Questions tagged [india]

A country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east.

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Was Kandhar/Gandhar renamed as Afganistan?

In ancient Hindi books or Hindu literature, Gandhar or Kandhar was used many times like Mahabharata etc. Is it the Afghanistan which was called Kandhar in ancient (like Iran was called Persia). Also, ...
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Why did Gandhi give the violent “Do or Die” slogan to the Quit India movement?

Mahatma Gandhi was a pacifist and anti-violence leader. Why did he adopt the slogan "Do or Die" for the Quit India movement? It sounds more like a strong, desperate phrase.
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Where are the descendants of Mughals today?

As per Wikipedia... The last Mughal emperor was deposed in 1858 by the British East India company and exiled to Burma following the War of 1857 after the fall of Delhi to the company troops. His ...
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Cost of peacock throne vs Cost of Taj Mahal

I am listening to the lectures: Professor Michael H. Fisher, phd - History of India and I stumbled upon a very surprising sentence: The peacock throne cost twice as much as Taj Mahal. Amazed, I ...
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What was Babur's attitude upon watching heads of his enemies stacked up forming a tower? [closed]

A lot of websites mentioned that his attitude was one of enjoyment. Even a wikiquote says this. Are these sources reliable, meaning that this is true? Or are there other sources that impeach or ...
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Why did India release all Pakistani Soldiers captured during Indo Pak War 1965

Why did India release all Pakistani Soldiers captured during Indo Pak War 1965. As India captured thousands of Pakistani Soldiers Why did Indian Govt. Release all?
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Was it common in ancient India for kings to take care of midgets?

The 13th century Hindu philosopher Vedanta Desikan, in this excerpt from his work the Rahasyatraya Sara, describes how the god Vishnu in his incarnations pretends to be distressed out of playfulness ...
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Why were Indians able to free themselves of the European Colonialists unlike South Africans? [closed]

About 8 months back, I went to South Africa. I did try to learn a bit about the country before going there. I was very much surprised to learn that 'Apartheid' was a thing/practice till Nelson Mandela'...
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How did Muhammad bin Qasim die?

The wikipedia page about Muhammad bin Qasim says: According to Al-Baladhuri, a 9th-century Persian historian, Qasim was killed due to a family feud with the governor of Iraq. After the death of ...
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Are there any references to entombed animals in Ancient India?

The 13th century Hindu philosopher Arulnandi Shivacharya wrote a work called the Shiva Jnana Siddhiyar, which among other things contains a refutation of Buddhist philosophy. In this excerpt, various ...
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What goods were traded in the medieval Indian Ocean?

The Periplus of the Erythrian Sea has detailed reports of trade ports of the Eastern Indian Ocean in the first century AD. There are also plenty of archaeological reports, summaries, and books from ...
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How many Dalit Muslims were there in India in 1900 AD?

The Wikipedia entry about Dalits has no section regarding how many Dalits are adherents of Islam (though it has extensive information regarding Hindu, Buddhist and Sikh Dalits). It has a table that ...
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Birth date of Adi Śankaracharya

When was Sri Ādi Śankaracharya born exactly? In Wikipedia and elsewhere there have been controversial dates, one claiming a birth in the 5th century B.C. and another around A.D.730-780. Why is there ...
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Why was the Mughal Empire Persian oriented?

I have read that Mughals were used to Persian traditions. They used Persian language as the language of administration under their rule. I have also read that they were the descendants of both Timur, ...
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When did India become a major trading center?

As stated on this site, India is unique in that it has easy sea trading routes to every continent, and is therefore a major trading center. When did India become one— during British occupation, after ...
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What was the population of Muslims in the Indian subcontinent in 1800 AD?

This article states: To put it in broader perspective, Muslim population has steadily grown from 13% in 1800 to 16% in 1850 to 20% in 1900 to 25% in 1947 and anywhere between 30 to 33% today ...
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Why was Tegh Bahadur executed by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb?

This Wikipedia article indicates that he was executed because the ruler wanted to strengthen his grip on power: According to the official account of the Mughal Empire, written 107 years later by ...
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What was the population of Indian subcontinent in 1000 AD?

According to World History Site Indian subcontinent's population in 1000 AD was 79.5 million. (30% of 265 million = 79.5 million) This estimate is rejected by K.S. Lal who claims its population was ...
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Why did Indira Gandhi lift the Emergency?

Indira Gandhi imposed a state of emergency (known as The Emergency) on 25 June 1975 which was withdrawn abruptly on 21 March 1977. Why was it lifted? Writes R.Guha about the withdrawal in India after ...
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What made India pull out troops and return the captured territory at the end of 1971 Indo-Pak war?

Indian forces during 1971 had decimated the Pakistani troops in Eastern theater resulting in one of the largest post WWII surrender including 90,000 soldiers. While Pakistan was in a non-negotiable ...
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How advanced were the people of Indus valley civilization in engineering? [closed]

How advanced were the people of Indus valley civilization in engineering aspects compared with other civilizations during or before their time?
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Why are the Mamluk Sultans of Delhi termed as being of Turkish origin?

They should have instead be termed as being of Afghan origin and not Turkish origin since their founder Qutb-Ud-Din Aibek was the slave of Muhammad Ghori who was the Sultan of Ghur in Afghanistan.
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Who was the prime leader of the Maratha Confederation?

I spend lot of time figure out how the ruling-system of the Maratha Confederation works in the period 1750-1800 but it's difficult for me to figure out. I can't even find a list of the prime rulers of ...
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Why did Bakht Khan switch sides in Indian War of Independence 1857?

Bakht Khan was one of the key commanders of the Indian Liberation Forces fighting against the British for independence of India. From his early life, It is known that he was enlisted in British ...
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Who introduced coins in India?

Which King or Kingdom first introduced the coins in India for trading (internal or external)?
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Did Napoleon plan to invade India?

In 1798 Napoleon invaded Egypt and in 1799 he invaded the Middle East. The only thing that stopped him from going further was the fortifications of Acre which he could not take. What was his plans if ...
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Why did India choose August 15th as its Independence Day?

India, Pakistan and Bangladesh were independent from the British rule on August 15th, 1947. Why is it that India celebrates the nation's Independence Day on August 15th while Pakistan celebrates it ...
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Buddhism vs. Hinduism — what did it mean politically?

I am just starting to study the history of Hinduism and Buddhism. This question is strictly about the objective outer trappings of the religions, not their spiritual teachings. Popular literature on ...
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Why was Calcutta a node in the opium smuggling network prior to the Opium Wars in China?

As per Wikipedia's History of Kolkata page: After the territorial conquest of Bengal in 1757, the British East India Company pursued a monopoly on production and export of opium from India. The ...
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Why did India use Soviet military hardware during the Cold War?

A former British colony, I'd have thought that India would use Western military hardware during the Cold War. In fact, they fought shoulder-to-shoulder with British soldiers against the Japanese. ...
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Were women directly involved in national state affairs in Indian kingdoms?

Movie or TV drama from India show that in kingdoms of India, such as Mauryan, women are directly involved in nation/kingdom affairs, they have significant influence. Was it true or it's just ...
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Was the British Empire financially capable of maintaining India as a colony after WW2?

In India, it is generally accepted that Indian Independence from the British was the culmination of the 190 year long freedom struggle; from the armed conflicts of the mid-1800s to the more peaceful ...
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What was the stand of K Kamaraj about anti-Hindi agitation of 1965?

What was the stand of K Kamaraj in anti Hindi agitation in 1965? What were his actions to stop the people from riot? And whether the leaders from Congress in Tamilnadu supported the Hindi imposition?
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Why did the British leave Kohima and Imphal “lightly” defended in 1944?

In 1942, the answer would have been, "because Britain didn't have enough troops." They were then weak "everywhere" along the line. But by early 1944, after two years of the Burma Campaign, Britain ...
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Who were Dalits and Brahmins in ancient India before law of Manusmriti was imposed on Indian society?

From thousands of year Indian society was run by the law of "Manusmriti". Indian society is based on caste system in which Brahmins are at the top most position where dalits are at the least position ...
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What is the other ancient Indian magic trick described by Adi Shankaracharya?

It is well-known that the so-called Indian rope trick is alluded to by the ancient Hindu philosopher Adi Shankaracharya in this section of his commentary on a Hindu scripture called the Mandukya ...
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How did India become a founding member of the UN?

I was looking at the list of founding members of the United Nations, and I was surprised to see that India is in that list. India was a part of the British Empire in 1945 and became independent only ...
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Does Tanjore Brihadeeswarar Temple contain more stones than Giza pyramid?

I have heard that the Tanjore Brihadeeswarar Temple or Periya Kovil has more stones than the Giza Pyramid. Upon performing a Google search on this, I found a website and a blog stating that ...
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In what battle did Maharana Pratap fight the Mughals?

I have read it ever where that Maharana Pratap fought the Mughals for the people of Mewar in today's Western India. Did these fights have historical significance? There is really very less information ...
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Is the name of Askandra Village, Rajasthan related to Alexander the Great?

I did a wiki walk and ended up on this site: http://www.livius.org/articles/place/alexandria-on-the-acesines/ Which contains this line: "The town flourished; in Buddhist texts, it is called Askandra."...
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To what extent is the independence of India a result of Indian Independence Movement?

India received independence from the British Empire in 1947. It had a long history of independence movement, stretching from 19th century, but it had gained a massive support only from 1910-1920. The ...
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What led Brahmins to migrate to Kerala?

I am intrigued by the practices and beliefs of a community native to Kerala - India, the Kerala Iyers not Namboodris, they are Tamil Brahmin communities residing in Kerala, who migrated centuries ago ...
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Where can I find history of Pune or `Peshwa's`? [closed]

Where can I find the history of pune or Peshwa's? Links on Wikipedia are not enough, Please explain or paste link in answers. To be more descriptive : 1. Who were peshwas ? 2. When did they exist? ...
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What did the Royal Sussex Regiment do in India between 1891-1897?

My 2x Great Grandfather, James Walter Juden, served in the Royal Sussex Regiment from 1889 to 1902. I have a copy of his service records, which I have downloaded from FindMyPast; the images can be ...
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What was the relationship between Indian caste system and martial skills?

I know that in the area now known as India, there was a rigid caste system as a part of traditional Hindu beliefs. I also know that there are a number of Indian martial arts going back centuries. I ...
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Are there any surviving maps from the Delhi Sultanate?

Are there any surviving maps of the Delhi Sultanate that were made in India during that era? I'm having a very hard time finding any maps surviving from that period of Indian history that actually ...
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Was Bhai Mati Das sawed in half on the orders of Aurangzeb?

The wikipedia entry about Bhai Mati Das mentions that he was sawed into two on the express orders of Aurangzeb (he was asked to convert to Islam). Is it true? I have doubts because I haven't seen ...
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What happened in Calcutta in 1961?

I was watching a clip of the American flag being raised in Havana for the embassy re-opening since closing in 1961. There were some retired Marines there who were there when the flag was taken down. ...
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European colonization of India: contrast with America?

The European colonization of Americas was a bloody conquest leading to significant destruction of the native population (and their cultures). Aside from the fact that a lot of natives inadvertently ...
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What was the reason for Gandhi's visit to Africa [closed]

Why did Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi visit South Africa? What was the purpose of his visit to South Africa?