Questions tagged [military]

Questions pertaining to characteristics of armed forces' structure, manpower, equipment, or expenditures.

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3
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1answer
257 views

How to attack Fort Ross

Imperial Spain was upset when the Russian-American Company founded its Californian outpost Fort Ross. Local Spanish officials always stayed cordial with the Russians, though. Both sides were remote ...
40
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4answers
8k views

Is there any evidence of armies enrolling women in fighting roles in significant number in antiquity or the middle ages?

Most sources I find seems to portray women's participation in warfare, as leaders and or soldiers, as more of an exception than the rule during antiquity and the middle ages. Is there any source ...
7
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1answer
182 views

What cult images are likely to be found in a Second Punic war era Roman field camp?

Were cult images (e.g. statues of gods) carried by a Roman army (or its commander) around 200 BC? If so, which gods? And were would they be kept while in camp? (I am not referring to items individual ...
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2answers
544 views

What was the legal process of raising a legion in late Republican Rome?

I've read some about both the Roman army and the Late Republican period, but realized that, while I understand well enough how legions worked in the field, I have only a very incomplete idea of who ...
9
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2answers
528 views

Understanding my 96 year old father's US Army discharge papers

I have my father's discharge papers and medals. I am trying to organize and classify his medals properly. Line 32 reads - Sicilian, Naples-Foggia, Southern France, Rhineland GO105 WD45 Line 33 reads ...
14
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1answer
757 views

Why did the wagon forts of the Hussites fade away?

The wagon forts of Hussites were quite successful tactically, and helped them repel five crusades from European leaders. I was wondering why did the wagon fort tactics not see a wider adoption in ...
10
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2answers
1k views

Distinguish Mitsubishi G6M1-L2 and G4M1 aircraft in this picture

Here is a picture of Bataan 1 and Bataan 2: Wikipedia: Bataan 1 and Bataan 2 were two demilitarized Japanese bomber/transport aircraft that carried the first surrender delegations from Japan to Ie ...
6
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3answers
786 views

How accurately could ancient soldiers/commanders maneuver during battles

I am currently working on a small strategy game/interactive simulation of historical battles, whose main goal is to give the player – playing as the general of a ancient army – a more realistic amount ...
61
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6answers
24k views

Why didn't Wehrmacht soldiers refuse to kill civilians?

Why didn't Wehrmacht Soldiers refuse to execute civilians (and Kids) when it was clear that they did nothing wrong? I know that they were probably told they're partisans or Jews or something along ...
4
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5answers
676 views

Has an offensive ever succeeded without an advantage in artillery?

I am asking if an offensive has ever succeeded without an advantage in artillery. You can quantify this in any number of ways: Number of guns Shell tonnages Some qualitative technical advantage in ...
10
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1answer
362 views

How was the Roman army in fact organized during Caesar's campaigns in Gaul?

I'm finding contradictory descriptions about how Roman legions were organized during the Gallic Wars (58-50 BC). An appendix on Roman military organization in The Landmark Julius Caesar highlights ...
13
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2answers
2k views

Were the mongol army boots of 13th century lined with fur?

I want to know about 13th century Mongolian army boots. I know they used leather for their boots. The leather and the source of the leather is irrelevant to my research for now. My question is that ...
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3answers
470 views

Has anyone ever got more than a 21 Gun Salute?

The 21 gun salute is given at the funeral for US military personnel. Has there ever been someone who got more than 21 rounds fired? Primarily for the US but not limited to I am looking for instances ...
4
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1answer
295 views

Vietnam war “blue tag”

I was talking to a random former USA Vietnam war soldier - I don't know what branch - who said he got out of Vietnam on a "blue tag". What did he mean? I missed the opportunity to ask for ...
4
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1answer
438 views

How did the US plan to use nuclear shells for naval guns?

Acoodring to wikipedia: The W19 nuclear system was adapted into a nuclear artillery shell for the US Navy 16 inches (410 mm) battleship guns, the W23. Production of the W23 began in 1956 and they ...
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9answers
12k views

Were there any high-ranking female soldiers during the Middle ages?

There are several fictional works describing female knights in a fantasy world, but do they have any real world counterpart? For example, a knight or a high-ranking female military officer during the ...
3
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1answer
295 views

How did steppe-nomad military tactics change in response to widespread firearms in the 18th/19th centuries?

Please forgive my ignorance of the cultures extant in the Eurasian steppe at this time, but I was wondering how the military tactics of steppe-cultures changed in response to the massed musket tactics ...
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2answers
487 views

In which estate were the soldiers prior to the French revolution?

In which estate did the soldiers come prior to the French revolution? In my book it is written "peasants had to serve in the army..." and "army was not open as I was not a noble by birth"
3
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1answer
415 views

What kind of knife is this?

My grandpa had this knife and we do not know anything about it. It seems to be very interesting and I am very curious as to what kind of knife this is and where it came from. Edit: Grandpa was born ...
6
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1answer
153 views

Why did Pichegru defect?

General Pichegru was a famous French Revolutionary military leader who had won great victories in 1795. And then, all of a sudden: Although he had become a hero of the Revolution, he allowed his ...
22
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2answers
5k views

Was Hiroshima targeted because its mountains would “rebound the explosion back into the city for more damage”?

In English class, while analyzing the anti-war themes of a book, my teacher brought up something that I had never heard before and honestly significantly doubt the accuracy of. She said that: ...
8
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2answers
445 views

What uniform is in this picture?

Believe he was in the Somerset Light Infantry based at Jellallabad camp Taunton sometime between 1890 and 1914. Any help from anyone appreciated. We cannot find his birth or death as he used ...
8
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1answer
343 views

What was the military makeup of the Baltic tribes/Lithuania from 1200 to 1500 AD?

There is quite a lot written on the Teutonic Order and its military, but I'm having a harder time finding any good English sources on the military of one of its chief foes, Lithuania and the other ...
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1answer
106 views

Identifying a badge/medal

Does anyone know what this is from and who had this?
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1answer
246 views

Identifying a WW2 German badge/medal

Is anyone able to identify this? It appears to be a part of a badge as there is a leather backing on it.
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1answer
196 views

Can anyone identify this early 20th century uniform?

Maybe US, British or Irish. Might be military or civil. Early 20th century. Medals on right chest? Commemorative or mirror image?
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1answer
245 views

In France, 1916, would a soldier who was invalided out of the army, e.g. as an amputee, still get his army pay?

In France, the law providing ex-servicemen with an army pension did not come in until 1919, so if wounded soldiers were unable to fight, what did they live on?
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2answers
341 views

How “old” is mechanized infantry in terms of usage in warfare and what should be called as such?

This topic often fascinated me as a kid. I often questioned myself if there was an equivalent of the use of machinery to protect ground soldiers during a siege or an attack at some city or whatever ...
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0answers
97 views

Palestinian Troop Strength During 1948 War

I am trying to estimate the strength of the Palestinian irregular forces during the 1947-49 War. I find two well documented groups: Army of the Holy War, commanded by Husayni, based in Ramalla, ...
6
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1answer
743 views

Has the Arab League created a Joint Defense Council and a Permanent Military Commission?

Have the Arab League's Joint Defense Council and the Permanent Military Commission been created? There seems to be a lack of information concerning this topic on the internet, but by the Treaty of ...
6
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2answers
372 views

Help identifying a strange uniform jacket

I've got nothing to go on here other than this is quite old. Thick navy wool with dark gray (or black) Corded striping. One gold star on right sleeve. Handwritten tag is hard to read, has a long ...
11
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2answers
482 views

How could black men serve as officers in the US army during segregation?

How did black men such as Benjamin Oliver Davis Sr achieve high ranks in the US military during segregation? Those ranks should put them in position of power over white people, not very segregation-...
21
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1answer
5k views

Was the British Army a millionaire factory in the early 20th century?

I'm reading "Kenya Diary" by Richard Meinertzhagen where he relates his experiences as a junior officer in the British army around 1902. At one point he states that during his 5 year service in East ...
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1answer
264 views

Can anyone identify this uniform, approximate year, and aircraft?

It's U.S. from the interwar years, but I don't know much more than that.
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1answer
172 views

Average ages of US Army officers at the turn of the 20th century

What would be the average rate of promotion for US Army officers beginning their career in the mid 1890's as a 2nd Lieutenant? By what age could they expect to be promoted to each successive rank? ...
11
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3answers
4k views

Why did post-Roman rulers abandon tax-paid army?

According to C. Wickham's The Inheritance of Rome: Illuminating the Dark Ages 400-1000, pages 102-104, in 5th century rulers abandoned Roman tax-paid army in favor of medieval feudal one, which was ...
29
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3answers
8k views

Did the Persian Immortals instill fear in their Greek adversaries?

The Persian Immortals were an elite combat unit during the First Persian Empire, also known as the Achaemenid Empire. They were known for being at ten thousand strong at all times for which they ...
11
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1answer
487 views

1985 magazine cover about Strategic Defense Initiative - Who is Darth Vader?

Here is a the cover of the French magazine "Science&Vie", dated February 1985. The lead article, "La Paix des Étoiles" (Star Peace) is obviously about the Strategic Defense Initiative. February ...
4
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6answers
919 views

What role has a generally armed populace had on resisting a **potentially repressive government?**

I've been seeing a meme to the effect, "If the Jews had guns they wouldn't have all gone to the death camps" This has usually been cited by a 2nd amendment advocate One of the answers has a line, "......
4
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1answer
311 views

Can anyone identify this uniform?

Copied from OP's comment: I believe he stayed in the Aachen area. It is a photo of my G.G.Grandfather who was born in Aachen, Germany in 1841 and died 13 Nov 1890. Thanks in advance.
11
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2answers
516 views

At the beginning of English Civil War, why did Parliament take a hard line with neutrals, thereby effectively helping Royalist recruitment?

In Cavaliers and Roundheads, Christopher Hibbert notes the problems King Charles I had recruiting men for his army. Even in late August 1642, he had “scarcely more than 1,000 men” and was greatly ...
4
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0answers
149 views

What regiments of the British East India Company were in southeastern India in the late 1790s?

I have been researching ranks and positions that existed in various regiments and civil branches of the British East India Company during the late 1790s to early 1800s. Those aren't as hard as finding ...
4
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1answer
145 views

Did the treaty of Versailles require closure of German cadet schools?

I'm hoping someone can give me a definitive answer about whether German military schools/academies ("kadettenanstalt" - secondary school level) were forced to close by the Treaty of Versailles. It ...
10
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2answers
345 views

Why was the Kamchatka Regiment sent?

About 1800, Major-General Andrey Somov headed a regiment sent from Irkutsk to reinforce Kamchatka. Soldiers were to take up positions in about five garrisons around the peninsula. Feeding them was a ...
7
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1answer
178 views

Was the Seven Years’ War the first time dogs were used to carry messages?

The use of messenger dogs during World War I by both sides is well-attested to, but they were also used by Frederick the Great during the Seven Years’ War. Wikipedia says he is reportedly the first ...
3
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1answer
861 views

Is this quotation authentic (88mm versus Sherman)?

Have seen in several places a supposed quotation from a German WW2 battery commander or gunner, either in Italy or Normandy, to the effect that he ran out of shells before the enemy ran out of tanks (...
8
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1answer
570 views

Why did Cretan archers flourish?

This question concerns why Cretan archers were so prolific and well regarded during Antiquity. As seen in Xenophon's Anabasis Cretan archers often were hired to serve as mercenaries in Greece and ...
6
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3answers
689 views

Before and during WW2, how were war games played?

One example that I've gleaned from this website accounts a Japanese war game for the Battle of Midway: In the tabletop manoeuvres, for example, a situation developed in which the Nagumo Force ...
2
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4answers
420 views

Stories from history of mercenaries who didn't get paid

I'm doing a talk on freelancing. It's a dirty secret that sometimes hired guns don't get paid. I'd like to de-personalize it by telling a couple short historical stories of mercenaries who didn't ...
6
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1answer
285 views

Did Peter the Great support a Russian circumnavigation?

Peter the Great modernized Imperial Russia, reforming both its army and navy. He was keen to catch up with other European powers and built the Baltic port Kronstadt, a shipyard at Arkhangelsk, and the ...

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