by occupying the Pakistani portion of Kashmir. The three ...

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