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Questions tagged [india]

A country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east.

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Is there any Scottish population still present in Kalimpong, West Bengal, India?

During the late 1800s, the Scottish missionaries set up a large number of schools and churches in Kalimpong (present day in West Bengal, India). Is there any Scottish population that is still there, ...
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Was there any urbanisation in ancient South India?

R.Champakalakshmi in her book Trade, ideology, and urbanization: South India 300 BC to AD 1300 has stated that there are two urbanisation phase was there in Tamil Nadu. One is during early period (...
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What is known about the origins of the “western given-name-first-surname-last system”?

I refer to the custom or "system" of having one's given name first and family name/surname last. I believe this is widely used in the west, with the exception of Hungary (and perhaps a few other ...
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What was the role of Midnapore town in present day West Bengal of India in the armed struggle for freedom in Bengal province of British India?

The famous extremist freedom fighter Khudiram Bose from Midnapore who was the first extremist freedom fighter in British India to be hung is quite famous. Who were all the famous extremist freedom ...
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Did Iqbal offer funeral prayers for the killer of someone who wrote a blasphemous book?

In 1929, Ilmuddin killed a man called Rajpal for writing a blasphemous book against Muhammad. He was later hanged by the British government. According to several sources (like here), the national ...
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What's the story behind Allahabad's name?

Recently, Allahabad was renamed as Prayagraj by the right-wing government in Uttar Pradesh, India. The reason offered by the chief minister, Yogi Adityanath was that the Mughal emperor Akbar had ...
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Why didn't invaders of India ever cross into Myanmar and beyond (east)?

All the foreign invaders, coming from the west, that I know of which invaded India (i.e. Delhi Sultanate, Mughals, Suri Empire, Ghurid Empire, Mamluk Dynasty, etc.) stopped around the Bengal area. ...
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Is there any book depicting British rule in India from the eyes of British?

Frankly speaking, most of the history written from the minds of Indians depict British as the brutal enemy. I am very tired of this view, as an Indian, I wanted to know any book depicting British rule ...
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Who was the real beginner of Lord Ganesha festival?

Introduction Ganesha is one of the most well-known and loved gods in Hinduism and is admired by most members of a Hindu family. Ganesh Chaturthi, one of the most popular festivals in India brings ...
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What was the reason behind the death of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj?

There are many novels about King Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. Nobody knows the exact reason of his death. It has been written tentatively in those novels. Somebody says he died due to Tuberculosis, ...
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Worth of an old 1/4 tanka coin when it was active 1516-1526

Can someone tell me what was the worth of a quarter tanka in India when Ibrahim Lodi's was the ruler (1516-1526 CE) or what a quarter tank could buy at that time?
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Identify two Medieval Indian coins

Can someone help me identifying these two old coins found in India? They are made of copper. They are very thick and weigh around 10 grams. Both the coins have a diameter of 1.5cm and thickness of 0....
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What is the historical accuracy of birth of lord Sri Krishna

Online suggests that birth of lord Sri Krishna is 4th millineum BC at the below link https://www.booksfact.com/history/sri-krishna-life-events-dates-born-18-june-3229-bce.html but it is mentioned ...
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What prevented the Indian Army to wrest Kashmir from Pakistan despite the UN Security Council's resolutions of 1948-49?

In August 1947, when the British partitioned their Indian colony into two countries of India and Pakistan, the state of Kashmir was being ruled by a Hari Singh one of whose ancestor, named Gulab Singh,...
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What is the source of this Ambedkar quote on freedom of thought in Hinduism?

From here, the Indian social reformer B. R. Ambedkar is supposed to have said: In the Hindu religion, one can[not] have freedom of speech. A Hindu must surrender his freedom of speech. He must act ...
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Were there any Muslims left in the Indian side of the Punjab after the 1947 riots?

As is well-known to those acquainted with the history of the Indo-Pak subcontinent, there were large-scale riots in Punjab in 1947 when the province of the British Indian colony was partitioned along ...
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Why is Lal Bahadur Shastri's death in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, still a mystery?

Was the death of Lal Bahadur Shastri a conspiracy (by the USA or Russia, or some other party) because of the stand he took on nuclear policy, or was it simply a natural death abroad. Context : His ...
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Why didn't Asian teams participate in the 1950 World Cup?

The Fourth World Cup was held in Brazil in 1950. It has the distinction of being the first World Cup held after a 12-year hiatus for World War II. It also has the distinction of being the only World ...
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What was the origin of caste system in India and how it proliferated?

What was the first society/civilisation which started caste system in India and when did they start, and why was it even introduced into the society? What was that benefit or advantage of this system ...
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Where can we find the works by Chanakya?

Did Chanakya write his teachings in any book? If yes did they existed till a time when historian can find that and interpret that history into modern day languages and lastly how can we read his ...
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How profitable was India for the British Empire in the 1800s?

I recently read Imperial Twilight, an excellent history of the opium wars. The author claims several times that while the British trade with China was very lucrative, India was by contrast "...
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Did the Malaysian king convert to Islam because he was disappointed with a Chola invasion?

It seems countries in that part know little of their pre-medieval history. Anyway, I read this on Wikipedia, and would like some more details. It seems, the conversion to Islam was a slow affair with ...
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How could manu be Latin as it originated in Ancient India? [closed]

The word 'manuscript': Somewhere I read 'Manu' is a Latin word which means 'hand'. How could this word be Latin as it originated in India or say Ancient India?
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Importance of religion for a common man in medieval India

I have recently studied the rise of Islam and the origins of Bhakti movement in medieval India. All the sources that I have referred to talk of the spread of new religious ideas and people converting ...
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Is there an historical example for the possibility of peaceful resolution of Kashmir conflict?

For decades two nations (born out of one) have been looking for excuses to hurt each other. Just when you think that both nations have gotten over their respective pasts and are finally moving towards ...
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Possible history behind photograph related to 1962 Sino-Indian War

I came across the following image in an archive of photographs related to the 1962 Sino-Indian War: I have posted a question for identification of the aircraft. The text in the archive seems to ...
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Why was January 26 1930 chosen as Purna Swaraj Day

Indian Republic day was chosen as 26 January to commemorate Purna Swaraj day but why was Purna Swaraj resolution done on 26 January 1930 when Lahore Congress session in December 1929 itself resolved ...
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What regiments of the British East India Company were in southeastern India in the late 1790s?

I have been researching ranks and positions that existed in various regiments and civil branches of the British East India Company during the late 1790s to early 1800s. Those aren't as hard as finding ...
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Why was there calm in Indian-held Kashmir until 1989? What happened in 1989 that triggered the public unrest that still continues to this day?

After the 1947-48 invasion of Kashmir by the Pakistan-backed jihadists and the ensuing military action by India, and the consequent take over of parts of Kashmir by Pakistan and India respectively, ...
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To what extent were Jinnah's statements and speeches before 1938 recorded? Have they been digitized?

Jinnah's speeches and statements from the 1938 Patna conference onwards are well recorded, and are available relatively easily. But Jinnah maintained an active political life even before that, and his ...
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Why didn't the Pakistani military try to gain Kashmir from India in 1971 instead of launching an offensive in Rajesthan?

In the 1971 India-Pakistan war, while the Indian Army with the help of the Bengali guerillas were making inroads into East Pakistan, the Pakistan Army launched an offensive through the Rajesthan ...
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Are there no written records of Sanskrit before Rigveda?

Rigveda is considered the oldest written record of Sanskrit. It has Sanskrit in a very developed form. I wonder if there are any records of Sanskrit before Rigveda which show the language being used ...
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Did the East India company share holders get any compensation when the Crown took over in 1858?

If anyone has read the government of India act 1858, please tell if the East India company share holders got any compensation.
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Journeys from Gujarat in India to Dare es Salaam in what was then, Tanganyika in 1925 and 1948

I am researching a journey for a novel where my character travels from Gujarat in India to Dare es Salaam in what was then, Tanganyika. The journey happens in 1925 and then again in 1948. Does anyone ...
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Did the Maratha Empire use cryptography techniques for military communication?

After this question of mine was put on hold as being too broad, I would like to know if there is any historical evidence of usage of cryptography techniques for military communication in the Maratha ...
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What is the history of cryptography in India? [closed]

I would like to know about the application of cryptography in India during the last 3000 years. Most of the historical accounts of cryptography are from the Roman empire or WWII. Are there any ...
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Was Hindu society at one point more liberal than current western society when it comes to life partners?

I had this question when researching Hindu mythology, but now I'm curious from historical point of view also. Hinduism seems to have supported open marriages at one point. I have heard stories about ...
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1answer
217 views

What is the evidence supporting the story of Padmavati saving her honour by self-immolation?

Rani Padmini aka Padmavati is a very popular historical character, but her story's authenticity has been put to question several times. As per legend she was famous for her beauty. Alauddin Khalji ...
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468 views

Why didn't Pakistan try to wrest Kashmir from India in 1962 but tried to do so in 1965?

In 1962, India and China fought a war in a region east of Bhutan where the two countries shared a border. Am I right? And, in that war, the Indian army was totally outclassed by the Chinese, something ...
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How did the Mughals view homosexuality?

What was the attitude toward homosexuality of the Mughals? Was it different between the ruling class and the common people? Was homosexuality, officially or unofficially, permissible during the reign ...
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Was homosexuality illegal during the early Muslim rule of the Indian subcontinent?

Was homosexuality punished under the early Muslim rule in India, beginning with the Umayyad conquest of Punjab and Sinh in 712? The early Muslims were Arabs and part of a universal caliphate. After ...
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Who first outlawed homosexuality in the Indian sub-continent?

I have learnt somewhere that in India the British made homosexuality illegal in 1861 through Article 377 of the Indian Penal Code, terming it as "an act against the order of the nature". Was this the ...
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1answer
224 views

During the Chola dynasty how extensive was the use of Sanskrit in government and by the people?

David Shulman in his book "Tamil" notes: One thing, however, is certain: the Cholas were happy to use Tamil as an official state language, along with Sanskrit; and they, or the poets they ...
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Who invented the aeroplane? [closed]

The world knows the Wright Brothers as the inventors of the aeroplane, but there is a man in India named Shivkar Bapuji Talpade who had already invented the aeroplane before the Wright brother's first ...
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What percentage of the British Empire's economy was profits from the opium trade?

Between 1820 and 1840 the British sold a lot of Opium in China. Compared with the total size of the British Empire's economy, how big was the Opium trade? I have an old friend who maintains that even ...
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Were British plans for India disrupted by WWII?

In a video debate, Sadhguru says (@3.57) the British would have stayed in India if World War II not happened. Is this assertion credible? Does the pre-war evidence weigh in favor of this assertion, ...
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Was Winston Churchill really responsible for the 1943 Bengal famine? [closed]

Indians think that he was the one responsible for famine. Is there any other fact that contradicts above ?
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Trying to identify this sword. Think early 20th century. Maybe ceremonial

. Scabbard and handle are wood. Scabbard has2of 3 bands possibly brass. Blade has markings in 2 locations, designs are similar. Has hallmark design on bottom of guard, which may be brass, also. Seems ...
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Evidence of Iron Age migrations into India (1000-600)

I was reading a History of India by Michael Edwardes. It says that by 600 B.C., the northwest had been closed off to invaders. It made me wonder about migrations up to this period. I only know about ...
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175 views

How did the Graeco-Bactrian empire come to accept Buddhism?

I am trying to find something along the lines of acceptance of Buddhism by Graeco-Bactrians. I would like to learn more about western India and Graeco-Bactrian empire especially from a political, ...