Questions tagged [jews]

A nation and an ethnoreligious group, originating with the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near East. Jewish people live in almost every country, as a result of the diaspora.

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133 views

Was New Hampshire's prohibition on non-Protestant officeholders enforced in the last decades of its existence?

In the context of Jewish History, it is often said that New Hampshire was the last state to remove legal disabilities on Jews in 1877 (which technically pushes the US quite far down the timeline for ...
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Were the Jews allowed to move back to Rome right after the death of the Emperor Claudius?

The Emperor Claudius deported all the Jews from Rome at some time before 49AD. As far as I know, this fact is reported to us by Suetonius and Paulus Orosius. Even the Bible tells us about it: And ...
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What was the point of the Babylonian captivity?

What was the point of the Babylonian captivity? I could understand if a few royalty or nobility were taken hostage, but why tens of thousands? I see no suggestion that they were taken into slavery. ...
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454 views

Did Hitler display gratitude towards Hugo Gutmann?

It is well-known that many high-ranking Nazis tried to protect some Jews. The idea was that, yes, generally speaking, the Jews were a menace to Germany, but there was this individual jew who was quite ...
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Why was Basel, Switzerland chosen for the First Zionist Congress? [closed]

Why was Basel, Switzerland chosen for the First and other later Zionist Congresses to be held in?
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Are there any sources supporting the claim that Jews were less affected by epidemics?

There is a common thread that Jews historically suffered less from epidemics because of Jewish ritual requirements of cleanliness. E.g., Wikipedia - Perceived Jewish immunity has 3 weakly supporting ...
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Were there Jewish diplomats in Nazi Germany?

It is pretty well known that Nazis discouraged US companies from having local representatives who were Jews. I imagine it did not happen all at once and the way foreign Jews were treated was quite ...
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207 views

Why was anti-semitism such a central issue in German politics? [duplicate]

Provided that the Jewish population was not more than 0,76% why the presence of Jews was considered such an important problem in German politics and culture from the middle of the 19th century till ...
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1answer
726 views

Do Columbus' letters reveal that he was a Marrano? [closed]

In this popular CNN article, the author raises many arguments to prove that Columbus was a Marrano (hidden Jew), I found none to be very compelling besides for the following one: At the top left-...
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What was Pope Innocent VIII's reaction to the Edict of Expulsion of the Jews in 1492?

What was the reaction of the Pope of the Catholic Church to the Edict of Expulsion of the Jews of Spain on March 31, 1492? Did Pope Innocent VIII (d. July 25, 1492) condemn publicly Spain's decree? ...
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What is the earliest example of Aryanization in Germany?

In the book by Martin Goldsmith Alex's Wake which describes the experiences of his family in Germany and the Nazi Germany, he tells (on page 46) of the forced sale of his grandfather's house for a ...
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281 views

Were Jews cut off from the Babylonian Geonim?

This is the view that I'm familiar with about the decline of the Geonim: The Mesopotamian Gaon reached the height of its prestige in the 10th century- with Saadia Gaon (d. 945), but the ...
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Why was the “Cave of the Patriarchs” forbidden to Jews?

I just found out a tweet of Ben Shapiro stating the Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron was closed to Jews for 700 years. I searched and didn't find any name but this article mentions that In the ...
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What did the Jews during the First Jewish-Roman War know about other anti-Roman revolts?

The first Jewish-Roman War started in 66 CE. When I read about it, it sounds so futile: you have a group of zealots (literally and figuratively) revolting against a professional army from the period's ...
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1answer
213 views

Why were the doors of ghettos locked at night?

I've heard that some hundreds of years ago, in many places, the Jews were forced to live in ghettos and that the doors to the ghetto were locked at night. (See, for example, https://widerimage....
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393 views

Is there any historical evidence of a significant population of middle eastern people in iron age Northern Germany/Southern Scandinavia?

In at least two of John McWhorter's works, he argues that the Germanic language group was heavily affected by a significant group of people speaking a Semitic language. The works are the book "Our ...
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What are the text and subtext of this 1949 Soviet cartoon?

Over on Wikipedia, we find this cover from the March 1949 issue of Soviet satire mag Krokodil: The person who uploaded it to Wikipedia captioned it "Antisemitic caricature of rootless cosmopolitan." ...
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What would the Arch of Titus have looked like painted?

The Arch of Titus is a famous attraction in Rome, built by the Roman Emperor Domitian in 82 CE, in honor of the great military conquest of his older brother, Titus. Perhaps the most famous part of ...
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Did the Soviet Union hand over thousands of Jews to the Nazis in the spirit of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact?

The most recent episode of the Italian documentary TV series Ulisse - Il piacere della scoperta (Ulysses - The pleasure of discovery) covered the deportation of Jews from Italy, and at some point it ...
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592 views

Was Ezra Pound a descendent of Jews?

I've tried to search the internet for poet's Ezra Pound genealogy, but I only find extreme-right sites... A person with the name Ezra seems to have some relationship to Jewish culture/religion. ...
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1answer
104 views

What was John Buchan's position on Jewish immigration?

Canada was very restrictive about Jewish immigration in the late 1930's. John Buchan was governor general of Canada at that time. What was his position on Jewish immigration into Canada at that time?...
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262 views

Was there Nazi Collaboration at an Institutional level in Poland?

Following recent legal regulations in Poland prohibiting any association of Polish culpability with the Holocaust and concentration camps, the question that arises is whether there was any Polish ...
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Who did Nachmanides marry?

I would like to know who Nachmanides married. What was her name and how old was he when he married her? I asked everyone I knew and googled it a thousand times but I could not find an answer. Thanks!
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What is known about the people of Khazaria?

We know that the ruling elite and many other people of the Khazars have converted to Rabbinic Judaism. What happened to these people after the fall of the Khazar state? Why did they disappear?
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Is Josephus account of destruction of Temple considered reliable?

I'm currently finishing up "The Jewish War" by Josephus. Josephus describes the lengths that Romans went to preserve the temple. On the one hand, I know Romans had rather a synthetic approach to ...
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4answers
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What defined a Jew in the context of WW2? [closed]

What made a Jew? It's a complex question, primarily because borders in Central and Eastern Europe were moving back and forth in the 150 years preceding WW2, mostly because Poland was annexed for over ...
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717 views

What do we currently know about the ethnic origins of Jews? [closed]

Putting aside the Old Testament, which details a story (perhaps true) of the origins of peoples including Jews, what has anthropology and genetics revealed so far about the origins of Jews? When did ...
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Did Henry VIII's conversion from Catholicism set the stage for the readmission of Jews to England? [closed]

I realize that 150 years passed between this conversion and Jews being invited back to England but I wonder if, as in Spain, it would not have happened for many years even after that? I also realize ...
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1answer
183 views

Who is the great Epstein?

In a very interesting document written by an American woman in 1939, she mentions a number of times "such great Jews as Einstein, Epstein, Freud." Well - who is this great Epstein? Unlike the other ...
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Participation of Jewish Red Army Soldiers in Rape/Atrocities in Germany?

I recall reading but not where I read it that soldiers of Jewish extraction or actual Jews tended to avoid the excesses of the Red Army once German civilians were encountered. Is there any evidence of ...
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1answer
253 views

Why did Jews have the support of the merchants in the push for Emancipation in England?

This is somewhat counter-intuitive -- often one reads of Jews being seen as competition or resented for their role as money lenders even though in fact the latter is also counter-intuitive since being ...
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502 views

What did the Nazis do with proselytes to Judaism?

The Nazis categorised people on racial grounds. If someone had sufficient Jewish ancestry, they were dead. Unlike, say, Stalin's purges, it didn't matter what their opinions were: if you totally ...
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1answer
845 views

Nazis and Khazar Theory of Ashkenazi Jews [closed]

I understand that the Nazis made official exceptions for Karaite Jews although in practice this was not always followed and in fact they were not completely "exonerated" in Nazi "racial theory." My ...
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Are the ancestors of Saudi royal family Jewish? [closed]

I have seen this narrative repeated time after time that Saudi royal family are Jews. An example of such claim. Searching for the internet pretty much returns the same narrative expressed in different ...
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2answers
698 views

What was the strategic importance of Judea?

I'm interested in ancient Judea, from the dissolution of the monarchy to the beginning of John Hyrcanus. It was a small wedge to the west of the Dead Sea. What was the strategic significance of this ...
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308 views

Jewish Money Lenders in England: What happened to Money Lendings after Expulsion?

When the Jews left England in 1290 by edict of Edward 1, who took over the role of Jews? My understanding is that the primary economic function was loaning money against future sales of farm produce --...
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3answers
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Why is the Arch of Titus not considered to be anti-Semitic?

The Roman emperor Titus ran havoc in Jerusalem in the First Jewish-Roman War, when not only resident Jews but also a lot of pilgrims from Egypt and Babylon were trapped in a chaotic siege (Flavius ...
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What was the status of the Polish Jews in Germany prior to WW2? [closed]

My understanding is that there were a large number of Polish Jews in Germany up to around the beginning of WW2 and they bore the brunt of nazi oppression at least at first (as opposed to Jews who were ...
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Are there non-Biblical references to collecting foreskins?

The Old Testament is awfully big on foreskins (e.g. Genesis 34 and 1 Samuel 18:27). In particular, the Israelites are fond of collecting the foreskins of their enemies, usually after they have been ...
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1answer
112 views

Where to find reliable source about Palestinians leaving in 1948 (Nakba)? [closed]

I am pretty new to the topic and just finished A. Razak Abdel-Kader's Conflicts between Jews and Arabs, as one of my first books on the topic. He mentions more than 3/4 of Arabs left in 1948, who ...
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What do we know about “Honorary Aryans” like Milch, Warburg and a few others? [closed]

The story of special exemptions for very useful Jews or in one case a good friend of Hitler -- these exemptions resulted in people like Milch being able to serve at a very high level in Nazi Germany ...
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1answer
206 views

In pre-ww2 and during ww2 Nazi Germany, what protection was given to Jewish property and businesses? [closed]

My understanding is that, for example, businesses that were aryanized were sold at low but not completely nominal prices but I am not sure. I assume that in invaded countries, property was simply ...
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Nuremberg Laws - Did they affect existing marriages between Jews and Non-Jews?

The Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honor states: Marriages between Jews and citizens of German or related blood are forbidden. Sexual relations between Jews and citizens of ...
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How might someone have gotten a note forwarded from a transport train headed to Auschwitz?

A relative who is no longer living told me that when her uncle (Jewish, living in hiding in France) was discovered and put on a train transport to Auschwitz, not long before liberation, he threw a ...
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How did one's statistical chance of survival as a hidden Jew change during the course of the Nazi occupation of northern France?

A Jewish relative who had grown up in Vienna fled from Germany to France to escape persecution. Then Germany invaded France, and this relative went into hiding. He and his wife hid successfully ...
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Did the Jews move from Palestine to Germany? [closed]

I have an essay to write and the question is simple. Did the Jews first live in Palestine and then move to Germany? If they did move to Germany, why did they and did they return? I just need to ...
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In Spain after 1492 what were relations like between converted Jews and converted Muslims?

Is it possible that there was a closeness between the two communities of new Christians or conversely, did they deliberately avoid each other to dispel any concerns Spain might have had about the ...
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1answer
392 views

Solzhenitsyn's History of Russian Jews

I was looking for some comprehensive histories of Jews in Russia, when I came across Aleksander Solzhenitsyn's Two Hundred Years Together. I had no idea that this book even existed, and am ...
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What was Pope Sylvester's attitude towards Jews?

This is a cross question from Quora: What was Pope Sylvester's attitude towards Jews? When searching for this issue I just did find newspaper articles without citing anything. Celebrating an anti-...
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How many Bolsheviks were Jewish?

There is an old canard to the effect that Bolshevism was a Jewish phenomenon (the Nazis, for example, referred to it as Judeo-Bolshevism), and there are still many people today who stress the ...