Questions tagged [military]

Questions pertaining to characteristics of armed forces' structure, manpower, equipment, or expenditures.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
6answers
870 views

Did it make sense to bring along infantry to reinforce attacking cavalry before the introduction of firearms?

At the Civil War battle of Brandy Station, the attacking Union cavalry general Alfred Pleasanton brought along some 3,000 infantry to even the odds, because his cavalry was outnumbered 9,500 to 8,000 ...
1
vote
4answers
320 views

Were there many “co-headed” commands where the senior member was younger than the junior?

When one thinks of "partnership" commands, one may think of the Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eugene. Perhaps Hindenburg and Ludendorf in World War I Or Robert E. Lee and "Stonewall" Jackson. In each ...
1
vote
1answer
162 views

Why does the Canadian Air Force name its ranks like its Army, whilst the Australian and New Zealand Air Forces use the Royal Air Force's?

Like the US's, the Canadian Air Force's ranks are named identically to its Army's. But Australia's and New Zealand's rank names follow the RAF's. Why?
1
vote
3answers
464 views

What is an example of effective flanking maneuvers in medieval battles?

I'm interested in better understanding medieval military tactics. I know that flanking maneuvers are often considered devastating in battles but I can find any good examples of this tactic being ...
1
vote
1answer
222 views

Can someone help me ID this insignia?

Charles Miller - fought with US Army at battle at Wounded Knee - this photographer took images during and after the Battle. Anyone recognize the insignia? He later became a Mason? Could it be from ...
1
vote
1answer
476 views

Which country/empire was the dominant hegemon for the longest time? [closed]

Say the USA has been the worlds most dominant power for 75 years. Before that one could argue the British Empire during the Victorian era, approx 1810 to 1915, was the world dominant power. Other ...
1
vote
2answers
182 views

Can you identify this US Army uniform?

This is my great-grandfather. I would like to know what he did in the Army. Can you identify whether he was infantry or cavalry?
1
vote
1answer
281 views

What evidence is there of tank-vs-tank combat in Asia during the second world war?

It has been known that the Japanese army during the Second World War did not value tanks highly and as such they were not always used effectively and had significantly worse characteristics than ...
1
vote
2answers
349 views

How were the Roman Triarii trained?

Unlike the Hastati and Principe, the Triarii were spear based and they also the oldest veteran elite troops. So did they initially fight with the sword and then go to the spear (and if so why) or were ...
1
vote
2answers
504 views

Did Soviet Union really consider using atomic bomb against US aircraft battlegroup?

In this video youtube narrator says that: "During Cold War Soviet Union considered American battle-group such a dire threat that they predicted the only way to defend against them would be by use ...
1
vote
2answers
266 views

Identifying the Soldier in this minature painting

I bought a minature painting in a wooden / gilt frame. The portrait is signed Lila Sampson. Inside the frame was another miniature painting of a man in uniform. I am trying to find out more about both ...
1
vote
1answer
4k views

Did Germany have enforced conscription in 1944? [closed]

My grandfather was a german soldier during the second world war. He was born on March 22, 1926 in Schwabach, Germany. At the age of 18 he enrolled in the german army. There is one detail i would ...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

How would a strength report be collected from a brigade?

I was reading a book in which I saw that the Baron de Steuben had collected strength reports from each brigade of the Continental Army when he was training them in Valley Forge, but it did not go into ...
1
vote
1answer
448 views

Why did US helicopters suffer mechanical failures in Operation Eagle Claw?

The Wikipedia entry about it says, The operation encountered many obstacles and was eventually aborted. Eight helicopters were sent to the first staging area, Desert One, but only five arrived ...
1
vote
1answer
285 views

How many civilians of Roman empire (except jews) died in the Bar Kokhba revolt?

The wiki entry about Bar Kokhba revolt has no information or indication about how many Roman civilians died in that conflict. 580,000 Jews killed, 50 fortified towns and 985 villages razed; "...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

Can anyone identify this military uniform?

Can anyone identify this uniform? I'm not sure it is military or scouts? I'm guessing this is WWII era or earlier in the United States.
1
vote
1answer
214 views

What were common crew ranks on US Navy flying boats and bombers?

historians! I asked this question over on the Aviation SE, but was also suggested to ask here. Below is a copy of my question from over there. I have been trying to figure this out for some time, but ...
1
vote
1answer
589 views

Why are gliders not used anymore in military operation? [closed]

I do not think there was any operation involving gliders after WWII, and I'd like to know why.
1
vote
1answer
166 views

What was the structure of the Russian army following reforms in 1917?

Found that although it's apparent that old titles were abolished it is unclear as to whether this was merely formal while retaining a hierarchy of command or whether the army did work collectively.
1
vote
3answers
212 views

Are there any tanks with the gun and autoloader outside the main turret?

Basically as title. I've been thinking about this hybrid turret design for quite some time now. Essentially, I had this idea for a potential design for a tank turret that could be accomplished with an ...
1
vote
1answer
210 views

What kind of rifle used this shell case?

Please, anyone able to tell me what kind of shell is it and what mean this symbol on the bottom ? Is it from 1917?
1
vote
1answer
153 views

During the Korean War, what B-29 crew roles did the abbreviations IVO, CFC, and VC mean?

I was researching a B-29 crash that my grandfather was in during the Korean War, and he was listed as the IVO on the flight. I couldn't find what that abbreviation meant, nor could I find some of the ...
1
vote
1answer
482 views

What did NATO AFCENT commander Bennecke do during World War 2?

The commander of Headquarters, Allied Forces Central Europe (AFCENT) from 1968–1973 was (Konrad Max Arthur) Jürgen Bennecke, a German. In short: Bennecke's publically available bio has some gaps in ...
1
vote
1answer
293 views

Where was this flag flown?

I have a 48 Star flag that I have recently acquired from a seller off of a similar setting to Craigslist. He said he’s found it in an attic and really has no other information on it. Because the size ...
1
vote
1answer
278 views

Can anyone identify this uniform, approximate year, and aircraft?

It's U.S. from the interwar years, but I don't know much more than that.
1
vote
1answer
738 views

Need help to identify this circa WW1, American uniform

My great grandfather disappeared in 1930 and the only record I have of him is these photos. He fathered my grandmother in 1914 in Australia and had a second family in the late 1920's. I have only just ...
1
vote
1answer
178 views

What kind of training did Imperial military officers receive? [closed]

In the early modern period, European empires maintained their faraway colonies with great armies and navies. Many enlisted soldiers and sailors were barely trained; imperial officers were often ...
1
vote
1answer
355 views

Military capacity of Turkey during the Cuban missile crisis (1962)?

I am doing a Model United Nations Security Council, as the head of Turkey with the agenda Cuban Missile Crisis; or simply put I am playing the role of Turkey in reshaping world history during the time ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

First execution by firing squad

What was the first execution by firing squad in history ? Using firearms, that is.
1
vote
1answer
379 views

Since when were the US the strongest military power? [closed]

I was wondering since when the USA became the strongest military power. Moreover, which states was in this position before the united states?
1
vote
1answer
192 views

Is there an example of 2 opposing military forces both attempting pincer movements on each other?

Pincer movements (double envelopment) seem to be a ubiquitous and effective theme throughout (what I know of) military history. Since the idea is far from new, it seems to me like you'd find both ...
1
vote
1answer
322 views

How did the SAGE system send data to in flight assets for intercept tasks?

According to Wikipedia, the Semi-Automatic Ground Environment system could automatically update the autopilot of the F-106 and the guidance system of the CIM-10 Bomarc. Presumably this would send ...
1
vote
1answer
283 views

Was the Gulf War 1990 a complete surprise, or was a military build up evident?

I understand that Iraq had disputes with Kuwait about slant drilling of an oil field, borders of some islands and of course in general about OPEC oil production quotas. But none of this was new in the ...
1
vote
3answers
262 views

What troop categories were used historically? [closed]

To my understanding, modern terminology such as infantry, cavalry and artillery, and especially light vs heavy and roles like skirmishers etc. generally originate from 17-18th century European efforts ...
1
vote
2answers
733 views

Are these uniforms credible for American sailors just after WW2?

In the 1961 French film Lola (set in the Atlantic French harbour Nantes), American soldiers wear the white uniforms seen below: Was this uniform typical for these soldiers in Nantes following WW2? ...
1
vote
2answers
297 views

How did an advancing force walk during WW1?

I am searching for any noticeable orders, doctrine or any piece of information about how an advancing force should be organized. I am interested in the scope 1914-1918, on European and Middle-East ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

What uniform is this man wearing (probably Austro-Hungarian circa 1900)?

Trying to identify time period, soldier rank and war for this ancestor who live 1876-1918. Probably served in Austria Hungarian war. He was a Croat. It appears that the uniform is dark navy?
1
vote
1answer
257 views

Did America help the Chinese nationalists to repel the communist advance?

As an answer said in this subject (What are some major military successes the Soviet Union achieved against the Western World?), it seems that the politics of USA had a great issue on the help of ...
1
vote
1answer
194 views

Why was the Russian Federation Military expenditure cut in 1998-1999?

I am looking into the Military Expenditure Data provided by SIPRI. Interestingly through 1998-1999 Russian Federation's Military Expenditure was cut down to 14,000 almost half of 1997 which was 23,...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Who were the members of Hartnell's _Compañía Extranjera_?

In 1832, William Hartnell convened a posse of fifty immigrants to "help keep the peace" in California (according to "The Lives of William Hartnell" by Dakin). The group was called "La Compañía ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

How did plague affect military management in 17th century North Africa?

I’m doing some research on Morocco’s history during the early 17th century, and more specifically the chaos leading to the fall of the Saadians Dynasty. One of the main causes, if not the main, is the ...
1
vote
0answers
130 views

What pre-industrial battle used a tactic to split the enemy force in the middle in this way?

I remember watching a video on a pre-industrial battle (maybe even pre musket, but not sure) on a unique battle technique. Cavalry was involved, as well as slingshot and infantry. For some reason my ...
1
vote
0answers
126 views

When is the last time a trebuchet was used in combat? [closed]

When was a trebeuchet or any similar weapons (such as an onager, mangonel, catapult) last used in combat? My guess is that they were replaced by the cannon in the gunpowder age. But I know the cannon ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

When did the defeated General José de la Cruz sail back to Spain?

José de la Cruz was a Spanish military commander in Mexico's wars of independence. He was finally defeated by his ex-subordinate, Pedro Celestino Negrete in Durango, just after the Treaty of Córdoba, ...
1
vote
0answers
87 views

Has the US National Guard ever been deployed nationwide before, as has been done with the Covid-19 pandemic?

I've tried looking in various places online and have been unable to find when in US history we have had nationwide deployments of the National Guards? Where can I find this out? Or do you know? Edit: ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

What were the proportions of state militias in Continental Army?

The wikipedia article on the Continental Army suggests that "The army never numbered more than 17,000 men." but also lists a number of 80,000 as the peak size. The former number refers specifically ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

What is a good book with authoritative histories of individual RAF bases?

I write a lot about RAF radar systems. It is common to refer to the base where it was first built, like RAF Bard Hill. However, I find it very difficult to find anything about Bard Hill, what does ...
1
vote
0answers
139 views

Can anyone identify the uniforms in these pics, dated 1903 - 1904, Calcutta?

A little background... his father was a merchant with offices in Bremen and Calcutta; his mother tutored the children of the Viceroy of India. In later documents he states he was a member of the Royal ...
1
vote
0answers
137 views

What branch of service and rank is this 1860 photo?

This is a cabinet photo taken by Kelley's in New York, but we are having a difficult time identifying his branch of service and rank. Any leads to this genealogical effort would be greatly appreciated!...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

What is this Uniform and Medal Ribbon?

I am trying to help someone. She has sent me a black & white photo. I think the battle dress is post WW2? And the man could be an officer? Ie the wearing of a tie. I just cannot work out the ...