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Questions tagged [latin]

Questions related to Latin, the classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages, on which are based most of the modern romance languages.

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2answers
379 views

Earliest surviving SPQR inscriptions?

I have looked a bit around, and was wondering if there was any information about which could be the earliest still surviving and accessible (for public) inscriptions which included the Latin ...
9
votes
2answers
218 views

When did Latin cease to be an important language for international scholarly communication?

I have the impression that the names Columbus and Copernicus are not the forms actually used on a daily basis by those people, but rather Latin forms used to identify them in in scholarly or academic ...
3
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1answer
111 views

ut and et in the third Dicta Patricii of the Book of Armagh

I am doing research on the motto of the Pontifical Irish College in Rome (Italian: Pontificio Collegio Irlandese) which reads "Ut Christiani Ita et Romani Sitis" (Book of Armagh Folio 9). Most ...
4
votes
1answer
498 views

What does the abbreviation “adhib.” mean in historiography or archival science?

What does the abbreviation adhib. mean in the context of historiography and archival science? Remarks. This question is not about the meaning in medicine. This is easy to look up. Of course, ...
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vote
0answers
341 views

Was Arabic the “Lingua Franca” of the Middle Ages? [closed]

Before I am criticized for sounding too "subjective", "opinionated" or "etymological", take a look at this question: "Was Arabic the "Lingua Franca" of the Middle Ages? If you look at the linguistic ...
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9answers
1k views

Why did Latin disappear so completely in Britain after the Romans left?

My impression, wholly prone to error, is that after the Anglo-Saxon invasions, Latin was virtually a dead language in Britain despite centuries of Roman occupation. Other countries such as France, ...
11
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2answers
2k views

Constantine the Great created the Chi-Rho from the Greek word for “Christ”. Why choose Greek over Latin, even though he was Roman?

Upon emerging victorious after the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, Constantine the Great created the Chi-Rho from the first two letters of the Greek word ΧΡΙΣΤΟΣ meaning "Christ". Given that ...
3
votes
1answer
490 views

What does GEORGIUS III·D:G·BRITANNIARUM REX·FIDEI DEF·& c·mean? [closed]

I recently came across this medal created to commemorate the preservation of George III from an assassination attempt in 1800: (the image was taken by me) The inscription reads GEORGIUS III·D:G·...
2
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2answers
293 views

How many words were written before Gutenberg [closed]

Suppose there was a library containing all books ever written before Gutenberg. I exclude books that have been lost, but include books that have survived only in copy. How many total words were in ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Polite forms of address in Ancient Rome

My Latin dictionary only lists ere for sir, which is how a slave would address his/her master. But how would a lower status Roman address a person of higher status - for instance, a wage-labourer to ...
13
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3answers
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What did the Romans call black people (sub-Saharan)?

What did the Romans call black people (sub-Saharan)? In classic Latin as well as vulgar latin and slang.
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0answers
1k views

Ancient Roman Slang

Is anyone able to recommend a book or website which lists slang from Ancient Rome? As an example, how would a Roman say the equivalent of "it's screwed up"? There are many ways of saying this in ...
3
votes
1answer
199 views

What does this symbol in the title page illustration of the “Margarita Philosophica” mean?

The Margarita Philosophica appeared around the year 1500 CE, written by Gregor Reisch of Freiburg. The title page of the manuscript contains the fascinating image below, in which the seven primary ...
7
votes
1answer
271 views

When were both minuscule and majuscule letters used for the first time in the same Latin manuscript?

I understand the first minuscule script appeared in the Latin alphabet in the 3rd century - "New Roman cursive". My question is: when did a script used both minuscule and majuscule letters in the ...
5
votes
3answers
4k views

Latin/Greek for assassin

As far as I am aware, assassin comes from the Arabic حشاشين‎ (Ḥashshāshīn). Clearly, the concept of murdering someone for either political or religious reasons was not invented by the Ḥashshāshīn. So,...
4
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1answer
111 views

The manuscript Summa Logicae (William of Ockham)

The Summa Logicae (Latin, in English it's the Sum of Logic) is a textbook on logic by William of Ockham (1323). There are articles about the Summa Logicae in Wikipedia and in Logicmuseum. It was ...
11
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4answers
14k views

When was “diablo” first used to refer to the Devil?

I'd curious to know how and when the word diablo came to mean the Devil. In Luc Ferry's A Brief History of Thought, he states: The devil is rather one who, spiritually speaking, does everything in ...