Questions tagged [india]

A country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east.

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To what extent were Jinnah's statements and speeches before 1938 recorded? Have they been digitized?

Jinnah's speeches and statements from the 1938 Patna conference onwards are well recorded, and are available relatively easily. But Jinnah maintained an active political life even before that, and his ...
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319 views

Why didn't the Pakistani military try to gain Kashmir from India in 1971 instead of launching an offensive in Rajesthan?

In the 1971 India-Pakistan war, while the Indian Army with the help of the Bengali guerillas were making inroads into East Pakistan, the Pakistan Army launched an offensive through the Rajesthan ...
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Are there no written records of Sanskrit before Rigveda?

Rigveda is considered the oldest written record of Sanskrit. It has Sanskrit in a very developed form. I wonder if there are any records of Sanskrit before Rigveda which show the language being used ...
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263 views

Did the East India company share holders get any compensation when the Crown took over in 1858?

If anyone has read the government of India act 1858, please tell if the East India company share holders got any compensation.
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Journeys from Gujarat in India to Dare es Salaam in what was then, Tanganyika in 1925 and 1948

I am researching a journey for a novel where my character travels from Gujarat in India to Dare es Salaam in what was then, Tanganyika. The journey happens in 1925 and then again in 1948. Does anyone ...
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Did the Maratha Empire use cryptography techniques for military communication?

After this question of mine was put on hold as being too broad, I would like to know if there is any historical evidence of usage of cryptography techniques for military communication in the Maratha ...
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272 views

What is the history of cryptography in India? [closed]

I would like to know about the application of cryptography in India during the last 3000 years. Most of the historical accounts of cryptography are from the Roman empire or WWII. Are there any ...
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230 views

What is the evidence supporting the story of Padmavati saving her honour by self-immolation?

Rani Padmini aka Padmavati is a very popular historical character, but her story's authenticity has been put to question several times. As per legend she was famous for her beauty. Alauddin Khalji ...
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Why didn't Pakistan try to wrest Kashmir from India in 1962 but tried to do so in 1965?

In 1962, India and China fought a war in a region east of Bhutan where the two countries shared a border. Am I right? And, in that war, the Indian army was totally outclassed by the Chinese, something ...
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How did the Mughals view homosexuality?

What was the attitude toward homosexuality of the Mughals? Was it different between the ruling class and the common people? Was homosexuality, officially or unofficially, permissible during the reign ...
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Was homosexuality illegal during the early Muslim rule of the Indian subcontinent?

Was homosexuality punished under the early Muslim rule in India, beginning with the Umayyad conquest of Punjab and Sinh in 712? The early Muslims were Arabs and part of a universal caliphate. After ...
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471 views

Who first outlawed homosexuality in the Indian sub-continent?

I have learnt somewhere that in India the British made homosexuality illegal in 1861 through Article 377 of the Indian Penal Code, terming it as "an act against the order of the nature". Was this the ...
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361 views

During the Chola dynasty how extensive was the use of Sanskrit in government and by the people?

David Shulman in his book "Tamil" notes: One thing, however, is certain: the Cholas were happy to use Tamil as an official state language, along with Sanskrit; and they, or the poets they ...
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545 views

Who invented the aeroplane? [closed]

The world knows the Wright Brothers as the inventors of the aeroplane, but there is a man in India named Shivkar Bapuji Talpade who had already invented the aeroplane before the Wright brother's first ...
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What percentage of the British Empire's economy was profits from the opium trade?

Between 1820 and 1840 the British sold a lot of Opium in China. Compared with the total size of the British Empire's economy, how big was the Opium trade? I have an old friend who maintains that even ...
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Were British plans for India disrupted by WWII?

In a video debate, Sadhguru says (@3.57) the British would have stayed in India if World War II not happened. Is this assertion credible? Does the pre-war evidence weigh in favor of this assertion, ...
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Was Winston Churchill really responsible for the 1943 Bengal famine? [closed]

Indians think that he was the one responsible for famine. Is there any other fact that contradicts above ?
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152 views

Trying to identify this sword. Think early 20th century. Maybe ceremonial

. Scabbard and handle are wood. Scabbard has2of 3 bands possibly brass. Blade has markings in 2 locations, designs are similar. Has hallmark design on bottom of guard, which may be brass, also. Seems ...
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Evidence of Iron Age migrations into India (1000-600)

I was reading a History of India by Michael Edwardes. It says that by 600 B.C., the northwest had been closed off to invaders. It made me wonder about migrations up to this period. I only know about ...
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How did the Graeco-Bactrian empire come to accept Buddhism?

I am trying to find something along the lines of acceptance of Buddhism by Graeco-Bactrians. I would like to learn more about western India and Graeco-Bactrian empire especially from a political, ...
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Is the photograph “England’s Revenge in India” real, staged, or fake?

Might have an interesting puzzle for you here… This picture, titled "England's Revenge in India", appeared in a Nazi propaganda book against Britain published in 1941: The propaganda book claims ...
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544 views

What was the court language of Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan?

Administrative language of Muslim rulers was usually Persian. But I doubt Tipu's courts used Persian. Was it Persian or Kannada? Even the Nizams started using Urdu instead of Persian after the 1800s.
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When the British left India, who authorized standstill agreements between Karnataka and Tamil Nadu?

When the British left India, Mysore (Karnataka) rulers agreed to instrument of accession by newly formed Indian government. However there were standstill agreements which are still leading to disputes,...
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Before the discovery of India, was it self sufficient in all areas?

As per the history books, India was discovered from Europe by Vasco da Gama. I just want to know was India self sufficient in all the areas like food, military, medicine and other materials, stuff ...
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Why did India sign the Indo-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation?

India had a policy of non-alignment during the cold war. But just before war broke out between India and Pakistan in December 1971, India signed the treaty in August 1971. What were the reasons that ...
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Did St Thomas really come to India?

St Thomas, the apostle is said to have visited India in 52 AD and died in 72 AD in India as per history books. But looks like this event has no proof before 16th century AD. So, my questions are: Did ...
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Does the appearance of cremation support the Aryan Migration theory?

Aryan invasion theory supporters usually say that the practice of using cemetery appears in the late Harrappan period, i.e., in 1900 BC and before that many burials were found. The Vedic practice is ...
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Relationship between Alexander, Chandragupta Maurya and Seleucus. [closed]

How Alexander, Chandragupta Maurya and Seleucus were related to each other?
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Navaratnas(9 Gems) of legendary emperor of ancient India Vikramaditya

Were there any criteria on which a person could become one of the Navratnas of Chandragupta Vikramaditya or Chandragupta-ll I have found another source about the Navaratnas. You can refer here
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When was the first time that concrete was used in Indian Subcontinent?

When was the first time that concrete was used in Indian Subcontinent?
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Were the Tuatha De Danann really from India? [closed]

There is news claiming that the Irish folk gods, the Tuatha De Danann, were really Indian, and that their followers have similar practices to ancient Indians. Is that why the Celtic people are called ...
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Oldest manuscript of Arthashastra

Wikipedia page for Arthashastra states that three manuscripts have been recovered in the modern era for Kautilya's Arthashastra. One in 1905 which was identified by R. Shamasastry, and the other two ...
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Does sati pratha still exist in the modern society? [closed]

Sati has been legally abolished, but can still be heard of as being practiced in some parts of India. Is there any evidence of it being illegally practiced?
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What happened to the missiles of Tipu Sultan?

Why didn't anyone develop the missiles of Tipu Sultan further? Neither British nor Marathas?
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Did Aurangzeb issue a farman promising 4 Rs for all males that convert and 2 Rs for females?

I found a reference to this farman here (first link) But I can't find the source of the author (or if its authentic). Is it from an akhbar or from a biography of Aurangzeb? Its mentioned as a farman ...
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Why did the UK allow India to be a republic rather than a democratic parliament under the British Monarch?

In the UK, there is a democratically elected prime minister but the Monarch is the Head of State, although the latter is not (directly) involved in government. Likewise, the UK could have done the ...
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467 views

Is the older Kandhar/Gandhar renamed as Afganistan

In ancient hindi books or Hindu Literatur, Gandhar or Kandhar was used many times like Mahabharata etc. Is it the Afganistan which was called Kandhar in ancient (like Iran was called Persia). Also, ...
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Why did Gandhi give the violent “Do or Die” slogan to the Quit India movement?

Mahatma Gandhi was a pacifist and anti-violence leader. Why did he adopt the slogan "Do or Die" for the Quit India movement? It sounds more like a strong, desperate phrase.
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Where are the descendants of Mughals today?

As per Wikipedia... The last Mughal emperor was deposed in 1858 by the British East India company and exiled to Burma following the War of 1857 after the fall of Delhi to the company troops. His ...
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Cost of peacock throne vs Cost of Taj Mahal

I am listening to the lectures: Professor Michael H. Fisher, phd - History of India and I stumbled upon a very surprising sentence: The peacock throne cost twice as much as Taj Mahal. Amazed, I ...
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What was Babur's attitude upon watching heads of his enemies stacked up forming a tower? [closed]

A lot of websites mentioned that his attitude was one of enjoyment. Even a wikiquote says this. Are these sources reliable, meaning that this is true? Or are there other sources that impeach or ...
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Why did India release all Pakistani Soldiers captured during Indo Pak War 1965

Why did India release all Pakistani Soldiers captured during Indo Pak War 1965. As India captured thousands of Pakistani Soldiers Why did Indian Govt. Release all?
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Was it common in ancient India for kings to take care of midgets?

The 13th century Hindu philosopher Vedanta Desikan, in this excerpt from his work the Rahasyatraya Sara, describes how the god Vishnu in his incarnations pretends to be distressed out of playfulness ...
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Why were Indians able to free themselves of the European Colonialists unlike South Africans? [closed]

About 8 months back, I went to South Africa. I did try to learn a bit about the country before going there. I was very much surprised to learn that 'Apartheid' was a thing/practice till Nelson Mandela'...
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How did Muhammad bin Qasim die?

The wikipedia page about Muhammad bin Qasim says: According to Al-Baladhuri, a 9th-century Persian historian, Qasim was killed due to a family feud with the governor of Iraq. After the death of ...
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Are there any references to entombed animals in Ancient India?

The 13th century Hindu philosopher Arulnandi Shivacharya wrote a work called the Shiva Jnana Siddhiyar, which among other things contains a refutation of Buddhist philosophy. In this excerpt, various ...
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What goods were traded in the medieval Indian Ocean?

The Periplus of the Erythrian Sea has detailed reports of trade ports of the Eastern Indian Ocean in the first century AD. There are also plenty of archaeological reports, summaries, and books from ...
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How many Dalit Muslims were there in India in 1900 AD?

The Wikipedia entry about Dalits has no section regarding how many Dalits are adherents of Islam (though it has extensive information regarding Hindu, Buddhist and Sikh Dalits). It has a table that ...
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Birth date of Adi Śankaracharya

When was Sri Ādi Śankaracharya born exactly? In Wikipedia and elsewhere there have been controversial dates, one claiming a birth in the 5th century B.C. and another around A.D.730-780. Why is there ...
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Why was the Mughal Empire Persian oriented?

I have read that Mughals were used to Persian traditions. They used Persian language as the language of administration under their rule. I have also read that they were the descendants of both Timur, ...