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Questions tagged [israel]

Israel refers to the country in the Middle East. The current state of Israel was founded in 1948, but there are some arguments that trace the existence of the state back to BCE time periods.

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How did Israel win the Six-Day War?

Considering Israel fought several Arab countries, which had troops largely outnumbering the Israeli, how did they manage to win the war decisively, with much fewer casualties than the Arab countries? ...
Orion's user avatar
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What is the historical basis for the Exodus?

As a sideline to the question How Long Did the Belief in the Egyptian Sun God Ra Last?, the comments have become a long discussion on the historicity of the Exodus. Rather than have pages of comments ...
Tyler Durden's user avatar
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When Israel won the Six Day War, did they consider expelling all Arabs from the annexed territories?

Did Israel consider doing this and if so, would that have been in violation of international law?
Jeff's user avatar
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37 votes
7 answers
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Did Stalin believe Israel would go communist?

In Anne Applebaum's recent book Iron Curtain: The Crushing of Eastern Europe 1944-1956, she claims the USSR supported the new state of Israel and states Stalin believed Israel would quickly join the ...
Tea Drinker's user avatar
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29 votes
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Did Arab policymakers have plans for the Jewish population, in case of victory in 1948 War?

Presumably the Arab goal in the 1948 Arab-Israeli war was to defeat Israel. Total victory would probably mean the total control of the whole Mandatory Palestine, which at this point already contained ...
ASandhiyudha's user avatar
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26 votes
2 answers
3k views

What did the Romans do for Judea?

I watched The Life of Brian and I heard this quotation: And from our fathers' fathers' fathers. Reg: Yes. Stan: And from our fathers' fathers' fathers' fathers. Reg: All right, Stan. Don't labour the ...
user4951's user avatar
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25 votes
1 answer
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What really happened to the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel?

The Ten Lost Tribes of Israel is a well-documented semi-historical legend in Jewish history, and appears in sources from a number of ancient cultures. The factual history however, seems to be shrouded ...
Noldorin's user avatar
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23 votes
6 answers
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Why were the British so reluctant to allow Jewish migration to Palestine?

Not sure if this is the correct forum to ask this, but I'm currently reading 'Exodus' by Leon Uris, and I'm curious as to why the British were so reluctant in letting Jewish people in Palestine. ...
user1021138's user avatar
23 votes
1 answer
4k views

How advanced was the satellite technology during the Yom Kippur War?

A couple decades after Sputnik, how advanced was the satellite technology during the Yom Kippur War, and how did U.S. intelligence completely miss the mobilization of Arabian armies? I have read a few ...
CuriousMind's user avatar
20 votes
2 answers
3k views

Why did the Arabs start the 1973 War during Ramadan, and did it affect their performance?

The Arab-Israeli War in 1973, besides the Jewish Holiday, also took place during the Islamic holy month of Ramadan, during which practicing Muslims observe mandatory daytime fasting. Did this affect ...
ASandhiyudha's user avatar
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19 votes
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Why was the Israeli army strong enough to win the 1948 war?

How did the new state of Israel already have an army strong enough to secure a military victory against multiple neighboring armies in 1948? According to a inadequately cited Wikipedia article, we ...
Dr. Beeblebrox's user avatar
18 votes
4 answers
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How was Israel able to build a powerful military within days of the formation of the state?

The State of Israel was formed in May 14, 1948. I guess the first Arab-Israel war broke out in the same month of the same year. Israel won the war decisively. The question is not "How did they win ...
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17 votes
4 answers
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Was the option of setting up a Jewish state in defeated Nazi Germany ever considered?

Since there were a lot of Jews pre WW2 in Germany, and Germany was responsible for the many deaths of Jews during the Holocaust, it seems logical to suggest, that a new Jewish state should maybe be ...
user1721135's user avatar
15 votes
3 answers
1k views

In what language was the first Zionist congress in Basel in 1897 held?

In what language was the first Zionist congress in Basel held? Was it Yiddish, Hebrew, German, English? Where there translators?
dudel's user avatar
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14 votes
2 answers
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How did Azerbaijan come to be allied with Turkey and Israel?

I'm reading a news article (in French) about the resurgence of conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh and I learn that Azerbaijan is predominantly a Shiite country. This, in my understanding of traditional ...
turbide's user avatar
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13 votes
3 answers
1k views

Did more Jews live in Poland than any other country, prior to the Holocaust, because of how Polish laws and people regarded Jews?

Poland in 1900 and just before the Sho'ah ranks 1st in a list of nations by Jewish percentage of the population. [1] Now of course in such a ranking that country is Israel. Why did Jews migrate to and ...
Jesse W. Collins's user avatar
12 votes
4 answers
6k views

Languages spoken by Josephus?

What languages did Josephus speak? He lived in the land of Israel during the first century CE. He wrote in Greek (so he obviously knew that), but did he know Hebrew, Aramaic, or Latin?
Adam Mosheh's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
7k views

Was Yahweh one of the Moloch Gods?

In the Complete works of Swami Vivekananda, he says In Babylonian or Greek mythologies we find one god struggling upwards, and he assumes a position and remains there, while the other gods die out. ...
user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
4k views

When was the last direct conflict within Israel's boundaries?

With this recent attack by Hamas I looked up the incident on Wikipedia and it says: "It is the first direct conflict within Israel's boundaries since the 1948 Arab–Israeli War." Israel has ...
Zebrafish's user avatar
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12 votes
3 answers
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What was the world population around 970 BC? Does it fit the biblical narrative?

What was the world population around 970 BC? What was Palestine's population around 970 BC? Does the following bible verse fits in the current historical world population estimatives? In Israel ...
Jader Dias's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
5k views

Why didn't Israel officially declare war in several of its prior wars?

According to various sources, the current war with Hamas is the first time Israel has invoked Article 40A since the 1973 Yom Kippur War. The invocation of Article 40A, to my understanding, is the ...
MathematicsStudent1122's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
2k views

Were there any long-term political effects on Argentina after Eichmann's kidnapping?

On the 11th May 1960 a group of Mossad agents kidnapped Adolf Eichmann, who was at this time living in Argentina under false name of "Ricardo Klement". After this kidnapping (and subsequent trial) ...
Yasskier's user avatar
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12 votes
1 answer
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Where was the U.S. president when Captain McGonagle was awarded?

The USS Liberty incident was an attack on a United States Navy technical research ship, USS Liberty, by Israeli Air Force jet fighter aircraft and Israeli Navy motor torpedo boats, on 8 June 1967, ...
Aarão Xisto Salazar's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
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Why didn't China vote in UNSC Resolution 344?

According to this Wikipedia article, the United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 344 in 1973 with 10 votes from non-permanent members and 4 abstentions from the permanent members France, ...
Rasputin's user avatar
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11 votes
5 answers
1k views

Did Napoleon ever visit Modern Israel?

Did Napoleon Bonaparte ever try capturing what is today considered modern day Israel? Did he ever visit the land independently of capturing it?
Napoleonothecake's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
519 views

Were Israel-Iran relations better in the 80s? What changed?

If you look at the Iran-Contra affair (mostly around 1985), you'll see that the middleman in the arms for money/hostages deal were Israeli companies. Were Israeli-Iran relations better at that point? ...
Italian Philosophers 4 Monica's user avatar
11 votes
4 answers
2k views

Was prostitution legal in the Kingdom of Israel during the reign of Solomon?

The wikipedia article is not clear: Prostitution was common in ancient Israel, despite being tacitly forbidden by Jewish Law. What was the law forbidding prostitution? Given that prostitutes ...
user4951's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer
1k views

Land Ownership in Palestine - Big Landlords or Small Peasants?

I have seen pro Arab sources cite surveys like these (see image) that demonstrate that most of the privately owned in Palestine land belonged to Arabs. I have seen Israeli sources assert that much of ...
Clint Eastwood's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
268 views

Why was the king of Judah referred to as "the king of the House-of-David"?

In the famous Tel Dan Stele it says, likely in the name of Hazael, king of Aram: "… קתלת.אית.יהו[רם].בר [אחאב.]מלך.ישראל.וקתל[ת.אית.אחז]יהו.בר[.יהורם.מל]ך.ביתדוד …" "… killed Jeho[ram]...
Harel13's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
5k views

Who really attacked first in the 1948 Israeli Palestinian war?

That is when Israel declared independence? Were the Jews hungry for land and started kicking Arabs out, or did the Arabs attack first, or is it sort of a mixed bag?
user4951's user avatar
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8 votes
3 answers
789 views

What did the Jews during the First Jewish-Roman War know about other anti-Roman revolts?

The first Jewish-Roman War started in 66 CE. When I read about it, it sounds so futile: you have a group of zealots (literally and figuratively) revolting against a professional army from the period's ...
Some Guy's user avatar
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8 votes
3 answers
5k views

Who are the ancestors of the Israelites?

Who were the historical ancestors of the Israelites? Do they have no ancestors? Please try to avoid Biblical references to Genesis if there are there any scientific, archeological or historical ...
Derfder's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
699 views

What evidence is Chomsky alluding to when he states the US is preventing a settlement between Israel & Palestine?

Chomsky in his book Neccesary Illusions, published in 1989 says: U.S. ... efforts to prevent a political settlement of the Arab–Israeli conflict over many years, readily documented, but unwelcome ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
1k views

At which times did a mainly Jewish sovereign state control Jerusalem?

At which times in history have there been a sovereign mainly Jewish state controlling Jerusalem? The only time in history after the Babylonian exile that I can recall is during the Hasmonean dynasty. ...
Niclas Nilsson's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
560 views

Why did the Erdoğan government like to worsen Turkey's relationship with Israel? [closed]

Turkey has long been an ally of Israel. Turkey bought a lot of military products from Israel. If Turkey hates Israel, they could have handled the situation much differently. Israel was in the process ...
user avatar
7 votes
8 answers
11k views

Why did the Phoenicians let the Hebrews (Jews) settle in Canaan?

I know the Hebrews (Jews) started traveling from shumor and Mesopotamia before entering Canaan (Today it is Israel). The Phoenicians were located at the time in Lebanon and Israel area. The ...
XWorm's user avatar
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7 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why did Syria intervene in favour of the Maronites during the Lebanese Civil War?

From pg. 382, A History of the Modern Middle East by Martin Bunton and William Cleveland "The [Lebanese Civil War] was expanded and then brought temporarily to an end by Syrian intervention. In ...
MathematicsStudent1122's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
2k views

Is there evidence of a pagan temple on the site of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem that predated the Jewish Temple?

Is there any evidence of a pagan temple having preceded Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem on that same site? I have seen this argument made, but I wanted to know more about the reasons behind this ...
Reb Chaim HaQoton's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
979 views

Strange jeep-hold cable used during Operation Horev

The National Library of Israel has just released 100 images about Operation Horev. Two images show a jeep that holds a sort of cable attached to a balloon or something, or maybe it is just a very ...
nic's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
1k views

Why did the Arab League re-admit Egypt in 1989?

During the years 1979-1989, Egypt was suspended from the Arab League in the wake of President Anwar Sadat's visit to Jerusalem and 1978 Camp David Peace Accords between Egypt and Israel. (See also:...
Felix Goldberg's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
280 views

Are there any secular accounts of the Sadduccees?

1. Question : Are there any accounts by Greek, or other historians, that detail what happened to the Sadducees, who were tied to Temple in Jerusalem? Was there a persecution of the Sadducees? I am ...
elika kohen's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
2k views

Is there any record of ancient Israelite contact with Indo-Europeans?

It is well-documented that the ancient Israelite tribes came into contact with Indo-European groups in Canaan such as the Philistines (P'lishtim) (most likely migrants from Crete), and later the ...
Meir Illumination's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
443 views

Why were Soviet attitudes towards Israel inconsistent in the late 40's and 50's?

What are the different theories explaining the inconsistent attitude Soviet Russia had towards the nascent State of Israel between the years 1947 and 1953? Communist Russia's hate of Zionism is well ...
El Shteiger's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
1k views

What attributes did Yahweh have before becoming a monotheistic deity?

Did it "belong" to another people before he was adopted by Hebrews? Is there any anthropological reconstruction about all this monotheistic thing?
Adrian Pereda's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why did Herzl's attempt to come to a political agreement with the Ottoman rulers of Palestine fail?

Theodor Herzl, who founded Zionism as a modern political movement in 1897, attempted to come to a political agreement with the Ottoman rulers of Palestine. When was this, what was his proposal and why ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
778 views

Based on the Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III, Did Assyrians of 825 (or) 840 BCE associate the מָגֵן דָּוִד Magen David as a symbol of Yisrael?

The Assyrian Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III (in the British Museum) could have associated the nation of Yisrael with a Menorah, but chose to distinguish Yehudim with an encircled star similar to the ...
חִידָה's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
988 views

In the Palestine Partition Plan, why was Jaffa allocated to the Arab state?

I'm reading through the document, "The Origins and Evolution of the Palestine Problem, Part II" by the United Nations. Under the provisions of the Palestine Resolution, they note that ...
user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
331 views

Did Soviet propaganda assert that the Jews lived badly/poorly in Israel?

To my knowledge, there was a lot of anti-Israel propaganda that emphasized Israeli militarism. Suppression of the Arab locals. Israel being a puppet of the US. Israel being friendly with the former ...
Anixx's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
358 views

Was there really a whale skeleton in Jaffa?

Was there really a whale skeleton in Jaffa or at least a common myth about it? I cannot find any historical reference to it but still believe, from the way he wrote Moby Dick, that Melville did not ...
tschomacker's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
411 views

Is there any support within the scholarly community for Cyrus Gordon's "Common Background of Greek and Hebrew Civilizations"?

In "The Common Background of Greek and Hebrew Civilizations" (1965), scholar Cyrus Gordon argued for a common cultural origin for the Greek and Hebrew peoples. Specifically, he argued that both pre-...
Meir Illumination's user avatar