Questions tagged [mongol-empire]

For questions about the 13th-14th century empire that originated in modern-day Mongolia and was founded by Genghis Khan.

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16
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2answers
4k views

How did Mongol nomads acquire metal weapons?

Metal-working requires a furnace, heavy tools and of-course metal ore and yet nomadic Mongols were able to obtain metal weapons, so either they worked metal or traded it. But if they worked metal how ...
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3answers
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How effective were the Mongol siege equipment?

From what I understand, the mongols had engineers from China and Persia to handle the siege machinery. I'm mostly curious as if the machinery made by the Chinese engineers was unique and/or superior ...
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How Did the Mongol Empire Get So Big?

Undoubtedly, the largest empire in the existence of human history was the Mongol Empire, once a hodgepodge of warring nomadic tribes from Central Asia before banding together under the banner of ...
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11answers
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Why were people from the Asian Steppes able to militarily dominate Europeans on a repeated basis?

From the Huns through the Mongolians, why were nomadic people from the east able to create such havoc in Europe? Was it an endless 'first mover' advantage with horse domestication? Was it a higher ...
8
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2answers
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How many soldiers did Ghengis Khan field?

I'm looking for the number of soldiers the Mongol Empire had at the time of Genghis Khan. What percentage of them were ethnically Mongolians?
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1answer
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Were the Islamic Caliphates (Umayyad and Abbasid) and the Mongol Empires truly as benevolent as they are portrayed?

My history textbooks insist on the same idea: these empires were religiously tolerant, allowed trade to flourish, and improved the quality of life for the subjects. On the other hand, all the ...
2
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1answer
704 views

Do medieval mongols horse archer have deformed arms like English bowman?

And is there other archer inside/outside of Europe in ancient time suffer the same deformity like English archer? From skeleton reconstruction . I also cant find the credible site, but its pretty ...
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3answers
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What are Kublai Khan's contributions to culture?

I was under the impression that Genghis Khan was an invader while Kublai was more of a patron of fine arts; but reading Wikipedia it mainly mentions his campaigns for the Mongol throne and the ...
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0answers
197 views

How devoted to Tengrism was Genghis Khan?

We first hear about Tengrism around the 6th Century as forming amongst the Turkic people of the central Asian steppe, spreading west for a bit with Attila and his crew, then getting mostly overrun by ...
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3answers
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Why were fragments of the Mongol empire named after colors?

Why were the successor fragments of the Mongol empire named after colors after the death of Genghis Khan? For example, blue horde, golden horde and white horde.
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2answers
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Why and how were the Mongols able to invade Russia successfully?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongol_invasion_of_Rus%27 The campaign was heralded by the Battle of the Kalka River in 1223, which resulted in a Mongol victory over the forces of several Rus' ...
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Why was the standoff on the Ugra river the end of the Tatar-Mongol yoke in Russia?

This is a very layman question, since my only source of knowledge is Wikipedia. I'm sure there are works that cover this subject in more details, please mentioned them in your answer. Wikipedia says: ...
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1answer
127 views

How were the invasions of Korea by the Mongols and the Manchus similar?

The first Mongol invasions of 1231 forced the Koreans to capitulate and reconsider their defensive posture. In an attempt to overthrow the newly imposed tributes of the Mongols, the Koreans (at the ...
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2answers
819 views

Why did the Mongols outlaw intermarriage between the Mongols and the Chinese and forbid the Chinese from learning the Mongolian language?

When the Mongols invaded China and established the Yuan dynasty, why did they outlaw intermarriage and forbid the Chinese from learning the Mongolian language? I am reading this from a textbook for ...
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5answers
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Why did Russians have guns towards the end of the Mongol Yoke, but not the Mongols?

Russian soldiers first used firearms in 1382, against the Mongols (it is not mentioned in the article whether the Mongols also had guns). This would prove to be an insufficient advantage at the time, ...
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1answer
478 views

How were Mongols defeated on the field?

The question is not about the collapse of the Mongol states, but of how the Mongol war machine was outmatched. The factors that led to the military successes of the Mongols, like lack of dependence ...
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1answer
279 views

Are there any primary sources on the letter Hulagu wrote to Qutuz?

I was wondering if there are any primary sources on the letter that the Mongol Khan Hulagu wrote to the Mamluk Sultan Qutuz (from Wikipedia: "Hulagu intended to continue southward through Palestine ...
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1answer
291 views

Turko-Mongol horse tactics and Western European response

Did not seem that Western European armies stood up to Turco-Mongol military tactics such as the horse archer. Did these European armies ever learn to counter those tactics? The Slavs (Polish) had a ...
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How accurate is the quip: “Mongols, having already conquered half of Europe, decided the other half wasn't worth it”?

Erik Flint, writing in the voice of a heroine who is a professional historian, quipped: Mongols, having already conquered half of Europe, decided the other half wasn't worth it (emphasis added) ...
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2answers
724 views

Was the Korean King Chungnyeol instrumental in persuading Kublai Khan to invade Japan?

The Mongol invasions of Japan were costly failures. According to Wikipedia, the Korean King Chungnyeol (by this time a vassal of the Mongols) was ...known as the fixer who instigated Mongol ...
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2answers
797 views

Were Mongol or Chinese cavalry charges among the largest in history?

In 1683 at the Battle of Vienna, 20,000 Polish, German and Austrian cavalry charged the Ottoman lines in what Wikipedia says is the largest cavalry charge in history. Other references are more ...
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592 views

What did Golden Horde get out of the alliance with Mamluks?

Berke Khan, the Khan of the Golden Horde was not very fond of his cousin, Helagu Khan, Khan of Ilkhanate primarily because of the latter's actions against the Abbasid Caliphate. He wrote this to ...
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Why did the Mongols destroy the library during the siege of Baghdad in 1258?

For all what we know the Mongolian Empire was not simply a collection of brainless brutes, but they had intense knowledge of their opponents: descriptions, maps, information about the technology, ...
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Were the mongol army boots of 13th century lined with fur?

I want to know about 13th century Mongolian army boots. I know they used leather for their boots. The leather and the source of the leather is irrelevant to my research for now. My question is that ...
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1answer
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Did the Golden Horde shoe their horses?

Did Genghis Khan's people generally shoe their mounts? If so, did it begin before they began their expansion, or did they acquire the practise along the way?
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1answer
174 views

When Genghis Khan took power, what was the population of Mongolia?

I searched around for this and was surprised how little data I could find. I want to know the population of all tribes that Genghis Khan had under his control when he became the Great Khan (1206). ...
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1answer
392 views

Why did Ong Khan offer Temujin (young Gengis Khan) a position?

Why did Ong Khan offer Temujin (young Gengis kKan) a position? (after Temujin recognized him as his father) I mean it seems that after the death of Temujin's father, Ong Khan did nothing to help and ...
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3answers
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Who was the English Knight Templar holding command in the Mongol Army?

Excerpt from Great Captains Unveiled (1927), by B. H. Liddell Hart: After this holocaust, Hungary was occupied without further fighting. An organised administration was set up, and the land ...
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1answer
139 views

What's the difference between Khan and Taishi/Taisha?

What is the difference between a Khan and a Taishi/Taisha? I'm working on a project about Kalmykia, and I always see it called as the Kalmyk Khanate, but none of the rulers are called Khan, they are ...
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1answer
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Why did Coloman of Slavonia leave Sajó bridge weakly defended against the Mongols?

During the beginning hours of the Battle of Mohi, Coloman of Slavonia was able to repulse the Mongol attempt to secure the bridge for their safe crossing over the river. But within two hours after ...
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2answers
804 views

Did Hungarian Army ever use Crescent banners?

I was reading about Battle of Mohi between Mongol Empire and Kingdom of Hungary. The Wikipedia contains this artistic depiction of the battle: The cavalry on left hand looks like Mongols while ...
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2answers
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How far could Mongolian horses travel in a day?

Help! I searched this up on Google and there was nothing, I even looked it up on the Wikipedia. I need information by tomorrow. It is for a project.
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Is there any evidence the Mongols expanded into northeast Asia?

There is plenty of recordings of the Mongol empire moving west, but is there any evidence of them expanding northeast towards the present-day petroplavlosk-kamchatsky area? Or were there factors that ...
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3answers
219 views

What was the age to ascend to the throne as Khan/Khagan?

I have recently played EU4 (a Strategy game) and noticed that if you play as one of the remnants of the Mongol Empire which still has Khans/Khagans, your heir can't rule until their 15th birthday and ...
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2answers
460 views

Does Genghis Khan really have that many descendants?

A while ago I read something about Genghis Khan, it was very interesting. Then I saw some facts and it said that he has about 16 million male descendants (so could be 32 million in total). Can it ...
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428 views

How did the Mongol Nomads' System of Raiding and Trading Work?

I've read (in a source I no longer remember) that the Mongol tribes of the Steppe, like some other cultures, had this habit of raiding each other without it being seen as an act of war. More ...
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1answer
952 views

What kind of cloth did Genghis Khan use in his armor?

Genghis Khan the king of the Mongolian Empire used a specific kind of cloth material for his military fatigues. This cloth material worked as an armor and was an advantage for his soldiers to win ...
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1answer
294 views

Why Khalkh mongols didn't support Dzungars in fight against China?

Khalkha Mongol Khans fought for China against the Dzungars. What was the reason for that? Why did the Dzungars become enemies of the Khalkh Mongols? Dzungar Genocide Dzungar Tsing Wars
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0answers
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Why were the Mongols so victorious? [duplicate]

I read that the Mongol Empire conquered and unified China. My question is... how were the Mongols able to conquer so much when China's population almost certainly was larger during that time period? ...
3
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1answer
296 views

Where is the tomb of Genghis Khan located? [closed]

Genghis Khan the great Mongol Ruler conquered most of Eurasia. His empire extended from China to Poland. But there is a mystery where he was buried after his death. It still remains a mystery.
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1answer
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Were the Huns and Mongols at one point rivals?

I recently read an article that suggests that perhaps the Huns invading Rome had once been a foe and eventually conquered and forced to migrate by the Mongol empire,this interesting idea completely ...
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What was the attitude of Mongols to conquered peoples?

Muslim historians recorded the Mongol conquest of Baghdad. In order to evaluate potential bias in these records, it would be useful to compare them to other records of Mongol conquests. Since the ...
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2answers
444 views

Did the Yuan Dynasty ever occupy Hainan?

And if so who occupied Hainan before them and after them?
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4answers
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Why are Turkish people and other Turkik people considered of Mongolic race if their language is not in the Mongolic language family? [closed]

I saw that Turkish people are considered of Mongolic race even though Mongolic and Turkic are separate language families? Why are those races considered the same but their languages are so different ...
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4answers
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What forces/incentives drove the Mongols to conquer a much larger land territory than they could comfortably settle or rule?

Internet resources on the Mongol Empire usually dwell on the Mongol conquests of a huge mass of territory. Unfortunately, seldom are the reasons behind the conquests explained. One gets the impression ...
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4answers
644 views

In Mongolian Conquests, how did they screen the population for engineers?

I just read this from Wikipedia's article on Mongolian military tactics: When Mongols slaughtered the whole population from settlements that resisted or didn't opt to surrender, they often spared ...
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3answers
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Why did the Mongol Empire disintegrate so rapidly after its peak?

The Mongol Empire rapidly expanded to become the largest land empire in history, but then it disintegrated just as rapidly. What caused this so rapid demise of the world's largest pre-British Empire?
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5answers
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Why were the Mongolian armies able to to use greater percentages of archers than (Medieval) Europeans?

Much has been made in other posts about how hard it was for European armies to train and maintain large numbers of archers able to use a longbow, crossbow, or similar weapons. Yet, the Mongolians ...
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2answers
803 views

Why did Timur attempt to restore the Mongol Empire?

I have read that Timur Lang was a conqueror who attempted to restore the Mongol Empire. But why did he attempted to do that? Was he a decendant of Genghis Khan as he used to say?
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4answers
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Was there a noble cause to Genghis Khan's campaign?

Genghis Khan has a reputation as a ruthless warlord and genocidal maniac, but I've heard rumors of him being a politician interested in unifying local tribes and bringing peace to the region. Was ...