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Questions tagged [napoleon]

Questions about Napoleon Bonaparte (AKA Napoleon I), Emperor of the French May 18, 1804 – April 11, 1814 and March 20, 1815 – June 22, 1815.

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Can you explain how officers were able to refuse orders historically in France? Elsewhere?

I've read several biographies that pertained to military history in England and France especially around the time of Napoleon. I noticed that the authors referenced the ruler requesting the service of ...
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2answers
326 views

What is the original French for Napoleon's quote “When your enemy is making a false move don't disturb him”?

Napoleon is well regarded as stating, prior to Soult's assault on the Pratzen Heights at Austerlitz, words to the effect of: When your opponent is making a false move, it is wise not to disturb him....
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1answer
253 views

Why did Napoleon change his mind and continue the attack into Russia?

On July 28, 1812 some of his officers convinced Napoleon to end the Russian campaign due to huge losses due to typhus. A couple of days later, Napoleon changed his mind and the rest is, as they say, ...
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0answers
114 views

What would have been Napoleon's optimal strategy after Borodino? [closed]

There is a saying that everyone is a general after the battle, but I still could not figure out what could have Napoleon done differently in order to save his army and consequently empire after ...
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3answers
651 views

How can a skilled battle commander like Napoleon Bonaparte lose to Prussians at Waterloo (Belgium) as such?

According to this website Napoleon Bonaparte lost the battle at Waterloo to Prussians because(Chronologically): 1. The failure of Grouchy keeping the Prussians away from the Battlefield. 2. The ...
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2answers
3k views

Which version of Napoleon's “Europe is a Molehill” quote is correct?

Regarding Napoleon's Molehill quote, the version I have always heard is: Europe is a molehill. It has never had any great empires, like those of the Orient, numbering six hundred million souls. I ...
5
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1answer
3k views

Source of the Napoleon “God/Devil/immortal” quote

I heard in a history lecture (I don't know who the lecturer was) the following quote about Napoleon: Some say he's God (an angel?), some say he's the Devil, but everyone agrees he isn't mortal. ...
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2answers
283 views

Why was the Kamchatka Regiment sent?

About 1800, Major-General Andrey Somov headed a regiment sent from Irkutsk to reinforce Kamchatka. Soldiers were to take up positions in about five garrisons around the peninsula. Feeding them was a ...
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1answer
268 views

What books Napoleon Bonaparte used to read? [closed]

I am interested to know the books that Napoleon Bonaparte had read,and perhaps make a list about it. According to a Quora's answer, Napoleon had read: Rousseau - La Nouvelle Héloïse, the Social ...
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1answer
274 views

Liking and disliking among the Napoleonic Marshalls of the Empire

It is anecdotical but I want to know if the Marshalls of the Empire appointed by Napoleon got well along or if they could hardly tolerate each other. I'm specially interested in Lannes, Davout, ...
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4answers
1k views

Was Napoleon's General Joachim Murat of Turkish descent?

Joachim Murat was a General allegiant to Napoleon and very successfull in his military career. Though his very German first name I wondered if he has Turkish origin too because his second name ...
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2answers
551 views

How can a diamond shape be a reference to Napoleon?

The green and yellow in the Brazilian flag are references to the houses of Bragança and Lorraine(of Francis I&II of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine) respectively. It seems that the diamond shape in ...
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3answers
3k views

Was there anything in common between the War of 1812 between Britain and America and the War of 1812 between Napoleon and Russia?

Were the War of 1812 between Britain and America and the War of 1812 between Napoleon and Russia at all related? They were not only fought in the same year but also over the same general reason, trade ...
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0answers
517 views

Did Napoleon Bonaparte say “Power lies in the essence of power.”?

I used to love to read about Napoleon Bonaparte when I was younger, I read some books and watched documentaries about his life, etc. I recently started to dig out some old stuff and started ...
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1answer
236 views

When did Napoleon start to be regarded as a French national hero? [closed]

Napoleon was a very controversial figure at the time of his death. A large percentage of French were monarchists and pro-Bourbons. Many others were Republicans or Socialists who were against personal ...
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0answers
125 views

Who decided to bury Napoleon in the Dome of Invalides? [closed]

Who decided to make Napoleon the center of the Dome of Invalides in Paris? What was the church like before Napoleon? It would be interesting if you could clarify the history of the decision.
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3answers
7k views

Did Napoleon plan to invade India?

In 1798 Napoleon invaded Egypt and in 1799 he invaded the Middle East. The only thing that stopped him from going further was the fortifications of Acre which he could not take. What was his plans if ...
9
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2answers
477 views

Before his arrival at St Helena, was Napoleon legally a prisoner of war?

I would like to know whether in law Napoleon was a prisoner of war when he surrendered himself to the British after the Battle of Waterloo, did he retain that status up to the point when he was landed ...
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2answers
633 views

How was Napoleon able to take power from the Republic

Napoleon took power less than a generation after the French Revolution. He had a lot of support from the Army and the people, how was this possible? Why would the French people support someone who ...
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2answers
2k views

Why did Napoleon march to Moscow instead of Saint Petersburg?

When Napoleon decided to invade Russia in 1812, why did he target Moscow instead of Saint Petersburg? At the time, Saint Petersburg was the Capital of Russia, not Moscow (although Moscow may have had ...
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1answer
502 views

Napoleon's medals

I'm currently part-way through a biography of Napoleon. I'm curious about the medals he had struck to commemorate events such as battlefield victories. How widely were these distributed within the ...
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2answers
2k views

What was the final result for France after the Napoleonic wars?

What I'd like to know is if the final outcome of the wars was ultimately beneficial for France. In territorial terms. Did it manage to keep some territorial gains? If the question isn't clear be ...
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1answer
693 views

Were Napoleon's chances of being caught after Waterloo high or low?

The battle itself is well-described, but afterwards sources become more sketchy. It appears that after being defeated at Waterloo Napoleon abandoned his troops at the end of June 18 and fled to Paris ...
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1answer
171 views

In exchange for forbidding strikes, did Napoleon guarantee high wages?

According to Wikipedia citing Frank McLynn, Napoleon, Pimlico 1998 Ch 21, p482, strikes were forbidden by Napoleon I in exchange for a guarantee by employers that wages would remain high. How did ...
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2answers
1k views

How did Napoleon I succeed in France despite his shortcomings in French?

TL;DR. My question: The following sources onfirm that despite Napoleon's industry and perseverance, he never refined his French to the level of a native fluent speaker. So how did he succeed in France,...
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2answers
350 views

Napoleon's exploits in 1785

Napoleon Bonaparte being commissioned Second Lieutenant at the age 17 in French Artillery, returned to Corsica. Given his French Allegiance, why did he join the resistance movement while still ...
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1answer
338 views

Napoleon's Height [duplicate]

I have heard from some scholars that Napoleon was actually average sized. The only reason everyone thinks he is short is because of the difference in English inches and French inches. Is this true?
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1answer
3k views

Napoleon's role in serfdom abolition

It is known that Napoleon has given constitutions to a set of countries. The constitutions were written in the style of the French one. How many of those napoleonic constitutions have played a role ...
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1answer
2k views

When did the French Revolution end?

Is there a consensus among historians on when the regarding when the French Revolution ended? Google results including Wikipedia names Napoleon's coup d'etat in 1799 as the end of the French ...
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3answers
509 views

Curious office hours of Topographical Bureau where Napoleon served in 1795?

In his new biography Napoleon the Great Andrew Roberts reports about Napoleon's stint in the Historical and Topographical Bureau of the war ministry in Paris between mid-August and early October 1795. ...
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2answers
436 views

Napoleon Research Paper Structure [closed]

I'm writing a research paper on Napoleon; on how his tactics make him the best military general of all time There are many battles I could use that illustrate his tactical prowess, but I am not sure ...
6
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1answer
593 views

Civilians in Napoleon's Grand Army when he invaded Russia

It is fairly well documented that Napoleon's retreat from Moscow in 1812 was somewhat slowed by the large amounts of civilians following the army. My question is - where did these civilians come from ...
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1answer
2k views

How was Napoleon considered as a ruler? [closed]

When we were studying the french revolution, back when I was 15, I remember asking my teacher what was the point of killing a king to end up having an emperor. She didn't bother too much answering but ...
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1answer
976 views

What advantage did Napoleon gain by attacking and antagonizing the Catholic Church?

In 1796, Napoleon invaded Italy and defeated the papal army. The French troops took Pope VI prisoner and he died in captivity seven months later. The risks to a politician in antagonizing such a ...
4
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1answer
489 views

Why do soldiers keep their right hand inside the uniform blouse?

I don't know if generalising this kind of military culture, if there is one, to other countries is true but what I want to know is that why soldiers keep their right hand inside. An example:
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0answers
789 views

Is this really “Napoleon’s March”?

The Chabad/Lubavitch Jewish group have a tradition that this song originated as a military march played by Napoleon’s armies as they invaded Russia: http://www.chabad.org/multimedia/media_cdo/aid/...
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2answers
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What became of the French Revolutionary Religion and Calendar?

During the height of the French Revolution, there was a complete revamping/retooling of French culture and religion: A new calendar based on the metric system and marking the significant events and ...
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2answers
12k views

Did Napoleon ever say «On s'engage et puis… on voit»?

Lenin in his "About our revolution" cites Napoleon as saying «On s'engage et puis… on voit». Loosely translated that is, "One jumps into the fray, then figures out what to do next", or "You commit ...
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4answers
14k views

Are these remarks by Napoleon on Jesus genuine?

The German edition of Wikiquote contains the following alleged words of Napoleon (in translation): I know men and I tell you that Jesus Christ is no mere man. Between Him and every other person ...
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2answers
1k views

How did Napoleon evade the British fleet and return to France?

After the defeat of the French fleet off the coast of Egypt in 1798, Napoleon's army was cut off in a far away and hostile country. One year later, after eluding the British fleet, he made it safely ...
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3answers
9k views

Was Napoleon as short as “common knowledge” states?

I once saw a mention (on cracked.com) that Napoleon, whom pretty much everyone believes was of very short stature, was actually close to average height for his time/demographics, and that the short ...
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6answers
5k views

Why was Napoleon not executed or imprisoned?

I wonder why the Allies did not execute or imprison Napoleon for life after both times when he was captured. Even more, they risked by granting him an island in possession. This is quite illogical ...
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3answers
1k views

Which war games did Napoleon practice with his generals?

I have read that Napoleon actively used to play strategy games with his generals in order to understand how they act in a range of situations. The generals also learned the same thing about each other....
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5answers
922 views

Did Napoleon ever visit Modern Israel?

Did Napoleon Bonaparte ever try capturing what is today considered modern day Israel? Did he ever visit the land independently of capturing it?
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2answers
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Did Sun Tzu's “Art of War” influence Napoleon's philosophy of war and strategy?

The "Art of War" by Sun Tzu is to my knowledge one of the most important and oldest books (besides Clausewitz, Machiavelli) about the philosophy of war and military strategy. Were historians able to ...