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Questions tagged [nazi-germany]

The period of German history from 1933 - 1945, specifically regarding the rise of the National Socialist German Workers Party

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Has a German U-Boat ever transported an American during WW2?

In the new TV series Das Boot (not the movie), a German U-Boat is used to transport an American civilian during the war. Is this inspired by real events in any way, or is this pure fantasia nonsense?
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Why was Ernst Röhm murdered?

My question is about why Ernst Röhm (along with several other heads of the SA) was murdered by Hitler on 1st July 1934? Two days before he alledgedly agreed to a go to a health resort for one month (...
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Why did Drexler acquiesce to Hitler's demand? [closed]

Quoting Wikipedia: Führer was the title demanded by Adolf Hitler to denote his function as the head of the Nazi Party; he received it in 1921 when, infuriated over party founder Anton Drexler's ...
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Is the UK the last Allied nation closing the bases established in post-WW2 Germany?

An article in The Irish Times, titled "Fintan O’Toole: The second World War will finally end in 2019" says that At some point in 2019, British troops will withdraw from Germany. This has nothing ...
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Why is a pocket-battleship large in size ?

Why is it called a pocket-battleship when it’s large in size? Isn’t anything with pocket as prefix meant to be small ? I was reading up on Graf Spee - The German pocket-battleship.
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How did Hitler imagine his succession? (for the case nazis would win the war)

I am not asking about any resolution he might have made in the feverish April of 1945. Do we have any information how Hitler imagined the government of his Reich after he would have died from old ...
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Under the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, how many of each aircraft did the USSR receive?

The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact was signed 1939 Aug 23, and lasted till 1941 Jun 22. During that time, how many aircraft were delivered to the Soviet Union, and what types were they? I'm especially ...
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What happened to Soviet POWs taken by non-German armies on WW2 Eastern front?

I have initially posted this question in relation to the Romanian army, which was second to the German on the Eastern front, but I have updated the title to include all other non-German armies on that ...
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Did Army Group Center have easier going up to Smolensk than between Smolensk and Moscow?

To try to get an answer to this question, I would like to explore its factual bases, including, but not limited to the following: 1) How did the road/railroad communication network west of Smolensk ...
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Did the Nazis identify as being Fascists? How exactly did they view themselves?

In the 1920s, Italy established the National Fascist Party (Italian: Partito Nazionale Fascista, PNF ) Hitler adopted much from his Italian allies including their fascist ideals. Even the infamous ...
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When and how were the Germans made aware of the Moscow Declaration On Atrocities?

In the question How did the Allies deliver the Moscow Declaration to the Nazis? the answers seem to focus on just one side of the communication, namely how the allies broadcast their message of the ...
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Why weren't German V-2 weapons used against the Russians? [duplicate]

Late in World War II, the Nazis deployed the V-2 weapons against Britain. That is, early missiles were launched against mainly British cities from bases in France, as "strategic" strikes. Apparently, ...
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How could Germany afford waging WWII? [duplicate]

I have been asked on several occasions how could Germany afford to start such a big war as WWII. Of course, they mean multiple aspects such money and other actors (countries) allowing it. Also, ...
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How did the news of the reality Nazi concentration camps reach the United State's mainstream? What were the waves of awareness and when? [duplicate]

I just watched a documentary (I think it was called "We Were There" or "I Was There") featuring interviews of US soldiers that were Jewish and had helped liberate Nazi concentration camps. I was ...
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What pretext did Hitler use to justify Operation Barbarossa?

At the beginning of WW2, Nazi Germany orchestrated the infamous Gleiwitz Incident, which was used by Hitler to publicly declare, that since 5:45 we are returning fire. The invasion of Poland ...
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Origin of Hitler Quote Regarding Lying

Adolf Hitler allegedly said, If you tell a big enough lie and tell it frequently enough, it will be believed. This quote can be found on here and here, for example. Can anyone add any details ...
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Was the option of setting up a Jewish state in defeated Nazi Germany ever considered?

Since there were a lot of Jews pre WW2 in Germany, and Germany was responsible for the many deaths of Jews during the Holocaust, it seems logical to suggest, that a new Jewish state should maybe be ...
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Why didn't Syria operate the Panzerkampfwagen V Panther tank?

Given that Syria operated numerous Nazi-era vehicles during the Cold War, why didn't it operate the Panzerkampfwagen V Panther tank? Syria acquired plenty of Panzer IVs, including some from France. ...
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1answer
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Who was Frau Dr. Ebersberg?

At a 1937 housewarming party held by German filmmaker Leni Riefenstahl, a Dr. Ebersberg appears in three photos with the hostess, Hitler, Goebbels and a few others. Front, from left: Ilse Riefenstahl ...
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Did the Soviet Union hand over thousands of Jews to the Nazis in the spirit of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact?

The most recent episode of the Italian documentary TV series Ulisse - Il piacere della scoperta (Ulysses - The pleasure of discovery) covered the deportation of Jews from Italy, and at some point it ...
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Did the Nazis doctor photos in order to make Hitler look as good as possible?

There are people online who swear these photos of Hitler with kids, dogs and the like are real and were covered up. https://donotlink.it/EXJq Now I already know that Imperial Japan used censorship ...
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Did the Nazi regime always or often prioritize transport trains to the death camps over military transport?

Moishe Postone claims in his essay Anti‑Semitism and National Socialism (emphasis mine): No functionalist explanation of the Holocaust and no scapegoat theory of anti‑Semitism can even begin to ...
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What do the knight figures in the Kehlsteinhaus fireplace symbolize?

The Kehlsteinhaus, also known as the Eagle's Nest, is a villa for diplomatic receptions and a mountain retreat for Adolf Hitler built in 1938. There is a marble fireplace in the main room, which was ...
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What oath did medical students take in Nazi Germany between 1933 and 1945?

The World Medical Association responded to Nazi medical atrocities not by reasserting the time-tested Hippocratic oath, but by asserting a new modern oath, subject to change every 10 years. Source: ...
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What was the scope and extent of Herbert Eulenburg's criticism of the Nazi regime during WW2?

During Nazi Germany, Eulenberg’s dramas were banned, his books were no longer printed or sold. Yet, he stood firm against the threats of party members, who continuously denounced the pacifist and ...
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Why did Shirer omit information from The Rise & Fall of the Third Reich?

In The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich in the section on the early life of Adolf Hitler, William Shirer brings some memos from the teachers of Adolf Hitler as a recollection from the time he was ...
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Why did Joseph Goebbels allow an all-Jewish Orchestra to exist and perform in Berlin from 1938 to 1941?

Rehearsal for a performance of Judas Maccabaeus (Handel) in May 1934 by the Kulturbund Deutscher Juden Orchestra, in the (Bernburger Straße) Berliner Philharmonie; conductor: Kurt Singer. Sources: ...
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From 1936-45 what was the prescribed punishment in Nazi Germany for failing to join or participate in the Hitler Youth?

Hitler reviewing members of the Hitlerjugend Question I know all other youth programs were abolished in the early or mid 30's, and then membership in the Hitler Youth was mandatory for "aryans" by ...
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1answer
662 views

Was Heinrich Himmler's death a suicide?

The corpse of Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler lying on the floor of British 2nd Army HQ, May 23, 1945. Source: Rare Historical Photos Background - I'm intrigued by Martin Allen's theory that Himmler ...
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1answer
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How did the Allies locate, identify and process Nazi War criminals?

Original Question: I am seeking information on the identifying, locating and detaining of suspected Nazi war criminals and SS officials near and shortly after the end of WWII in Europe. Specifically, ...
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When was Nazi paramilitary organisation Waffen-SS liquidated in the legal sense?

Armed forces of Third Reich consisted of two groups: proper public/national army "Wehrmacht" and private paramilitary organization "Waffen-SS" which was an armed branch of SS (Schutzstaffel, "...
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How accurate is Grossman's description of Nazi concentration camps?

Vasily Grossman was a Russian-Jewish journalist and fiction writer. His 1959 epic-novel "Life and Fate" opens with a description of a German concentration camp. He tells of the following features, ...
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How did Belgium manage to maintain control over their colonies while they were occupied? [closed]

Belgium was occupied during both the first and second world wars. I know that the Belgian Congo gained land after WW1. And I guess the Belgian Congo had some sort of independence, but I'm not sure ...
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Why didn't the discrepancy in the Kursk casualty ratio work against the Soviets?

According to conventional wisdom, Soviet to German loss ratio at Kursk and immediately after in Soviet offensives was around 3:1 in men, and 5:1 (or more) in armored vehicles (tanks and self-propelled ...
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Did Nazi leaders consider to continue guerilla warfare after the collapse of Germany?

In July 1944, von Rundstedt was relieved of command in the Western front for expressing the opinion that the war was lost. This opinion must have been shared by the most of (the reasonable part of) ...
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In WW2, why did Germany sink allied supply convoys instead of capturing them?

When reading about naval warfare in WW2, it suddenly struck me that sinking supply convoys was a huge waste of resources, especially in the later years when Germany was desperate for oil and other ...
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Did a German plane really land in Moscow in 1941 May?

I just read this small Wikipedia page about a 1941 Purge of the Red Army. There is something rather shocking: In May, a German Junkers Ju 52 landed in Moscow, undetected by the ADF beforehand, ...
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During the 1930-40s - World War 2 - were children taught English in Nazi Germany?

Were children taught English as a language or any other languages? Or did they only learn German? To be specific, schoolchildren aged 12 or above.
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How did Nazi concentration camp staff deal with survivors of gassings?

I've read a story about a woman who was put into a gas chamber and survived it. In the most notorious of all, Auschwitz-Birkeanau, she was herded naked into a gas chamber with hundreds of ...
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1answer
234 views

WW2 - Translate German text

I recently visited my friend in Guernsey and explored a German gun placement in his garden. On the walls there was writing and I am curious if anyone is able to translate it. Unfortunately a lot of ...
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Hitler claimed that the Jews sabotaged Germany. What did he think were the Jews' motivation for doing so? [closed]

I'm guessing he thought it was all about money? Another possible theory - he thought that the Jews thought that the Nordic race was a threat to them so they tried to bring it down. Edit - to be ...
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Can someone help me identify this sword?

It looks like a wide hacking blade, obviously a short sword. But because the tang isn't real wide and the way the handle fits, it looks like it was ceremonial or even ornamental. Lol. Nice blade, the ...
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1answer
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Book recommendation on the Nazis for a (very) advanced reader [closed]

I want to get my history teacher - who has taught me for three years and given a lot of extra help and support - a book. He has been studying the Nazis for several decades and is very knowledgeable, ...
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3answers
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Why was an SS commander dismissed and charged for the mistreatment of Jewish prisoners?

Amon Göth was relieved from his position at the Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp and also charged for mistreating and killing Jews, along with the fact that he stole some of their property which ...
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Why didn't Wehrmacht soldiers refuse to kill civilians?

Why didn't Wehrmacht Soldiers refuse to execute civilians (and Kids) when it was clear that they did nothing wrong? I know that they were probably told they're partisans or Jews or something along ...
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732 views

Did the Red Army and German Army clash in Poland in 1939?

I found a youtube lecture by Stephen Kotkin. He is a professor of history, wrote 2 books on Stalin with a 3rd on the way, and has access to certain Russian archives. That's all I know about him, ...
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Nazi Collaboration at an Institutional level in Poland

Following recent legal regulations in Poland prohibiting any association of Polish culpability with the Holocaust and concentration camps, the question that arises is whether there was any Polish ...
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727 views

Why were blackletter typefaces abolished in Germany?

Blackletter typefaces were exclusively used in German and German-friendly countries for several centuries. They were often commonly and errornously called "Fraktur" in German, but the correct name was ...
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259 views

What would be a textbook example of Germans attacking a small defending force in the rubble of a village?

While reading this The Saving Private Ryan Online Encyclopedia I ran into: One of the most heavily criticized scenes in the film, the Battle of Ramelle is not a textbook example of how a German ...
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Identifying a WW2 German badge/medal

Is anyone able to identify this? It appears to be a part of a badge as there is a leather backing on it.