Questions tagged [japan]

For questions about the nation of Japan or its people, language, and culture throughout history, as well as the islands that compose Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa) and its territorial claims in the vicinity.

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Can you recommend any good researches on the period of Japanese colonization of Taiwan? [closed]

Just as the title says, I'm currently looking forward towards learning more about the topic. If you know any works that you find fundamental in a way on this topic, I'll gladly accept any suggestions! ...
Freed Mordheim's user avatar
18 votes
1 answer
3k views

Who issued this poster promoting Japanese migration to Brazil?

Several Wikipedia editions use this poster promoting Japanese immigration to Brazil in the early 20th century. However, different Wikipedias describe it as "a Japanese government propaganda ...
Pere's user avatar
  • 3,871
3 votes
0 answers
160 views

What is the historical origin of purple as a color indicating poison in Japanese visual media?

In videogames and anime, purple is often the color of poison. For example, if a blade is shown with a purple fluid on it it will be obvious to anyone familiar with such works that it is poison-coated....
querier's user avatar
  • 31
1 vote
0 answers
99 views

What is known about "Japanese suicide bomb-infantrymen at Port Arthur during the 1904 – 1905 war"?

There's a book review that briefly mentions these as: the case of the Japanese suicide bomb-infantrymen at Port Arthur during the 1904 – 1905 war with Russia. A Reddit answer claims no such stuff ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
87 views

How were the Ryōjin Hishō (Treasured Selection of Superb Songs) authenticated?

The Ryōjin Hishō is a collection of songs from the end of the Heian period in Japan, compiled by the emperor Go-Shirakawa in 1179. It was notable for focusing songs which were popular at the time, ...
Laura's user avatar
  • 111
3 votes
0 answers
155 views

What percentage of Himeji castle keep remains original...?

Recently I've visited the castle in Matsue, acknowledged as one of twelve remaining Japanese castles with their original keep preserved. There I've learnt that during the Shōwa period it went through ...
Presto's user avatar
  • 131
0 votes
0 answers
120 views

How did Japan do private era name and regnal name prior to Taika?

How did Japanese private era names (shinengo, 私年号/私年號) and regnal names (non era name systems) work before the nengo system? I know starting with Taika they had public era names (公年号/公年號) created by ...
rubycon's user avatar
  • 13
12 votes
1 answer
2k views

Which event happened first: Meiji Restoration or Boshin War?

I don't know if first, power was returned to the Emperor and a series of reforms were made to modernize Japan, both things referred to as the Meiji Restoration, and that led to the Boshin War, or if ...
kanachan's user avatar
  • 229
1 vote
0 answers
86 views

In the siege of Osaka, how long did Osaka Castle burn?

I've heard that Osaka castle was burned, and I was curious: How long would it take for a structure like this to burn down? I haven't been able to find any records that say how long Osaka Castle ...
Monty Wild's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
139 views

What is the exact reign years for Japanese Emperor Keiko, Emperor Seimu, Emperor Chuai, Empress Jingu and Emperor Nintoku?

According to Wikipedia, although starting with Emperor Sujin, they are with a direct possibility of existence, they still presumed legendary until Empress Jingu. However, Kofun Culture (http://www.t-...
rubycon's user avatar
  • 13
5 votes
5 answers
904 views

Were U.S. ships attacked in Tokyo Bay?

I remember my father, who was there, telling me that around the time of the Japanese surrender at the close of WW2 there were night-time attacks by anti-surrender imperialists on several U.S. ships in ...
MochaTreat's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
175 views

How did Japan do era names prior to the reign of Meiji?

How did Japanese era names work before the Issei ichigen system? I know starting with Meiji they had Eras defined by the ruler (Meiji, Taisho, Showa, Heisei, Reiwa), but before that it was more ...
DanceroftheStars's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why wasn’t Japan colonized by the European empires?

Why wasn’t Japan colonized by the European empires? That is a question that I have some doubts, European countries like Portugal had already been there, but they never colonized that land.
João Schmidt's user avatar
16 votes
1 answer
2k views

Were there concrete plans, 40-41, for Japan to attack Singapore/Indonesia, while avoiding a fight with the US?

(I am writing this from memory, so please forgive inaccuracies in my citations.) In Shattered Sword I found this mention-in-passing that roughly said: "While not thinking that a war with the US ...
Italian Philosophers 4 Monica's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

Where can I find Japanese oil production figures through WWII?

I am searching for scientific or statistical sources for data on petroleum production in Japan from 1920 till 1945. I had found some statistics in League of Nations Statistical Bulletins, but there is ...
Mikhail Zhokhov's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
141 views

Is the sword stance in Like a Dragon: Ishin where swordsmen place their palm flat against the hilt a style of Tennen Rishin-ryū? [closed]

In the video game Like A Dragon: Ishin, a major plot point is finding information about the Tennen Rishin style practiced by members of the Shinsengumi during the Bakumatsu period (1853-1867) in Japan....
Stevoisiak's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
99 views

Were the alleged CIA attempts to set up an economic spy ring in Japan in the 1980s disclosed in the Japanese press at the time?

According Brad Williams' book Japanese Foreign Intelligence, which also has a chapter (#2) on CIA's activities in spying on Japan, the CIA tried their hand at economic & tech spying on Japan in ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
243 views

Why didn't Japan excise Chinese characters from the Japanese language, when Japan hated China so much?

Can anyone source the history book, written in English that claimed that Japan tried to excise Chinese characters (kanji) from Japanese? Particularly in WW2, at Japan's worst of anti-Chinese hatred ...
user avatar
-2 votes
3 answers
355 views

Had anyone envisioned a "wipeout" scenario for Japan in the Pacific for World War II? [closed]

By "anyone," I mean experts such as military or political leaders contemporaneously, or professional historians in retrospect. By "wipeout," I mean a scenario in which Japan sinks ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 105k
3 votes
3 answers
374 views

How possible was it for Japan to convert her naval aircraft to land uses?

Some years ago, I created a World War II computer game in which I obtained interesting results by having Japan use her naval aviation (the planes that fought at Coral Sea, Midway, and elsewhere in the ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 105k
3 votes
1 answer
464 views

Is the Tokai Maru the ship that rescued many refugees from the 'Smyrna catastrophe' in 1922 or is it named Tokei Maru instead?

I found this article claiming that a Japanese Ship named "Tokei Maru" has rescued many Greek and Armenian refugees from Turkish onslaught at Smyrna in 1922. Therefore, I wanted to know more ...
Dimitrios Desyllas's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
251 views

What led Chiang Kai-shek to do a U-turn against the Japanese?

The Japanese feel that Western countries are unfair in imposing the status quo on Japan and calling it “peace.” Their whole conception of diplomatic machinery and collective security is that it is ...
Sayaman's user avatar
  • 184
3 votes
2 answers
290 views

Could the "Taffy" Groups have been reinforced by air during the battle of Leyte Gulf?

During the Battle for Leyte Gulf, most elements of the American fleet fought two "side" groups of the Japanese fleet to the south and north of the main action, which would take place off ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 105k
2 votes
2 answers
334 views

Is there anything to back up Mearsheimer's claims that Roosevelt pushed the Japanese to attack the United States and tried to get the US into WW2?

In this video at 1:20:05 (and a little bit of the part preceding it), Mearsheimer claims that Roosevelt "was deeply committed" to get the United States into the second world war and "...
Schwarz Kugelblitz's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
104 views

What did Japan do during the Siberian expedition to insure the creation of a buffer state or acquire territory?

Japan's motives in the Siberian Intervention were complex and poorly articulated. Overtly, Japan (as with the United States and the other international coalition forces) was in Siberia to safeguard ...
Sayaman's user avatar
  • 184
2 votes
1 answer
243 views

Which part of Japanese air forces fought in Burma and how much was destroyed?

My current understanding of WW2 involving Japan is that US forces destroyed the brunt of Japanese air and naval forces in the Pacific. I know however that land battles occurred on large scale in Burma ...
totalMongot's user avatar
  • 6,695
2 votes
2 answers
310 views

Could Japan buy natural resources from European colonies before WW2?

Internationally, this was a time when "free trade" was in disrepute. The great powers not only jealously protected their special economic rights within their colonies and spheres of ...
Sayaman's user avatar
  • 184
24 votes
2 answers
6k views

Why was the Red Army successful against the Japanese in 1939 but perform poorly against Finland 1939-40 and early part of WW2?

The Soviet Union's Red Army had great difficulty overcoming the vastly outnumbered Finns in the 1939-40 Winter War, and suffered disastrous defeats in the early stages of the German invasion in World ...
Timothy's user avatar
  • 5,631
-3 votes
2 answers
396 views

Could Japan have won WW2 without interservice rivalry? [closed]

Interservice Rivalry discusses the rivalry between the Japanese army and navy and I have listened to a video which says that a naval plane landing at a army air base would not be serviced, for example....
releseabe's user avatar
  • 1,898
5 votes
1 answer
371 views

Did Japanese officers refuse to engage in kamikaze attacks?

The Kamikaze is a military tactic that appeared officially in Japan's forces in 1944. This was used first by some officers, and then became more and more widespread. My understanding of the Japanese ...
totalMongot's user avatar
  • 6,695
1 vote
2 answers
576 views

Why were some German and Japanese cities bombed more than others during WW2? Is there a scientific consensus?

I'm trying to study the long-run effects the strategic bombing of German and Japanese cities had on urban and economic development. Reading some articles about it I get contradictory information about ...
Tototulbi's user avatar
-5 votes
2 answers
276 views

Initial Japanese success in WWII? [closed]

We all know about Pearl Harbor. But I’m curious how Imperial Japan managed to take Guam, Wake, Hong Kong, the Philippines, and China. The only reason I can think of to explain these conquests were ...
Sudeep Stauble's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
400 views

Is Japanese democracy an isolated example? [closed]

There is something peculiar about the current Japanese political system: it is a democratic system which was imposed upon Japan by an invading foreign country (USA, in this case) which remained as a ...
José Carlos Santos's user avatar
26 votes
4 answers
6k views

Why was the US so pro-China and so anti-Japan before WW2?

There is little doubt that the US embargoes on Japan pushed an already aggressive Japan towards Pearl Harbor. Japanese Navy doctrine had already been contemplating a conflict with the US and this ...
Italian Philosophers 4 Monica's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
164 views

Does city-specific economic data for the pre-WW2 decades exist for Japan and Germany? How do I find out?

I'd like to the an analysis using historical economic data of Japan and Germany. For that I'm trying to figure out, if data exists from before 1945 of economic production in different japanese and ...
Tototulbi's user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
518 views

How did East Indies oil lose its "top billing" in the Pacific War as the war went on?

The road to Pearl Harbor appeared to begin with the American embargo of oil (and other items) in July 1941. The Japanese decided that they had to 1) cripple the American Pacific fleet and 2) obtain ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 105k
2 votes
0 answers
268 views

How were Japanese elite divisions defeated? [closed]

During the early months of the involvement of Japan in World War 2, Japanese land armies performed well against British, American and other Allied (Filipino, Dutch) troops. From my research, on books ...
totalMongot's user avatar
  • 6,695
1 vote
1 answer
197 views

What was the timetable for the arrival of the 100,000 man Japanese garrison at Rabaul?

Early in 1942, the Japanese seized the natural port of Rabaul on New Britain Island. This was to protect its existing base at Truk, in the Carolines, and also to provide a forward base for operations ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 105k
3 votes
0 answers
287 views

Were any Japanese defendants at the far east war criminal trials after WW2 IQ tested by the allies?

Since the Americans tested the IQ of the defendants of the Nuremberg trials I was wondering if there was an analogous deed done to the Japanese war criminals after the WW2. I can't find anything ...
GEP's user avatar
  • 432
-1 votes
2 answers
398 views

Could the Japanese garrison at Rabaul have fed itself if it had been spread out over New Britain Island instead of being concentrated at Rabaul?

Early in 1942, Japan seized the fine port at Rabaul on New Britain Island. They later concentrated around 100,000 men at Rabaul, many of whom starved after the Allies encircled and blockaded the base ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 105k
0 votes
1 answer
239 views

Did the "unexpectedness" of key events argue against a "third strike" at Pearl Harbor?

Japan's Admiral Nagumo has been criticized for not launching a "third strike" at Pearl Harbor, specifically to destroy the dry docks, fuel stores, repair facilities and other key ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 105k
1 vote
2 answers
338 views

What ship is this in Sasebo, Japan Harbor, Korean War Era?

Identification of Ship in Sasebo, Japan Harbor, Korean War Era from my Flickr page https://www.flickr.com/photos/photolibrarian/51241341355/in/dateposted-public/
Photolibrarian's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
757 views

Was Anti-Japaneseism a real political ideology?

According to a page on Wikipedia, there was a movement in the Japanese New Left called "Anti-Japaneseism", which claimed that "The nation called Japan and the entire Japanese race ...
Giraffeshavelongnecks's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
145 views

What was the basis of the calendar during Japan's Edo period?

I couldn't find a proper answer on the internet, every article refers to the timeline using the Gregorian calendar. But I'm guessing Japan didn't use this method given the fact that they weren't ...
Why_Lxx's user avatar
  • 61
8 votes
1 answer
562 views

During the defense of the home islands, what was Japan's plan for its forces off-island?

It's July 1945. Okinawa is lost. Japan is preparing for an Allied invasion of the Home Islands. While they're arming civilians with spears and clubs, Japan still had millions of soldiers in Manchuria, ...
Schwern's user avatar
  • 55.2k
42 votes
4 answers
10k views

Were kamikaze pilots an effective strategy for Japan?

history.howstuffworks.com claims kamikaze pilots were not overly effective. Wikipedia states that there was no noticeable increase in number of ships lost even as kamikaze pilots became more common, ...
dsollen's user avatar
  • 771
2 votes
0 answers
86 views

Where can I find the calls made between Kita Ikki and the rebels in the Japanese February 26 incident?

While reading about the February 26 Incident I learnt that Kita Ikki knew of it and provided some support to the coup by phone. A documentary about Asian 20th century history contains a small portion ...
Francesco Bosco's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
141 views

Which operation came last in World War 2? [closed]

Which operation came last in World War 2? I know that the Kwantung Army was defeated on the 2nd of September 1945 during the Soviet Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation (9th of August - 2nd of ...
Zhiltsoff Igor's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
83 views

What is the context of the use of injustice/unrightousness (不義/fugi) in WW2 era Japanese propaganda?

The Imperial Japanese military song Nihon Rikugun (日本陸軍) begins with the line "天に代わりて不義を討つ" ("defeat injustice in place of righteousness"). What exactly did they consider 不義/fugi ...
Galactic's user avatar
  • 171
1 vote
1 answer
813 views

What is the story of this kamon?

I see that you have a lot of knowledge and I have been looking for information for several years. Do you know the story of this kamon? It is worn by my wife's family. It's Maruni ken Hanabishi; it is ...
user49020's user avatar

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