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Questions tagged [napoleonic-wars]

Questions about a series of wars from 1803 to 1815 between the First French Empire and opposing (mostly European) coalitions.

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Why were some Napoleonic battles fought at sea?

'The Royal Navy 1793-1815' is all about the different battles that took place in the water'...my main concern is why the navy was involved at all? why couldn't they just fight in the land ? Is it ...
31
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Are there historical instances of the capital of a colonising country being temporarily or permanently shifted to one of its colonies?

When the Portuguese Royal Court (over 15,000 souls) fled the Napoleonic invasion of Portugal in 1807, and installed itself in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Rio became the capital of the pluricontinental ...
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1answer
268 views

Was Emperor Francis II & I present at the Battle of Austerlitz?

The Battle of Austerlitz between France, Austria, and Russia on 2 December 1805 is also known as the Battle of the Three Emperors, because of the presence of Napoleon I, Alexander I, and Francis II &...
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2answers
331 views

What is the original French for Napoleon's quote “When your enemy is making a false move don't disturb him”?

Napoleon is well regarded as stating, prior to Soult's assault on the Pratzen Heights at Austerlitz, words to the effect of: When your opponent is making a false move, it is wise not to disturb him....
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How much gunpowder could the average Napoleonic ship of the line carry?

I've run across a few references to a ship's magazine detonating during combat, and by all accounts the explosions were massive. I'm trying to put them into context a bit by figuring out how much ...
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116 views

What would have been Napoleon's optimal strategy after Borodino? [closed]

There is a saying that everyone is a general after the battle, but I still could not figure out what could have Napoleon done differently in order to save his army and consequently empire after ...
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117 views

What was the maneuver called when an infantry co. fired in two different directions while advancing? [closed]

When a Napoleonic-era infantry company was taking fire from front and rear, what is the maneuver called where they covered their rear while advancing forward?
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Why did General Dupont surrender in the Battle of Bailén?

General Dupont's had, from my inexpert view, quite a superior army when he fought the Spanish forces at the Battle of Bailén. This battle was in fact the first defeat in open field of the Napoleonic ...
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2answers
292 views

Are there any surviving military textbooks from the Napoleonic era?

Napoleon attended school for military officers, so it stands to reason they would have some books around which they based their curriculum. Are there any complete and publicly available recordings of ...
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162 views

When was the first instance of Generals Morand, Friant & Gudin being referred to as “The Immortals”?

Generals de Division Morand, Friant, and Gudin were at times referred to as "The Immortals", as noted in the thesis Marshal Louis N. Davout and the Art of Command by Major John M. Keefe (1994)(pp36, ...
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285 views

Why was the Kamchatka Regiment sent?

About 1800, Major-General Andrey Somov headed a regiment sent from Irkutsk to reinforce Kamchatka. Soldiers were to take up positions in about five garrisons around the peninsula. Feeding them was a ...
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3answers
416 views

Did armored cavalry have an advantage over unarmored cavalry in 18th/19th century?

Armor was being phased out during the 1500's as muskets capable of penetrating armor proliferated. By the 18th century, hardly any units on the European battlefields wore armor. Except for one - the ...
4
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1answer
276 views

Liking and disliking among the Napoleonic Marshalls of the Empire

It is anecdotical but I want to know if the Marshalls of the Empire appointed by Napoleon got well along or if they could hardly tolerate each other. I'm specially interested in Lannes, Davout, ...
3
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4answers
736 views

What music did a Napoleonic era campaigning soldier hear?

I'd like to know what sort of music the common soldier would have heard while on campaign, regardless of nationality. For instance: What was the Imperial Guard singing on entering Russia? What sort ...
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Why did the other Continental European powers keep trying to fight Napoleon before 1813 despite being beaten by him so often?

In the Napoleonic Wars the other major powers of Continental Europe, especially Austria but also Prussia and Russia, seemed to keep coming back every few years to have another go at fighting Napoleon, ...
2
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1answer
636 views

During the Peninsula War, what British material aid was given to Spain/Portugal?

The Peninsular War saw France intervene on the Iberian Peninsula, first against Portugal, then against Spain. It lasted roughly from 1808 - 1814. I would like to know what material Britain gave to ...
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During and right after the French Revolution, how did France maintain and operate such a big army all over Europe?

During revolutions or civil wars, countries usually suffer enormous economic losses along with much civil unrest. These things would seem to make it impossible for a nation to operate a huge army and ...
5
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1answer
549 views

GDP for World Powers during the Napoleonic Era?

What was the GDP for the strongest world Powers during the Napoleonic Era? Powers like United Kingdom, France, Prussia, Russia, Austria, Holland, Spain, Denmark, United States, China, Ottoman Empire ...
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2answers
319 views

Losses in reserve units during battles in Napoleonic wars

Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace famously contains a fictional account of the Battle of Borodino in 1812. In it, Prince Andrei Bolkonsky's regiment suffers losses from hostile artillery fire while still ...
3
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1answer
106 views

Did “el Empecinado” fight in the Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo (1810)?

I'm writing a little piece on Juan Martín Díez, el Empecinado (the most famous Spanish guerrilla leader of the Peninsular War), and I need to know if he took part in the defence of Ciudad Rodrigo ...
6
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1answer
385 views

At the Battle of Waterloo, why did the French army throw so many troops into the fight for Hougoumont?

The beginning of the battle of Waterloo is usually described as a French diversionary attack (of Jérôme Bonaparte’s 6th Division) on the allied position at the walled farm of Hougoumont (on Wellington’...
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1answer
264 views

Technical Pictures of Prussian Cannons

For my research I found these wonderful pictures showing all artillery weapons used during the Seven Years War. http://crogges7ywarmies.blogspot.de/2012/09/prussian-7yw-artillery-scale-drawings.html ...
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1answer
381 views

Power of Prussian artillery pieces during the Napoleonic Wars

I'm developing a RTS game which is set during the Napoleonic Wars and want to implement these artillery for the Prussian side: 6 pound cannon 7 pound howitzer 12 pound cannon Unfortunately, I have ...
6
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1answer
626 views

Identifying a military uniform from the early 19th century

I would like to identify this military uniform from someone related to my family in Portugal. It is probably from the early 19th century, and it may be from the Portuguese, British or Napoleonic Army ...
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1answer
451 views

What is the origin of this pre-industrial naval depiction

I'm neither a history buff not an artist, so I apologise in advance for my poor descriptions. I have recently come into possession of a painting depicting some naval ships, perhaps 19th century, ...
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Where can I find the diplomatic relationships of the nations in the Sixth Coalition?

On this page I can see which side each nation was on, but it does not mean that each country was in war with all the nations on the other site. Let me give an example: Denmark-Norway was allied with ...
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1answer
168 views

When Napoleonic wars happened? [closed]

I'm studying History and Napoleonic wars. Anyway, I think I wrote wrong in my notes. I wrote:R France against Austria: 1806, France conquered Savoy, Nice and Milan (Milan conquered after the defeat ...
22
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3answers
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Did Napoleon plan to invade India?

In 1798 Napoleon invaded Egypt and in 1799 he invaded the Middle East. The only thing that stopped him from going further was the fortifications of Acre which he could not take. What was his plans if ...
9
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1answer
530 views

How accurate is the book “Rifleman Dodd”?

I recently borrowed a Napoleonic war era book titled Rifleman Dodd, by C.S.Forester. It was a entertaining story set in Portugal in the years 1810-1811. I'm wondering if the book is a work of fiction ...
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1answer
466 views

Size of army and battle in Napoleon's invasion of Russia

I am finding conflicting information when searching online for 1) The size of Napoleon's army when he invaded Russia and 2) The number of casualties in the Battle of Borodino. There are many books on ...
28
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1answer
3k views

Capturing a much larger ship?

In Master and Commander (book 1 of Patrick O'Brian's Aubrey-Maturin series), the 54-man, 14-gun Sophie captures the 319-man, 32-gun Cacafuego. Is this really plausible? How would it work? Is it the ...
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3answers
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Where were the British Forces located during Napoleon's Egypt Campaign?

During Napoleon's Campaign in Egypt 1798-1803, the British destroyed the French fleet near the Abu-Qir bay and had a fleet blockade there. Where did the men on the British fleet get supply from in all ...
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2answers
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Why did Napoleon march to Moscow instead of Saint Petersburg?

When Napoleon decided to invade Russia in 1812, why did he target Moscow instead of Saint Petersburg? At the time, Saint Petersburg was the Capital of Russia, not Moscow (although Moscow may have had ...
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1answer
515 views

Napoleon's medals

I'm currently part-way through a biography of Napoleon. I'm curious about the medals he had struck to commemorate events such as battlefield victories. How widely were these distributed within the ...
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1answer
280 views

How much money did the participating nations spend in the Napoleonic Wars? [closed]

How much money did Great Britain, Russia and France collect per year during Napoleonic wars as total revenue, and how much money did each one spend in total on that war?
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1answer
818 views

Why did United Kingdom not keep the colonies after Napoleon's defeat?

During the Napoleonic Wars the British occupied some French, Dutch and Danish colonies mainly in the Caribbean like: Dutch Surinam, Danish West Indies, French Martinique. I have 2 questions: Why ...
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152 views

Where exactly were the British occupations in the Egypt Campaign?

Wikipedia says that Murad Bey would accept the British occupations in Alexandria Damietta and Rosetta. Murad had reportedly offered money to the French forces to leave Egypt and offered to ally ...
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1answer
165 views

What were the borders of Egypt from 1798 to 1803?

It's very hard for me to find the borders for French Egypt during the time of Napoleon 1798-1803. Specially the southern borders of Egypt where did they go?
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153 views

British occupations in Europe during the Napoleonic wars

It's hard to find information about the British occupations in Europe during the Napoleonic Wars, specially after 1812. Were Belgium, Mallorca, Sicily and/or Sardinia occupied by the British? I ...
7
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1answer
166 views

During/After the Napoleonic occupation of the Germanic Rhinelands, what happened to the currency in the area?

Did Napoleon bring the French Francs over, or did the (many) local currencies remain in use? I understood that the area's tolls on the river were unified, but have a hard time imagining how exactly ...
6
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2answers
2k views

What was the final result for France after the Napoleonic wars?

What I'd like to know is if the final outcome of the wars was ultimately beneficial for France. In territorial terms. Did it manage to keep some territorial gains? If the question isn't clear be ...
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164 views

What were the names of the weapon manufacturers in France in the late 1700's

What were the names of the companies that manufactured hand weapons in France in the late 1700's and who were the most productive.
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Why did Britain decide to issue perpetual bonds during Napoleonic era?

Background A few years ago I was a student of an economic course about loans, debts, interests, NPV etc. The trainer mentioned "The UK took a loan to fund wars against Napoleon. This has no term, and ...
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1answer
502 views

Ports Used by French Navy in 1792 and Strength of Fleet

I am currently writing series of young adult novels about the European Conflicts beginning in 1792. Where were the major and minor French Navy ports and yards, and what was the relative strength of ...
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1answer
388 views

Which of the participant states was benefited in the long run by the Congress of Vienna?

Congress of Vienna took place in 1814-1815 aiming to restore stability in Europe after the Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars. Each state/kingdom sent their diplomat(s) to the congress in order to ...
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In the Film Master and Commander, why do they start towing their rowboats after they beat to quarters?

In the first scene on Master and Commander after the ship beats to quarters they're shown lowering three rowboats and towing them behind the ship. Why do they do that?
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Why was France given such a lenient peace after Napoleon was defeated?

For two decades revolutionary France had attacked and conquered many nations in Europe. Millions were killed. But when the allies finally defeated France, the peace was very lenient. France didn't ...
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5answers
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Was the Battle of Trafalgar strategically pointless?

On a tactical level, the Battle of Trafalgar is one of the most analysed naval battles in history and there are many books and papers covering the battle itself. Most of the strategic analysis covers ...
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576 views

Was Napoleon's own strategy the cause of his downfall? [closed]

I've been reading Rothenburg's The Art of Warfare in the Age of Napoleon and Parker's Military Revolution: Military Innovation and the Rise of the West, 1500-1800, and while I realize there were a ...
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1answer
484 views

What tactic/strategy won Napoleon the six-day campaign

I am using this source: http://www.napoleonsims.com/battles/battles.htm#Fr1814 From the overall statistics, I see that Napoleon was outnumbered 1:10 (!) but still managed to win because he attacked ...