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Questions tagged [native-americans]

The native peoples of North America, sometimes referred to as American Indians or First Nations.

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13 votes
3 answers
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Is this a photo of a historical reinactment of an 1868 treaty signing?

I've stumbled up this image in the National Archives describing the 1868 treaty between the Navajo and United States, which was signed when the Navajo were released from Bosque Redondo. https://...
Village's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
72 views

What were the Native Tribes of Western Kansas prior to the migrations of the Comanche and Kiowa? [closed]

I am stuck on a writing project, trying to research the historical inhabitants of Western Kansas, specifically southwest Kansas close to the Oklahoma and Texas Panhandles, and I am having difficulty ...
andreswendish's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
194 views

Where there any 'famous people' in the American Southwest before 1500?

I teach secondary history classes. For my American Southwest history class, I am required to teach a lesson on 'famous people before 1500' in the Southwest, i.e. famous people before the Spanish came. ...
Village's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
1k views

How did the US Thanksgiving holiday become associated with the Plymouth harvest festival of 1621?

Proclamations of the Thanksgiving holiday by, e.g., Presidents Washington and Lincoln made no mention of the Plymouth colony. When and how did the Plymouth harvest festival of 1621 become a canonical (...
Colin's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
110 views

Where is Sacagawea buried? [closed]

Do we have a definitive answer as to where Sacagawea (more here) is buried? I followed the entire Lewis and Clark trail between 2003-2006 and was in no fewer than three or four towns/sites where she ...
PQ51's user avatar
  • 19
5 votes
2 answers
2k views

Where are the Cheyenne prophesies of Sweet Medicine recorded?

The American Buffalo, a recent documentary film series by Ken Burns, includes several quotations that it attributes to a Cheyenne prophet called Sweet Medicine. Regarding European settlers: There is ...
Brian Z's user avatar
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15 votes
5 answers
777 views

Was there ever an attempt to give Native Americans their own country?

Thinking about the Native Americans, and the devastation they suffered, has there ever been an attempt to allow them to form their own country, giving them any part of the USA's land? Would their ...
user avatar
30 votes
2 answers
6k views

How did Native Americans refer to themselves in the 19th century?

Here's a specific sentence from Fannie Kelly's book whose title is Narrative of my Captivity Among the Sioux Indians, published in 1871: on being told of two big oceans, they would ask if the whites ...
bobsmith76's user avatar
38 votes
5 answers
10k views

Did active frontiersmen really eat 20,000 calories a day? How does this compare to other highly-active people in recorded history?

I am currently midway through this book, The Company: The Rise And Fall of the Hudson's Bay Empire. It is really good. One thing that keeps coming up is the amount of rations needed for each explorer, ...
nick carraway's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
105 views

I am trying to find the origin of this rifle case and the time period it was likely made

This black powder rifle case was passed down to me from my father. Back in the 1950's when he was a general practice medical doctor in a small town in Northern Minnesota he cared for a Native American ...
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5 votes
2 answers
495 views

Given that there were there larger, more organised civilisations in South America compared to NA, why did they not colonise North America themselves?

Why were there seemingly larger, more organised civilisations in the South American part of the American continent compared to the North before European colonisation and why did they not migrate North?...
Sophía Sugondèz's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
220 views

What infectious diseases were Native Americans exposed to before Columbus?

More specifically, what infectious diseases were Native Americans exposed to that were not a result of endemic spread in wild animals in the Americas? This would be a list of diseases that were ...
StarlightDown's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
139 views

What promises were not fulfilled (meaning were not done) in the Indian Removal Act?

I was genuinely wondering what promises were actually fulfilled in the Indian Removal Act. Out of these, it would be especially nice if I could find out whether the 2nd and 8th one were actually ...
user59816's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
229 views

How might I use a number written over portrait image to help identify the person or tribe, if Indigenous Indian?

I have just concluded having my mother's extensive family photo collection digitized for use in our family tree and for the family's general use. Our mother passed away in 1989, so we waited too long ...
Keith Henry's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
567 views

Why was Hannah Ocuish believed to have been mentally disabled?

Hannah Ocuish was a 12 year old Native American girl who had the dubious honor in 1786 of being the youngest female to be legally executed in the United States, allegedly for murdering another girl ...
forest's user avatar
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-4 votes
1 answer
359 views

In the US Constitution, did the Three-Fifths Compromise apply to Native Americans?

In the U.S. Constitution, the Three-Fifths Compromise is part of Article 1, Section 2, clause 3. It says: Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
447 views

Do the Federalist papers ever mention the Native Americans in any substantative way?

The Federalist Papers were written by Madison, Jay and Hamilton to support the then proposed constitution of the USA starting in October 1787 in response to articles critical of the constitution. A ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
519 views

During the Indian removal were native Americans fed rotten food and taken through diseased areas?

In 1993 Stannard wrote a book called American Holocaust: The Conquest of the New World: Columbus and the Conquest of the New World. In it, Stannard mentions (page 124) the Indian marches where they ...
A Dark Divided Gem's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
478 views

Was "leather" really a technology introduced by Europeans to the Plains Indians?

I was watching a university lecture about the Comanche called "Nomads in the Tribal Zone: Conflict and Compromise in 18th Century New Mexico". The lecturer said that leather was one of the ...
Village's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
330 views

What was so good about the 19th Century Osage police?

I was recently directed to an article written by Historian Art Burton for a police publication about policing in late 19th Century Indian Territory. I got interested in this due to a family story ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
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7 votes
3 answers
4k views

What was the first instance of Native Americans using gunpowder weapons in battle and did they ever make their own powder?

I am afraid to ask this question too broadly but I would be very happy to get answers that included conflicts not just in the Americas. For example, India had superior rockets to those of the British ...
releseabe's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
260 views

When and why was the 55th parallel established as an administrative boundary in Quebec?

I was looking at Canadian election maps, and noticed the Manicouagan riding had weird exclaves formed between the 55th parallel and the Quebec-Labrador provincial border. When extended to Hudson Bay, ...
DPenner1's user avatar
  • 301
0 votes
0 answers
123 views

How did the Indian Appropriation Act of March 3, 1871 pass into law?

Many histories (including the Wikipedia article) state that Congress passed the Indian Appropriation Act of March 3, 1871. Did President Grant ever sign this law? I'm trying to figure out how it ...
vy32's user avatar
  • 473
2 votes
1 answer
309 views

Is the Native American relationship with colonists described in 'In the Days of Poor Richard' historically accurate?

I was reading In the Days of Poor Richard by Irving Bacheller (the full book can be viewed here). At the beginning of the book, there is a long paragraph describing the main character that goes like ...
Twinkling Star's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
357 views

What's the origin of the legend that this rock formation in America had a 12th century Welsh Origin?

There is a Welsh legend/myth that America was discovered by a Welshman named Madoc the Great, in the 12th century. His Wikipedia page reads the same but also that there isn't any conclusive evidence ...
Samid's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
115 views

What would have been the signal that Pontiac would have given to attack in Fort Detroit?

In the Siege of Detroit, Pontiac had 300 warriors but did not give the "signal" to attack (07 MAY 1763 before the actual siege started). I have found references that a wampum belt was ...
b degnan's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
658 views

Was the Native American population already decimated before settlers and conquistadors arrived in America?

My understanding (which I am stating in case you find it errant) is that while there were no domesticable animals in the Americas, the East had a history of many plagues received from livestock ...
Shine_Bolt's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
2k views

Did any native US-Canadian tribes have written language before the advent of the Europeans?

I know some peoples in more southern parts of the Americas had forms of written language, however, I was unsure as to whether this is something that had also developed among groups living in modern ...
arara's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
165 views

Who were the 'Water People of North America' and what do we know about them?

I stumbled upon a website showing fascinating water structures in North America. Unfortunately it does not say much about the culture which built these and only speculates about the potential usages ...
JohnEye's user avatar
  • 111
-5 votes
2 answers
113 views

What systems of opression did colonial South America utilized to acculturate indigenous peoples, compared to the ones used in North America? [closed]

After reading and writing about boarding schools (and prisons) of acculturation here in North America, where Indigenous peoples were forced into Western ways, I am left wondering: Did these systems ...
catterina raffo's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
103 views

What does "Quivira" refer to? [closed]

I've found this term "Quivira", both here and in an old journal by some explorer published in the 1500s. What I'm confused about if is "Quivira" is a term that was applied to the ...
Village's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
404 views

What events led to the Aztecs and Mayans adopting cocoa beans as a currency?

I read how the Aztec Empire and the Mayans used cocoa beans as a currency but bartered before hand. I know records for these civilizations are rare, but do we have any record of certain historical ...
Tyler Mc's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
124 views

Why is the term "Ancestral Puebloans" used and not simply "Puebloans"?

I have seen various history textbooks use the term "Ancestral Puebloans" in referring to the a group who lived in the American Southwest prior to circa 1500. Most books say hese people dispersed and ...
Village's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
459 views

What made California Indian baskets so good?

"California Indians were among the world's most sophisticated basket makers", according to Steven Hackel in Children of Coyote, Missionaries of Saint Francis. Descriptions of the baskets emphasize the ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
204 views

Why did the United States Army force Nez Perce to give up their own land?

I'm wondering why United States Army coerced the Nez Perce to give up their own land which had violated the 1855 Treaty of Walla Walla. What I wanted to know is the reason why this had happened, ...
Daniel Mana's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
122 views

Where was the Ixcanha Maya community located during the Caste War of the Yucatán?

There is mention of a Mayan community of about a thousand people during the Caste War of the Yucatán who refused to break with the Catholic Church. I am trying to figure out where their community was ...
Ryan Williamson's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
828 views

Why have population maps indicated a stark divide in population density of the United States on either side ot the 100th Meridian? [closed]

Every time I look at a map of the United States coloured by something proportional to population density, I see a stark vertical line going from northeast North Dakota, through SD, NE, KS, OK, and ...
416E64726577's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
1k views

What is the name of this song about taking Cherokee land?

I am teaching a lesson about the Cherokee and the Trail of Tears and I have seen many articles about these events quote this excerpt from a song that Georgian settlers sung: All I ask in this ...
Village's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
333 views

Is there any first-hand evidence of intentional spreading of disease among natives in the Pacific Northwest?

I was working as an interpreter at a city park, and was giving a guided tour of the coast. Because the north end of the city is where an old Native wintering village was, and the outline of it was ...
awsirkis's user avatar
  • 123
24 votes
2 answers
5k views

Where are the Native American primary source documents?

I am currently looking into Crow Mythology and every website I've seen says essentially "The Native Americans thought of the crow as X". But "NATIVE AMERICANS" is too broad a category! Where are they ...
Lance's user avatar
  • 2,245
1 vote
0 answers
122 views

Any truth to this story of Native American journeying to England?

In "A New Voyage to Carolina", John Lawson, British Surveyor-General of North Carolina, asserts that some natives once attempted to journey themselves all the way to England as an attempt to cut out ...
Slereah's user avatar
  • 436
6 votes
1 answer
507 views

Are there any hypotheses on how the Dorset people disappeared?

I read an article about how anthropologists have discovered artifacts from an ancient Arctic culture known as the Dorset that disappeared centuries ago and were the precursors to the Inuit in the ...
Tyler Mc's user avatar
  • 791
1 vote
1 answer
208 views

What were the main centres of population in South America in 1500 AD?

I'm especially interested in the areas outside the Andes, but a general overview of known sites of urbanisation in the continent in that era would be great. Edit for clarification: Various articles ...
KeizerHarm's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
494 views

Were there any Native American tribes that had more than a strategic alliance with the Confederates?

Background I have been trying to read more on Native American history in the United States. While it seems to be a lot more multidimensional that I initially thought, the general trend of "the ...
isakbob's user avatar
  • 231
9 votes
1 answer
563 views

When did Europeans realize Native Americans had weaker immunity to Old World diseases?

The question is fairly simple: when did Europeans come to a general knowledge that the Native Americans had weak immunity specifically to Old World diseases? I'm looking for the first person to ...
shiningcartoonist's user avatar
15 votes
3 answers
4k views

Who was Chief Poking Fire?

Is there any information about who was Chief Poking Fire? He was the chief of Kahnawake reservation close to Montreal (Canada). On all the pictures he looks like a person with European descent. Is ...
Vitalii's user avatar
  • 161
6 votes
1 answer
3k views

Is there a population density map of pre-Columbian South America?

I have found such maps for North America, e.g. this one: But never for the southern continent. The goal is a broad overview. How many Lokono were there, compared to the Mapuche (and the Cree for that ...
KeizerHarm's user avatar
13 votes
1 answer
4k views

What are the occurences of total war in the Native Americans?

In this article from Wikipedia, a war between the Pawnees on one side, and the Sioux and Cheyennes on the other side, is represented. It is claimed this war was a total war because the "non fighters" ...
totalMongot's user avatar
  • 6,791
10 votes
1 answer
287 views

What is the brown doll on Nicolás de Ovando's desk?

Nicolás de Ovando (1460-1511) was Spanish governor of the Indies (Hispaniola) before the age of the viceroyalties. In this anonymous portrait from Wikipedia, work materials are artfully arranged ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
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12 votes
3 answers
2k views

What did indigenous North Americans trade amongst themselves before Europeans arrived?

Once the colonial era began around 1500 or 1600, Europeans and Native Americans started trading. As far as I'm aware, the principal trade was beaver pelts in exchange for iron axes. But I'm ...
DrZ214's user avatar
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