Questions tagged [law]

A written and accessible code of behavior which is enforced by a powerful entity (almost always a state actor). Part of this code includes the entities responsible for maintaining and interpreting the written statutes, the punishments that can be applied in the case of the violation of the stated rules, and the means for determining guilt and innocence of parties suspected of violating any aspect of the aforementioned laws.

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Do any sources besides Livy record the first incident of serial murder by prominent Roman women in 331 B.C.?

Titus Livy lived during the turn of the first century A.D. and in Book 8, Chapter 8 of The History of Rome, he relays the story of some sort of plague that was ravaging Rome in 331 B.C., afflicting ...
Curious Layman's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
167 views

In the Magna Carta, is the distinction between the phrase "law of the land" and the "law of the kingdom" significant?

What is the distinction between the phrase "law of the land" and the similar phrases "law of the kingdom" and "law of the realm" also used in Magna Carta, and which ...
R-Obsessive's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
144 views

How could someone claim benefit of clergy after an act of attainder?

In some Tudor-period acts of attainder (laws passed by Parliament declaring certain people to be guilty of crimes and ordaining their punishment), there is a stipulation that the named person will not ...
alexg's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
144 views

Was there really an attempted repeal of English common law in Kentucky?

A couple of decades ago I read an allegation in a book that seemed generally not reliable, and whose title I don't remember, and I wonder whether it can be corroborated. "Everybody knows" (...
Michael Hardy's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
65 views

Why were only certain forms of animal fighting illegal in 1920s Kelantan?

According to C. C. Brown in the article "Kelantan Bull-Fighting", as of the late 1920s around Kota Bahru: Fish-fighting ( pelaga ikan ) and cock-fighting ( pelaga ayam) are popular, ...
Brian Z's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
182 views

Would the battle between Thornton and Ashford have been armed?

This question was previously migrated from Law, but then rejected and returned on the grounds that it was already answered on Wikipedia. But this essential aspect of the question is not addressed on ...
TylerDurden's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
38 views

What was the role of the Court of Revision and Judicature in the Qing dynasty?

Wikipedia provides: The Court of Judicature and Revision, also known as the Court of Judicial Review, was a central government agency in several imperial Chinese. From the Chinese, the system was ...
dreamforge's user avatar
-4 votes
3 answers
214 views

Why did/do they torture people to get fake "confessions"?

I've always wondered about why they would torture somebody to get a fake "confession", just so they can then execute the same person. Why not just execute them from the beginning? Why go ...
Kayode's user avatar
  • 9
5 votes
2 answers
144 views

How to find regulations for charities in Victorian England?

I am writing a story and have characters planning to establish a charitable foundation in Victorian London. I want to mention their research in preparation for that, but I don't know how they would ...
user1876058's user avatar
-4 votes
1 answer
106 views

Is Islamic law largely derivative of Catholic canon law? [closed]

My understanding is that Islamic thought got its big boost in the "Al Andalusian paradise", which essentially consisted of the Muslim conquerors having the conquered peoples translate their ...
yters's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
320 views

What was the constitutional status of Finland within Russian Empire?

I am currently reading and translating a book into my own language. There are several sentences that must be interpreted historically for me to be possible to translate. All of these sentences have to ...
1amroff's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
335 views

What kind of law courts existed in first-century Palestine?

The Sermon on the Mount contains this advice to stay out of the legal system: Agree with your adversary quickly while you are with him on the way; lest perhaps the prosecutor deliver you to the judge,...
dfgsdghsdf's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
63 views

What was typical of Ireland England court system in the 1700’s?

In the 1700’s there were Court proceedings called ExChequer Court of Equity Bill Books (e.g) in Ireland. I found records of one of my ancestors in the early 1700’s who was a defendant several times ...
Lallie Johnson's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
288 views

Has the concept of "annulment" of a putative marriage changed over time in the Roman Catholic Church?

I'm confused about the details of how the concepts of "putative marriage", "valid marriage", and "invalid marriage" are related in the context of Roman Catholic canon law ...
sumelic's user avatar
  • 152
5 votes
1 answer
145 views

What legal code first provided tenants rights and/or covered eviction?

Historically land ownership, and extraction of tax/rents from tenants on that property and therefore the extraction of tenants from the property in event of non payment or other cause would have been ...
GremlinWranger's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
1k views

What was the "high Commissioner of the Police in Scotland" in 1777?

I was reading old newspapers, and I came across this mention of what I believe to be "high Commissioner of the Police in Scotland". I am sure of all of the words but "high", it ...
Curious Layman's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
775 views

Has a US President's family member ever been indicted or arrested during or after the Presidential term?

No United States president has ever been indicted or charged with a crime during or after their presidency. (According to my search / this Quora post) Has a president's family member ever been ...
Ben G's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
375 views

What were the alleged crimes that Conradin, King of Sicily and Jerusalem, was accused of?

Conrad V or Conradin, (1252-1268) was King of Sicily, King of Jerusalem, and Duke of Swabia. The throne of Sicily was usurped by his uncle Manfred in 1258, who in turn was overthrown and usurped by ...
MAGolding's user avatar
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5 votes
0 answers
172 views

What would a criminal defense attorney charge in late 19th century America?

What would a criminal defense attorney charge on the American frontier in a murder trial in 1885? I am specifcally interested in what it would have cost three cowpokes to mount a murder defence in ...
vernon's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
59 views

Besides NY, which other US states, if any, mandate the appointment of public historians?

As per the website of The Association of Public Historians of New York State : The Association of Public Historians of New York State is a 501(c)3 non-profit professional organization that represents ...
zadrozny's user avatar
  • 109
2 votes
0 answers
66 views

In late-18th and 19th century America, how common were lawyers in criminal trials?

Before a slew of cases in the 20th century (Powell v. Alabama, Johnson v. Zerbst, Gideon v. Wainwright), there was no right to a public defendant in criminal trials. How often were defendants able to ...
aw17's user avatar
  • 29
9 votes
0 answers
192 views

How to understand the gift of tithes to a priory in 1166 [closed]

I am trying to piece together the early history of Eversholt Church in Bedfordshire, UK. The earliest record found so far is in The Cartulary of Newnham Priory from 1166. Simon [II] de Beauchamp, who ...
emrys57's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
136 views

Did the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo intend for Mexicans to live in the USA but under Mexican law? [closed]

The text of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo seem to have allowed Mexicans living in California and New Mexico to make some choices: (1) leave or stay and (2) become a US citizen or remain a Mexican ...
Village's user avatar
  • 1,057
2 votes
1 answer
101 views

Did the empresario system exist only within Mexican Texas?

I have many sources describing the empresario system, a way to encourage settlement of Texas. Every source I could find mentioned "Texas". I cannot find any sources using this terminology ...
Village's user avatar
  • 1,057
36 votes
2 answers
12k views

How common were marital duels in medieval Europe?

On social media, I came across a post claiming that in medieval Germany spouses could settle a divorce outside of court, civic or religious, through trial by combat! Naturally, I was shocked (the ...
YokedSinger8062's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
181 views

Was New Hampshire's prohibition on non-Protestant officeholders enforced in the last decades of its existence?

In the context of Jewish History, it is often said that New Hampshire was the last state to remove legal disabilities on Jews in 1877 (which technically pushes the US quite far down the timeline for ...
jewishhistoryquestion's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
116 views

How did the Indian Appropriation Act of March 3, 1871 pass into law?

Many histories (including the Wikipedia article) state that Congress passed the Indian Appropriation Act of March 3, 1871. Did President Grant ever sign this law? I'm trying to figure out how it ...
vy32's user avatar
  • 473
2 votes
0 answers
189 views

Did legal interracial marriage hit a nadir that was above 50% in 1948?

Did legal interracial marriage hit a nadir that was above 50% in 1948? Explain XKCD for this comic, which is currently down so I'm using an archive... said: Since the establishment of the United ...
Malady's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
194 views

Why did the British Empire try to criminalize cannabis in India three times when they had good experience with its taxation?

The British Empire passed a taxation act on cannabis in India in 1798, apparently for the well-being of the natives. What the most likely motivation behind the taxation act is, I don't know. In 1838, ...
A. Kvåle's user avatar
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8 votes
0 answers
271 views

Why was cannabis illegalized in the U.S.?

There seems to be a notion that cannabis was illegalized due to capitalism. I've read some theories as to how this happened, and one of them goes something like this: Commissioner of the National ...
A. Kvåle's user avatar
  • 227
0 votes
1 answer
318 views

When did "killing" become wrong in society? [closed]

It occurred to me that in many medieval settings, people getting killed is just a part of life. If you angered a feudal lord or noble, they could cut off your hands or kill you and no one bats an eye. ...
Jack's user avatar
  • 313
3 votes
1 answer
262 views

When did banishment/exile cease to be enforceable, if it ever was?

Reading historical accounts, it is not infrequent to read about exiled persons, from Trotsky to the Puritans leaving England. And, nowadays, some look wistfully to legal ways to get rid of their ...
Italian Philosophers 4 Monica's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
273 views

Why are there laws that are used to limit how long a house can be in a family?

Wikipedia on the "Rule against Perpetuities" says that it was sometimes used to restrict how long one family could hold onto a, possibly aristocratic, estate. Lastly, the rule against ...
Malady's user avatar
  • 1,369
36 votes
1 answer
5k views

When and why did the use of the lifespans of royalty to limit clauses in contracts come about?

I am in the process of attempting to buy a house in the UK; as it has stood for about a hundred years, the deeds feature some unusual clauses. For example, this conveyance from 1921: (Subject to any ...
Gray Taylor's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
3k views

Was there a US state where video games were banned by accident?

I remember reading about some US state that banned video games up until something like the mid-seventies, not intentionally, but as collateral damage of a vaguely worded law intending to ban slot ...
rwallace's user avatar
  • 2,595
6 votes
1 answer
345 views

Under primogenture in 12th century France, if the eldest son predeceases his father, did the grandson or an younger son inherit?

Okay so I'm not sure how to word this eloquently, I'm sorry, but please bear with me. Let's say that a lord, eg. a Duke had two sons. The older one got married, had a male heir, and then died while ...
Katerina's user avatar
  • 355
50 votes
1 answer
5k views

How did German unification affect existing sentences for criminal convicts?

The German reunification of 1990 was legally the annexation of West Berlin (a separately administered occupied territory) and East Germany (the German Democratic Republic, or GDR) by West Germany (the ...
Psychonaut's user avatar
  • 2,810
1 vote
0 answers
148 views

Could a person in Victorian UK be in charge of their own money at 18 years old?

Could a male or female in Victorian UK be in charge of his or her own money at 18 years old? (Circa 1888) Could a legal guardian argue in court that since the age of majority was 21, he should be in ...
Maire's user avatar
  • 19
4 votes
2 answers
377 views

When were weapons banned at the Thing assemblies in Norway?

First the attendants of the assemblies used the clashing of their swords and shields as an expression of their agreement, but later on weapons at the Thing assemblies were banned and the meaning of &...
The word's user avatar
  • 305
20 votes
1 answer
5k views

When did one-way mirrors become widely used by police?

Watching the BBC TV series "Life on Mars", the premise of which is that a time-travelling cop from 2000s England is transported back in time to the 1970s, where he is continually confounded ...
Statsanalyst's user avatar
33 votes
9 answers
8k views

Are there any accounts written by torturers on their actions?

Often, in antiquity, rulers would order some horrific things to happen like extreme torture, flaying and so forth. The Hongwu Emperor ordered 5000 women flayed alive for instance. Obviously the rulers ...
Calin Leafshade's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
132 views

Why didn't Justice Robert Jackson just finish his 2-year law degree, when he already completed his first year?

Philip Halpern. Stanford Law Review, Dec., 1955, Vol. 8, No. 1 (Dec 1955), pp. 3-8. JSTOR. p 3. Robert Jackson was born February I3, 1892, on a small farm near Spring Creek in Warren County, ...
user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
413 views

How was Enguerrand VII de Coucy able to keep his allegiance to both king of England and France during the Hundred Years War?

I was trying to do some research on the subject of feudal contracts. I found some example contracts here. This contains two contracts and one oath of fealty which as I understand it is part of the ...
YokedSinger8062's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
496 views

How did smaller feudal vassal realms survive a war or raid?

Say you're a knight or baron or just generally a landowner who swears fealty to a much more higher title than you. One day a war breaks out between a rival realm or raiders from a more tribal-like one ...
Nagaraja's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
534 views

Were Draco’s laws particularly “draconian” at the time they were enacted?

There is a lot of talk about “draconian” laws at the moment, which got me thinking about Draco. As I understand it, Draco produced the first written constitution of Athens, which stood for about 30 ...
Ben Murphy's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
148 views

In Indian census, were the children of a Thug recorded as "Yet to Be Thug"?

I read (can't remember where at the moment) that in a population census (probably around 1911) the child of a thug used to be recorded as "yet to be thug" in profession column in India. ...
Michael's user avatar
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-2 votes
1 answer
68 views

What are some good references for the history of legal business entities? [closed]

I'm looking for books and articles that can elucidate how different legal business entities and types of corporate personhood came to be. I've already found the book “The Company: A Short History of a ...
Max Muller's user avatar
26 votes
5 answers
7k views

Who had the shortest time in going from imprisonment to head of state within democratic processes?

We know that for example Mandela, Hitler, Stalin all spent some time in prison before they went on to become the head of their respective state or government. Regardless of the reason why they were ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
106 views

When the 'speedy trial' amendment was written, how long did trials usually take?

The Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution promises "the right to a speedy and public trial," to prevent the accused from being held without a conviction for a long pretrial period. What ...
namk's user avatar
  • 69
39 votes
3 answers
10k views

Why can I visit battlefields, but not battleships?

Why are warships declared as war graves prohibiting divers from even visiting them (let alone entering them or taking artifacts) and yet I as a pedestrian I can freely visit the Somme or any other ...
ConanTheGerbil's user avatar

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