Questions tagged [naval]

Of or pertaining to ships and or the sea, especially military vessels.

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7
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3answers
945 views

Apart from the White Ship in 1120, have there been any other maritime disasters in which an heir to a throne and/or many notable people died?

In November 1120, a ship carrying three of King Henry I's children, including his only legitimate son and heir William the Atheling, struck a rock off the coast of northern France and sank. Also on ...
2
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1answer
1k views

What is the earliest mention of use of spyglass by seafarers?

I am somewhat familiar with history of telescope in the scientific context however didn't find much info about history of its use for practical purposes beyond general statements. I'm more interested ...
5
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4answers
971 views

Why is the battle of Hampton Roads known as the Monitor vs the Merrimack?

The American Civil War battle of the ironclad warships which took place on the Elizabeth River in Virginia has several common names. One way which it is commonly referenced is as simply the "Monitor ...
9
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1answer
1k views

How many officers on board Type VII-C U-boat? [closed]

As the topic states I am curious of how many offiers were on board a type VII-C U-boat during WW2. I know the crew size was typically 42 to 48, but what was the breakdown of the crew? Bonus points ...
1
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0answers
141 views

Is this a coin, token or medallion?

I found this attached to a rock, on a beach in Western Australia a number of years ago. I cannot identify the Coat of Arms although have looked in numerous sites. The reverse appears to be a Lion ...
7
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1answer
370 views

Reconstructing historic tide tables

I'm researching an event which occurred between mid-1794 and early 1796, but probably 1795; the even happened at a major English port with American shipping and a Royal Navy ship repair yard. I ...
12
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2answers
1k views

Question about Medals of the U.S. Navy

What do medals say about a sailor, diver or serviceman? This picture is all my grandfather's medals. He was in the U.S. Navy from 1945 - 73. I know a lot of his story. He started out an E1 and went as ...
6
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1answer
669 views

Were Magellan's wife and kids held hostage?

I feel like I read somewhere that, in an attempt to make sure Ferdinand Magellan returned to Spain, King Charles held his wife and kids hostage (or at least kept them in the area) until he returned ...
23
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3answers
3k views

Why did US Navy WW2 torpedoes detonate at the end of their run?

I'm listening to James Scott's "The War Below". In World War II, US Navy torpedoes detonated at the end of their range if they hadn't hit anything. So if a torpedo was fired and went its maximum ...
4
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2answers
1k views

How long did it take a typical capital warship to ramp up to flank speed?

For a typical capital warship (including aircraft carriers) of any navy circa 1920s-1960s I am looking for a rough power ramp up time for the power plant to go from min load to max load. That is to ...
1
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1answer
93 views

Responsibilities of a naval chaplain in the Spanish empire

In the beginning of the 19th century Agustín Fernández was chaplain of the naval base at San Blas. Records in the colonial section of the Mexican national archive, summarized in all caps, refer to his ...
5
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3answers
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How did the US Navy raise sunken battleships in WWII?

I recently got the opportunity to visit the Pearl Harbor Memorial. In the informational video that they show guests, they mentioned a detail I found fascinating: most of the ships sunk in the ...
12
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3answers
981 views

In World War II, why was the ratio of killed to wounded of the Royal Navy twice that of the US Navy?

Casualty numbers for Navy personnel killed and wounded in WWII cited by Wikipedia (for the Royal Navy) and the National World War II Museum in New Orleans (for the US Navy) show a big difference in ...
16
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1answer
859 views

How many British navy officers were from lower classes at the end of 18th century?

Helping my daughter with a presentation about Cook, I looked for English sources about his biography and was surprised to read that he was a son of a farmer hand - practically, the bottom of the lower ...
12
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4answers
2k views

How was the naval battle of Guadalcanal affected by Japanese ships loading High Explosive shells rather than Armor Piercing?

During the first Naval Battle of Guadalcanal an American flotilla of five cruisers and eight destroyers challenged a Japanese group of two battleships, one cruiser, and eleven destroyers that was ...
2
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2answers
2k views

How could the USS Maine explosion have been investigated?

After the explosion of the USS Maine in 1898, was it possible for the United States to ask Spain if their mine had sunk the USN Battleship?
2
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1answer
590 views

How was the Washington Naval Treaty enforced?

In view of Pearl Harbor, I would be interested to know how the Washington Naval Treaty was enforced - if at all? - given that this was before the establishment of the UN. Would the the signatories ...
4
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1answer
226 views

During WW2, did the merchant marine also return to Canada in convoys?

During WW2, a lot of cargo ships sailed in convoy to Britain. I am wondering, if they also made the return trip in convoy? If so, were such return convoys also escorted?
6
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1answer
494 views

How many Manila Galleons were sacked and by whom?

From the 1500s into the 1800s New Spain operated the "Manila Galleon" trade route across the Pacific. Something over four hundred huge, wealthy ships sailed, and of course they did not all arrive. ...
6
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1answer
313 views

Did Peter the Great support a Russian circumnavigation?

Peter the Great modernized Imperial Russia, reforming both its army and navy. He was keen to catch up with other European powers and built the Baltic port Kronstadt, a shipyard at Arkhangelsk, and the ...
7
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2answers
915 views

Were there ever instances of sailors pressed into British service in Europe ending up in the Caribbean?

I am working on a story in which I wanted to include a character who was pressed into the British Navy in 1790's England, and ended up on a ship headed to the Caribbean. This is a pretty integral ...
3
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1answer
359 views

Were there crewmen from other USN ships on USS Missouri when the Japanese surrendered?

I have tried finding a list of the crewmen on the USS Missouri at the time of the signing of the Japanese Instrument of Surrender, or at least some general information about who was on the ship at ...
3
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1answer
428 views

What was the biggest shipbuilding centre in Europe during the Second Industrial Revolution?

I'm specifically interested in the United Kingdom, though I'd love to get a comparison between countries. I would like any answer to cite records of number or tonnage of ships built. I'm interested ...
4
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1answer
257 views

In the First Barbary War, how long was the USS Philadelphia aground?

During the First Barbary War. The USS Philadelphia was giving chase to a Barbary Corsair in the bay of Tripoli when she ran aground October 31, 1803. Captain Bainbridge at first gave orders to put ...
13
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2answers
4k views

When was the tactic of chaining ships together last used in a major naval battle?

At the Battle of Sluys in 1340, the French fleet operated: in accordance with the usual medieval tactics of a fleet fighting on the defensive. Quiéret and Béhuchet formed their forces into three or ...
25
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5answers
10k views

How did ships acquire targets beyond the horizon in WWI?

From "The World Crisis, 1911-1928" (Winston Churchill): ... the 5th Battle Squadron had begun to fire, at the long range of 17,000 yards, upon Admiral von Hipper's last two ships. If the horizon ...
3
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1answer
335 views

What was the US Navy's “fleet marine force” in 1944-45?

My dad joined the navy in 1944. After he pissed off his Navy chief in boot camp, he was assigned to what he called the Fleet Marines. Whenever I try and look up fleet marines it always tries to give ...
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4answers
7k views

Why didn't the British Grand Fleet force an engagement with the German Imperial Navy in WW1?

I'm watching the channel The Great War on YouTube, which documents the goings on of the First World War week by week (careful, it's addictive and there are literally hundreds of episodes). It is my ...
6
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1answer
640 views

What was the exact path of the Doolittle Raid?

I'm trying to find the exact path that the Doolittle Raid took from its rendezvous point near Hawaii to the launch point near Japan. I would like to be able to see this path on a map so I can ...
0
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1answer
106 views

Which ships arrived at Novo-Arkhangelsk between 1810 and 1815?

The Russian-American Company's colonial headquarters were at Novo-Arkhangelsk, today's Sitka. Occasionally, supply ships from Russian ports to the west (Okhotsk, Petropavlovsk, Kodiak) would arrive. ...
2
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3answers
633 views

Were US Navy WWII-era submarine crewmen allowed on deck?

Similar to Were German WWII-era U-Boat crews allowed on deck? except for the USN. There's a whole lot of ocean between the mainland and Hawaii, and between Hawaii and the Imperial Japanese Navy, and ...
2
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1answer
181 views

New Latin American navies raiding Spanish interests

The newly formed navies of the Latin American wars of independence sometimes raided or blockaded Spanish interests in other parts of the Americas. Consider the Liberating Expedition of Peru, the ...
2
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1answer
308 views

When was the first sauna on a ship?

Heat baths or sweat lodges such as the Russian banya and the temescal of the Mesoamericans are common around the world, especially where it gets cold. These insulated, purpose-built structures are ...
2
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2answers
674 views

What were Yamamoto's intentions when the Japanese Navy attacked Colombo, Sri Lanka, in1942?

During Easter 1942, the Japanese navy headed west into the Indian Ocean, and attacked Colombo, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka).The Wikipedia article suggests that Yamamoto's main goal was to control the Indian ...
2
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2answers
140 views

Cabin space on the Nadezhda

Nikolai Rezanov was Russian's envoy to Japan in 1804, sailing there in Russia's first circumnavigation aboard the Nadezhda. This originally English ship was outfitted for the voyage at government ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Names of the 'little ships' requisitioned by Navy for Dunkirk Evacuation?

Since the small ships requisitioned for the evacuation of Dunkirk were selected by the Royal Navy or a branch of the Admiralty, there must be a list of vessels so requisitioned. I ask for this ...
2
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1answer
324 views

How unusual was an unanswered naval salute of 150 guns?

In naval tradition, ships and ports may expend gunpowder saluting each other, thus proving their respect and nonaggression. The respect so shown appears greater when more guns are shot off. A common ...
7
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2answers
605 views

Did the dramatic improvement in survival rates of scurvy in the Royal Navy significantly affect British port cities?

I've been reading about James Lind and scurvy in the Royal Navy, and how, through the efforts of Lind and others, survival rates improved dramatically after the introduction of orange/lemon juice, ...
2
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0answers
107 views

Identify this button/rivet

Naval button? I found this at an former telegraph, pony express and stage stop in NV. It looks like a rivet used mostly for leather or pouches from my research but I really can't ID it for sure
19
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7answers
6k views

Bow shape of WW1 warships

As ship's bow is designed to break the waves, the physics (something like hydrokinetics) makes it should look like a wedge. And it really is, if we look from above. This should be also kept if look ...
3
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1answer
166 views

Did Admiral Ghormley have access to intellegence reports on Japanese movements prior to the Battle of Savo Island?

We know that Admiral Turner, the commander of the Landing Force at Guadalcanal had received (heavily flawed) reports on the movements of Admiral Mikawa's force, prior to the Battle of Savo Island. My ...
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1answer
141 views

Did Taíno natives ever work Spanish galleons?

Did Taíno natives work as slaves or sailors on 16th-century Spanish ships in early to mid-sixteenth century?
13
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5answers
2k views

Why did ramming reappear then disappear in 1800s shipborn warfare?

This question is twofold. First, why the resurgence of naval ramming and return of rams to naval designs in the second half of the 1800s? Second, why the end to ramming in the 1900s? Can one ...
2
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0answers
149 views

Departure Ritual of U-boats (World War 2) [closed]

On the day of a U-boat setting sail what actually goes on prior to leaving for their mission? I am sure it takes more than a morning to make sure the U-boat is sea-worthy, including loading the ...
2
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2answers
300 views

Was (Mahanian) “control of the seas” an Athenian goal in the age of the trireme?

I recently read Nic Fields' 'Ancient Greek Warship: 500-322 BC'. In it, he makes the claim: Control of the seas in the modern sense was impossible for a trireme navy, and sea power, therefore, had ...
10
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2answers
3k views

How did conditional POW exchanges work in WW2?

In Battleground Prussia Prit Buttar includes a chapter on the infamous sinking of the Wilhelm Gustloff in 1945. The author notes that the ship's captain, a Friedrich Petersen, had been captured by the ...
38
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4answers
10k views

How much evidence is there regarding the naval punishment of keelhauling?

Keelhauling is a famous naval punishment under which the offender would by dragged beneath the hull of the ship. This would have been encrusted with shellfish such as barnacles which would - at the ...
18
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7answers
8k views

When did aircraft carriers eclipse battleships as the “King of the seas”?

During the 19th century and into the early 20th century, battleships were the Kings of the Sea, and every naval power of note had at least one. When did they lose this title to the aircraft carrier, ...
2
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2answers
654 views

Did the Germans face the same “weather” difficulties for an “Operation Sea Lion” as the Allies faced at Normandy?

From what I understand, the June 1944 landing at Normandy was kind of an "iffy" thing, because of the weather. That's because there were only a few windows of opportunity each year, when the tides ...
2
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1answer
95 views

What were the casualties and ship damage on each side of the Battle of Plum Point Bend, Tennessee?

Specifically, how many were killed/wounded/missing on each side?