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Questions tagged [monarchy]

A form of government where sovereignty is contained in a single individual.

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5
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3answers
931 views

Have there been known instances in history when a queen consort slept with someone other than her husband, and no one got hurt? How was that possible? [closed]

King Henry VIII executed two of his wives for alleged adultery. This was almost certainly true of one of them, Catherine Howard, while the facts concerning the other one, Anne Boleyn, are in dispute. ...
5
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3answers
859 views

Apart from the White Ship in 1120, have there been any other maritime disasters in which an heir to a throne and/or many notable people died?

In November 1120, a ship carrying three of King Henry I's children, including his only legitimate son and heir William the Atheling, struck a rock off the coast of northern France and sank. Also on ...
5
votes
1answer
491 views

What was the most recent Catholic coronation ceremony of a king?

What was the most recent Catholic coronation ceremony of a king*? Karl of Austria's, December 1916? *excluding popes, who are both civil kings and heads of the Catholic Church
5
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1answer
272 views

Were there any plans to install a Western Roman Emperor after Belisarius reconquered the west?

Emperor Justinian I sent his general Belisarius to the west in 535 AD to reconquer the lost provinces of the Western Roman Empire after its fall in 476 AD. Did Justinian I have any plans to install a ...
5
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2answers
250 views

What was the name of the father of Mesha, king of Moab?

In English translations of the Mesha Stele, the opening words are "I am Mesha son of Chemosh-melekh, king of Moab the Dibonite". However, the truth is that the actual text of the Stele (rendered in ...
5
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0answers
104 views

Was Leo II of Armenia poisoned?

Leo II, also known as Leon II or Levon II, became the King of Armenian Cilicia from 1269/70 and was a vassal of the Mongols. Five of his 16 children by his highly regarded wife Keran (who later ...
4
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6answers
5k views

Can the current monarch in UK be overthrown or otherwise replaced?

Having read a few discussions regarding the Plantagenets and the ascending line of the monarchy since, I became curious about whether another group/family had a 'more' legitimate claim to the throne (...
4
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2answers
576 views

Were there any Frankish/French kings who probably had no extramarital sexual relations?

I was listening to Dan Carlin's podcast about the start of Merovingian dynasty, and he made a snide quip about the early Merovingians (starting with Clovis) and even Carolingians not exactly being ...
4
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1answer
590 views

When did Tsar Nicholas II become Tsar of Russia?

I'm having trouble understanding the technicalities of throne inheritance in the Tsardom. Did Nicholas II become Tsar after his fathers' death on the 1st of November 1894, or did he become Tsar after ...
4
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2answers
393 views

Why was Prince Philip given these specific titles before marrying Princess Elizabeth?

On the Wikipedia page for Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, it states: He married Elizabeth on 20 November 1947. Just before the wedding, he was created Baron Greenwich, Earl of Merioneth and Duke ...
4
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1answer
441 views

What is the name of the king whose brother has been raised as a girl?

I remember reading about a prince (probably French) who has been raised as a girl to avoid him fighting against his brother for the throne, a few years ago. To be honest, the story seems intriguing ...
4
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2answers
357 views

What happened to the princes in Tower of London?

According to Sir Thomas More and William Shakespeare, Edward IV's sons were murdered by their uncle, King Richard III. But I've heard (in song) that this was a "Tudor propaganda" lie. If King ...
4
votes
1answer
203 views

Why did the Queen of Hawai'i surrender, when two thirds of the registered voters were in favour of signing the new constitution in 1893?

While drafting a new constitution, the Cabinet refused to sign it, even though two thirds of the native Hawaiians were supporting it. The fear of bloodshed made her surrender. When the Queen would ...
4
votes
1answer
214 views

Regional Customs for Leaving a King's Presence

Maimonides, in his Laws of Prayer (Mishne Torah, Hilkhot Tefillah 5:11) provides an analogy for a prayer-related Jewish custom, whereby one concludes his Amidah by bowing first to his left and then to ...
4
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2answers
340 views

Historical examples of replacing blood heir by impostor?

Both fiction and (contemporary at the time) conspiracy theories have many examples of "The king chooses to place a worthy replacement on the throne instead of his own not-qualified-to-rule offspring; ...
4
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0answers
124 views

How many female monarchs used masculine titles?

Historically there are examples of females using the same titles as males without gender modification, going back thousands of years. But I am not certain how many of these examples actually used the ...
4
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0answers
76 views

Did Constantine I of Cilician Armenia usurp the throne or did he rule legitimately?

The accounts concerning four brothers who became Kings of Cilician Armenia towards the end of the 13th century tell a tale of murder, usurpation and treachery, but who betrayed who and when is far ...
4
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0answers
467 views

Why did Spanish kings repeatedly split their kingdoms between their children upon death?

In the middle ages, Christian-held Spain were split into different kingdoms and realms. Before the eventual unification by the "Catholic Monarchs" (Ferdinand II and Isabela I), other kings have ...
3
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1answer
359 views

The act of Settlement 1701 and succession

If the Act of Settlement 1701 did not pass, who then would have been next of kin after the death of Anne of Great Britain?
3
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1answer
144 views

Polish king Sigismund II Augustus coronation

Sigismund II Augustus was born in 1520 and crowned at age 10 in 1530, while his father Sigismund I the Old was still alive. Could someone explain me the reason for this coronation? Sigismund II ...
3
votes
1answer
161 views

Was Charles V of France opposed to commoners learning?

Was Charles V opposed to commoners learning? If so, why? I read in the acknowledgement section of this book that "The Bibliothèque Nationale was extremely kind in allowing me to use its marvelous ...
3
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2answers
548 views

Why has monarchy appeared just about everywhere? [closed]

Why is hereditary monarchy so common across history? It seems to turn up everywhere, yet it seems unlikely to have been spread. For instance various South American civilizations had it.
3
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1answer
210 views

Duchy and Electorate of Saxony during the Schmalkaldic War

The Wikipedia page for the Schmalkaldic War list the Duchy of Saxony and the Electorate of Saxony as opposing sides of the war, each with their own monarch (Maurice is the Duke of Saxony, John ...
3
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1answer
298 views

Was simply addressing the English monarch wrongly ever a punishable crime?

When addressing the Queen today, the correct form is "your/her Majesty" and for example not "your Royal Highness", or certainly not just "hey Lizzie". As far as I, understand failure to use the ...
3
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1answer
363 views

Why did the Kingdom of Hawaii remain stagnant during an invasion?

Back in 1893, the Marshal of the Kingdom of Hawaii was tipped that an imminent coup was coming, therefore the Marshal requested the Kingdom to be put under martial law. The queen denied the request ...
3
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1answer
363 views

Why did Henry I imprison his older brother and rival Robert for almost 30 years instead of having him killed?

Keeping relatives who were rivals locked up was often seen as too risky – even if these relatives didn’t manage to escape, they could easily become focal points for rebellion. The English Kings John, ...
3
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0answers
166 views

What does King Henry III have on his lap in this illustration from a Matthew Paris chronicle?

In Abbreviatio chronicorum Angliae, the chronicler Matthew Paris (d. 1259) included drawings of the Norman and Plantagenet kings up to Henry III. The image below shows from L-R, top-bottom: Henry II, ...
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1answer
1k views

Why have Polish kings been such a “mixed bag?”

"Mixed bag" is an American term that might be translated as "apparently random." I'll date the question from the mid-16th century Union with Lithuania until 1795. During this time, there was a French ...
2
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1answer
255 views

Was Queen Elizabeth II ever the head of state of Namibia?

Let's set the scene, WW1 is over and part of the negotiations, and the only thing we're really focusing on here, is that Deutsch-Südwestafrika becomes administered by the Union of South Africa, the ...
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3answers
2k views

Who was the most recent pope to crown a king or emperor?

Charlemagne was crowned by Pope St. Leo III: But who was the most recent pope to crown a king or emperor?
2
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1answer
2k views

Historical examples of an elected absolute monarch: [closed]

The Pope of the Catholic Church is an absolute monarch - Head of State of the Vatican City State. He is granted this title through an election by the College of Cardinals. See: The Pope...is currently ...
2
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2answers
216 views

British royal titles for regions not in Britain

Royal titles for the British aristocracy seem to be associated with regions within Britain, particularly England; such as the Duke of Cambridge or the Princess of York. Were there ever royal titles ...
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2answers
360 views

Who is Swedens rightful king considering the coup d'etat of 1809 deposed the then rightful king?

Considering that Gustav IV Adolf was forced to resign and driven to exile during a coup d'etat in 1809 and that the later Bernadotte family got into power after the death of Charles XIII, the brother ...
1
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2answers
216 views

What is the oldest regulation in the world regarding a head of state?

With a regulation I mean something akin to a constituional codex. It doesn't have to be a constitution per se, but it should outline the head of state's limitations or privileges. The oldest I have ...
1
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0answers
83 views

Is it true that Cadwallon ap Cadfan married a half sister of Penda of Mercia?

It was stated by Geoffrey of Monmouth in his pseudo historical Historia Regnum Britannia that Cadwallon ap Cadfan married a half sister of Penda of Mercia. Did he get that from other sources? Is it ...
0
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5answers
913 views

Were there any monarchs of England or the United Kingdom who were not technically first in the line of succession? [closed]

Pretty self-explanatory. Who (if anyone) became an English/UK monarch without being the actual heir to the previous monarch (due to wars, coups, etc.)? Bonus points for circumstances.
0
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4answers
1k views

Why are some monarchs sent to exile after a country is declared a republic?

Personally, I like monarchy. Monarchs are symbols of national unity and rich heritage. Just look at the British monarchy. It is a matter of their pride. And, I also think that countries like France, ...
0
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3answers
1k views

Who was the first monarch? [closed]

I would like to understand how monarchs actually came about. Who was the first ever monarch (king or queen) of any country, ever? What date did they become monarch and how was it even decided to take ...
0
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1answer
89 views

Australian Head of State [closed]

Under the Australian Constitution, who will become Australia's Head of State if the British monarchy is suddenly dissolved or overthrown and Britain becomes a republic?
0
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1answer
147 views

How do kings secure their treasury? [closed]

What part of a King's administrative structure ensures that the Treasury functions as expected, without employees taking advantage of their position (like manipulating accounts and stealing treasure, ...
-1
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3answers
754 views

Why were women monarchs allowed to rule in patriarchal societies? [closed]

It seems counter-intuitive to me that Elizabeth I was a powerful monarch at a time when women were considered inferior to men and when women didn't even have the right to vote in the UK until 1918. I ...
-1
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2answers
629 views

How a kingdom or an empire formed? [closed]

I wonder at the beginning when people form a country, how do they choose their first ever king or queen? How is a monarchy formed?
-4
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1answer
169 views

Have there been instances of a monarchy being reintroduced after being abolished? [closed]

This question is partly inspired by this question. Abolishing monarchies is traditionally done via a revolution (I'm not aware of any instances of the converse). If the revolutions turn out violent, ...