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Questions tagged [industrial-history]

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3answers
332 views

Why did the Ottoman Empire not industrialize like France, Germany or Belgium? [closed]

Why did the Ottoman Empire not industrialize or not reach the level of those nations?
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2answers
358 views

Is this wrench from 1881, or is it just a serial number?

One of my facebook group's member posted these pictures, he found them in their garden buried. He made cleaning, and they look old, but are they from 1880's? If the location helps: it is in Hungary, ...
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0answers
118 views

Looking for information on “Schwartz Toy Mfg. Corp.” and products

I found a stuffed animal in my attic of a masked mouse with a label having "Schwartz Toy Mfg. Corp." on it. The spelling differs from FAO Schwarz, and I can't find much on Google except a few sites ...
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3answers
724 views

What was the significance of ball bearing factories during the World Wars and in the economy at the time in general?? [closed]

I have heard historians claim that enemies' ball bearing factory locations were a coveted piece of intelligence. I have also heard that big money industry for both the allies and axis super powers ...
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1answer
88 views

Manufacturing plans of historic industrial or military goods

So far I have only been a passive reader of History Stack Exchange and I think it is a great community that gives me a lot interesting topics to follow up. My question: A number of questions I have ...
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0answers
111 views

How were steam turbines typically manufactured in the interwar period (1918 - 1939)

Steam turbines are large rotating machinery, with many blades, that convert steam power into rotary motion. In the interwar period, 1918 - 1939, they were used principally in power plants and naval ...
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2answers
2k views

How many people worked to build one Liberty ship?

A lot of Liberty Ships were built during WW2. These were fairly large transport ships with a capacity of about 11,000 t deadweight tonnage. Wikipedia says the average build time was 42 days, and that ...
6
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2answers
224 views

For steam trains, what kind of deaerator was used, if any?

Deaerators are things that remove dissolved gasses in water. Dissolved O2 and CO2 in water will result in boiler corrosion. So I'm wondering how this was done back in the old days of steam trains, ...
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1answer
180 views

What alloy was used in early steam turbines? (1900 - 1930)

Steam turbines use externally created steam to drive the blades. There's no internal combustion. They've been used in marine propulsion since at least 1894 on the Turbinia. After this, Parsons-type ...
3
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2answers
360 views

During WW2, what were working conditions of factory workers in Russia?

During WW2, what were working conditions of factory workers in Russia? By working conditions, I mean things like how many hours per week they worked, how many days off they got per month, if they ...
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7answers
7k views

Has there ever been anything like the oil boom we see today?

Since the discovery of oil, there have been entire nations that have literally been built from the ground up almost completely with oil money. This has been done, and is still being done, in ...
3
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1answer
547 views

During WW2, how dependent on Swedish Ball Bearings was Britain?

A slightly related question spawned this one. Sweden made a lot of ball bearings during WW2, which it exported to Britain and Germany. How many tons of ball bearings were imported from Sweden to ...
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1answer
248 views

What was the oil production of each US State around the time of WW2?

Related question that leads to this one. Around the time of WW2, what was the oil production of each US State? The reason it's important is for logistics, for example, to see if the east coast has ...
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2answers
153 views

How much oil did the USSR export in the 1930's?

The Grozny-Tuapse Pipeline appears to be the first major crude oil pipeline in the USSR, built in 1927 - 1928. (Note, the Russian version of that article has more information.) Tuapse is a port city ...
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0answers
98 views

Is there a list of bills in the reign of George III & onwards?

I am researching the history of trackways, canals mines and railways from the reign of George 3rd through to the end of Queen Victoria’s reign. Is there a list of all bills presented to Parliament ...
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3answers
634 views

Did West Russia really have a rock shortage in WW2? And if so, what was the cause?

I have a previous question that led to this one. There is an article talking about German rail activities in Russia during WW2, and it also talks about the state of the Russian rail network to begin ...
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3answers
1k views

How many trucks did Russia and Germany have at the start of Barbarossa?

I've seen many times the lend-lease help cited for Russia, about 450,000 trucks (actually they were "jeeps and trucks" so it's hard to know trucks exactly). However, what I've never seen is citing how ...
4
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3answers
397 views

What kind of heating did Moscow have in the early Soviet Union (1917 - 1930)?

I would like to know what kind of residential heating was prevalent in Moscow in the time period around 1917 - 1930. What kind of fuel was used? Did they have district heating back then? Otherwise ...
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1answer
1k views

Fatality Rate, in Andrew Carnegie's Steel Mills?

Between 1885 and 1900, what percentage of Andrew Carnegie's steel workers died on the job annually? the Economist. Fatal accidents in the steel mills, he calculates, accounted for 20% of all male ...
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3answers
4k views

Andrew Carnegie's steel workers, hours worked per week?

How many hours per week did Andrew Carnegie's steel workers put in on average from 1885 until 1900 when he sold his business?
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19answers
24k views

Did the ancients or other pre-industrial civilisations engage in unsustainable practices?

A popular rhetoric we hear regarding sustainability is that modern life after industrialization and arrival of plastics and hydrocarbon fuels have led to environmental degradation on Earth and our ...
3
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2answers
147 views

What was the first fossil fuel pipeline in the Soviet Union?

I recently searched for any pipelines that might have existed in the Soviet Union before WW2. I did not find any. I also looked into the 5-year plans starting in 1928 and did not find any mention of a ...
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0answers
87 views

Which is the still functioning Oldest Watchmaker company on the world? [closed]

Which is the still functioning Oldest Watchmaker company on the world? Googling gave me three results: Blancpain JEANRICHARD Vacheron Constantin
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1answer
214 views

Why did it take so long for humans to utilise fossil fuels? [closed]

While our ancestors have been around for about six million years, the modern form of humans only evolved about 200,000 years ago. Civilization as we know it is only about 6,000 years old, and ...
11
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1answer
839 views

At the start of Barbarossa, what was the state of Germany's oil supply?

Very recently, I came across this statement from Wikipedia: In 1938, two thirds of German oil supply came from the United States and Latin America. It has a citation, some book reference that ...
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3answers
1k views

In the first half of 20th century, how was gold inspected for authenticity?

Let's say this for the years 1900 - 1950, before we had modern analysis tools. When trade payments were made in gold, how was the gold inspected for quality? How did they assess the purity of gold, ...
3
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1answer
161 views

Did Moscow have natural gas in the early era of the Soviet Union (1917 - 1930)?

Did apartments in Moscow have natural gas in the years 1917 to 1930? If so, were they supplied by utility pipelines underground? I am curious because underground utility pipes are expensive to build ...
6
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2answers
373 views

What was the state of the art of salt production before the invention of graduation towers?

According to Wikipedia, A graduation tower (occasionally referred to as a thorn house) is a structure used in the production of salt which removes water from a saline solution by evaporation, ...
7
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1answer
392 views

What kept 19th century Europe's workers going?

If the salary of an industrial worker was so low that they barely survived and couldn't even dream of ascending to upper classes¹, what kept them from revolting all the time? One could argue that ...
7
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1answer
166 views

At the peak of the American whaling industry, what share of the workforce were involved in it?

I have a vague recollection of reading that at its peak, the whaling industry employed an eye-catching proportion of the total American workforce but I can't find the source I originally read. The ...
6
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1answer
306 views

Were there industrial tycoons with only daughters? How did they handle inheritance?

Industrial mogul John D. Rockefeller had three daughters who lived into adulthood, but just one son, born last. His birth was remarked as fortunate, since it meant that JDR would have an heir. Since ...
6
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2answers
202 views

Index of importance / economic value various minerals during the Industrial Revolution

I am looking for an indication, possibly an Index, as to the value or importance of common minerals for the Industrial Revolution. So, for example how important was Manganese (or Lead, or Zinc..) ...
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2answers
6k views

Circa 1940, what was the oil production of each nation?

I'm looking for a source that lists all crude oil production by each nation, as it was in 1940. The reason is to understand geopolitics of the time, especially the oil security (or lack thereof) of ...
6
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1answer
301 views

How many tons of steel were produced in Russia during the Russian Civil War?

I have a specific question that I'm highly interested in. Did Russia have any steel industry during its Civil War (1917 - 1922)? And if so, how big was it? I know Russia built the trans-siberian ...
0
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1answer
583 views

How many factories (heavy industry) did the US have in 1960? [closed]

How many heavy industrial factories did the US have in 1960? This would include all vehicle factories (car, train, bulldozer, marine vessels, aircraft). It would also include steelmaking and other ...
9
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3answers
814 views

What is the history of bauxite mining in South America?

I've been googling this for a few days but have not found much definitive data yet. What I want to know is a rough timeline of bauxite mining in South America. Central America would be good too. ...
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5answers
2k views

When and how did the West lose its dependency on the USSR for Titanium?

This question was prompted by another one. A long time ago, before I well-documented my internet research, I looked into the history of Titanium, its procurement, refinement, and work-ability. I ...
5
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2answers
609 views

How much resemblance did the industrialization of the Soviet Union bear to those of the rest of the world?

I was thinking about the industrialization of the Soviet Union, most notably the death toll involved. The policies (such as forced-labour, prison camps for those who under performed, extremely poor ...
17
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1answer
322 views

When did it become common for optical brighteners to be added to commercial laundry detergent?

While watching The Theory of Everything, during a scene set in the 1960s, Steven Hawking remarked to his future wife that peoples' clothing were glowing because of the florescent brightener dyes added ...
2
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1answer
693 views

Why wasn't the DeLorean DMC-12 popular on the market?

The DMC-12 seemed to be more convenient for parking because of its doors. It has no paint, instead just stainless steel, so you shouldn't worry about scratches. Why such brilliant car had no success ?
4
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0answers
163 views

What were the names of the weapon manufacturers in France in the late 1700's

What were the names of the companies that manufactured hand weapons in France in the late 1700's and who were the most productive.