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Questions tagged [iran]

Islamic Republic of Iran is a country in South-Western Asia, bordered from East by Afghanistan and Pakistan, North by Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan, and West by Iraq.

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What happened to Edrag the daughter of Yazdgerd III?

After the Sassanin empire fell and Yazdgerd III was murdered, what happened to his daughter Edrag? Persian Wikipedia, cites Masoudi's mention of three daughters Edrag (English Wikipedia has no record ...
1 vote
0 answers
77 views

Was Shahrabanoo, the daughter of Yazdgerd III, really the wife of Hossein Ibn Ali? [closed]

I am planning to write a historical story about ancient Iran and I have encountered a problem whether Shahrbanoo the daughter of Yazdgerd III, the last king of Iran, was the wife of Hossein Ibn Ali ...
8 votes
4 answers
3k views

What is the relationship between the Kurds and the Balochi?

Does anyone know how did the Balochi people, who nowadays live in South-eastern Iran and Western Pakistan, but speak North-Western Iranian languages (i.e. related to Kurdish), arrive there and what is ...
5 votes
1 answer
564 views

When and why did the given name Dariusz get popular in Poland?

I recently realized that Dariusz is a) a reasonably popular given name in Poland, and b) sounds a lot like the modern Iranian name Daryush, which is derived from the name of Darius, one of the most ...
4 votes
1 answer
2k views

During Iranian Hostage Crisis, were shredded documents reassembled by children?

The movie Argo(2012) is a historical thriller detailing a CIA rescue mission during the Iran Hostage Crisis. The movie depicts Iranian intelligence attempting to re-assemble shredded documents from ...
6 votes
2 answers
421 views

Are Chinese and Iranian "blocky" writing styles related?

Both China and Iran have character styles that are characterized by being (at least approximately) based on a square raster and by "filling up the plane" in the sense that if you take any ...
25 votes
2 answers
7k views

Who is depicted in this Soleimani propaganda image?

While reading news and analytics about Soleimani and the fuss his death made, there is a teaser image, where I cannot identify the shown persons. The news is in German, which can be found on telepolis....
3 votes
0 answers
112 views

Is there a breakdown for transported goods on different routes in the Persian corridor in WWII?

In August 1941, the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom together occupied Iran. One motivation for that invasion was the establishment of a supply line to the Soviet Union through Iran, the so-called ...
7 votes
1 answer
628 views

What happened to the Parthians?

I've always been very much interested in the origin of these people and the way they served Iran. However, the origin and fate of these people has always been a mystery for me and despite reading ...
15 votes
6 answers
12k views

What caused Iranians to convert to Shiite Islam?

Many old Iranians were Sunni Muslims. Even many of top Sunni scholars like Bukhari were Iranians. Also, most Arabs are Sunni Muslims. What was the historical effects(s) that caused Iranians to ...
21 votes
3 answers
6k views

What caused the 1979 Iranian revolution to become Islamic?

How did an initially anti-Shah revolution become an Islamic revolution? Was it because of Khomenei's return to Iran such that he seized the Iranian revolution?
14 votes
2 answers
2k views

How did Azerbaijan come to be allied with Turkey and Israel?

I'm reading a news article (in French) about the resurgence of conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh and I learn that Azerbaijan is predominantly a Shiite country. This, in my understanding of traditional ...
4 votes
2 answers
249 views

How did Britain and Russia block the railway in Iran?

Karen Armstrong (2000): [...] both Britain and Russia promoted only the technology that furthered their own interests and blocked such inventions as the railway, which might have benefited the ...
8 votes
1 answer
339 views

Did Reza Shah Pehlavi know about Turkish offer to restore Ahmad Shah Qajar?

Ahmad Shah Qajar, Shah of Persia was deposed in a military coup by Colonel Reza Khan in 1921 and was subsequently exiled. While he was in exile, Kemal Ataturk summoned the Persian ambassador ...
0 votes
1 answer
118 views

Why did the first Safavid Shia become Shia?

I'm currently reading the history of Safavid Iran (by Roger Savory) which was a Shia ruling. The eponym of Safavid is Safi-ad-din Ardabili that was a Sunni. We can be sure that his grandson Khvajeh ...
16 votes
3 answers
6k views

Why wasn't Iran colonized by any country?

Why wasn't Iran colonized by any country, especially by British empire?
1 vote
2 answers
1k views

Why did Alexander the Great succeed in overthrowing the Persian Empire?

What was the reason that Alexander the Great succeeded in overthrowing the Persian empire? Is it possible that the key reason was that the people of Persia decided not to defend against Alexander so ...
-6 votes
1 answer
371 views

Could there have been wars between the Aztecs and the Persians? [closed]

In the Book of the Kings of Ferdowsi there is a king named Zahak or Azhidahak. I would probably equate it with what we know today as Aztecs. Some also claim that Atlan (from Atlantis) is another name ...
3 votes
0 answers
172 views

How did the roots of European knightly culture transfer from ancient Iran to European Middle Ages? [closed]

I have come across a reference in a German guide book on Iran that suggests the roots of knightly culture in European Middle Ages may be found in the Sassanian Empire (224 to 651 AD; translation ...
12 votes
2 answers
6k views

Did the Safavid rulers require all subjects to convert to Shi'a Islam?

On one hand I've read that Shi'a Islam was the only religion allowed in the Safavid empire. On the other hand, the empire contained parts of Armenia and Georgia, but Armenians and Georgians are ...
-1 votes
3 answers
428 views

Women in the Iranian revolution

Iranian women are now always portrayed as oppressed in the media and social media compared to the 1970s. I expected their situation to be similar to that for women in Saudi Arabia but after reading a ...
14 votes
1 answer
3k views

Did Truman threaten a nuclear strike if the Soviet Union didn't withdraw from Iran in 1946?

In episode 4 of Oliver Stone's documentary series, Untold History of the United States, Stone claims that then-president Truman issued an ultimatum to the Soviet Union: either withdraw from Iran (...
-4 votes
2 answers
704 views

Occupation of Iran in World War 2

During World War 2, British, Russian, and American forces attacked and occupied Iran. Why did they occupy Iran? Why Hitler did not try to stop them?
11 votes
2 answers
520 views

Were Israel-Iran relations better in the 80s? What changed?

If you look at the Iran-Contra affair (mostly around 1985), you'll see that the middleman in the arms for money/hostages deal were Israeli companies. Were Israeli-Iran relations better at that point? ...
2 votes
0 answers
304 views

What was the cost of the 2,500 year celebration of the Persian Empire

Wikipedia says, The Celebration of the Persian Empire The Ministry of the Court placed the cost at $17 million (at that time); Ansari, one of the organizers, puts it at $22 million (at that time).[...
2 votes
1 answer
201 views

Who built the shrine of Hilal ibn Ali in Kashan, Iran?

The shrine of Hilal ibn Ali is an incredible piece of architecture but yet I cannot find any info online about who built it and when!
-5 votes
4 answers
462 views

Why didn't United States replace Mohamad Rezā Shāh with another king during the 1979 revolution? [closed]

During World War 2 Rezā Shāh was forced to abdicate in favor of his son. This way, why during Iran's revolution the Carter's administration had arranged for the shah to leave Iran? Why didn't they ...
3 votes
3 answers
1k views

Why is there an Islamic revolution in Iran?

If Zoroastrianism is so strong in Iran, why was there an Islamic revolution? Why is it proclaimed as the Islamic Republic of Iran?
3 votes
2 answers
640 views

Why wasn't the 1953 Iranian coup d’état considered to be a violation of United Nations Charter?

The United Nations Charter explicitly states within Article 2 that the organization is based on the "sovereign equality" of all its members. Among its foundational principles, it further states in ...
23 votes
2 answers
13k views

What was the significance of changing the name of "Persia" to "Iran"?

As best as I understand it, the founding of the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1979 was when Persia became Iran. What was the motivation for changing the name?
10 votes
1 answer
12k views

What is the origin of the Flower of Life symbol?

I have been collecting resources and tracing the history of the Flower of Life geometrical symbol, since it contains great properties of many kinds: While the oldest occurence in Abydos, Egypt has ...
4 votes
2 answers
149 views

Did Iran host anti Soviet Afghan factions during the 1980's?

It is well known that Pakistan hosted many anti-Soviet Sunni fundamentalist groups, who continue to generate problems for Pakistan (and the world) to this day. If Iran did provide sanctuary to anti-...
1 vote
1 answer
541 views

Why did US helicopters suffer mechanical failures in Operation Eagle Claw?

The Wikipedia entry about it says, The operation encountered many obstacles and was eventually aborted. Eight helicopters were sent to the first staging area, Desert One, but only five arrived ...
1 vote
1 answer
310 views

Was the Gulf War 1990 a complete surprise, or was a military build up evident?

I understand that Iraq had disputes with Kuwait about slant drilling of an oil field, borders of some islands and of course in general about OPEC oil production quotas. But none of this was new in the ...
15 votes
4 answers
7k views

Why was Khomeini in France? Who allowed him to leave and why? [closed]

I never knew that Khomeini was in France until I saw What was President Jimmy Carter's role in the Iranian Revolution?. Why was Khomeini in France? Who allowed him to leave France and why?
5 votes
1 answer
2k views

What were the logistics of the the Tehran Conference of 1943?

The Tehran Conference during World War 2 was a hugely important meeting, and perhaps more importantly, a hugely dangerous proposition. Having all those leaders together in one place risked utter ...
9 votes
2 answers
442 views

Pre-Islamic cultural inheritance in contemporary Iran

In contemporary Iran, what are the effect of pre-Islamic Persian cultural heritage that are not linked to Islamic culture, religion and literature? In a previous question, I asked about ...
-2 votes
1 answer
370 views

Why did the Arab spring and Iranian Green movement failed for the most part, but the European revolution did not? [closed]

Why did the Arab spring back a few years ago failed for the most part, the Iranian green movement didn't get the result it wanted, but the European revolutions (such as the French revolution, ...
4 votes
1 answer
332 views

3rd party (foreign nationality) forces active in Iran-Iraq war?

During the 8 year war between both countries many other 3rd party countries were involved too, in both supplying arms and experts, but I'm faced with claims of a major number of foreign soldiers being ...
6 votes
1 answer
426 views

How secret was the US and British involvement in the 1953 Iranian coup d'état?

A professor mentioned to me that one of the reason that conspiracy theories are popular in Iran (and Middle East in general) was that actual conspiracies involving Western powers against Muslim ...
12 votes
2 answers
587 views

Why did 1906 Iranian constitutionalists use the Belgian constitution as inspiration?

The Constitutional Revolution of Iran in 1906 resulted in a constitution that established a parliament and a constitutional monarchy. Interestingly, it was based on the Belgian constitution. Was ...
2 votes
0 answers
108 views

Iran and the point four program and the mutual defense act of 1949?

What were the US's and Iran's terms in these agreements? What was the total amount of aid Iran recieved from the US during this time?
4 votes
0 answers
220 views

Are Shi’i imams really directly related to the Prophet Muhammad?

Do written (or at least oral) records that show that the Shi’i imams are directly related to the Prophet Muhammad?
-1 votes
1 answer
248 views

Was burning/disposing of furniture a common act during the Iranian Revolution?

I thought for sure I learned this in school, but I can't find any reference to it online. The basic idea I remember is that for one reason or another the Ayatollah and his followers believed furniture ...
0 votes
5 answers
2k views

Why some countries have more than one name? [closed]

I know Persian Language, In persian (Farsi) that is an old language we call Netherlands “Holland” , call Germany "Alman", Call Poland "Lahestan", call India "Hend" and etc. What is the reason and Why ...
-4 votes
1 answer
1k views

Why did the nation of Iran support the Vietnam, Iraq and Afghanistan Wars?

There seems to be a cold war between the USA and Iran, but they have supported each other in many wars. Why?
-1 votes
1 answer
176 views

Why has Iran's GDP shrunk over the last three decades?

Iran's economic growth over the past three decades has greatly reduced and now is below zero. GDP Growth, Decrease -5.4% (statistical center of Iran est, for the fiscal year of 2012-2013) What ...
-3 votes
2 answers
227 views

Why does only Iran have a Governor of the Jurisprudence?

Iran nowadays is an Islamic country that is ruled by a President and by a Wilayat el Faqih (in English he is called the Governor of the Jurisprudence ). This Wilayat el Faqih or Governor of the ...
-1 votes
1 answer
360 views

Regarding Khomeini's speech against USA in Qom-1964?

What was the significance of Khomeini's Speech against US Capitalisation in Qom, Iran-1964? Is there an easily accessible English translation of this speech? What measures did the US or the Shah take ...
-1 votes
2 answers
170 views

Is the 1918 flu pandemic responsible for the majority of Iranian casualties during the first world war?

Is the 1918 flu pandemic responsible for the majority of Iranian casualties during the first world war (1917-1919)? are the British (who were the a occupying power) responsible for it? (because the ...