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Questions tagged [military]

Questions pertaining to characteristics of armed forces' structure, manpower, equipment, or expenditures.

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In France, 1916, would a soldier who was invalided out of the army, e.g. as an amputee, still get his army pay?

In France, the law providing ex-servicemen with an army pension did not come in until 1919, so if wounded soldiers were unable to fight, what did they live on?
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2answers
254 views

How “old” is mechanized infantry in terms of usage in warfare and what should be called as such?

This topic often fascinated me as a kid. I often questioned myself if there was an equivalent of the use of machinery to protect ground soldiers during a siege or an attack at some city or whatever ...
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0answers
66 views

Palestinian Troop Strength During 1948 War

I am trying to estimate the strength of the Palestinian irregular forces during the 1947-49 War. I find two well documented groups: Army of the Holy War, commanded by Husayni, based in Ramalla, ...
6
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1answer
373 views

Has the Arab League created a Joint Defense Council and a Permanent Military Commission?

Have the Arab League's Joint Defense Council and the Permanent Military Commission been created? There seems to be a lack of information concerning this topic on the internet, but by the Treaty of ...
6
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1answer
169 views

Help identifying a strange uniform jacket

I've got nothing to go on here other than this is quite old. Thick navy wool with dark gray (or black) Corded striping. One gold star on right sleeve. Handwritten tag is hard to read, has a long ...
11
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2answers
383 views

How could black men serve as officers in the US army during segregation?

How did black men such as Benjamin Oliver Davis Sr achieve high ranks in the US military during segregation? Those ranks should put them in position of power over white people, not very segregation-...
19
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1answer
5k views

Was the British Army a millionaire factory in the early 20th century?

I'm reading "Kenya Diary" by Richard Meinertzhagen where he relates his experiences as a junior officer in the British army around 1902. At one point he states that during his 5 year service in East ...
2
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0answers
114 views

What was the Hospitaller gonfalon like in the 12th and 13th centuries?

The Templar Order had a gonfalon (a military standard of a specific type) of black and white called the beauseant (I have come to prefer the spelling most common in the book I first took it from ...
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108 views

Can anyone identify this uniform, approximate year, and aircraft?

It's U.S. from the interwar years, but I don't know much more than that.
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1answer
134 views

Average ages of US Army officers at the turn of the 20th century

What would be the average rate of promotion for US Army officers beginning their career in the mid 1890's as a 2nd Lieutenant? By what age could they expect to be promoted to each successive rank? ...
9
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3answers
3k views

Why did post-Roman rulers abandon tax-paid army?

According to C. Wickham's The Inheritance of Rome: Illuminating the Dark Ages 400-1000, pages 102-104, in 5th century rulers abandoned Roman tax-paid army in favor of medieval feudal one, which was ...
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3answers
7k views

Did the Persian Immortals instill fear in their Greek adversaries?

The Persian Immortals were an elite combat unit during the First Persian Empire, also known as the Achaemenid Empire. They were known for being at ten thousand strong at all times for which they ...
11
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1answer
365 views

1985 magazine cover about Strategic Defense Initiative - Who is Darth Vader?

Here is a the cover of the French magazine "Science&Vie", dated February 1985. The lead article, "La Paix des Étoiles" (Star Peace) is obviously about the Strategic Defense Initiative. February ...
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6answers
751 views

What role has a generally armed populace had on resisting a **potentially repressive government?**

I've been seeing a meme to the effect, "If the Jews had guns they wouldn't have all gone to the death camps" This has usually been cited by a 2nd amendment advocate One of the answers has a line, "......
4
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1answer
252 views

Can anyone identify this uniform?

Copied from OP's comment: I believe he stayed in the Aachen area. It is a photo of my G.G.Grandfather who was born in Aachen, Germany in 1841 and died 13 Nov 1890. Thanks in advance.
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2answers
413 views

At the beginning of English Civil War, why did Parliament take a hard line with neutrals, thereby effectively helping Royalist recruitment?

In Cavaliers and Roundheads, Christopher Hibbert notes the problems King Charles I had recruiting men for his army. Even in late August 1642, he had “scarcely more than 1,000 men” and was greatly ...
3
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0answers
86 views

What regiments of the British East India Company were in southeastern India in the late 1790s?

I have been researching ranks and positions that existed in various regiments and civil branches of the British East India Company during the late 1790s to early 1800s. Those aren't as hard as finding ...
4
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1answer
130 views

Did the treaty of Versailles require closure of German cadet schools?

I'm hoping someone can give me a definitive answer about whether German military schools/academies ("kadettenanstalt" - secondary school level) were forced to close by the Treaty of Versailles. It ...
8
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2answers
269 views

Why was the Kamchatka Regiment sent?

About 1800, Major-General Andrey Somov headed a regiment sent from Irkutsk to reinforce Kamchatka. Soldiers were to take up positions in about five garrisons around the peninsula. Feeding them was a ...
5
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1answer
147 views

Was the Seven Years’ War the first time dogs were used to carry messages?

The use of messenger dogs during World War I by both sides is well-attested to, but they were also used by Frederick the Great during the Seven Years’ War. Wikipedia says he is reportedly the first ...
3
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1answer
397 views

Is this quotation authentic (88mm versus Sherman)?

Have seen in several places a supposed quotation from a German WW2 battery commander or gunner, either in Italy or Normandy, to the effect that he ran out of shells before the enemy ran out of tanks (...
7
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1answer
302 views

Why did Cretan archers flourish?

This question concerns why Cretan archers were so prolific and well regarded during Antiquity. As seen in Xenophon's Anabasis Cretan archers often were hired to serve as mercenaries in Greece and ...
5
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3answers
463 views

Before and during WW2, how were war games played?

One example that I've gleaned from this website accounts a Japanese war game for the Battle of Midway: In the tabletop manoeuvres, for example, a situation developed in which the Nagumo Force ...
2
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4answers
305 views

Stories from history of mercenaries who didn't get paid

I'm doing a talk on freelancing. It's a dirty secret that sometimes hired guns don't get paid. I'd like to de-personalize it by telling a couple short historical stories of mercenaries who didn't ...
6
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1answer
228 views

Did Peter the Great support a Russian circumnavigation?

Peter the Great modernized Imperial Russia, reforming both its army and navy. He was keen to catch up with other European powers and built the Baltic port Kronstadt, a shipyard at Arkhangelsk, and the ...
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0answers
79 views

Was the Bretton Woods system formed with U.S. security guarantees?

I just read Peter Zeihan's book The Accidental Superpower, in which he repeatedly refers to the U.S. Navy as the protector of global trade. He referred to this as being under the umbrella of the ...
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2answers
165 views

Why did the introduction of European firearms have such an impact on warfare in Africa and the Americas?

So to my knowledge, one of the reasons that gunpowder changed everything was that the firearm was the first weapon that could reliably penetrate plate armor, which made feudal armored cavalry (knights,...
4
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1answer
232 views

Were there crewmen from other USN ships on USS Missouri when the Japanese surrendered?

I have tried finding a list of the crewmen on the USS Missouri at the time of the signing of the Japanese Instrument of Surrender, or at least some general information about who was on the ship at ...
11
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1answer
397 views

Were groups (or 'companies') of dogs used to attack enemy armies in medieval battles?

In Dogs in warfare and The Dogs of War, a number of examples are given where dogs were used in battle in ancient times. Polyaenus, in ‘Stratagems’, also gives a clear example (late 7th century BC): ...
3
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1answer
129 views

Mudéjar revolt of 1264–66: how were the Mudéjars armed?

In the Mudéjar revolt of 1264–66, the recently conquered Muslim subjects (also called Mudéjars) in Castile rebelled against the crown, and were helped by the Muslim Kingdom of Granada. In the ...
40
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7answers
23k views

Why didn't Japan take Pearl Harbor when they had the chance?

Japan successfully wiped out America's defenses at Pearl Harbor, and they knew they were going to before they set out, so why didn't they take some paratroopers with them to seize the harbor from the ...
2
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1answer
145 views

What kind of AA defenses did the US East Coast have around the time of Paukenschlag?

Operation Paukenschlag (drumbeat/thunderclap), which Wikipedia likes to call the Second Happy Time, occurred from 1942 January to August. During this time, German U-Boats sank a huge amount of ships ...
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1answer
231 views

What kind of impact did ancient armies have on civilians and the environments outside of combat?

Are there any notable studies of the impacts of ancient battles on civilian populations and the environment outside warfare? What happened to farms and villages that lie in the path of ancient armies?...
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1answer
280 views

Need help to identify this circa WW1, American uniform

My great grandfather disappeared in 1930 and the only record I have of him is these photos. He fathered my grandmother in 1914 in Australia and had a second family in the late 1920's. I have only just ...
5
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1answer
302 views

How did early Rome mobilize?

I have read that before the reforms of Marius, Rome produced her armies by conscripting them from the citizens by drawing of lot, with every recruit owning his own equipment. My questions are about ...
5
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1answer
254 views

Was there a military practice of reloading while marching/running, in Europe or America during the 18th and 19th centuries?

This reenactor does a fine job of reloading a flintlock rifle while running. He is attempting to recreate something from the Indian Wars in America, in the 1770s. My question is about the historical ...
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1answer
1k views

What type of military uniform is this?

I'm researching a CDV I bought this past summer and am having great difficulty finding what type of uniform this is. I have it narrowed down to a French military uniform, likely post 1900. I was able ...
4
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2answers
498 views

What were the requirements for Iron Cross first and second class?

What were the prerequisites for being awarded an Iron Cross first or second class? Were there stricter requrements for getting an Iron Cross 1st class than an Iron Cross 2nd class? What happened ...
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1answer
224 views

Medal of Honor for retreating before an enemy?

The Highest award for valor in the United States Armed Services is the Medal of Honor; sometimes referred to the Congressional Medal of Honor. Has anyone received this high honor while retreating ...
4
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1answer
134 views

Were commandants in Kamchatka from the Army or the Navy?

The Imperial Russian Navy operated out of Kronstadt, next to St. Petersburg. Well before sending the Nadezhda and Neva into the Pacific in 1803, the empire had Pacific ports like Okhotsk, accessible ...
33
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5answers
10k views

Why did the grip-centered viking shield fall out of use relative to the kite shields?

Did Normans have battle advantage with strapped kite shields over Saxons and Vikings with their grip-centered shield style of fighting? What often comes to my mind are battles like Hastings (1066). ...
2
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2answers
162 views

Was there a Stick-Grenade prior to the Stielhandgranate?

Most people are familiar with the Stielhandgranate that appeared in 1915, and saw use in both world wars. The question I have, is whether it was the first of its kind, a stick-grenade? Were there no ...
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2answers
227 views

Did cavalrymen drive in tanks in World War II?

I found the following quote in the dictionary of US army slang (my emphasis): bowlegs: Derisive term for cavalrymen, ignoring the fact that they rode in tanks rather than on horseback. Were there ...
4
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3answers
715 views

Why was Operation Felix cancelled?

Operation Felix was the seizure of Gibraltar (a British naval base at the tip of the Mediterranean Sea) by the Nazis during World War 2. The Nazis believed if they could take control of Gibraltar, ...
2
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1answer
97 views

What was the commandant of Okhotsk's involvement in Russian-American Company hiring?

The Russian-American Company was a privately funded concern which obtained a royal monopoly on exploration and settlement in America. It sponsored and managed the Russian presence from the Aleutians ...
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1answer
1k views

What metallurgy advancement allowed the transition from mail hauberk to plate armor?

Why did it happen in the 14th century, when the blast furnace was invented much earlier? Can someone explain, how medieval blacksmiths figured it out? What discovery enabled them to create plate ...
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1answer
239 views

How many ministerial deferments were there during WWII for the United States?

How many, or what percentage of eligible inductees were excused by way of a 2-D or 4-D during WWII?
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2answers
3k views

When was the tactic of chaining ships together last used in a major naval battle?

At the Battle of Sluys in 1340, the French fleet operated: in accordance with the usual medieval tactics of a fleet fighting on the defensive. Quiéret and Béhuchet formed their forces into three or ...
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2answers
504 views

When was the White Feather first used as a symbol of cowardice?

During WWI in Britain (and in some British colonies), a white feather was commonly given to men who were seen as cowards for not enlisting. The idea of using a white feather comes supposedly from ...
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1answer
714 views

Jerusalem 1187: How did ethnicity impact Saladin's army?

This is intended to be the first (and longest) of a series questions about the Siege of Jerusalem in 1187. It was originally one massive question, but the community rightly recommended that I break it ...