Questions tagged [military]

Questions pertaining to characteristics of armed forces' structure, manpower, equipment, or expenditures.

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3
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0answers
107 views

How did traveling warrior company spend their nights in the medieval era? [closed]

Let's say it's medieval times, in France, around 1300s, a king or his general sends a company of about two dozen soldiers with a captain to inspect a situation at a location where it will take them ...
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11answers
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Why wasn't the Republic of Ireland invaded (by either side) in WW2?

Ireland was neutral in WW2, however it was never invaded (by either side). How come? Why wasn't Ireland invaded by the UK to prevent the Germans invading? Why didn't germany invade ireland? It would ...
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1answer
102 views

What were the manpower and gunnery levels of the seven gunboats that assisted Grant at Fort Donelson?

Earlier on, I asked a question about General Grant's "true" force level at Fort Donelson. The argument was that Grant had been assisted by gunboats and gunners that were technically not ...
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2answers
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When did the use of "Contact!" by soldiers emerge?

I was recently watching a World War One docudrama-esque show (Our World War (BBC)) and, while patrolling and fighting to control Trones Wood, some British troops unexpectedly encounter the German ...
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What were the ranks of say, the five crewmen of a Panzer in World War II? [duplicate]

At Normandy, tank ace, Major Michael Wittmann commanded a group of seven tanks. This was probably a unit that had been decimated by casualties. Even so, my understanding is that an officer of Wittmann'...
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1answer
158 views

What made Fort Donelson particularly vulnerable to capture?

In February, 1862, Ulysses S. Grant captured Fort Donelson in a little over a day. Most forts hold out for "many" days, especially when the ratio of attacking to defending forces is less ...
2
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1answer
372 views

Which superior officer did Princess Elizabeth II report to during her service as a junior officer in WW2?

Prior to her reign, Queen Elizabeth II served in the Auxiliary Territorial Service of the British Army during World War 2. She held the rank of a junior officer (with a promotion to a Junior Commander ...
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2answers
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Did people shoot from both sides of the bow in medieval times?

Most modern archers are taught to shoot with Mediterranean style; that is, putting the arrow on the left side of the bow (if they're right handed) and pulling the string with 3 fingers. Some claim ...
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2answers
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What is this Victorian era British Uniform? Royal Horse Artillery?

Please can anyone confirm whether the photo shows a uniform of a Corporal in the R.H.A.(Royal Horse Artillery) of the British Army in about the 1870s? An ancestor of mine was in the R.H.A in the 1870s ...
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2answers
192 views

Initial Japanese success in WWII? [closed]

We all know about Pearl Harbor. But I’m curious how Imperial Japan managed to take Guam, Wake, Hong Kong, the Philippines, and China. The only reason I can think of to explain these conquests were ...
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7answers
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Is this depiction of command hierarchy, with the chain of command standing next to each other, historically accurate?

Screenshot's from 1:08:19. I transcribe: 2: Order the 58th to withdraw. 1 to 3: Fraser, order the 58th to withdraw. 3: Yes sir. I don't understand this command hierachy: Similarly, an officer is ...
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130 views

Can anyone identify this 19th century US military uniform?

I found this among our family photos and am trying to figure out who it might be.
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7answers
16k views

Why did the Roman military start to favour swords over the spear phalanx?

Up until the rise of the Roman Republic, the Greek phalanx was considered the dominant form of military tactics. Evolution had simply favoured longer and longer spears: by the time of Alexander, ...
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2answers
336 views

When did armies seriously consider tank-vs-tank warfare to be possible?

It is a known fact that there was one significant confrontation between tanks during the First World War (at the Second battle of villers-bretonneux) between British and German armour, but in the ...
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2answers
165 views

What is the source of this quote about hope and POWs?

I seem to recall someone who was a POW, possibly held by Japanese, saying something like that the people that survived were the ones that gave up hope of getting out and the people that died were the ...
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102 views

Can you identify this dress uniform (Lucknow, India, around 1911)?

My husband’s grandmother, born illegitimate, did not know her father. She was told that this is him. She was conceived in India in November 1911. I would like to identify the dress uniform. I know it’...
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76 views

Did any army try speed volley fire by passing pre-loaded muskets to the front line? [duplicate]

Early 16th to 18th century muskets had 2 big disadvantages. Musketeers needed minimum 20-30 seconds to reload them and they were very inaccurate, because projectile (usually small lead ball) was much ...
5
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2answers
713 views

What is the reasoning behind these huge numbers for participants in the Battle of Grunwald 1410?

I was reading about the Battle of Grunwald (Tannenberg) in 1410 during the Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War and I found this strange excerpt from current Wikispeedia, (which is based on an old Wikipedia ...
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2answers
2k views

Were the mongol army boots of 13th century lined with fur?

I want to know about 13th century Mongolian army boots. I know they used leather for their boots. The leather and the source of the leather is irrelevant to my research for now. My question is that ...
3
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1answer
251 views

Can anyone identify this European ?naval uniform from photograph and likely date (belle époque)?)

Possibly late 1800s, early 1900s. Almost certainly from the UK. Epaulettes may indicate Naval?
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2answers
367 views

Can anyone identify this uniform, approximate year, and aircraft?

It's U.S. from the interwar years, but I don't know much more than that.
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3answers
804 views

What quality were Japanese troops in Japan in 1945?

Sources such as Basil Collier's "The Second World War: A Military History" list the Japanese forces during the war as being 6 million. My understanding is that the background of these troops ...
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5answers
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Given their reputation for fighting to the last man in the Pacific, why did 700,000 Japanese troops surrender in Manchuria?

I just read this. It says: On August 8, 1945 ... the Soviet Union launched the invasion of Manchuria, a massive military operation mobilizing 1.5 million soldiers against one million Kwantung Army ...
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119 views

What is this uniform (circa 1900, probably NE USA)?

I'm trying to identify this uniform. The glass negative image is of boys wearing the uniform and the date is 1900-1910 The image is from a glass photo negative circa 1900. It appears to be a boy's ...
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141 views

What percentage of troops in the Wehrmacht were front-line combat troops?

As with every army, a given percentage of the troops are dedicated to the logistics and transport of supplies to support that army’s campaigns. The Wehrmacht of World War Two required a great deal of ...
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5answers
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Is there evidence Muslim soldiers fought in the Continental Army?

It is said that Muslims fought for the American Revolution, by serving in the Continental Army. Wikipedia cites a few names: Records from the American Revolutionary War indicate that at least a few ...
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1answer
329 views

How many battles could a Napoleonic war or ACW infantryman expect to survive?

In battles such as those of the Napoleonic wars or the American Civil War that involved infantry marching across open ground whilst being pummeled by artillery and facing volleys of musket or rifle ...
4
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1answer
243 views

When did military leaders in the field start to put units or ships as tokens onto a map and to move them around?

I've seen many TV documentaries on historical conflicts where actors representing the leaders would gravely look at a map with tokens for military units, reminiscent of WWII air defense situation ...
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1answer
127 views

Did Kampfgeschwader 6 operate Me-262s and Bf-109s from the same airfield? If so, which one?

I know that Kampfgeschwader 6 operated both Me-262 and Bf-109s, because they were retraining the extra bomber crew for fighter rolls, and that this was done from several airfields in Czechoslovakia: ...
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10answers
5k views

Were there military operations that targeted individual enemy commanders?

Operation Vengeance (1943) was a US military operation aimed specifically to kill Japanese Admiral Yamamoto. It looks like something weird in contemporary era: are there any similar military ...
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1answer
205 views

Can anyone help identify this uniform /person?

We have found this old photograph among some family records but have no idea who it is of. Can anyone identify the uniform .... We would love to know who the person is but doubt will be that lucky in ...
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2answers
160 views

Can anyone tell me what military uniform this is?

This is my great grandfather and on the back of the picture it states "France 1913", I am restoring the picture, adding color, and need help identifying the uniform so I can make add the ...
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What paramilitary group was Nikola Jorgić in?

"Nikola Jorgić (1946 – 8 June 2014) was a Bosnian Serb from the Doboj region who was a soldier of a paramilitary group located in his native area.1 On 26 September 1997, he was convicted of ...
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5answers
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Are there military commanders other than Khalid ibn al-Walid who have never been defeated?

I was reading about Khalid ibn al-Walid, a commander in the Muslim's era. What is interesting about him is that he was never been defeated in any of the hundred battles that he encountered. Are there ...
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1answer
153 views

Can you identify this uniform? Is it military?

This is a wedding photograph,taken by a photographer in Belfast who was in business between 1919 and 1933. I don't think it is a British or Irish uniform but happy to be corrected on that.
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1answer
233 views

What are some examples of rulers immediately incorporating conquered population's army into their own? [closed]

I can vaguely remember reading about armies conquering a land, and then fortifying their own numbers by the armies of conquered populations, but I can't remember specific instances. Would love to know ...
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1answer
270 views

Can you help me identify this Italian Royal Army Uniform?

1These are three silver gelatin photograph, each measuring 9 x 6 3/4 inches. I have a total of five photos: three different images, two are repeats. In two of the images, the subject is posing with a ...
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2answers
242 views

What ship is this in Sasebo, Japan Harbor, Korean War Era?

Identification of Ship in Sasebo, Japan Harbor, Korean War Era from my Flickr page https://www.flickr.com/photos/photolibrarian/51241341355/in/dateposted-public/
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6answers
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How did archers judge distance before range finders?

Before electronics, was there a method for judging distance in archery? What methods were used historically? How were combat archers trained to judge distances?
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139 views

Are these British cavalry uniforms?

Photo either taken in Durban (Port Natal) or Cornwall, perhaps World War 1 Would a military unit wear jackets that didn't match the jodhpurs? There is no accompanying information for this photo of my ...
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3answers
5k views

Can anyone identify the military branch and rank of the man in the front row? This is from Germany @1932

I assume the boy on the right is in a Hitler youth uniform but I don't know the uniform of the man in front, maybe a Prussian uniform? They were from the eastern part of Germany (now Poland) - Silesia....
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1answer
400 views

What do these artillery shell stamps indicate?

I found this inert shell decades ago at a garage sale in New Brunswick, Canada and finally got around to cleaning it up. I'm not really well versed in the various marks on it, but I've attached some ...
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4answers
5k views

What was the function of the walls of Jericho?

The walls of old Jericho have been dated to around 8000bc. This is thousands of years before the nascent civilisations of Babylon and Egypt built similar fortifications and thousands of years before ...
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2answers
5k views

Was a bomb or shell ever dropped directly down the funnel of a warship?

I was surprised to learn in this awesome video about the USS New Jersey that the funnel on an Iowa-class battleship is not a straight line, there's a bit of a zig-zag in it. The idea was that, unlike ...
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0answers
187 views

Can anyone help to identify this picture of a relative wearing a possibly Polish/Russian/Prussian uniform?

I found this photo and tried to match to uniforms of the time around 1911. Can’t find one with similar pockets or stripes. Can you help to identify? My sister says person on left is grandfather. They ...
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183 views

Can you identify this uniform?

Photo was found in a trunk belonging to my great grandmother, grandparents, passed on to uncle.
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0answers
57 views

Who Was The Last Head Of State To Participate In Battle While In Office? [duplicate]

Many historical heads of state, e.g., Charlemagne (ca. 800 CE), Henry V (ca. 1413-1422 CE), George Washington (as head of state during the Revolutionary War ca. 1776 CE), and Napoleon (late 18th and ...
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1answer
126 views

Post WWII Munich- U.S.occupation

Is there any way to find out which unit of the US army of occupation took control of US HQ in Munich after April 30th, 1945?
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3answers
186 views

Looking for 3 examples of prisoners of war being incorporated into the conquering army

When POWs were captured, they were either executed, exchanged, put into slavery or sometimes incorporated into the enemy army. I'm trying to find a few examples (3 would do) of the last category. ...
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0answers
44 views

How effectively did Romans rotate/relieve lines with the cohort system? [duplicate]

There is a similar question on Reddit and the original poster of the question uses a YouTube video to demonstrate the point. That video showcases a rotation of Roman infantry in a cohort. According to ...

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