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Questions tagged [middle-ages]

The Middle Ages is a periodisation of European history, encompassing the period from the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century to the Renaissance in the 15th century.

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Were the Novgorodians aware of Romanesque architecture in the 11th century?

The Cathedral of St Sophia in Novgorod was completed in 1050. Many online sources note that the style bears resemblance to the Western European Romanesque style. Is it possible that knowledge of this ...
16π Cent's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
121 views

What do the inscriptions in Pomposa abbey say?

I've recently visited Pomposa Abbey, a Benedictine monastery in northern Italy near Ferrara, and while visiting I've stumbled upon these inscriptions below a fresco depicting an Hydra. I have ...
gond 's user avatar
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0 answers
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Is there an historical reason why artists would not sign their work?

I was reading about Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York, and followed the track of the others famous historical persons involved in the Wars of the Roses, such as John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury and ...
OldPadawan's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
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What would term would a lollard use to refer to the Bible?

I assume they would not call it the "Bible". Would they say "Holy Scripture" or "The Word of God" when talking about the whole collection of OT NT (and apocrypha) or was ...
Christina Eastwood's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
268 views

What would "close confinement" look like for a Saxon count being punished by Henry V of Germany in the early 1100s?

While reading the Cambridge Medieval history collection I keep coming across 'confinement' or 'imprisonment' being used to punish or coerce nobles, kings, and even popes. I'm wondering what the ...
Matt's user avatar
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0 answers
64 views

Who held the land (and from whom) around Pilleth, Wales at the time of the Battle of Brynglas 1402?

This settlement in the Marches was the site of a battle in which Owain Glyndwr was the victor. There is a small church and a holy well that was a focus for pilgrims. I need background information ...
Christina Eastwood's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
317 views

Did people write on loose leaf or directly in notebook in middle age?

Did Isaac Newton handwrite directly in notebooks or on loose leafs and then make notebooks from this papers? In other words, could a blank notebook be bought or did people first have to write on loose ...
22flower's user avatar
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In the Magna Carta, is the distinction between the phrase "law of the land" and the "law of the kingdom" significant?

What is the distinction between the phrase "law of the land" and the similar phrases "law of the kingdom" and "law of the realm" also used in Magna Carta, and which ...
R-Obsessive's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
4k views

Did the Crisis of the late Middle Ages cause a notable expansion of wilderness in Europe?

There was a lot of wild forest in the early Middle Ages, around 75% in the 9th century according to Wikipedia, much of which was cleared during the population boom in the High Middle Ages. I also read ...
Alister Sinclair's user avatar
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1 answer
153 views

Was the Seljuk Empire an independent empire or an autonomous sub-entity of the Abbasid Caliphate?

The Seljuk Empire was formally part of the Abbasid Caliphate, which means that the Seljuk Sultan, supposedly, should have been responsible in front of the Abbasi Caliph in Baghdad. Nevertheless,as ...
Helo's user avatar
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What was the physical appearance of Theodoric I, the King of the Visigoths?

What was the physical appearance of Theodoric I, the King of the Visigoths? Although there are paintings portraying him as blonde, I haven't come across any sources that provide a description of his ...
Lr1's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
731 views

What would have kept Clement V from instigating a popular revolt against Philip V?

I am reading this book, "Trial of the Templars" by Malcolm Barber. I am not a historian, so I do not know to what extent Barber's thesis is right - that the Templars were arrested because ...
Frank Booth's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
229 views

What could be the origin of this polychrome wooden statue?

I purchased this statue at an estate sale. I initially thought it was depicting a Wise Man from a nativity scene, but the back is flat indicating it was against a wall. Now I'm thinking it was ...
bxmog111's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
952 views

Did Dukes, Counts, Barons, etc. have courts similar to a King/Emperor? [closed]

So this question is somewhat based on my thoughts from playing Crusader Kings. But how historically accurate was it for anybody besides a King/Emperor to have a court system of courtiers? Did a Count ...
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1 vote
0 answers
84 views

Are there other names of Greek places with the Sta(n)- prefix besides Stalimene and Stanchio in medieval Western Europe?

I don't know what I can add to the question, except that it is ultimately related to the question of why Istanbul is not called "Istinbul" instead. The more examples of other Greek places ...
Attila the Pun's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
121 views

Was Alice Perrers a Lollard?

A footnote on page 141-142 of E S Holt John De Wycliffe1 claims Alice Perrers was a Lollard. I know her reputation has been revised recently but is there any evidence for this? a footnote on page ...
Christina Eastwood's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
92 views

What was the ethnic composition of the Castilian army and Muslim Spain (al-Andalus) army in Middle Ages? [closed]

I have been searching for the ethnic composition of the armies of the Iberian Christian kingdoms (mainly Castile) during the middle ages but I couldn’t find any source mentioning anything about it. I ...
Amr Elmowaled's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
422 views

What's the point of the transept?

(If there is a different, more suitable stack exchange site, let me know.) I recently visited Bourges cathedral, which does not have a transept, and the interior seemed much cleaner than the usual ...
Toffomat's user avatar
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2 answers
440 views

Were regular citizens of the Republic of Venice permitted to own and carry arms/weapons?

I've been researching about Venetian warfare and came across this website which inspired me to ask the question. According to this website (of perhaps questionable repute), the following is stated: ...
setszu's user avatar
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1 answer
358 views

How did medieval architects determine sizes and numbers of pillars, buttresses etc?

While looking at some magnificent gothic cathedrals, I began to wonder how these buildings were designed. (I hope that this site it the right place to ask, rather than the engineering one?) For ...
Toffomat's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
354 views

How much did medieval horse armor cost?

I have a number of sources I use to get examples & documentation of costs in the medieval period of knightly implements such as armor, weapons, horses, supplies, etc. However, all of my usual ...
Daniel R. Collins's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why were greatswords used in the Middle Ages given their downsides?

The greatsword is a type of two-handed sword that's rather large and heavy compared to it's counterparts, but delivers a more powerful swing. The greatsword doesn't seem to have significant advantages ...
OprenStein's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
156 views

Where can I find Edward I's document that uses the term "holocaustum"? [closed]

Some time ago I viewed a medieval document written in the reign of Edward the First of England. It gave reference to the word holocaustum. I cannot find this document and have in talks debated the ...
WILIAM GREIG's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
271 views

What was the role/duties of a "Constable of the Castle" in 1600?

I'm researching a property in Ruthin, North Wales which was originally built for the Constable of the Castle. I'd like to know more about their role. What did they do? Were they gentry? Were they ...
Newton73's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
499 views

When did Albertus Magnus write 'On Animals'?

When is it most likely that Albertus Magnus finished writing On Animals ? I can't seem to find any guesses more accurate than "within his lifetime"
minseong's user avatar
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0 answers
140 views

Was wool packing a main task for medieval peasants?

In Europe/UK, would a main task for peasants/working classes been to pack wool? And, if so, roughly what dates would this have been please? What did the entire process involve from obtaining the ...
Lori's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
692 views

How much iron ore could a medieval miner extract per day?

I am finding really hard to find an answer to this question. There are some numbers available online, but first of all the numbers range quite a lot from different sources, then they are given for a ...
Redirectk's user avatar
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5 votes
0 answers
703 views

What's the source that Henry IV was the first post-Norman conquest monarch to speak English as their first language?

Okay; the oft-cited fact that "Henry IV was the first English monarch after 1066 whose first language was English". Now, while I have no doubt it was, what I find puzzling about this is that ...
user22453's user avatar
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17 votes
3 answers
6k views

Did courtiers of antiquity hold in their pee or did they have common commodes available in the king/queen's court?

Self-explanatory. Did any royal court in history from ancient to medieval times (of any culture) have a public restroom that people who attended court can use, or were they sort of left to their own ...
mehaboob's user avatar
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18 votes
1 answer
4k views

Are there any medieval manuals relating to castle building?

I'm doing research on the medieval castle, specifically what was required to build one. I'm particularly interested in learning about this from a medieval perspective, so I wondered if there are any ...
Kebab's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
369 views

(How) Did criminals in the middle ages get treatment for injuries?

Were criminals in the middle ages able to get treatment for injuries, and if so, how? I mean criminals such as bandits who wouldn't be able to seek whatever medical care was normally available, even ...
justforplaylists's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
327 views

Which calendar numbering system did the Franks use?

I know by researching that Visigoths used the Spanish Era to number years, which is Anno Domini plus 38 years. Now I ask: which was the system that the Frankish people used? I was navigating a lot of ...
Victor Wizard's user avatar
23 votes
2 answers
3k views

Why did Henry III of England give his sons English names, other than naming them after his favourite saints?

Was the decision by King Henry III to give his two sons the very Anglo-Saxon, 'English' names of Edward and Edmund rather than any names of French derivation commented on at the time by contemporaries,...
user22453's user avatar
  • 1,363
27 votes
2 answers
4k views

When did Kievan Rus' rulers become culturally Slavic?

As the title says, when did the Varangian rulers become culturally more Slavic? I presume that among the elites there was cultural borrowing from Byzantium too, so I am not claiming a Viking-Slavic ...
Markku P.'s user avatar
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40 votes
3 answers
23k views

Did medieval peasants work 150 days a year?

The following meme arrived in my inbox. Peasants in the medieval era worked just 150 days a year on average. The church believed it was crucial to keep them content by making frequent required ...
DJClayworth's user avatar
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12 votes
2 answers
368 views

What is meant by this medieval reference to combat 'under-ground'?

I was reading The History of the Twelve Great Livery Companies of London, by William Herbert (1836), and came across an interesting turn of phrase. In a section discussing early guilds predating the ...
justCal's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
608 views

What are those Russian/Turkic/Mongolian semi-conical felt caps brimmed with fur called?

What are those Russian/Turkic/Mongolian semi-conical felt caps brimmed with fur called? When and from which culture did it originate from, and when and how did it get adopted by the Slavs? Did the ...
balkinlounderk's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
840 views

Did the Ottomans conquer Poland-Lithuania?

Türk Tarihi | History of Turks claims that the Ottomans took Poland-Lithuania as a vassal in the late 1570s. Where did they get this from? I searched everywhere but I couldn't find anything.
Kamal Saleh's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
173 views

Where is this map of Scandinavia (Nicolaus Germanus, 1467)

Does anybody recognise this map? Is there a better version online? Update: the map was apparently printed in colour, and one version might be in Warsaw. Could also be available online, but have not ...
Tomas By's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
208 views

What kind of clothing was worn in Mahgreb states circa the high medieval period?

I'm interested in medieval clothing (I'd focus on the time period from the 9th century onwards) in north Africa especially in the Maghreb states and the other countries that surround the Sahara such ...
Medi1Saif's user avatar
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6 votes
0 answers
277 views

How prevalent was premarital sex in Late Medieval Christendom?

A few months, I very much enjoyed a playthrough of the video game Kingdom Come: Deliverance, which is set within the borders of what was then the Kingdom of Bohemia during the Western Schism (1378 - ...
Tom Hosker's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
1k views

How did commoner children address commoner adults in the middle ages?

Imagine a peasant wanting to ask a young lass's parents (also peasants) for their daughter's hand in marriage. How would one go about addressing the woman's father and mother in order to show respect? ...
ds_practicioner's user avatar
23 votes
7 answers
15k views

How did knights who required glasses to see survive on the battlefield?

Googling this has been less than helpful on the history factor, and a quick look at HEMA rules and regulations says it's easier to use fencing masks instead, which isn't what I'm asking. (This was ...
bittersweetVICTORY's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
220 views

What would have been the process of arresting someone in the Middle Ages?

In the High Middle Ages (France, specifically), if someone was suspected of having committed a crime, would that person have been arrested? Would that person have been jailed somewhere until their ...
crypto's user avatar
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-4 votes
1 answer
110 views

Is Islamic law largely derivative of Catholic canon law? [closed]

My understanding is that Islamic thought got its big boost in the "Al Andalusian paradise", which essentially consisted of the Muslim conquerors having the conquered peoples translate their ...
yters's user avatar
  • 93
10 votes
1 answer
266 views

Who is 'Chlodebaudo/Chlodebaud' in the Merovingian-era Clovis I genealogy & Charlemagne ancestry, supposedly mentioned in a Salic Law manuscript?

In Henry H. Howorth's The Ethnology of Germany.-Part VI. The Varini, Varangians, and Franks.-Section II (1884), p.228 he writes: We must remember also that in a genealogical table attached to an old ...
Microsis's user avatar
  • 201
-1 votes
1 answer
243 views

Why were monasteries built in obscure places around Ireland?

I remember reading that monks built many monasteries around very obscure parts of medieval Ireland. Does anyone know why? Is it because they didn't want many people to know/join about their order?
Ethan Chan's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
81 views

What was the political organization of small villages and towns in medieval Transylvania by the end of the 15th Century? (Both Saxon and non-Saxon)

I've been trying to find out about the political organization of small villages in medieval Transylvania during the time the region was part of the Hungarian Kingdom (more precisely during the end of ...
Ricardo Maia's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
131 views

In Medieval or early Renaissance times, how could England close its ports to prevent escape?

From time to time I read that in Medieval or early Renaissance times the King/Queen/Privy Council "closed the ports" to prevent someone escaping England. How could this be done effectively? ...
Mark Olson's user avatar
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-2 votes
2 answers
333 views

What is the association of the 4 playing card suits and the Mamluks?

As I understand it, playing cards made their way to Europe perhaps via China (paper) but most visibly by way of the Mamluks. One legend is the Mamluks and Tibetans defeated the Chinese once in battle ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar

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