Questions tagged [modern]

The period of history roughly from the 15th century to the mid 20th century

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8
votes
1answer
216 views

When was bicycle ridership highest in North America?

Bike commuting share in the United States is currently less than 1%; but in some cities (college towns, really) it is 10% or higher (source). Is there a time in US history when bicycle ridership was ...
12
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5answers
902 views

What profession(s) would have used this folding 'ruler'?

This ruler was originally handed down to an aunt on my (English) mother's side of the family. One side is a standard ruler in inches but, curiously, the other side is unlike anything I've been able to ...
4
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1answer
198 views

What happened to prisoners in IS occupied territory?

What I would like to know is, how IS treated prisoners, they encountered in their newly controlled territory. Did they free the prisoners? Did they re-sentence them, or kill them? I tried Google-ing ...
-1
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1answer
69 views

Is there a ig-Nobel prize dinner? [closed]

I know that there’s a Nobel prize dinner & that there’s the ig-Nobel prize for making you laugh and then think: my question is this, is there a ig-Nobel prize dinner? I figured that it would be ...
1
vote
1answer
178 views

What is the social history of British popular opposition to Thatcher over the miner’s strike?

I tend to watch a lot of UK panel shows and while most of the comedians are Labour/liberal I'm still surprised at just how much they seem to hate Margaret Thatcher. Particularly this seems to be about ...
4
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0answers
118 views

Are there any details available on 1954 Afghan proposal for a merger with Pakistan?

I found a shocking declassified CIA NSC briefing on the alleged proposal here. It claims: Afghanistan Foreign Minister requests U.S. aid to bring about Afghanistan-Pakistan merger. He claims ...
7
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1answer
766 views

Did the average height of men in late Victorian England decline due to poor nutrition?

According an article in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health The fall in nutritional standards between 1880 and 1900 was so marked that the generations were ...
1
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2answers
193 views

What are the most famous individual toys in modern history? [closed]

Continuing my interest in the history of toys: Have there been any famous individual toys besides Winnie the Pooh and Paddington Bear? (Both were inspired by actual stuffed animals.) By individual I ...
15
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1answer
260 views

In Edwardian England, did poor families arrange to have their children buried in the graves of unrelated adults?

In Max Arthur’s Lost Voices of the Edwardians, a "compilation of memories from the turn of the century" (1901 - 1910), one Florence Hannah Warn relates how her brother Gilbert was buried: When a ...
10
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2answers
2k views

Time span of a decade

Wikipedia says that The 21st century began on January 1, 2001 and will end on December 31, 2100. The first decade of 21st century is the 2000s. Here Wikipedia says that The 2000s was a decade ...
3
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0answers
144 views

The nationality of “Egbert Van Kampen”?

If you google a bit about the mathematician Egbert Van Kampen, almost all sources you'll find claim that he was born in Belgium in 1908. Does anyone have any reliable sources about this person's ...
8
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1answer
311 views

When was the first known international call between two heads of state or government?

A number of international phone connections were established a little before or just after 1900: Paris - Brussles phone line in 1886 England - France cross-Channel telephone cable in 1891 Britain - ...
31
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2answers
6k views

Why did early attempts to transport milk to London by rail meet with 'much criticism'?

According to the Wikipedia article on milk (referring to transporting milk to London by rail), The Great Western Railway was an early and enthusiastic adopter, and began to transport milk into ...
11
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1answer
469 views

What is this card, and why does it go “on the hat”?

This document is from the papers of a family whose ancestors immigrated from Germany to the United States in the late 19th century: Transcript: Zwilchenbart Basel 9 Centralbahnplatz 9 ...
4
votes
1answer
281 views

Can anyone identify this uniform?

Copied from OP's comment: I believe he stayed in the Aachen area. It is a photo of my G.G.Grandfather who was born in Aachen, Germany in 1841 and died 13 Nov 1890. Thanks in advance.
11
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6answers
10k views

Has there ever been a month with 32 days?

As the title says. I believe (and correct me if I'm wrong) that with our modern Gregorian calendar, no month will ever be longer than 31 days. But have there been any times in the (perhaps recent) ...
6
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1answer
301 views

Did the Bush administration or their successors ever comment on the alleged Taliban warning about 9/11?

I was going through some old news reports and I was shocked to find a BBC report from 2002 that the Afghan Taliban warned the Americans and the UN of an impending attack on US by Al-Qaeda however ...
3
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2answers
456 views

Could someone identify this uniform? The photograph is a tintype

I am trying to identify the uniform worn by this confident young man. Is it a military dress uniform? The photograph is a tintype, so I think that the probable date is ca. 1860-1880. The photograph ...
2
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1answer
633 views

Did William Shakespeare ever visit Venice, Verona and/or Rome?

Some of William Shakespeare's most famous plays were located outside of England proper. "The Merchant of Venice", "Romeo and Juliette", as well as "Julius Caesar", were plays set in the historical ...
11
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1answer
503 views

Why did Francisco Franco never reestablish the Spanish monarchy?

Fransisco Franco, the dictator of Spain from 1939 to 1975, was a monarchist. Yet for the entirety of his time in office, there was no king of Spain. Only in 1969 did he appoint Juan Carlos I to be ...
8
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3answers
3k views

Did French people in 19th century not bathe every day?

I am currently watching Ikoku Meiro No Croissant episode 4. In this episode, Yune tried to take a bath, but it didn't work out nicely. So in the next morning, Claudel-san said that: Only rich ...
6
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1answer
238 views

What rights did women have in Switzerland in the first few years of the 20th century?

What were the legal rights of women in Switzerland in 1900-1905? Did women have the right to own property such as jewelry? Did items of value belong to her father if she was under the age of 24? ...
36
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4answers
10k views

Why did the population of Anchorage, Alaska, increase by so much in the 1970s?

Between 1970 and 1980, the population of Anchorage, Alaska, increased by more than 260%, around 130,000 people. What caused this? There had been previous increases of approximately the same in ...
4
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3answers
426 views

Why and when did countries develop long names that include the form of government?

Every country has different names, for example “China” vs “People's Republic of China”. But when I look back into history I see that countries in the past only had one name. For example the ancient ...
6
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1answer
123 views

How important were reprints of scientific articles in scientific practice and communications before the the copier, the computer and the internet?

Reprints of articles from scientific journals seem to have been an important part of scientific practice before the copying machine and the internet. Authors of articles were given a number of those ...
2
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1answer
326 views

Why was Colonel Bill Eddy kneeling in front of FDR and King Saud?

Amidst the WW2, US President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Saudi King Ibn Saud met aboard USS Quincy after the Yalta conference. Colonel Bill Eddy played the role of interpreter. It however strikes as ...
3
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1answer
403 views

How and why did limerence come to be idolized as it is in modern Western society? [closed]

Limerence - the involuntary, infatuated state that has been romanticized as love. Before you read in, the basics of my question have to do with the historical forces that have shaped the modern ...
32
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2answers
3k views

Is there evidence to suggest the “war on drugs” was a cover for class warfare? [closed]

In the April 2016 issue of Harper’s Magazine, Dan Baum writes about interviewing John Ehrlichman: At the time, I was writing a book about the politics of drug prohibition. I started to ask ...
8
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1answer
1k views

Which car was the first to come with a cigarette lighter receptacle?

While many cars today are phasing out the cigarette lighter (if they do have them they no longer include the lighter, just the socket), I was curious which car or car manufacturer was the first to ...
4
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1answer
153 views

Could prisoners be pardoned in 1832 France under the July Monarchy?

For instance, could inspector Javert in "Les Miserables" have avoided his dilemma by asking for Jean Valjean to be pardoned by the French king and/or government? Would the king and/or government have ...
60
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18answers
13k views

When has a sovereign state last given territory to another as a gift?

There is a very popular ongoing Norwegian petition to give Finland a mountaintop for the 100th anniversary of its independence (6 December 2017), by moving the border a short distance. The barren ...
6
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1answer
442 views

blowpipe vs machine gun and rifle in world war 2

If you check this documentary, you'll see that Borneo natives used blow pipes vs Japanese during 1944-1945. I find this sort of engagement fascinating, since the poison used in the blowpipe dart must ...
2
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2answers
563 views

Which eras have historians proposed that we are currently living in? [closed]

This is something that I've been researching for the past few weeks and have found a few answers, but I assume I'm missing a few of them. Basically, the question is this: In which ways have modern ...
2
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2answers
595 views

At what point did noblemen stop being the backbone of the military? [closed]

During the Dark Ages one of the primary responsibilities of noblemen was to engage in warfare. It was a large part of their education, and a nobleman was expected to be able to win easily against a ...
4
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0answers
111 views

What were normal bathing habits in Cairo in 1798?

In the old western world we did not bath much after the fall of the Roman Empire. I was wondering if that is the same for the population in Egypt in around 1798. This leads me to 2 questions 1) Did ...
7
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1answer
183 views

Were there any elections in the First French Empire?

I know Napoleon's senate was appointed, but what about the lower house? Were there political factions like in the first republic?
3
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2answers
196 views

Early Telegraph Systems

My understanding of telegraphs is that you can only send one message at a time over one cable, if that is not accurate then this question is pointless. I am curious how telegraph communication was ...
-3
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4answers
266 views

How does the cost-benefit relationship of owning a horse differ today from the Middle Ages or Early Industrial Revolution?

If I were to be gifted a horse nowadays, I would've been angry. I would have to spend a lot of money in its food, in a blacksmith for horseshoes, grooming, cleaning his box, the rent of his box, extra ...
2
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1answer
277 views

Historical use of air guns in major battle?

In the 18th century some European armies had air guns at their disposal. I remember that during some major battle sharpshooters from Tirol used air guns to deadly effect on the troops of the opposing ...
9
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2answers
8k views

Did Diderot say “Men will never be free until the last king is strangled with the entrails of the last priest”?

The following quote is often attributed to Diderot - co-founder of the Encyclopédie and one of the most notable figures during the Enlightenment: Men will never be free until the last king is ...
3
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1answer
356 views

Were Americans concerned about “Overlord” code words in Daily Telegraph crosswords?

The attached Wikipedia article describes how key D-Day Code words - Gold, Juno, Sword, Omaha, Utah, Mulberry, Overlord suddenly appeared in the Daily Telegraph crosswords in the weeks prior to the ...
6
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1answer
102 views

A source for Gerald Goodlake's exploit during the Crimean War

I was reading up on trench coats for the winter and came upon this passage about Gerald Goodlake: He [Goodlake] wore this coat during the Crimean war, in which he commanded a force of sharpshooters....
12
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4answers
3k views

What made early 20th-century Vienna such an incubator for various intellectual activities?

There are almost too many examples to cite(the Austrian school of economics, Sigmund Freud, modernist figures in culture, Joseph Schumpeter, etc.). Here's a quote from Wikipedia's Vienna entry: ...
3
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0answers
217 views

What was the Chinese impact on Japanese culture and the arts after ~1750?

What significant and subtle impacts has China had on Japanese social dynamics and the arts from ~1750 to the early nineteen hundreds? If at all possible include dates on which changes happened ...
8
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1answer
386 views

What was the first broadcast television programme?

Was it The Queen's Messenger or The Man with the Flower in his Mouth? IMDB claims that The Queen's Messenger was the first, but I've always understood it was The Man with the Flower in his Mouth. So ...
14
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1answer
913 views

At what point, and why, did snuff tobacco fall out of favor with European nobility?

Tobacco snuff was in use by the European nobility from the 16th Century onwards, becoming both medicine and status symbol, even with the health hazards associated. At some point it fell out of favor,...