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Questions tagged [israel]

Israel refers to the country in the Middle East. The current state of Israel was founded in 1948, but there are some arguments that trace the existence of the state back to BCE time periods.

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Did Jamal Husseini say "The blood will flow like rivers in the Middle East"?

On page 50 of his 2008 book 1948: A History of the First Arab–Israeli War, Benny Morris wrote: The Arab reaction was just as predictable: “The blood will flow like rivers in the Middle East,” ...
Onaano's user avatar
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Why did the British support Zionism during the mandate period?

The question is inspired by reading The Iron Cage by Rashid Khalidi. While the book provides many interesting insights, its arguments/findings essentially hinge on the claim that the British empire ...
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What was the original title of Jewish kings? [closed]

Thinking about King Solomon, and other Jewish leaders who bear the title "king" in English sources (for example King David). Seems a bit strange, because the word king is of Germanic origin. ...
eugenekr's user avatar
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Did the early kingdoms of the Macedonian and Thracian Diadochi exert any control or influence over the region of ancient Israel/Judea?

Specifically, after Alexander the Great's death in 323 BC: Did Cassander's Macedonian kingdom have any dominion or authority in the Levant region during his rule in the early 3rd century BC? What ...
Servant's user avatar
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Did Palestinians form a distinct ethnically/culturally/linguistically homogeneous group in pre-Mandate period?

Note: this is not a question about whether a Palestinian state ought to be established. Yes or no to this question is not relevant to that one Did Palestinians form a distinct ethnically/culturally/...
Roger V.'s user avatar
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How tall was an average person in ancient Israel?

As has long been known, Goliath's height wasn't as impressive as most people would believe. However, I've been thinking; even at the lowest estimates he still would've been taller than an average even ...
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-7 votes
1 answer
561 views

"Israel created Hamas" - what's the timeline behind the historical facts of this claim?

A common claim across social media right now is "Israel created Hamas" - I've found it a little bit difficult to get an accurate timeline about Israel's actual involvement in Hamas. This is ...
TKoL's user avatar
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Why didn't Israel officially declare war in several of its prior wars?

According to various sources, the current war with Hamas is the first time Israel has invoked Article 40A since the 1973 Yom Kippur War. The invocation of Article 40A, to my understanding, is the ...
MathematicsStudent1122's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
4k views

When was the last direct conflict within Israel's boundaries?

With this recent attack by Hamas I looked up the incident on Wikipedia and it says: "It is the first direct conflict within Israel's boundaries since the 1948 Arab–Israeli War." Israel has ...
Zebrafish's user avatar
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Is there evidence of a pagan temple on the site of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem that predated the Jewish Temple?

Is there any evidence of a pagan temple having preceded Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem on that same site? I have seen this argument made, but I wanted to know more about the reasons behind this ...
Reb Chaim HaQoton's user avatar
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Did Soviet propaganda assert that the Jews lived badly/poorly in Israel?

To my knowledge, there was a lot of anti-Israel propaganda that emphasized Israeli militarism. Suppression of the Arab locals. Israel being a puppet of the US. Israel being friendly with the former ...
Anixx's user avatar
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Was there really a whale skeleton in Jaffa?

Was there really a whale skeleton in Jaffa or at least a common myth about it? I cannot find any historical reference to it but still believe, from the way he wrote Moby Dick, that Melville did not ...
tschomacker's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
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Was Yahweh one of the Moloch Gods?

In the Complete works of Swami Vivekananda, he says In Babylonian or Greek mythologies we find one god struggling upwards, and he assumes a position and remains there, while the other gods die out. ...
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2 votes
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Has the USA ever sanctioned Israel? [closed]

The USA has always been a strong supporter of Israel. In comparison, USA has repeatedly sanctioned Iran. When searching if USA has ever sanctioned Israel, didn't find anything. Has USA ever sanction ...
user610620's user avatar
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Why was the king of Judah referred to as "the king of the House-of-David"?

In the famous Tel Dan Stele it says, likely in the name of Hazael, king of Aram: "… קתלת.אית.יהו[רם].בר [אחאב.]מלך.ישראל.וקתל[ת.אית.אחז]יהו.בר[.יהורם.מל]ך.ביתדוד …" "… killed Jeho[ram]...
Harel13's user avatar
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How advanced was the satellite technology during the Yom Kippur War?

A couple decades after Sputnik, how advanced was the satellite technology during the Yom Kippur War, and how did U.S. intelligence completely miss the mobilization of Arabian armies? I have read a few ...
CuriousMind's user avatar
21 votes
5 answers
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Why was the Israeli army strong enough to win the 1948 war?

How did the new state of Israel already have an army strong enough to secure a military victory against multiple neighboring armies in 1948? According to a inadequately cited Wikipedia article, we ...
Dr. Beeblebrox's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
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Where were the best ancient wine regions in Israel, called Kerutim & Hatoulim in the Mishna, located on a map?

I have not been able to find these locations that are mentioned in the Mishna. I came across this quote from Asaph Goor: The Mishna also (Menahot, 8, 6) points to the regions where the best wine-...
Jess's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
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Was there a stated reason for the evacuation of Israeli settlers from the Gaza strip?

In 2005 the Israeli disengagement from Gaza took place. During this process of disengagement, the Israeli settlers within the Gaza strip were taken out of the Gaza strip (by command or by force). In ...
AlexM's user avatar
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What Evidence Do We Have For Samaritans Living In Babylon in the 6th or 5th Century BC?

Does anybody have any sources to show a Samaritan population in Babylon during the 6th or 5th Century BCE? 2 Kings 17 records the deporting of five different nations into the cities of Samaria And ...
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Based on the Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III, Did Assyrians of 825 (or) 840 BCE associate the מָגֵן דָּוִד Magen David as a symbol of Yisrael?

The Assyrian Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III (in the British Museum) could have associated the nation of Yisrael with a Menorah, but chose to distinguish Yehudim with an encircled star similar to the ...
חִידָה's user avatar
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What was meant by "Palestine is not Rhodesia"?

While reading about the Israel/Palestine conflict, I found this 1927 statement by Chaim Weizmann (emphasis mine): Palestine must be built up without violating the legitimate interests of the Arabs ...
cag51's user avatar
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Is there any transcript or recordings of Yasser Arafat's speech to Arab foreign ministers in 1996 (Stockholm)?

I am interested in a full transcript or original recording of a speech that Yasser Arafat delivered to 'Arab diplomats in Stockholm's [Grand Hotel in] January 1996'. The speech is referenced and is ...
johnrabbit's user avatar
14 votes
2 answers
2k views

How did Azerbaijan come to be allied with Turkey and Israel?

I'm reading a news article (in French) about the resurgence of conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh and I learn that Azerbaijan is predominantly a Shiite country. This, in my understanding of traditional ...
turbide's user avatar
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During the time of the British Mandate, who opposed the term "Hashemite Kingdom of Palestine" and who if any were OK with it being called that?

During the time of the British Mandate, who in the British Government opposed the term "Hashemite Kingdom Of Palestine"? " the Hashemite Kingdom of Palestine. This was the name that ...
barlop's user avatar
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1 answer
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What is Revolutionary Monotheism? [closed]

Can anyone help explain to me what this concept is? I'm aware of monotheism in the Bible but not Revolutionary Monotheism. Thank you.
Halston Bathmat's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
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Were there any long-term political effects on Argentina after Eichmann's kidnapping?

On the 11th May 1960 a group of Mossad agents kidnapped Adolf Eichmann, who was at this time living in Argentina under false name of "Ricardo Klement". After this kidnapping (and subsequent trial) ...
Yasskier's user avatar
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What did Joe Slovo mean by 'collusion' in The War Against Aparthied?

Nadine Gordimer, in the foreword of the book, Ruth First & Joe Slovo in The War Against Aparthied by the oral historian, Alan Weider, quotes Joe Slovo when he visited Palestine in the early 1940s:...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
687 views

When and how was the cairn structure in the "Sea of Galilee" covered in water?

In 2013 Israeli researchers from Tel Aviv university discovered a large cairn, buried under the water of the freshwater lake "Sea of Galilee" in northern part of state of Israel: Researchers find ...
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1 vote
1 answer
550 views

Is there a reconstruction for whom and when were the peoples of the ancient Levant just before Israel, Judea and Edom?

Primarily from viewing lectures and interviews about the ancient history of the Levant, I understand that before Israel, Judea and perhaps also Edom states were created, their area included groups ...
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6 votes
2 answers
850 views

Have historians attempted to reconstruct the polytheistic Semitic pantheon, dividing it into sub pantheons?

Historians reconstruct pantheons to better understand their role in society (see below for examples of reconstruction as a historical method). Has there been any attempt to apply this historical ...
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2 votes
3 answers
424 views

Were Israeli-Arab conflicts in the Cold war testing grounds for NATO and Warsaw Pact equipment?

During the Cold War, Israel and it's Arab neighbors often came into conflict with each other and fought a number of wars during which Israel often used weaponry from the West (USA, UK and France) ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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What would one call a skilled metal worker in Jerusalem, circa 600 BC?

I'm doing research for a book of fiction in which the main character is a skilled metalworker in ancient Jerusalem, circa 600 BC. I want to be authentic and historically accurate. This person is ...
HerrimanCoder's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
798 views

What did Moshe Dayan say about fighting Arabs?

I am looking for the details of a quote that goes something along the lines of "It is easy to look like a great general when you fight Arabs" by Moshe Dayan (or maybe Golda Meier). I believe the ...
guest's user avatar
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2 answers
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Why did the U.S. place an arms embargo on all belligerents in the 1948 Arab-Israeli war?

Why did the U.S. place an arms embargo on all belligerents in the 1948 Arab-Israeli war? My understanding is that it hindered Israel more and forced them to buy weapons from Czechoslovakia. Most ...
user27343's user avatar
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8 votes
3 answers
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What did the Jews during the First Jewish-Roman War know about other anti-Roman revolts?

The first Jewish-Roman War started in 66 CE. When I read about it, it sounds so futile: you have a group of zealots (literally and figuratively) revolting against a professional army from the period's ...
Some Guy's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
557 views

What is the diplomatic record on President Sadat's 1971 peace offer to Israel?

I have seen a lot of talk in the Israel-Palestine debate about the 1971 peace offer, but I can't find any original sources on it. Even Wikipedia's brief paragraph about it says "citation needed." ...
Sermo's user avatar
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Why does the Balfour declaration refer to Palestine, as opposed to the Land of Israel or the Holy Land? [closed]

The Balfour Declaration states that His Majesty's government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to ...
Aharon Manne's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
124 views

Reference request - Books on Israel-Palestine conflict [closed]

I am searching for a good even-handed account of the Israel-Palestine conflict. I read James Gelvin's book which was ok but I found lacking in detail when it came to the situation in more recent times....
Maximilian's user avatar
6 votes
4 answers
1k views

Was there ever any co-existence (=2 states) solution to peace with Israel that the Arab Palestinian side proposed or said would accept? [closed]

Basically, I am trying to find if there was ever any effort from the Palestinian side to propose or counter offer a peaceful end to the conflict that they would accept. There has been proposals for ...
Alex S's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
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What specifically did Einstein have in mind when he called the Israeli Freedom Party fascistic?

In a blog published in the TLS, May 2016, Toby Lustig points out that Einstein in a letter to the New York Times, a few months after the declaration of Israeli idependence: wrote to complain of '...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
151 views

Haredi (Orthodox Jewish) view on Zionism pre-1948

Prior to the establishment of the State of Israel, what was the general Haredi (Hasidic, orthodox non-Mizrachi) stance on political Zionism? Did it change with the establishment of the state? If so, ...
El Shteiger's user avatar
17 votes
4 answers
2k views

Was the option of setting up a Jewish state in defeated Nazi Germany ever considered?

Since there were a lot of Jews pre WW2 in Germany, and Germany was responsible for the many deaths of Jews during the Holocaust, it seems logical to suggest, that a new Jewish state should maybe be ...
user1721135's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
2k views

Why didn't China vote in UNSC Resolution 344?

According to this Wikipedia article, the United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 344 in 1973 with 10 votes from non-permanent members and 4 abstentions from the permanent members France, ...
Rasputin's user avatar
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11 votes
2 answers
520 views

Were Israel-Iran relations better in the 80s? What changed?

If you look at the Iran-Contra affair (mostly around 1985), you'll see that the middleman in the arms for money/hostages deal were Israeli companies. Were Israeli-Iran relations better at that point? ...
Italian Philosophers 4 Monica's user avatar
13 votes
3 answers
1k views

Did more Jews live in Poland than any other country, prior to the Holocaust, because of how Polish laws and people regarded Jews?

Poland in 1900 and just before the Sho'ah ranks 1st in a list of nations by Jewish percentage of the population. [1] Now of course in such a ranking that country is Israel. Why did Jews migrate to and ...
Jesse W. Collins's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
183 views

What were the potential consequences of Israel's strike on the Osirak reactor?

Was there any plutonium at the plant at the time?
science lover 2017's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
1k views

What attributes did Yahweh have before becoming a monotheistic deity?

Did it "belong" to another people before he was adopted by Hebrews? Is there any anthropological reconstruction about all this monotheistic thing?
Adrian Pereda's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
443 views

Why were Soviet attitudes towards Israel inconsistent in the late 40's and 50's?

What are the different theories explaining the inconsistent attitude Soviet Russia had towards the nascent State of Israel between the years 1947 and 1953? Communist Russia's hate of Zionism is well ...
El Shteiger's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
862 views

Were Moses & Abraham historical figures?

History is not my area of specialization. I am curious to know about the historicity of Moses and Abraham from the viewpoint of modern critical scholarship. It would be great if references are ...
Pythagorean Mystic's user avatar