Questions tagged [military]

Questions pertaining to characteristics of armed forces' structure, manpower, equipment, or expenditures.

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1answer
221 views

Can anyone identify this military uniform (1900-1915)?

Can anyone identify this uniform? Uncertain of the time frame, suspect it is 1900 - 1915.
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2answers
274 views

How rigorously do combat engineers follow command hierarchy?

This is related to chain of command I am interested if certain branches are looser than others when it comes to chain of command. The reason being that engineering, especially combat engineering, ...
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1answer
268 views

Did Japan have secret films about going into the US in the 40s?

This film (narrated by Ronald Regan) was produced in the 40s. It discusses detailed planning for an air mission into an area in Japan. Did Japan have similar fims in the time period to aid them in ...
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2answers
829 views

Can the Largest Infantry Polearms be Wielded by Cavalry?

Someone was telling me that cavalry can use any polearm infantry can use. Including the largest halberds and pikes that were ever used. I would like to ask if this is feasible and true. I only know ...
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1answer
485 views

Which were the (militarily) strongest countries of the Holy Roman Empire?

The Holy Roman Empire was neither holy, Roman or an empire, but it was still a strong power despite its infighting. What were the strongest countries towards the end of the "empire"?
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1answer
109 views

Where is this possibly WWI Eastern European military uniform from? [closed]

This family members picture is a mystery. I would like to be able to know what country and military unit this uniform is from. I think is is eastern Europe around World war 1 era.
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1answer
115 views

How did the pincer movement at the Battle of Cannae work? [closed]

In an effort to understand both the Battle of Cannae and its early use of double envelopment (Pincer movement) in 216 BC, I came across the following diagram: The diagram doesn't seem particularly ...
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1answer
255 views

Can you explain how officers were able to refuse orders historically in France? Elsewhere?

I've read several biographies that pertained to military history in England and France especially around the time of Napoleon. I noticed that the authors referenced the ruler requesting the service of ...
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1answer
220 views

Where can I find primary sources on mortars/artillery in world war one?

I need primary sources for artillery from ww1. I have looked everywhere such as the database of the World War I Document Archive, Proquest and archive.org but with no luck. So I am asking here as a ...
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1answer
1k views

Was it possible for one medieval warrior to defeat several opponents? [closed]

I think that an experienced and equipped warrior (mercenary, for example) had no chance against two or more equal opponents in fight. But what if his opponents were three peasants? I heard a theory ...
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3answers
261 views

What troop categories were used historically? [closed]

To my understanding, modern terminology such as infantry, cavalry and artillery, and especially light vs heavy and roles like skirmishers etc. generally originate from 17-18th century European efforts ...
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1answer
178 views

Why are flagpole tips spear-shaped? [closed]

I happened to notice that the flagpoles outside of EU Parliament are not ending with a spear-shaped tip (in their upper part), so I wondered why usually flagpoles resemble spears. I suppose that ...
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1answer
182 views

Is there a source for Medieval army composition and tactics across cultures?

It's mostly a source question, because the topic is too large to be covered by simple questions and answers, so im sorry if i posted this in the wrong place. I'm trying to research on the ...
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203 views

Can anyone identify this early 20th century uniform?

Maybe US, British or Irish. Might be military or civil. Early 20th century. Medals on right chest? Commemorative or mirror image?
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1answer
94 views

When was the British army standardized? [closed]

When was the Army of the United Kingdom standardized, and no longer maintained by individual nobles?
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49 views

How did the US military “put the 'go slow'” on the use of force in the Vietnam War since the Tet Offensive?

In the recent CNN News video Retired general reacts to Trump's military comments after 00:50 Former NATO Supreme Allied Commander General Wesley Clark (ret) says (my transcription from the video): ...
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105 views

What uniform is in this painting?

This is a painting of a man in a military uniform, possibly a French officer.
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0answers
127 views

What pre-industrial battle used a tactic to split the enemy force in the middle in this way?

I remember watching a video on a pre-industrial battle (maybe even pre musket, but not sure) on a unique battle technique. Cavalry was involved, as well as slingshot and infantry. For some reason my ...
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109 views

What determined who would be on the front lines of a large infantry engagement? [duplicate]

In Ancient and Middle Aged European Armies, what decided whether a soldier was at the front lines or just in the normal center-back? Was it a status symbol or honor to be in the front lines? Please ...
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82 views

What authority did the US Army have in Egypt between 1945 and 1950?

I am trying to research a brief period of time in Egypt immediately after Britain's withdrawal in 1945, specifically the presence and authority of the US military there (if any) before 1950. Was ...
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0answers
75 views

Why do graduates of Nanjing Political College receive a dagger that says “military spirit” (“軍魂”)?

Beyond the generality of the college being administered by the PLA, why are they given a dagger, and more specifically, why does it say "military spirit"? I've looked at the Wikipedia article about ...
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104 views

For the French Army under Jean Martinet (d1672) how and why were cavalry used instead of infantry?

For France's army of the period of Jean Martinet (d1672) in the Early modern, how and why were cavalry used instead of infantry? In European warfare the default company is the infantry company. This ...
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2answers
6k views

What were the differences between the Waffen SS and the Wehrmacht in their role during the war? [closed]

I can't find any good answers. The Waffen SS was more of a private army while the Wehrmacht was a national army I think. Except that the Waffen SS was given orders by the OKW just like the Heer and ...
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1answer
244 views

The end of swords as infantrymen sidearms [duplicate]

When did infantrymen of Western armies cease to be issued of swords as sidearms (and backup weapons), on a general basis? PS, Swords were rather common stuff for infantrymen even in 19th century (...
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4answers
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Why did the other Continental European powers keep trying to fight Napoleon before 1813 despite being beaten by him so often?

In the Napoleonic Wars the other major powers of Continental Europe, especially Austria but also Prussia and Russia, seemed to keep coming back every few years to have another go at fighting Napoleon, ...
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2answers
2k views

Has a CIWS system ever shot down a missile in combat?

Has any Close-In Weapon System (CIWS) successfully intercepted and shot down a missile in combat? Surely they have had the chance to, for example Phalanx systems were deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan. ...
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2answers
251 views

Did cavalrymen drive in tanks in World War II?

I found the following quote in the dictionary of US army slang (my emphasis): bowlegs: Derisive term for cavalrymen, ignoring the fact that they rode in tanks rather than on horseback. Were there ...
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3answers
227 views

Why do navies like the US Navy name its ranks uniquely?

Australia, New Zealand, and UK Air Forces' rank names are unique too, unlike North America's. So I focus here on the Canadian and US Army, Air Force, and Marines ranks that are the same. Why haven't ...
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1answer
542 views

Why the Rzhev battle is not as famous as Stalingrad? [closed]

Since the 4 operation on the EasternFront ( Mars, Saturn, Jupiter and Uranus ) are linked, why is the Rzhev battle so unknown ? Didn't Model requested most of the backup to defend his salient ? ...
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1answer
182 views

Where can I find more information on the Federated Malay States V.F.? [closed]

badge has a crown on top with a shield in the middle. slider on back on front reads Federated Malay States V.F. I was wondering if anyone knows much about the badge as I have not found out much about ...
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2answers
618 views

In which estate were the soldiers prior to the French revolution?

In which estate did the soldiers come prior to the French revolution? In my book it is written "peasants had to serve in the army..." and "army was not open as I was not a noble by birth"
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1answer
253 views

Medal of Honor for retreating before an enemy?

The Highest award for valor in the United States Armed Services is the Medal of Honor; sometimes referred to the Congressional Medal of Honor. Has anyone received this high honor while retreating ...
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1answer
417 views

Where is the tomb of Erwin Rommel located? [closed]

On a Facebook page, I saw the following picture of Erwin Rommel's tomb and I'm wondering where it is. Maybe it was destroyed like many Nazi-era monuments and symbols, but maybe it's still standing. ...
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1answer
190 views

Must scopes have revealing reflections? [closed]

This is my first post in History. I hope this is a good stack for my question, as I see a lot of posts related to military hardware. If not, well, let me know. Are there any documented cases of lens ...
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3answers
833 views

Has a sniper ever disabled a tank?

In theory, a sniper can disable a tank. shoot out the gun sight shoot out the driver sight wait for crew to open the hatch because they can't see shoot the crew Has this ever happened? The snipers ...
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4answers
1k views

Did cavalry in China use spears instead of swords?

In Japan, yaris (spears) seem inferior to katanas. In Shogun: Total War, for example, spear-wielding troops are "cheaper" than samurai. The spear-wielding troops are peasants. The samurai are members ...
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1answer
374 views

Was the 18th century Russian peasant braver; or simply more afraid of Cossacks?

Frederick the Great famously noted after the Battle of Zorndorf that "It's easier to kill the Russians than to win over them." For that same battle the Russian commander (William Fermor) is noted as ...
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1answer
388 views

Modern navy ranks, roles and responsibilities [closed]

Note: As there is no military related StackExchange, it has been suggested to ask here. In a modern navy, a carrier can have several thousand crew members. For such a large number of crew, there ...
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2answers
353 views

How were the Burmese able to sack Ayutthaya when it was one of the wealthiest and most powerful cities in Asia at the time? [closed]

So I’m “watching” (more like skipping to the interesting scenes) the Thai lakorn/historical drama Sri Ayodhaya and in one episode, this one professor said that Ayutthaya was an incredibly wealthy and ...
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1answer
254 views

Was the Horo Cavalry “Balloon cloak” effective?

Was the Horo Cavalry Balloon cloak effective? and if so is there a European/Non Japanese Variant? My understanding is to defend against arrowfire positioning armor away from the body is ...
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1answer
187 views

Which Union General identified the defensive value of Cemetery Hill?

Who was the first Union general to realize the significance of Cemetery Hill during the battle of Gettysburg (1863) as a defensive position: Buford, Reynolds, Howard, or Hancock? They each claim to be ...
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1answer
226 views

The Roman Legion Strength [closed]

-What's the secret behind the "Roman Legion" strength? -Historically, The "Roman Legion" was one of the strongest military units ever: They played key roles throughout the Roman wars. They were the ...
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1answer
10k views

Do Navy Seals die in training? [closed]

I didn't know where to ask this but i've heard that sometimes Navy Seals die during traing? Is this true? The same goes fro Green Berets.
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3answers
301 views

Which, if any, successful invasions have been planned by one person without relying on specialized experts?

10 years ago, I read the following quote A human being should be able to change a diaper, plan an invasion, butcher a hog, conn a ship, design a building, write a sonnet, balance accounts, build a ...
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2answers
182 views

Why did the introduction of European firearms have such an impact on warfare in Africa and the Americas?

So to my knowledge, one of the reasons that gunpowder changed everything was that the firearm was the first weapon that could reliably penetrate plate armor, which made feudal armored cavalry (knights,...
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1answer
2k views

Were Germans permitted to give the Hitler salute with the left arm?

I frequently come across pictures and videos where Nazi functionaries (such as SS and SA men) give the infamous Hitler salute (a.k.a the Fascist salute) with their right hand. Now this is hardly ...
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1answer
175 views

How much damage was USSR already capable of doing by the time of the Cuban Missile Crisis?

How much damage was USSR already capable of doing, in the event of a nuclear war, by the time of the Cuban Missile Crisis? How many ICBMs and strategic bombers did it have, and what were their ...
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1answer
292 views

Were military-grade P-38 and P-51 can openers supposed to last a lifetime? [closed]

Were military-grade P-38 and P-51 can openers supposed to last a lifetime? Wikipedia says: The original U.S.-contract P-38 can openers were manufactured by J.W. Speaker Corporation of Germantown, ...
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1answer
410 views

Rifle with bayonet thrown like a javelin

I mean certainly there had to be a circumstance at one point where a soldier's only chance was to throw his rifle and somehow ended up winning? my searches have garnered no luck.. edit:for the 150 ...
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1answer
214 views

What are some instances of professional army funding being stolen in full?

It feels like with large empires using professional armies for distant provinces, especially during classical or medieval times, funding of those armies were most likely to be bottlenecked by small ...