Questions tagged [military]

Questions pertaining to characteristics of armed forces' structure, manpower, equipment, or expenditures.

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What American military strategist is Yves de Gaulle referring to?

In this visit of Charles de Gaulle's personal library, his grandson Yves de Gaulle mentions his was surprised not to have found books from US military strategists, including "Maran"(?). Who ...
nayriz's user avatar
  • 335
1 vote
2 answers
441 views

Why did army in Napoleon era never use hand-grenades to temporarily disrupt the square formation?

Grenades were used by European, Muslims, and Chinese before 1800. However, there were no noticeable field-battle involving the hand grenades during the Napoleon era. One would imagine that grenades ...
dodo's user avatar
  • 218
-1 votes
1 answer
99 views

What was the military age in Romania between the world wars?

In order to understand some facts in my family’s history I am trying to figure out what was the military age in Romania between the world wars.
Yatir's user avatar
  • 1
1 vote
0 answers
80 views

In the siege of Osaka, how long did Osaka Castle burn?

I've heard that Osaka castle was burned, and I was curious: How long would it take for a structure like this to burn down? I haven't been able to find any records that say how long Osaka Castle ...
Monty Wild's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
810 views

Why does the Spanish Military Medical Corps use the Amalfitan Cross?

The Cuerpo Militar de Sanidad of the Spanish Armed Forces uses the Amalfitan Cross (often known as the Maltese Cross) in its emblem. Why? According to Paloma Garrido González, the Cross was first ...
Rodrigo de Azevedo's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
202 views

Why did the San Marco Marine Brigade adopt the winged lion of Venice?

The San Marco Marine Brigade of the Italian Navy adopted the winged lion of Venice — the Leone di San Marco — as its symbol, and the patron saint of Venice — San Marco himself — as its patron saint. ...
Rodrigo de Azevedo's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
148 views

Why do Italian and Portuguese Marines use naval ranks?

Arguably, most marine infantries use "land ranks", i.e., the ranks used by the ground forces, e.g., 2nd Lieutenant, 1st Lieutenant, Captain, Lieutenant Colonel, etc. For example, 🇪🇸's ...
Rodrigo de Azevedo's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
415 views

Why are the Russian Federation's Strategic Rocket Forces and the 12th Chief Directorate separate?

It seems that: the Strategic Rocket Forces (РВСН РФ) is the branch of the Russian Armed Forces (ВС РФ) tasked with the employment of nuclear weapons. the 12th Chief Directorate of the Ministry of ...
David Cian's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
641 views

What is the origin of oak leaves in military insignia and decorations?

Several military insignia and decorations use an "oak leaf" motif: Majors and Lieutenant Commanders in the US Armed Forces have a single stylized gold oak leaf insignia. Lieutenant ...
hobbs's user avatar
  • 438
4 votes
2 answers
339 views

How did Admiral King survive his early mistakes in World War II?

In all fairness, Admiral Ernest J. King made important contributions to World War II as the U.S. naval Commander in Chief, most notably in the Pacific theater. He had a number of major weaknesses, ...
Tom Au's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
526 views

Why did the Rhodesian Army lack the rank of General?

I lined up British, New Zealand, and Rhodesian armies' officer ranks. No OF-9 or OF-10 in Rhodesia! Is Wikipedia mistaken? It feels illogical for the Rhodesian Army to have Lieutenant and Major ...
user61794's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
276 views

What kind of uniform is this, with a closed collar on a WWI British General?

The British Army's Service Dress uniform "has been referred to as No. 2 Dress, with the tunic being swapped out for a jacket with an open collar for wear with collared shirt and tie." King ...
user61793's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
167 views

Can anyone identify this European uniform? Likely Belgian or French

Does anyone recognise the uniform in this photo? I found it in a box of my late Grandma's photos and letters. She was Belgian, and I know some of our ancestors were in the French military thanks to a ...
mms's user avatar
  • 21
-2 votes
1 answer
84 views

Does anyone know if buccaneer snap and zippered pants are from the military? [closed]

I bought a pair of buccaneer jeans at a household sale for $1. I heard they are from the military. They do have a snap and a zipper. Bell bottoms and 2 pockets on front and back.
Shannon Morgante's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
120 views

Does anyone recognize these uniforms?

Need assistance identifying the country of origin of a painting depicting men at war. I have also included pictures of the back in case anyone knows the language and can narrow it down. The language ...
Snowdrop430's user avatar
13 votes
1 answer
2k views

What do the insignias on the collar shown in this photograph stand for?

Photo of my grandfather circa 1918-1945. He was born in Trieste and was in the merchant marines before jumping ship in US. Joined the US Army and was recruited as an agent for the OSS. Trying to ...
Kevin Mueller's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
444 views

Who of the British military had access to the ULTRA messages of the Enigma in September 1944?

Access to the decrypted messages of the German Enigma, called ULTRA, was very limited. Everyone working for Bletchley Park (BP) or in contact with BP had to sign a life-long secrecy act with stiff ...
user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
214 views

What's the significance of a wreath hung on the traverse / ridge pole of a tent in a military camp?

The first time I saw it, I thought it was odd, but then, 18th century artists love putting strange details in things, so I went on my merry way. But I've seen it a few times since, and now I've got ...
l'Abeille's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
402 views

When was the last round-shot cannonball fired in anger?

The term "cannon" used to entail firing solid lumps of metal at people. Nowadays it means firing explosives at people. When was the last time a European army or navy maintained a solid ...
User65535's user avatar
  • 153
2 votes
1 answer
287 views

Is this trebuchet based on a real historical model?

I was watching a clip from Game of Thrones where trebuchets were being launched from ships. From my research, the closest thing I could find is a floating arm trebuchet, but rather than dropping ...
Sea Citadel's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
806 views

How can I identify this RAF pin badge?

I am trying to identify the man in the photo below, and I am hoping that his uniform in this picture gives some clues. I am told he was in the RAF, though I know nothing of his role. The pin badge/...
jl6's user avatar
  • 545
5 votes
1 answer
277 views

Help identifying Italian uniform, rank, regiment

I'm hoping to learn the time period of the photo, any division, rank, and any other information y'all can glean. The photo was passed down so much information has been lost - it is possibly my ...
Stefania's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
240 views

Why do colonels enjoy some generals' privileges?

Generally speaking, members of militaries are separated in clear cut non-overlapping classes: Enlisted and NCO (sometimes separate) Oficers (often separated into Junior/Company - Lieutenant through ...
sds's user avatar
  • 26.9k
3 votes
0 answers
166 views

Is this an 1800's British military uniform?

The photo is of my great-great-grandfather Timothy J. Coffey who lived in Ireland early to mid-1800s My great-great-grandfather was likely born in Ireland in early 1800's. His daughter Mary T. Coffey ...
teahunter's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
561 views

Is it true that the A10 gun was made less accurate on purpose?

I heard that the engineers that worked on the A-10 modified the gun to increase its spread. Supposedly because it was very hard for the pilot to keep the gun perfectly on target, and with higher ...
Rafnus's user avatar
  • 131
38 votes
2 answers
11k views

When did the U.S. Army start saying "oh-six-hundred" for "6 AM"?

Last night I was watching The Pale Blue Eye (2022), a (bad) period piece set at West Point in the year 1830. At the 21m50s mark, Captain Hitchcock (Simon McBurney) snaps at a cadet: Effective oh-six-...
Quuxplusone's user avatar
  • 1,965
11 votes
1 answer
2k views

What military uniform is this?

William Charles Elliot, born in England in 1884, came to the United States as an alien in 1916 and settled in Boston with his wife Anna, who was born in Belgium in 1879 (her parents were from Hungary) ...
Dan Peterson's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
82 views

Where can I find a specific photo from the Vietnam war?

I’m looking for a specific type photo which I’ve seen before but now I can’t seem to locate it. The photo was of a group of American infantrymen marching across some mountainous jungle area in Vietnam,...
Jason Killings's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
162 views

Identify the country, service and historical context of this bright red dress uniform, and ideally the nature of the medals. Relationship to Taiwan?

While touring around Google street view I discovered an unusual "AK47 Barber Bus" in Hsinchu Taiwan. https://goo.gl/maps/BBD2aouKVYHDMbBV9 I've included some screenshots of a uniform I found ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 1,775
2 votes
2 answers
241 views

Was this anecdote about the bad effects of military secrecy told by Colin Powell?

I found the following anecdote in some business notes from years ago: Colin Powell tells a story from his Vietnam War experiences. An Army outpost was stationed in a very vulnerable location, but the ...
Ray Butterworth's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
358 views

Did Clausewitz read Sun Tzu's Art of War?

I'm currently reading Clausewitz' Vom Kriege, and noticing some parallels and references to Sun Tzu's philosophy. In particular, Clausewitz, without mentioning any names, criticises earlier military ...
Sinthorion's user avatar
21 votes
1 answer
3k views

How did muzzle-loaded rifled artillery solve the problems of the hand-held rifle?

I'm specifically interested in muzzle-loading rifle artillery, so no smoothbores and no breach-loaders. The period I'm interested in is roughly 1820 - 1860, for both the army and navy. But first I ...
DrZ214's user avatar
  • 17.3k
1 vote
1 answer
128 views

Where to read the "Agreement between the Russian Federation and Ukraine on the Parameters of the Division of the Black Sea Fleet" of May 28, 1997?

I don't know if 1997 is history, but... Article 4.1 of the 28 May 1997 "Agreement between the Russian Federation and Ukraine on the Status and Conditions for the Stay of the Black Sea Fleet of ...
mjc's user avatar
  • 285
-3 votes
1 answer
229 views

What is the source for exact years of the Hittite/Egyptian state of war?

The following is an excerpt of a critique on "Reason to Believe": Critic: Under these conditions, were the Ten Plagues and a total crush of the Egyptian army in the Red Sea waters to happen,...
Tzvi K's user avatar
  • 63
1 vote
2 answers
252 views

What is the name of this author?

I'm a newbie here so please forgive me if this kind of questions are not allowed. Couple days ago my friend wanted me to find an author and gave me some hints about it. I did lots of researches but ...
Marc Grego's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
273 views

What is this (possibly Swedish) military uniform? Perhaps cavalry?

This military uniform is from around 1900. I think it is Swedish, and it looks like a cavalry one. It's of my great-grandfather who (so I’m told) fought for Sweden (against whom?) and was promised ...
Dr Jan W Lowe's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
241 views

What were the historical antecedents of Russia BTG-based military organization?

It is very easy, now that we are observing the results of Russia's BTG system in Ukraine to find all sorts of ways to talk it down. For reminder: a Russian BTG is 550-750 soldiers, and comprises ...
Italian Philosophers 4 Monica's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
145 views

Did the Chinese aim guns above ships in 19th century?

I have read some things that don't seem true about the Chinese opposing English and other western forces during the 19th century and early 20th. What seems to be true is that China was very aware of ...
releseabe's user avatar
  • 1,884
0 votes
0 answers
127 views

What is this Eastern European military uniform?

These photographs are of my great-granduncle who lived in the village of Velyki Laz, just outside of Uzhhorod in today's western Ukraine. He was born in 1905. I would like to identify the uniforms ...
Elizabeth Roser's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
451 views

Is this a US Army military uniform cape?

I have this heavy wool cape – it looks kinda grey in a few pics,but is black. It is wool with a red wool lining (the lining is a bit lighter in weight) – there are no arm holes, but two pockets inset ...
Molly Shannon's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
140 views

Why have hand-crafted invasion stripes and arm bands been used in recent conflicts in addition to the usual military insignia?

Simple and vivid symbols on military vehicles are known as invasion stripes since at least as early as World War II, when they were invented because the sheer numbers of the invading force might have ...
Alex Serenko's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
170 views

Did soldiers wear helmets in the 19th century? [closed]

When trying to do research in military history, I got interested in 19th century warfare. I know that they wore a lot of hats back then, but did they also wear helmets? I know that helmets existed at ...
Crafter's user avatar
  • 143
1 vote
1 answer
306 views

Were the Soviet soldiers in Afghanistan officially volunteers?

I always thought they were conscripts, who were ordered to go there, but recently saw a mention that they all were volunteers. So, I wonder whether they signed any paper of consent before being sent ...
Anixx's user avatar
  • 32.5k
4 votes
1 answer
283 views

Is this a case of “cut and paste” of two different weapons?

I recently inherited a sabre and two daggers that we assume belonged to a gg uncle who was born in 1870. I tried searching images to identify to sabre but became confused as it has a ruby-eyed lion ...
Nick's user avatar
  • 41
1 vote
1 answer
240 views

Has anyone come across WW1 large brass casing engraved with French cities?

I recently found two large brass casing, German made from 1901 and 1914. They both have US military Divs ie. 2nd, 26th and 28th Div, along with cities in France and Germany that the Divisions were ...
Michael's user avatar
  • 11
3 votes
1 answer
729 views

How would a Roman soldier address his superior officer? Reversely, how would a superior officer address a lower ranking Roman soldier?

Let's pretend for a second there is a legionnaire named Marcus and a centurion named Augustus. Would the legionnaire refer to his superior officer as "Centurion Augustus"? Or would he say &...
Ruby's user avatar
  • 47
23 votes
2 answers
3k views

Can you help identify these medals?

We were going through my Dads attic and found these medals. We think they belonged to my Granddad - we don’t know if he fought in the World Wars but had Welsh heritage and lived in the UK most of his ...
sam_smith's user avatar
  • 333
1 vote
0 answers
168 views

Where did European armies find the huge amount of sulfur required for black powder? [closed]

Black powder requires charcoal, saltpeter and sulfur. Charcoal and saltpeter can be made from natural renewable resources. Sulfur has to be mined. Where can one find that much sulfur? All websites I ...
Censored to protect the guilty's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
113 views

In the early 20th century, was there any difference in the size of war horse between heavy cavalry and light cavalry?

In the early 20th century(during WW1), was there any difference among the sizes of war horses used by heavy cavalry (dragoons, schweres reiters, cuirassiers) and light cavalry (hussars, uhlans, ...
driverstar's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
153 views

How to coordinate the relationship between Corded Ware(Fatyanovo-Abashevo), Sanskrit and Graeco-Aryan? [closed]

The latest research shows that the R1a-Z93 of Sintashta and Andronovo originated from the Corded Ware culture (Middle Dnieper-Fatyanovo-Abashevo). If so, Sanskrit would be unified with Germanic and ...
Fatyanovo2022's user avatar

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