Questions tagged [india]

A country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east.

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Could British India have realistically allied with both Afghanistan and the Punjab?

In his book The Return of a King, historian William Dalrymple is strongly critical of British policy toward Afghanistan prior to the disastrous invasion of 1839. He implies, quoting the British envoy ...
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What effect did the Bronze Age collapse have on India?

There was direct trade between Mesopotamia and India from the 3rd millennium BCE, and indirect trade as far back as the 9th millennium BCE. I'm wondering what effect the Bronze Age collapse (c. 1200 ...
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How common are the following activities historically? [closed]

In present day India the ruling party has started to rename the cities by claiming to take them to their origins. It has been discussed here, here and here. Primarily the cities with Muslim Names for ...
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How did Indian diets change after arrival of Muslim kings?

I would like to know how did the diets of people changed due to the new kingdoms that came in and took over the Indian Subcontinent. Was it earlier more vegetarian due to religious reasons and shifted ...
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267 views

When was the idea of a unified India conceived?

At multiple times, during multiple periods, India (as in, the Indian Subcontinent) was fractured with multiple kingdoms, principalities etc. It usually came after the fall (or withdrawal) of empires(...
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199 views

Why didn't Delhi became part of Pakistan?

I have read about Pakistan Movement (PM), about the Partition of India between the two and I want to know why Delhi didn't became part of Pakistan (in contrast to Edirne of the Ottoman Empire which ...
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339 views

What factors explain Indian territorial restraint towards Pakistani occupied Kashmir despite military success against Pakistan?

It would seem that the Indian army managed on three separate occasions to beat its Pakistani opposite, but did not press these advantages by occupying the Pakistani portion of Kashmir. The three ...
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Where can I find maps and other historical resources / references of Calcutta / Kolkata in the Victorian era?

I am doing some historical research on a project and need some maps, references on Calcutta in the Victorian Era, somewhere between the 1850's and 60's. Does anyone know some good sites / books where ...
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What was China's claim line in the Aksai Chin before the 1962 war?

The original mutually agreeable boundary seems to have been the McCartney-MacDonald line since the late 1890s. In the 1910s and 1920s China seems to have accepted even the Johnson line, by publishing ...
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How can I research multiple raids at the Somnath Temple?

The Somnath Temple was raided several times during the 11th century. I've reviewed the material in Wikipedia, but I want to dive deeper. In particular, I'd like to know when Shree Hamirsinh Gohil ...
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Why is 26th January India's Republic Day?

I read on Wikipedia that 26 January celebrated as India's Republic Day because it is on this day in the year 1929 that the Indian National Congress proclaimed the declaration of independence as ...
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140 views

What is the current scholastic view of The Black Hole of Calcutta?

This is a well known event so Black Hole of Calcutta should suffice. I did a unit of Indian history a long time ago. My textbook was similar to the wikipedia entry. But at the time I read somewhere ...
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Is there a connection between kushits and kushans?

I've noticed a resemblance in tribe names. I know that the Kingdom of Kush and the Kushan Empire are divided not only by a substantial distance but also a substantial amount of time. Is there any ...
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Can you identify this British Army uniform, worn in India circa 1920?

This is my grandfather, John P Lockton, and he was based at Raniket in North India. My grandmother died in 1925 while giving birth to my twin uncles; both survived! My mother was only 5 years old at ...
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157 views

What is the impact of history on food habits in India?

I have observed (although I cannot substantiate it with any complete research data as such, except for a few articles) that, an average Indian diet, especially in the rural parts of India generally ...
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Did you have any information about the Muslim past of Kannauj (Qannauj), India?

Kannauj (also sometimes spelled as Qannauj/ Qanooj) is one of India's most ancient cities. It was a centre of Dharmic civilisation ( Hindu and Buddhist) and was also one of the first cities in India ...
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Was Kerala part of Vijayanagara Empire under Deva Raya II

This question is in the context of my previous question. Wikipedia article on Deva Raya 2 mentions that he defeated the ruler of Quilon, and also that Zamorin paid tribute to Deva Raya 2. But Kingdom ...
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246 views

Was Kingdom of Cochin the only kingdom in South Asia to be a protectorate of (any empire of) China?

The Wikipedia article on the Kingdom of Cochin says: The kingdom of Cochin was the only kingdom in South Asia to be a protectorate of China. The King of Cochin received special treatment, ...
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174 views

Was Murud-Janjira independent until it became part of India?

I read up on Murud-Janjira, a fort off the coast of mainland India. It appears that the Siddis managed to hold onto the fort despite Dutch, Maratha, and British East India Company attacks. In the ...
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174 views

Can it be argued that mathematics was discovered and the study was for the most part, ancient Indian scientists? [closed]

Numerous evidence that many mathematical knowledge was known to Indians long before the Europeans (binomial coefficients, trigonometric formulas, complex numbers, and so on) has been preserved. Why do ...
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242 views

What are some of ancient maps created from a single perspective?

Years ago I read that other civilizations had maps like that of the Herodotus, naming lands or peoples according to cardinal directions but without referring to them as continent or ethnicity. But ...
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Did Jamsetji Tata write a letter to Swami Vivekananda?

Many sites 1, 2, ... claim that Jamsetji Tata wrote a letter to Swami Vivekananda on 23rd November, 1898.  Is it true that Jamshedji Tata wrote such a letter?
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What time zone was used in Sikkim before it became a state of India in 1975?

UTC+5:30 is now used in the whole India including Sikkim. What time zone was used before 1975? According to the geographical location of Sikkim I guess UTC+6 might be used there. I searched online but ...
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Is there any Scottish population still present in Kalimpong, West Bengal, India?

During the late 1800s, the Scottish missionaries set up a large number of schools and churches in Kalimpong (present day in West Bengal, India). Is there any Scottish population that is still there, ...
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Was there any urbanisation in ancient South India?

R.Champakalakshmi in her book Trade, ideology, and urbanization: South India 300 BC to AD 1300 has stated that there are two urbanisation phase was there in Tamil Nadu. One is during early period (...
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What is known about the origins of the “western given-name-first-surname-last system”?

I refer to the custom or "system" of having one's given name first and family name/surname last. I believe this is widely used in the west, with the exception of Hungary (and perhaps a few other ...
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What was the role of Midnapore town in present day West Bengal of India in the armed struggle for freedom in Bengal province of British India?

The famous extremist freedom fighter Khudiram Bose from Midnapore who was the first extremist freedom fighter in British India to be hung is quite famous. Who were all the famous extremist freedom ...
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Did Iqbal offer funeral prayers for the killer of someone who wrote a blasphemous book?

In 1929, Ilmuddin killed a man called Rajpal for writing a blasphemous book against Muhammad. He was later hanged by the British government. According to several sources (like here), the national ...
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140 views

What's the story behind Allahabad's name?

Recently, Allahabad was renamed as Prayagraj by the right-wing government in Uttar Pradesh, India. The reason offered by the chief minister, Yogi Adityanath was that the Mughal emperor Akbar had ...
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Why didn't invaders of India ever cross into Myanmar and beyond (east)?

All the foreign invaders, coming from the west, that I know of which invaded India (i.e. Delhi Sultanate, Mughals, Suri Empire, Ghurid Empire, Mamluk Dynasty, etc.) stopped around the Bengal area. ...
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288 views

Is there any book depicting British rule in India from the eyes of British?

Frankly speaking, most of the history written from the minds of Indians depict British as the brutal enemy. I am very tired of this view, as an Indian, I wanted to know any book depicting British rule ...
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Who was the real beginner of Lord Ganesha festival?

Introduction Ganesha is one of the most well-known and loved gods in Hinduism and is admired by most members of a Hindu family. Ganesh Chaturthi, one of the most popular festivals in India brings ...
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549 views

What was the reason behind the death of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj?

There are many novels about King Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. Nobody knows the exact reason of his death. It has been written tentatively in those novels. Somebody says he died due to Tuberculosis, ...
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Worth of an old 1/4 tanka coin when it was active 1516-1526

Can someone tell me what was the worth of a quarter tanka in India when Ibrahim Lodi's was the ruler (1516-1526 CE) or what a quarter tank could buy at that time?
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Identify two Medieval Indian coins

Can someone help me identifying these two old coins found in India? They are made of copper. They are very thick and weigh around 10 grams. Both the coins have a diameter of 1.5cm and thickness of 0....
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What is the historical accuracy of birth of lord Sri Krishna [closed]

Online suggests that birth of lord Sri Krishna is 4th millineum BC at the below link https://www.booksfact.com/history/sri-krishna-life-events-dates-born-18-june-3229-bce.html but it is mentioned ...
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307 views

What prevented the Indian Army to wrest Kashmir from Pakistan despite the UN Security Council's resolutions of 1948-49?

In August 1947, when the British partitioned their Indian colony into two countries of India and Pakistan, the state of Kashmir was being ruled by a Hari Singh one of whose ancestor, named Gulab Singh,...
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What is the source of this Ambedkar quote on freedom of thought in Hinduism?

From here, the Indian social reformer B. R. Ambedkar is supposed to have said: In the Hindu religion, one can[not] have freedom of speech. A Hindu must surrender his freedom of speech. He must act ...
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Were there any Muslims left in the Indian side of the Punjab after the 1947 riots?

As is well-known to those acquainted with the history of the Indo-Pak subcontinent, there were large-scale riots in Punjab in 1947 when the province of the British Indian colony was partitioned along ...
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Why is Lal Bahadur Shastri's death in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, still a mystery?

Was the death of Lal Bahadur Shastri a conspiracy (by the USA or Russia, or some other party) because of the stand he took on nuclear policy, or was it simply a natural death abroad. Context : His ...
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Why didn't Asian teams participate in the 1950 World Cup?

The Fourth World Cup was held in Brazil in 1950. It has the distinction of being the first World Cup held after a 12-year hiatus for World War II. It also has the distinction of being the only World ...
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What was the origin of the caste system in India and how did it proliferate?

What was the first society/civilisation which started caste system in India and when did they start, and why was it even introduced into the society? What was that benefit or advantage of this system ...
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How profitable was India for the British Empire in the 1800s?

I recently read Imperial Twilight, an excellent history of the opium wars. The author claims several times that while the British trade with China was very lucrative, India was by contrast "...
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Did the Malaysian king convert to Islam because he was disappointed with a Chola invasion?

It seems countries in that part know little of their pre-medieval history. Anyway, I read this on Wikipedia, and would like some more details. It seems, the conversion to Islam was a slow affair with ...
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How could manu be Latin as it originated in Ancient India? [closed]

The word 'manuscript': Somewhere I read 'Manu' is a Latin word which means 'hand'. How could this word be Latin as it originated in India or say Ancient India?
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Importance of religion for a common man in medieval India

I have recently studied the rise of Islam and the origins of Bhakti movement in medieval India. All the sources that I have referred to talk of the spread of new religious ideas and people converting ...
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Is there an historical example for the possibility of peaceful resolution of Kashmir conflict?

For decades two nations (born out of one) have been looking for excuses to hurt each other. Just when you think that both nations have gotten over their respective pasts and are finally moving towards ...
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Possible history behind photograph related to 1962 Sino-Indian War

I came across the following image in an archive of photographs related to the 1962 Sino-Indian War: I have posted a question for identification of the aircraft. The text in the archive seems to ...
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What regiments of the British East India Company were in southeastern India in the late 1790s?

I have been researching ranks and positions that existed in various regiments and civil branches of the British East India Company during the late 1790s to early 1800s. Those aren't as hard as finding ...
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Why was there calm in Indian-held Kashmir until 1989? What happened in 1989 that triggered the public unrest that still continues to this day?

After the 1947-48 invasion of Kashmir by the Pakistan-backed jihadists and the ensuing military action by India, and the consequent take over of parts of Kashmir by Pakistan and India respectively, ...