Questions tagged [nazism]

Nazism, from German Nazi, as abbreviation of National Sozialismus, is a totalitarian ideology of the German NSDAP party, led by Adolf Hitler. The consequence of adopting this ideology was the World War II and the Holocaust.

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How many visits did the Mitford sisters or Oswald Mosley make to Nazi Germany?

The youngest Mitford sister, Unity, first met Hitler in Munich 1934, who invites her older sister Diana over to meet him in April 1935. Sometime in 1935 Unity delivers the televised speech at ...
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Why would the Gestapo help Jews to escape? [closed]

This history.com article says Passage was a terrifying ordeal. Jews congregated in fishing towns, then hid on small boats, usually 10 to 15 at a time. They gave their children sleeping pills and ...
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Why did the number of Nazis in the Bundestag increase significantly in 1953?

Looking at the list of former Nazi party members who were politically active after '45, we can see that there was a significant increase in '53 (from 17 to 45, so almost three times as many). That is ...
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Aside from the Jews, did Hitler have a final solution plan for other ethnicities/races in the Third Reich?

We know that Nazi ideology explicitly singled out Jews as the main reason for all Germany's problems, and planned to exterminate all of them. Nazis also persecuted gypsies, Polish people, and POWs. ...
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What were Nazi policies around converts to Judaism?

While Judaism is not a missionary religion, it is possible to convert to Judaism. I can only assume (although I've not found any sources on this), that practicing converts were treated like any other ...
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How has the slogan "Bis in den Tod, Rot-Weiss-Rot" been used before and after the Anschluss, and in modern times?

I am curious about Austrian slogan "Bis in den Tod! Rot-Weiss-Rot! Österreich!", usually rendered in English as "Red-White-Red until we are dead!", where "Red-White-Red" ...
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Is the claim that Hitler came to power democratically justified?

I often encounter a claim that Hitler came to power democratically, exploiting democratic procedures, was "elected" etc. Such claims are usually made by right-wing Liberals who use this ...
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What does this acronym and the symbol in the middle represent?

One of my Polish friends just bought a ruined old brick house in a village in Poland, which was supposedly reigned by Germany during the second world war (I didn't ask the name nor the location of the ...
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How did attitudes of German citizens toward Hitler and the Nazi Party change over the course of the pre-war and the post-war periods?

The March 1933 federal election was the final democratic election before WWII – in which the Nazi party received 43.91% of the vote. I'm curious how quickly the attitudes of ordinary German citizens ...
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Did Adolf Hitler ever address the fact that his own appearance was almost an exact opposite of what he considered the ideal Aryan appearance?

Hitler's ideal Aryan / Nordic appearance was: tall, blond, blue eyed, broad shouldered. Hitler's own appearance was: short, dark haired, brown eyed, slight and slumpy shoulders. And most of the Nazi ...
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Did the Balkans campaign delay Operation Barbarossa for the Nazis and was it therefore an important reason why they lost against the Soviets in WWII?

I have heard it previously that the Balkans Campaign delayed Operation Barbarossa, but I found out that Antony Beevor wrote in his 2012 book "the Second World War" the following: Hitler was ...
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Does the idea of white Europeans being the "true Aryans" come from the British India? [closed]

I have recently had a conversation with a man from India over the Internet and he told me this interesting claim. He said that "Aryan" meant "noble" in Sanskrit, and the British, ...
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Why did Western democracies sign the Munich Agreement?

Why did Western democracies sign the Munich Agreement with Nazi Germany when they knew the nature of Nazi regime? What did they want to obtain by signing this agreement? In 1938/1939, two pacts/...
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During the WWII, did the German Luftwaffe ever have mixed units of Bf-109s and Me-262s, and if so, which units and/or which airfields?

I have much information regarding the contemporary piston-engined Bf-109 units, as wells as the more advanced Me-262 units. However, I am wondering if any of these planes served together in the same ...
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What was Nazi doctrine towards pro-Nazi Jews?

What was the stance of Nazi doctrine (officially or otherwise) towards pro-Nazi Jews? How did this attitude change (if at all) from the early-mid 30s to the early 40s? To illustrate one example where ...
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Did Hitler receive any honours outside Germany?

From this article in The Telegraph: In a move designed to remove an embarrassing link to Germany's past Dulmen town council voted to revoke the honour its predecessor once bestowed upon Hitler. It ...
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How did Hitler get off so lightly after the Beer Hall Putsch?

The main square in Munich during the Beer Hall Putsch On November 8–9 1923 the Beer Hall Putsch or Munich Putsch was an attempted coup by the Nazi Party against the German Weimar Republic which ...
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Was Swastika a universally-recognized symbol of fascism as early as 1925?

In the Soviet sci-fi film "Napoleon Gas" of 1925, there is a secret society, called "Fascist Order Black Klan" in the United States. The order's uniform seems to be similar to that ...
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What did the Nazis do with proselytes to Judaism?

The Nazis categorised people on racial grounds. If someone had sufficient Jewish ancestry, they were dead. Unlike, say, Stalin's purges, it didn't matter what their opinions were: if you totally ...
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What was G. K. Zipf's opinion of the Nazis?

Zipf was a professor of German at Harvard. he is credited with inventing the rank size rules that suggested that of we rank many different sets of objects from big to small, they follow a power law. ...
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What historical reasons did the Nazis give for hating the Jews? How did they identify non-practicing Jews?

What historical or cultural reasons did the Nazis give for hating the Jews? Did they ever accurately and precisely identify non-practicing Jews? I asked Jewish culture differences singled out by ...
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Did the Nazis identify as being Fascists? How exactly did they view themselves?

In the 1920s, Italy established the National Fascist Party (Italian: Partito Nazionale Fascista, PNF ) Hitler adopted much from his Italian allies including their fascist ideals. Even the infamous ...
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Race mixing, eugenics, and Fascism: What inspired differences of opinion between German, Spanish, Italian Fascists? [closed]

I have been reading about Fascism from various expert sources, presently Professor Roger Griffin's Oxford Readers book Fascism. From this, and other sources (Robert Paxton, Stanley Payne, etc) we can ...
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What was the consequence of Gestapo being declared a criminal organization in the Nuremberg trials in 1945?

As read in Wikipedia's article on Gestapo: Between 14 November 1945 and 3 October 1946, the Allies established an International Military Tribunal (IMT) to try 22 major Nazi war criminals and six ...
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Does Hitler's "Mein Kampf" contain hints that he wanted to exterminate Jews on the scale that actually happened?

Imagine I live in 1933-1934 and read Hitler's "Mein Kampf". Is there anything in this book that would make me think the Nazis seriously intend to kill between 6 and 17 million Jews? I haven't read ...
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What was Nazi Germany's end goal?

This is something I've always wondered but couldn't imagine what the answer could be and haven't found much material elsewhere. Nazi Germany, paired with Italy and Japan, was waging war on the world ...
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What language did Nazi German occupying forces speak in France?

I am watching the TV series "Das Boot", playing in La Rochelle in occupied France during the second world war. Partially, the German occupying forces are speaking English when working together with ...
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How does a heraldic eagle become a nazi symbol?

The Heraldic Eagle, or Reichsadler is still to this day used as the coat of arms of the German empire. Its use in the coat of arms, and on German symbolism generally picture an eagle with curved wings ...
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What was the extent of military conscription by the German Army during World War 2? [closed]

I have three questions about this that I hope people can help me out with: How many soldiers were conscripted in total (in all countries)? What was punishment like if you refused? How many conscripts ...
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Request for information about an Auschwitz-Birkenau story

Two months ago, I visited Auschwitz, and our guide told us a story during the tour: In Auschwitz-Birkenau, there was a place intended for the Jews to sleep that had a drawing of a few kids ...
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Did Hitler and Nazi officials give interviews and cooperate with the Weimar republic general press?

Politicians often purposely avoid being interviewed by journalists based on numerous arguments and if they do get interviewed they might ensure to film the interview with their own crew to expose ...
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How were concentration and extermination camp guards recruited?

I'm interested in knowing how the Nazi regime went about hiring the guards and other camp personnel who did the dirty work. Were they screened for sadism, callousness, obedience, or some other trait ...
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Was Rudolph Hess a moderating influence on Hitler?

Looking at the War Diary of General Franz Halder, on page 114 of Volume VI., concerning General Halder's activities on 13th May 1941, it states:- Radke: a) Rudolf Hess affair. Political blow of ...
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What did Hitler say in Mein Kampf about the possibility of other nations allying against Germany in response to her aggression?

In Mein Kampf as well as in Zweites Buch, Adolf Hitler advocates the idea of securing Lebensraum ("living space") at the expense of other nations in wars of aggression. His substantiation, as far as I ...
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Why did the Nazis collaborate with the Ustaše?

The Croats are linguistically, ethnically and culturally a Slavic people. While the Ustaše did not see themselves as such, why did the Nazis choose to collaborate with what was essentially a ...
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Why were the British Union of Fascist outfits so bad compared to the Nazis? [closed]

Looking at Oswald Mosley's fascists "blackshirts", it struck me that the tailoring on their costumes was quite bad compared to their German counterparts. Photos I've seen look like black boiler suits ...
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Why did the US, Britain, France, Denmark and Sweden vote against the UN resolution that condemned Nazism and SS glorification?

Why the US vote against UN resolution 61/147 that condemned Nazism and SS glorification? (most European countries abstained)
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Was WW2 necessary for Germany economically?

Many point to improvements in Germany's economy that took place under Hitler prior to WW2. To a certain extent, some of this must have been attributable to theft of Jewish property and the jobs in ...
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When and why have the Neo-nazi view of Slavic peoples changed?

Hitler's views on Slavs were unambiguous. He considered them to be Untermensch and wanted them exterminated so that Germans could take their place. For more on Hitler's hostility to the Slavs, see ...
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What exactly do eyewitness testimonies say about Hitler's behavior during the Munich Putsch?

To be more specific, I'm wondering if I can find any primary statements from the people who accompanied Hitler on the street where 16 National Socialists were gunned down by the police; this is the ...
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What transit restrictions were in place in Occupied Germany limiting military and civilian movement between the four occupation zones?

Question What provisions or restrictions (civil and/or military) were in place in the summer of 1945 which governed movement between the four partitioned zones of occupation (British, American, ...
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Was Ludwig von Mises a holocaust survivor? [closed]

Von Mises left Europe to avoid the Nazis. Does that make him a Holocaust Survivor?
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Was swastika really a popular symbol among Slavs and/or ancient Indo-Europeans?

It seems to me that many Russian nationalists and neo-paganists currently believe that swastika was a Solar symbol or a symbol of fortune in ancient Slavic folklore. There are multiple paintings by ...
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What oath did medical students take in Nazi Germany between 1933 and 1945?

The World Medical Association responded to Nazi medical atrocities not by reasserting the time-tested Hippocratic oath, but by asserting a new modern oath, subject to change every 10 years. Source: ...
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What is the earliest example of the usage of 'Nazis' to refer clearly and exclusively to the National-Socialists?

The term 'Nazi' is now commonly explained as being an abbreviation of 'National-Socialist'. That was not always the case. The use of the term Nazi is a well-established convention in English. It ...
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Why did other German political parties disband so fast when Hitler was appointed chancellor?

Not long after Hitler was appointed chancellor, opposition groups began to shut down. He, of course, had already criminalised the Communist KPD and alleged sympathisers, but I was astonished to learn ...
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To what degree is Simone Weil correct in arguing that the third Reich under Hitler was merely a revival of imperial Rome?

Simone Weil wrote in her book, The Need for Roots: The Romans were really an atheistic and I idolatrous people, not idolatrous with regards to images made of stone and bronze, but idolatrous with ...
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When and how did the term "Nazi" start replacing the term "Germans" in the context of WW2?

Have been browsing through newspapers from September 1939 and hardly any of them mention the term Nazi. Instead, the overwhelming majority of them use the term Germans. Clearly, today in most ...
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Did Peron shelter Nazis after WWII?

After WWII, many Nazis sought and found refuge in Argentina. The proportion to which that happened certainly couldn't be carried out without some level of complicity from the Argentine establishment ...
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Why the European Union choose to use a Nazi flag? [closed]

I wonder why the EU uses a Nazi flag like the one from this picture? Source: https://qph.fs.quoracdn.net/main-qimg-32598a7f739cbfe57c03e4011891984b