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Questions tagged [industrial-history]

The history of industry, beginning with the transition from animal power sources and hand production methods to steam- and chemical-powered machines operated in mechanized factories, as well as the application of those methods to the production of goods and execution of industrial projects.

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Why did the Chicago Sanitary and Shipping Canal take a much longer route to the Des Plaines River?

So reading about the the Chicago Sanitary and Shipping Canal, you can see on the map that the route travels about 15 miles parallel to the Des Plaines River. I've been trying to find out why. This ...
DrZ214's user avatar
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What heavy industrial work, if any, was done in USSR 1923-1927?

In the USSR, the first five-year Plan began in 1928. The Revolution and Civil War ended in 1922 Oct (the "main phase" according to wikipedia). That's, coincidentally, a five-year gap. So I ...
DrZ214's user avatar
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How did the accounting and capital organization system work in communist countries like the USSR? Did ideology justify or undermine the system? [closed]

It's difficult to see how the leaders could have kept track of such a complex system, in such a big country as the Soviet Union (USSR), without recognizing the existence of capital relations, the ...
M. Y. Zuo's user avatar
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In WW2 USN ships, what was the weight of a typical boiler?

I've been searching for this for days, but cannot find it. What is the weight of a typical boiler on a WW2 US Navy ship? Example: Fletcher Class DD had a total weight (displacement) 2100 to 2500 tons ...
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9 votes
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Why was cannabis illegalized in the U.S.?

There seems to be a notion that cannabis was illegalized due to capitalism. I've read some theories as to how this happened, and one of them goes something like this: Commissioner of the National ...
A. Kvåle's user avatar
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3 answers
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What determines whether slavery is economically efficient in industrialized/modern era economies?

Various forms of slavery were nearly universal before the industrial revolution. After industrialization, it would naively seem forced labor would continue to be widespread, as there is no way to ...
user1441998's user avatar
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How did Italy and Germany get rubber in WWII?

Japan invaded Southeast Asia and Indonesia to obtain rubber in WWII. Germany and Italy clearly used large amounts of rubber in WWII to build vehicles and planes, but in the 1940s rubber was only ...
qazwsx's user avatar
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Why did the UK use hewn stone cubes for homes far more often than France?

Why did the UK use hewn stone cubes (ashlar masonry) for homes far more often than France in the previous centuries? It would be rare to find this kind of rustic stone (rubble masonry ) in the UK, ...
bandybabboon's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
2k views

Why did the Ottoman Empire not industrialize like France, Germany or Belgium? [closed]

Why did the Ottoman Empire not industrialize or not reach the level of those nations?
user37230's user avatar
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2 answers
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Is this wrench from 1881, or is it just a serial number?

One of my facebook group's member posted these pictures, he found them in their garden buried. He made cleaning, and they look old, but are they from 1880's? If the location helps: it is in Hungary, ...
CsBalazsHungary's user avatar
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Looking for information on "Schwartz Toy Mfg. Corp." and products

I found a stuffed animal in my attic of a masked mouse with a label having "Schwartz Toy Mfg. Corp." on it. The spelling differs from FAO Schwarz, and I can't find much on Google except a few sites ...
John Manko's user avatar
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What was the significance of ball bearing factories during the World Wars and in the economy at the time in general?? [closed]

I have heard historians claim that enemies' ball bearing factory locations were a coveted piece of intelligence. I have also heard that big money industry for both the allies and axis super powers ...
Double Who's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
96 views

Manufacturing plans of historic industrial or military goods

So far I have only been a passive reader of History Stack Exchange and I think it is a great community that gives me a lot interesting topics to follow up. My question: A number of questions I have ...
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How were steam turbines typically manufactured in the interwar period (1918 - 1939)

Steam turbines are large rotating machinery, with many blades, that convert steam power into rotary motion. In the interwar period, 1918 - 1939, they were used principally in power plants and naval ...
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15 votes
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How many people worked to build one Liberty ship?

A lot of Liberty Ships were built during WW2. These were fairly large transport ships with a capacity of about 11,000 t deadweight tonnage. Wikipedia says the average build time was 42 days, and that ...
DrZ214's user avatar
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6 votes
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For steam trains, what kind of deaerator was used, if any?

Deaerators are things that remove dissolved gasses in water. Dissolved O2 and CO2 in water will result in boiler corrosion. So I'm wondering how this was done back in the old days of steam trains, ...
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What alloy was used in early steam turbines? (1900 - 1930)

Steam turbines use externally created steam to drive the blades. There's no internal combustion. They've been used in marine propulsion since at least 1894 on the Turbinia. After this, Parsons-type ...
DrZ214's user avatar
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During WW2, what were working conditions of factory workers in Russia?

During WW2, what were working conditions of factory workers in Russia? By working conditions, I mean things like how many hours per week they worked, how many days off they got per month, if they ...
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31 votes
7 answers
7k views

Has there ever been anything like the oil boom we see today?

Since the discovery of oil, there have been entire nations that have literally been built from the ground up almost completely with oil money. This has been done, and is still being done, in ...
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During WW2, how dependent on Swedish Ball Bearings was Britain?

A slightly related question spawned this one. Sweden made a lot of ball bearings during WW2, which it exported to Britain and Germany. How many tons of ball bearings were imported from Sweden to ...
DrZ214's user avatar
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What was the oil production of each US State around the time of WW2?

Related question that leads to this one. Around the time of WW2, what was the oil production of each US State? The reason it's important is for logistics, for example, to see if the east coast has ...
DrZ214's user avatar
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3 votes
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How much oil did the USSR export in the 1930's?

The Grozny-Tuapse Pipeline appears to be the first major crude oil pipeline in the USSR, built in 1927 - 1928. (Note, the Russian version of that article has more information.) Tuapse is a port city ...
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Is there a list of bills in the reign of George III & onwards?

I am researching the history of trackways, canals mines and railways from the reign of George 3rd through to the end of Queen Victoria’s reign. Is there a list of all bills presented to Parliament ...
user1969352's user avatar
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Did West Russia really have a rock shortage in WW2? And if so, what was the cause?

I have a previous question that led to this one. There is an article talking about German rail activities in Russia during WW2, and it also talks about the state of the Russian rail network to begin ...
DrZ214's user avatar
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11 votes
3 answers
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How many trucks did Russia and Germany have at the start of Barbarossa?

I've seen many times the lend-lease help cited for Russia, about 450,000 trucks (actually they were "jeeps and trucks" so it's hard to know trucks exactly). However, what I've never seen is citing how ...
DrZ214's user avatar
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4 votes
4 answers
980 views

What kind of heating did Moscow have in the early Soviet Union (1917 - 1930)?

I would like to know what kind of residential heating was prevalent in Moscow in the time period around 1917 - 1930. What kind of fuel was used? Did they have district heating back then? Otherwise ...
DrZ214's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
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What percentage of Andrew Carnegie's steel workers died on the job annually?

Between 1885 and 1900, what percentage of Andrew Carnegie's steel workers died on the job annually? the Economist. Fatal accidents in the steel mills, he calculates, accounted for 20% of all male ...
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3 votes
3 answers
8k views

How many hours did Andrew Carnegie's steel workers work per week?

How many hours per week did Andrew Carnegie's steel workers put in on average from 1885 until 1900 when he sold his business?
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140 votes
19 answers
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Did the ancients or other pre-industrial civilisations engage in unsustainable practices?

A popular rhetoric we hear regarding sustainability is that modern life after industrialization and arrival of plastics and hydrocarbon fuels have led to environmental degradation on Earth and our ...
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What was the first fossil fuel pipeline in the Soviet Union?

I recently searched for any pipelines that might have existed in the Soviet Union before WW2. I did not find any. I also looked into the 5-year plans starting in 1928 and did not find any mention of a ...
DrZ214's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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Which is the still functioning Oldest Watchmaker company on the world? [closed]

Which is the still functioning Oldest Watchmaker company on the world? Googling gave me three results: Blancpain JEANRICHARD Vacheron Constantin
Clicker's user avatar
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1 answer
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Why did it take so long for humans to utilise fossil fuels? [closed]

While our ancestors have been around for about six million years, the modern form of humans only evolved about 200,000 years ago. Civilization as we know it is only about 6,000 years old, and ...
Cthulhu's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
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At the start of Barbarossa, what was the state of Germany's oil supply?

Very recently, I came across this statement from Wikipedia: In 1938, two thirds of German oil supply came from the United States and Latin America. It has a citation, some book reference that ...
DrZ214's user avatar
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17 votes
3 answers
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In the first half of 20th century, how was gold inspected for authenticity?

Let's say this for the years 1900 - 1950, before we had modern analysis tools. When trade payments were made in gold, how was the gold inspected for quality? How did they assess the purity of gold, ...
DrZ214's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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Did Moscow have natural gas in the early era of the Soviet Union (1917 - 1930)?

Did apartments in Moscow have natural gas in the years 1917 to 1930? If so, were they supplied by utility pipelines underground? I am curious because underground utility pipes are expensive to build ...
DrZ214's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
603 views

What was the state of the art of salt production before the invention of graduation towers?

According to Wikipedia, A graduation tower (occasionally referred to as a thorn house) is a structure used in the production of salt which removes water from a saline solution by evaporation, ...
mart's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
566 views

What kept 19th century Europe's workers going?

If the salary of an industrial worker was so low that they barely survived and couldn't even dream of ascending to upper classes¹, what kept them from revolting all the time? One could argue that ...
James Cook's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
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At the peak of the American whaling industry, what share of the workforce were involved in it?

I have a vague recollection of reading that at its peak, the whaling industry employed an eye-catching proportion of the total American workforce but I can't find the source I originally read. The ...
Recalcitrant Caprine's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
368 views

Were there industrial tycoons with only daughters? How did they handle inheritance?

Industrial mogul John D. Rockefeller had three daughters who lived into adulthood, but just one son, born last. His birth was remarked as fortunate, since it meant that JDR would have an heir. Since ...
Newb's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
275 views

Index of importance / economic value various minerals during the Industrial Revolution

I am looking for an indication, possibly an Index, as to the value or importance of common minerals for the Industrial Revolution. So, for example how important was Manganese (or Lead, or Zinc..) ...
eigenvector's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
20k views

Circa 1940, what was the oil production of each nation?

I'm looking for a source that lists all crude oil production by each nation, as it was in 1940. The reason is to understand geopolitics of the time, especially the oil security (or lack thereof) of ...
DrZ214's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
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How many tons of steel were produced in Russia during the Russian Civil War?

I have a specific question that I'm highly interested in. Did Russia have any steel industry during its Civil War (1917 - 1922)? And if so, how big was it? I know Russia built the trans-siberian ...
DrZ214's user avatar
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10 votes
3 answers
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What is the history of bauxite mining in South America?

I've been googling this for a few days but have not found much definitive data yet. What I want to know is a rough timeline of bauxite mining in South America. Central America would be good too. ...
DrZ214's user avatar
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18 votes
6 answers
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When and how did the West lose its dependency on the USSR for titanium?

This question was prompted by another one. A long time ago, before I well-documented my internet research, I looked into the history of titanium, its procurement, refinement, and work-ability. I ...
DrZ214's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
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How much resemblance did the industrialization of the Soviet Union bear to those of the rest of the world?

I was thinking about the industrialization of the Soviet Union, most notably the death toll involved. The policies (such as forced-labour, prison camps for those who under performed, extremely poor ...
jhiggins's user avatar
17 votes
1 answer
516 views

When did it become common for optical brighteners to be added to commercial laundry detergent?

While watching The Theory of Everything, during a scene set in the 1960s, Steven Hawking remarked to his future wife that peoples' clothing were glowing because of the florescent brightener dyes added ...
glenviewjeff's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
924 views

Why wasn't the DeLorean DMC-12 popular on the market?

The DMC-12 seemed to be more convenient for parking because of its doors. It has no paint, instead just stainless steel, so you shouldn't worry about scratches. Why such brilliant car had no success ?
R S's user avatar
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What were the names of the weapon manufacturers in France in the late 1700's

What were the names of the companies that manufactured hand weapons in France in the late 1700's and who were the most productive.
Kristen Stewart's user avatar