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Questions tagged [mongol-empire]

For questions about the 13th-14th century empire that originated in modern-day Mongolia and was founded by Genghis Khan.

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Was Goryeo part of the Mongol empire?

So I came to America from Korea a while ago and I decided to study a bit of history (because who doesn't like history?). While doing so, it kind of confused me that the extent of the Mongol empire ...
김지성's user avatar
  • 133
1 vote
1 answer
407 views

Why did the Mughals call themselves "Gurkani" when Babur himself was a direct descendant of Genghis Khan?

According to the Wikipedia article on the Timurid dynasty: The Timurid dynasty called themselves "Gurkani". The word "Gurkani" derives from "Gurkan", a Persianized form ...
Elon Tusk's user avatar
  • 123
33 votes
4 answers
5k views

Why were nomadic tribes (like the Mongols) from the Eurasian steppes a much reduced threat from the 15th century onwards?

Tribesmen from the Eurasian steppes found significant success in their conquests between the 13th and 15th centuries. Beginning with the Mongol invasions between the 13th and 14th centuries, nomadic ...
Twilight Sparkle's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
122 views

What effect did the duration of Mongol presence in Galicia-Volhynia versus Vladimir-Suzdal have on the development of modern day Ukraine and Russia?

In Serhii Plokhy's book "The Gates of Europe - a History of Ukraine" the author states that the arrival of the Mongols ended the rule of Kyivan-Rus and effectively split the Kyivan realm ...
Blargian's user avatar
  • 129
0 votes
1 answer
88 views

Are there any books with history short/summarised stories?

I was recently reading Atrocities by Matthew white, which has stories about the 100 greatest atrocities in world history. It is the first history book I have managed to complete. I prefer to read a ...
schizo proletariat's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
419 views

Are Chinese and Iranian "blocky" writing styles related?

Both China and Iran have character styles that are characterized by being (at least approximately) based on a square raster and by "filling up the plane" in the sense that if you take any ...
Jan's user avatar
  • 9,187
5 votes
1 answer
520 views

What does this source "IAA iii" mean? Which book?

I've been reading a book about Genghis Khan by Frank McLynn and, going through its notes, I saw sources where I couldn't find anything about it, i.e. what publication was referred to. I want to find ...
GGGGG's user avatar
  • 53
2 votes
0 answers
159 views

How many soldiers fought in the Mongol conquest of Song

Wikipedia says the Mongols invaded the Song with an initial force of 90 tumens, or 900,000 soldiers at full strength. Considering the war lasted 44 years and the Mongols must have provided continuous ...
Master's user avatar
  • 415
20 votes
1 answer
5k views

What are the primary sources for the Mongol sack of Baghdad?

It is generally accepted as fact that when the Mongols under Hulagu sacked Baghdad, capital of the Abbasid Caliphate, they destroyed all (36 libraries) including the famed House of Wisdom, and either ...
Harut Marut's user avatar
28 votes
5 answers
6k views

Why was the northern boundary of the Mongol empire set where it was?

The Question By the latter part of the 13th century, the Mongols' frantic territorial expansion was losing momentum. In the east, their empire reached the Pacific, and their efforts to conquer Japan ...
Tom Hosker's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
357 views

Did Kublai Khan's army consist largely of Mongol warriors or native Chinese?

Kublai's army is always referred to as a 'Mongol' army but I suspect that after the initial conquest of China, his army consisted largely of native Chinese. Is this correct? Did the Japanese and ...
Elliot Chalmers's user avatar
9 votes
0 answers
591 views

Were Christians prohibited to pass Golden Horde - Rus border immediately before Black Death?

Note: this question is similar to earlier Were there any travel restrictions during the Black Death pandemic?, but asks about travel restrictions existing before the epidemic. Wikipedia article on ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
420 views

How did Japanese small boats win against Mongolian ships?

During the first attempted Mongolian invasion of Japan, fighting mostly occurred on land, just after Mongolian landings. Only local landlords were there to fight, and they did not manage well. In this ...
totalMongot's user avatar
  • 6,791
7 votes
1 answer
12k views

Did medieval Mongol horse archers have deformed arms like English bowmen?

Did medieval Mongol horse archers have deformed arms like English bowmen? And were there other archer inside or outside of Europe in ancient times who suffered the same deformity like English archers? ...
Li Jun's user avatar
  • 1,033
3 votes
0 answers
333 views

How devoted to Tengrism was Genghis Khan?

We first hear about Tengrism around the 6th Century as forming amongst the Turkic people of the central Asian steppe, spreading west for a bit with Attila and his crew, then getting mostly overrun by ...
Carduus's user avatar
  • 679
13 votes
3 answers
4k views

Why were fragments of the Mongol empire named after colors?

Why were the successor fragments of the Mongol empire named after colors after the death of Genghis Khan? For example, blue horde, golden horde and white horde.
Kutsit's user avatar
  • 350
3 votes
1 answer
239 views

How were the invasions of Korea by the Mongols and the Manchus similar?

The first Mongol invasions of 1231 forced the Koreans to capitulate and reconsider their defensive posture. In an attempt to overthrow the newly imposed tributes of the Mongols, the Koreans (at the ...
Courtny's user avatar
  • 1,661
5 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why did the Mongols outlaw intermarriage between the Mongols and the Chinese and forbid the Chinese from learning the Mongolian language?

When the Mongols invaded China and established the Yuan dynasty, why did they outlaw intermarriage and forbid the Chinese from learning the Mongolian language? I am reading this from a textbook for ...
cubaintyoshi's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
1k views

How were Mongols defeated on the field?

The question is not about the collapse of the Mongol states, but of how the Mongol war machine was outmatched. The factors that led to the military successes of the Mongols, like lack of dependence ...
Rohit's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Are there any primary sources on the letter Hulagu wrote to Qutuz?

I was wondering if there are any primary sources on the letter that the Mongol Khan Hulagu wrote to the Mamluk Sultan Qutuz (from Wikipedia: "Hulagu intended to continue southward through Palestine ...
Matthias Tom's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
1k views

How accurate is the quip: "Mongols, having already conquered half of Europe, decided the other half wasn't worth it"?

Erik Flint, writing in the voice of a heroine who is a professional historian, quipped: Mongols, having already conquered half of Europe, decided the other half wasn't worth it (emphasis added) ...
DVK's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
376 views

Turko-Mongol horse tactics and Western European response

Did not seem that Western European armies stood up to Turco-Mongol military tactics such as the horse archer. Did these European armies ever learn to counter those tactics? The Slavs (Polish) had a ...
MartinIII's user avatar
22 votes
4 answers
4k views

Were Mongol or Chinese cavalry charges among the largest in history?

In 1683 at the Battle of Vienna, 20,000 Polish, German and Austrian cavalry charged the Ottoman lines in what Wikipedia says is the largest cavalry charge in history. Other references are more ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
25 votes
2 answers
6k views

Why did the Mongols destroy the library during the siege of Baghdad in 1258?

For all what we know the Mongolian Empire was not simply a collection of brainless brutes, but they had intense knowledge of their opponents: descriptions, maps, information about the technology, ...
Thorsten S.'s user avatar
  • 5,126
15 votes
1 answer
4k views

Did the Golden Horde shoe their horses?

Did Genghis Khan's people generally shoe their mounts? If so, did it begin before they began their expansion, or did they acquire the practise along the way?
Mawg's user avatar
  • 793
15 votes
2 answers
3k views

Were the mongol army boots of 13th century lined with fur?

I want to know about 13th century Mongolian army boots. I know they used leather for their boots. The leather and the source of the leather is irrelevant to my research for now. My question is that ...
tryingtobeastoic's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
2k views

When Genghis Khan took power, what was the population of Mongolia?

I searched around for this and was surprised how little data I could find. I want to know the population of all tribes that Genghis Khan had under his control when he became the Great Khan (1206). ...
DrZ214's user avatar
  • 17.3k
6 votes
1 answer
629 views

Why did Ong Khan offer Temujin (young Gengis Khan) a position?

Why did Ong Khan offer Temujin (young Gengis kKan) a position? (after Temujin recognized him as his father) I mean it seems that after the death of Temujin's father, Ong Khan did nothing to help and ...
Hao S's user avatar
  • 800
19 votes
3 answers
5k views

Who was the English Knight Templar holding command in the Mongol Army?

Excerpt from Great Captains Unveiled (1927), by B. H. Liddell Hart: After this holocaust, Hungary was occupied without further fighting. An organised administration was set up, and the land ...
Brasidas's user avatar
  • 3,179
3 votes
1 answer
264 views

What's the difference between Khan and Taishi/Taisha?

What is the difference between a Khan and a Taishi/Taisha? I'm working on a project about Kalmykia, and I always see it called as the Kalmyk Khanate, but none of the rulers are called Khan, they are ...
Qiangong2's user avatar
  • 217
10 votes
1 answer
1k views

Why did Coloman of Slavonia leave Sajó bridge weakly defended against the Mongols?

During the beginning hours of the Battle of Mohi, Coloman of Slavonia was able to repulse the Mongol attempt to secure the bridge for their safe crossing over the river. But within two hours after ...
NSNoob's user avatar
  • 8,195
12 votes
5 answers
3k views

Why did Russians have guns towards the end of the Mongol Yoke, but not the Mongols?

Russian soldiers first used firearms in 1382, against the Mongols (it is not mentioned in the article whether the Mongols also had guns). This would prove to be an insufficient advantage at the time, ...
SPavel's user avatar
  • 11.2k
16 votes
5 answers
3k views

Why was the standoff on the Ugra river the end of the Tatar-Mongol yoke in Russia?

This is a very layman question, since my only source of knowledge is Wikipedia. I'm sure there are works that cover this subject in more details, please mention them in your answer. Wikipedia says: ...
Andrew Savinykh's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
417 views

Is there any evidence the Mongols expanded into northeast Asia?

There is plenty of recordings of the Mongol empire moving west, but is there any evidence of them expanding northeast towards the present-day petroplavlosk-kamchatsky area? Or were there factors that ...
Qiangong2's user avatar
  • 217
15 votes
2 answers
937 views

Was the Korean King Chungnyeol instrumental in persuading Kublai Khan to invade Japan?

The Mongol invasions of Japan were costly failures. According to Wikipedia, the Korean King Chungnyeol (by this time a vassal of the Mongols) was ...known as the fixer who instigated Mongol ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
260 views

What was the age to ascend to the throne as Khan/Khagan?

I have recently played EU4 (a Strategy game) and noticed that if you play as one of the remnants of the Mongol Empire which still has Khans/Khagans, your heir can't rule until their 15th birthday and ...
Crowley Astray's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
1k views

Does Genghis Khan really have that many descendants?

A while ago I read something about Genghis Khan, it was very interesting. Then I saw some facts and it said that he has about 16 million male descendants (so could be 32 million in total). Can it ...
Termatinator's user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
3k views

How effective were the Mongol siege equipment?

From what I understand, the mongols had engineers from China and Persia to handle the siege machinery. I'm mostly curious as if the machinery made by the Chinese engineers was unique and/or superior ...
Mion's user avatar
  • 93
4 votes
2 answers
594 views

How did the Mongol Nomads' System of Raiding and Trading Work?

I've read (in a source I no longer remember) that the Mongol tribes of the Steppe, like some other cultures, had this habit of raiding each other without it being seen as an act of war. More ...
Johnny's user avatar
  • 583
7 votes
4 answers
884 views

In Mongolian Conquests, how did they screen the population for engineers?

I just read this from Wikipedia's article on Mongolian military tactics: When Mongols slaughtered the whole population from settlements that resisted or didn't opt to surrender, they often spared ...
DrZ214's user avatar
  • 17.3k
2 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why did Timur attempt to restore the Mongol Empire?

I have read that Timur Lang was a conqueror who attempted to restore the Mongol Empire. But why did he attempted to do that? Was he a decendant of Genghis Khan as he used to say?
Dinesh Lama's user avatar
-1 votes
4 answers
2k views

Why are Turkish people and other Turkik people considered of Mongolic race if their language is not in the Mongolic language family? [closed]

I saw that Turkish people are considered of Mongolic race even though Mongolic and Turkic are separate language families? Why are those races considered the same but their languages are so different ...
yoyo_fun's user avatar
  • 123
7 votes
2 answers
1k views

What did Golden Horde get out of the alliance with Mamluks?

Berke Khan, the Khan of the Golden Horde was not very fond of his cousin, Helagu Khan, Khan of Ilkhanate primarily because of the latter's actions against the Abbasid Caliphate. He wrote this to ...
NSNoob's user avatar
  • 8,195
7 votes
1 answer
1k views

When did Sultan Saif ad-Din Qutuz escape from Mongol swords?

In Wikipedia, it is mentioned that Hulagu Khan sent the following letter to Sultan of Egypt, Saif ad-Din Qutuz in 1260: From the King of Kings of the East and West, the Great Khan. To Qutuz the ...
NSNoob's user avatar
  • 8,195
1 vote
3 answers
3k views

Why did the Mongol Empire disintegrate so rapidly after its peak?

The Mongol Empire rapidly expanded to become the largest land empire in history, but then it disintegrated just as rapidly. What caused this so rapid demise of the world's largest pre-British Empire?
George A. Solodun's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
185 views

Why were the Mongols so victorious? [duplicate]

I read that the Mongol Empire conquered and unified China. My question is... how were the Mongols able to conquer so much when China's population almost certainly was larger during that time period? ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
176 views

How different were the conditions for generals in the Mongol Invasions of Korea?

This question asks about the different conditions for the Mongol leaders versus the average Mongol, while on campaign. During the Mongol invasion of Korea (circa 1231-1270), how much better were the ...
Benjamin's user avatar
  • 1,258
15 votes
7 answers
18k views

How Did the Mongol Empire Get So Big?

Undoubtedly, the largest empire in the existence of human history was the Mongol Empire, once a hodgepodge of warring nomadic tribes from Central Asia before banding together under the banner of ...
JohnWDailey's user avatar
14 votes
2 answers
1k views

Did the Hungarian Army ever use crescent banners?

I was reading about Battle of Mohi between the Mongol Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary. Wikipedia contains this artistic depiction of the battle: The cavalry on left hand looks like Mongols while ...
NSNoob's user avatar
  • 8,195
2 votes
1 answer
6k views

How far could Mongolian horses travel in a day?

Help! I searched this up on Google and there was nothing, I even looked it up on the Wikipedia. I need information by tomorrow. It is for a project.
WizardLord160's user avatar