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Questions tagged [israel]

Israel refers to the country in the Middle East. The current state of Israel was founded in 1948, but there are some arguments that trace the existence of the state back to BCE time periods.

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3 answers
280 views

Why did the British support Zionism during the mandate period?

The question is inspired by reading The Iron Cage by Rashid Khalidi. While the book provides many interesting insights, its arguments/findings essentially hinge on the claim that the British empire ...
4 votes
3 answers
477 views

Was there a stated reason for the evacuation of Israeli settlers from the Gaza strip?

In 2005 the Israeli disengagement from Gaza took place. During this process of disengagement, the Israeli settlers within the Gaza strip were taken out of the Gaza strip (by command or by force). In ...
0 votes
1 answer
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What was the original title of Jewish kings? [closed]

Thinking about King Solomon, and other Jewish leaders who bear the title "king" in English sources (for example King David). Seems a bit strange, because the word king is of Germanic origin. ...
6 votes
4 answers
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Was there ever any co-existence (=2 states) solution to peace with Israel that the Arab Palestinian side proposed or said would accept? [closed]

Basically, I am trying to find if there was ever any effort from the Palestinian side to propose or counter offer a peaceful end to the conflict that they would accept. There has been proposals for ...
-1 votes
1 answer
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Did the early kingdoms of the Macedonian and Thracian Diadochi exert any control or influence over the region of ancient Israel/Judea?

Specifically, after Alexander the Great's death in 323 BC: Did Cassander's Macedonian kingdom have any dominion or authority in the Levant region during his rule in the early 3rd century BC? What ...
3 votes
3 answers
602 views

Did Palestinians form a distinct ethnically/culturally/linguistically homogeneous group in pre-Mandate period?

Note: this is not a question about whether a Palestinian state ought to be established. Yes or no to this question is not relevant to that one Did Palestinians form a distinct ethnically/culturally/...
0 votes
1 answer
511 views

How tall was an average person in ancient Israel?

As has long been known, Goliath's height wasn't as impressive as most people would believe. However, I've been thinking; even at the lowest estimates he still would've been taller than an average even ...
3 votes
3 answers
4k views

Were women in 1st century Israel not trusted as witnesses in court?

A common thing I've heard growing up is that women living in Israel in the 1st century couldn't be witnesses in a court of law because [reasons]. The times that I've heard this said it has also ...
11 votes
4 answers
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Was prostitution legal in the Kingdom of Israel during the reign of Solomon?

The wikipedia article is not clear: Prostitution was common in ancient Israel, despite being tacitly forbidden by Jewish Law. What was the law forbidding prostitution? Given that prostitutes ...
-7 votes
1 answer
457 views

"Israel created Hamas" - what's the timeline behind the historical facts of this claim?

A common claim across social media right now is "Israel created Hamas" - I've found it a little bit difficult to get an accurate timeline about Israel's actual involvement in Hamas. This is ...
12 votes
2 answers
5k views

Why didn't Israel officially declare war in several of its prior wars?

According to various sources, the current war with Hamas is the first time Israel has invoked Article 40A since the 1973 Yom Kippur War. The invocation of Article 40A, to my understanding, is the ...
12 votes
2 answers
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When was the last direct conflict within Israel's boundaries?

With this recent attack by Hamas I looked up the incident on Wikipedia and it says: "It is the first direct conflict within Israel's boundaries since the 1948 Arab–Israeli War." Israel has ...
37 votes
7 answers
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Did Stalin believe Israel would go communist?

In Anne Applebaum's recent book Iron Curtain: The Crushing of Eastern Europe 1944-1956, she claims the USSR supported the new state of Israel and states Stalin believed Israel would quickly join the ...
6 votes
3 answers
443 views

Why were Soviet attitudes towards Israel inconsistent in the late 40's and 50's?

What are the different theories explaining the inconsistent attitude Soviet Russia had towards the nascent State of Israel between the years 1947 and 1953? Communist Russia's hate of Zionism is well ...
12 votes
3 answers
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What was the world population around 970 BC? Does it fit the biblical narrative?

What was the world population around 970 BC? What was Palestine's population around 970 BC? Does the following bible verse fits in the current historical world population estimatives? In Israel ...
8 votes
3 answers
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Who are the ancestors of the Israelites?

Who were the historical ancestors of the Israelites? Do they have no ancestors? Please try to avoid Biblical references to Genesis if there are there any scientific, archeological or historical ...
2 votes
0 answers
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Were the ancient Hebrews basically an African tribe? [duplicate]

Hebrew is one of the earliest Afroasiatic languages. It has been argued that the Hebrews were an offshoot of the Canaanites, even akin to them. It is nearly undisputable that the Canaanites were ...
7 votes
1 answer
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Is there evidence of a pagan temple on the site of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem that predated the Jewish Temple?

Is there any evidence of a pagan temple having preceded Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem on that same site? I have seen this argument made, but I wanted to know more about the reasons behind this ...
6 votes
1 answer
332 views

Did Soviet propaganda assert that the Jews lived badly/poorly in Israel?

To my knowledge, there was a lot of anti-Israel propaganda that emphasized Israeli militarism. Suppression of the Arab locals. Israel being a puppet of the US. Israel being friendly with the former ...
12 votes
1 answer
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Where was the U.S. president when Captain McGonagle was awarded?

The USS Liberty incident was an attack on a United States Navy technical research ship, USS Liberty, by Israeli Air Force jet fighter aircraft and Israeli Navy motor torpedo boats, on 8 June 1967, ...
6 votes
1 answer
359 views

Was there really a whale skeleton in Jaffa?

Was there really a whale skeleton in Jaffa or at least a common myth about it? I cannot find any historical reference to it but still believe, from the way he wrote Moby Dick, that Melville did not ...
6 votes
2 answers
847 views

Have historians attempted to reconstruct the polytheistic Semitic pantheon, dividing it into sub pantheons?

Historians reconstruct pantheons to better understand their role in society (see below for examples of reconstruction as a historical method). Has there been any attempt to apply this historical ...
65 votes
5 answers
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How did Israel win the Six-Day War?

Considering Israel fought several Arab countries, which had troops largely outnumbering the Israeli, how did they manage to win the war decisively, with much fewer casualties than the Arab countries? ...
12 votes
2 answers
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Was Yahweh one of the Moloch Gods?

In the Complete works of Swami Vivekananda, he says In Babylonian or Greek mythologies we find one god struggling upwards, and he assumes a position and remains there, while the other gods die out. ...
2 votes
2 answers
191 views

Has the USA ever sanctioned Israel? [closed]

The USA has always been a strong supporter of Israel. In comparison, USA has repeatedly sanctioned Iran. When searching if USA has ever sanctioned Israel, didn't find anything. Has USA ever sanction ...
9 votes
1 answer
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Why was the king of Judah referred to as "the king of the House-of-David"?

In the famous Tel Dan Stele it says, likely in the name of Hazael, king of Aram: "… קתלת.אית.יהו[רם].בר [אחאב.]מלך.ישראל.וקתל[ת.אית.אחז]יהו.בר[.יהורם.מל]ך.ביתדוד …" "… killed Jeho[ram]...
23 votes
1 answer
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How advanced was the satellite technology during the Yom Kippur War?

A couple decades after Sputnik, how advanced was the satellite technology during the Yom Kippur War, and how did U.S. intelligence completely miss the mobilization of Arabian armies? I have read a few ...
2 votes
2 answers
3k views

How tall were the Jerusalem temples?

There were two temples in Jerusalem. I've seen conflicting statements about their heights. So this is a few questions in one: What was the average height (from the foundation) of each of the two ...
19 votes
4 answers
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Why was the Israeli army strong enough to win the 1948 war?

How did the new state of Israel already have an army strong enough to secure a military victory against multiple neighboring armies in 1948? According to a inadequately cited Wikipedia article, we ...
17 votes
4 answers
2k views

Was the option of setting up a Jewish state in defeated Nazi Germany ever considered?

Since there were a lot of Jews pre WW2 in Germany, and Germany was responsible for the many deaths of Jews during the Holocaust, it seems logical to suggest, that a new Jewish state should maybe be ...
5 votes
1 answer
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Where were the best ancient wine regions in Israel, called Kerutim & Hatoulim in the Mishna, located on a map?

I have not been able to find these locations that are mentioned in the Mishna. I came across this quote from Asaph Goor: The Mishna also (Menahot, 8, 6) points to the regions where the best wine-...
15 votes
3 answers
1k views

In what language was the first Zionist congress in Basel in 1897 held?

In what language was the first Zionist congress in Basel held? Was it Yiddish, Hebrew, German, English? Where there translators?
0 votes
1 answer
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What Evidence Do We Have For Samaritans Living In Babylon in the 6th or 5th Century BC?

Does anybody have any sources to show a Samaritan population in Babylon during the 6th or 5th Century BCE? 2 Kings 17 records the deporting of five different nations into the cities of Samaria And ...
6 votes
1 answer
778 views

Based on the Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III, Did Assyrians of 825 (or) 840 BCE associate the מָגֵן דָּוִד Magen David as a symbol of Yisrael?

The Assyrian Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III (in the British Museum) could have associated the nation of Yisrael with a Menorah, but chose to distinguish Yehudim with an encircled star similar to the ...
0 votes
0 answers
255 views

What was meant by "Palestine is not Rhodesia"?

While reading about the Israel/Palestine conflict, I found this 1927 statement by Chaim Weizmann (emphasis mine): Palestine must be built up without violating the legitimate interests of the Arabs ...
1 vote
1 answer
549 views

Is there a reconstruction for whom and when were the peoples of the ancient Levant just before Israel, Judea and Edom?

Primarily from viewing lectures and interviews about the ancient history of the Levant, I understand that before Israel, Judea and perhaps also Edom states were created, their area included groups ...
1 vote
0 answers
347 views

Is there any transcript or recordings of Yasser Arafat's speech to Arab foreign ministers in 1996 (Stockholm)?

I am interested in a full transcript or original recording of a speech that Yasser Arafat delivered to 'Arab diplomats in Stockholm's [Grand Hotel in] January 1996'. The speech is referenced and is ...
40 votes
4 answers
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What is the historical basis for the Exodus?

As a sideline to the question How Long Did the Belief in the Egyptian Sun God Ra Last?, the comments have become a long discussion on the historicity of the Exodus. Rather than have pages of comments ...
7 votes
3 answers
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Is there any record of ancient Israelite contact with Indo-Europeans?

It is well-documented that the ancient Israelite tribes came into contact with Indo-European groups in Canaan such as the Philistines (P'lishtim) (most likely migrants from Crete), and later the ...
26 votes
2 answers
3k views

What did the Romans do for Judea?

I watched The Life of Brian and I heard this quotation: And from our fathers' fathers' fathers. Reg: Yes. Stan: And from our fathers' fathers' fathers' fathers. Reg: All right, Stan. Don't labour the ...
1 vote
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680 views

When and how was the cairn structure in the "Sea of Galilee" covered in water?

In 2013 Israeli researchers from Tel Aviv university discovered a large cairn, buried under the water of the freshwater lake "Sea of Galilee" in northern part of state of Israel: Researchers find ...
13 votes
3 answers
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Did more Jews live in Poland than any other country, prior to the Holocaust, because of how Polish laws and people regarded Jews?

Poland in 1900 and just before the Sho'ah ranks 1st in a list of nations by Jewish percentage of the population. [1] Now of course in such a ranking that country is Israel. Why did Jews migrate to and ...
14 votes
2 answers
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How did Azerbaijan come to be allied with Turkey and Israel?

I'm reading a news article (in French) about the resurgence of conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh and I learn that Azerbaijan is predominantly a Shiite country. This, in my understanding of traditional ...
8 votes
2 answers
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Who really attacked first in the 1948 Israeli Palestinian war?

That is when Israel declared independence? Were the Jews hungry for land and started kicking Arabs out, or did the Arabs attack first, or is it sort of a mixed bag?
5 votes
1 answer
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What proportion of the Arab population of Palestine pre-1948 came from families that lived there before 1880?

It is known that the population of Palestine increased greatly between, say, 1880 and 1948. Apart from Jewish immigration there was also considerable Arab immigration (partly related to the economic ...
3 votes
1 answer
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During the time of the British Mandate, who opposed the term "Hashemite Kingdom of Palestine" and who if any were OK with it being called that?

During the time of the British Mandate, who in the British Government opposed the term "Hashemite Kingdom Of Palestine"? " the Hashemite Kingdom of Palestine. This was the name that ...
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1 answer
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What is Revolutionary Monotheism? [closed]

Can anyone help explain to me what this concept is? I'm aware of monotheism in the Bible but not Revolutionary Monotheism. Thank you.
0 votes
3 answers
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Were Moses & Abraham historical figures?

History is not my area of specialization. I am curious to know about the historicity of Moses and Abraham from the viewpoint of modern critical scholarship. It would be great if references are ...
12 votes
1 answer
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Were there any long-term political effects on Argentina after Eichmann's kidnapping?

On the 11th May 1960 a group of Mossad agents kidnapped Adolf Eichmann, who was at this time living in Argentina under false name of "Ricardo Klement". After this kidnapping (and subsequent trial) ...
8 votes
3 answers
791 views

What did the Jews during the First Jewish-Roman War know about other anti-Roman revolts?

The first Jewish-Roman War started in 66 CE. When I read about it, it sounds so futile: you have a group of zealots (literally and figuratively) revolting against a professional army from the period's ...