Questions tagged [netherlands]

For questions about the history of the European country of the Netherlands, or historical Dutch people.

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39
votes
6answers
6k views

Was Anne Frank's story common?

I've been reading the Diary of a Young Girl, by Anne Frank. Prior to reading it, I always assumed that her story was somewhat typical of Jews living in countries that Germany occupied, or even in ...
24
votes
2answers
6k views

What would have been the price of a loaf of bread in 1645 Amsterdam?

I want to know how much a loaf of bread would cost in Amsterdam in the year 1645. Preferably I'd like the pricing of a bakery near the harbor but a comparison of the bread prices between the harbor ...
19
votes
1answer
7k views

Did Benjamin Franklin say “Holland is not a nation but a shop”? Why?

Several letter-writers to (serious) Dutch newspapers have quoted Benjamin Franklin as having said: "Holland is not a nation but a shop". Why did Franklin say this (if he did)? Google finds ...
19
votes
3answers
1k views

What exactly happened with beer and Leeuwarden in 1487?

On the history page for the day July 24th at Wikipedia, one of the events listed as happening that day is: 1487 – Citizens of Leeuwarden, Netherlands strike against a ban on foreign beer. This claim ...
16
votes
2answers
11k views

Spanish Influence on the Netherlands and Belgium?

Spain had ruled the Netherlands (and Belgium) in varying degrees between the 16th and 17th centuries. However, I haven't noticed much of a cultural influence or impact with historical roots in Spanish ...
14
votes
6answers
2k views

What is the flag in this 17th century painting?

I'm doing research on a painting 'Koppertjesmaandag' by Adriaen van Nieulandt in 1633. In the right corner of the painting you can see a couple of ships with their flags. One in particular is a gold ...
10
votes
7answers
4k views

In Dutch history two people are referred to as “William III”; are there any more cases where this happens?

William of Orange was also called William the third, one of the descendants in the same family was again called William the third. Is this common in history? are there any more cases where this ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

How did the Dutch East India Company (VOC) have so much revenue when they only control small part of Indonesia?

According to this, the VOC only controlled some ports, cities (like Batavia/Jakarta) and its surrounding. Yet, it seems to be a very successful corporation, mostly benefiting from the natural ...
9
votes
2answers
952 views

Did the Dutch carry out trials for collaboration with the Japanese in the Dutch East Indies?

After the Second World War, the Netherlands tried Dutch citizens for acts of collaboration with the German occupation. Did they do the same (as the UK did on a limited scale in India and other areas ...
9
votes
2answers
976 views

What is this stick that William III of England/Orange is holding in this portrait?

While looking at a bit of Dutch history, I saw William holding a stick in this portrait. I looked for a description of the portrait on another site and it only says: This autograph portrait is a ...
8
votes
1answer
282 views

By what right/legitimacy did the Republic of Indonesia come to rule the country?

Before the Dutch rule, Indonesia consists of various sovereign kingdoms and sultanates. The Dutch left after armed fighting, so it was not like they peacefully left the sovereignty to a designated ...
8
votes
1answer
772 views

How many Dutch lived in Indonesia during the colonial era vs native population?

In Indonesian education, it is often emphasized that the Dutch took advantage of "divide and conquer" tactics (and superior technology) to keep ruling Indonesia (then the Dutch East Indies) despite ...
7
votes
1answer
183 views

How was the administration of the liberated part of The Netherlands organised between 12 September 1944 and 5 May 1945?

The Allied Liberation of The Netherlands lasted from 12 September 1944 (when the first villages were liberated) to 5 May 1945, when the German capitulation took force (not counting a few German ...
6
votes
1answer
730 views

Did any part of the Netherlands ever use this flag?

Was there ever any part of the Netherlands which had this flag? Guilherme Paula - Public Domain
6
votes
1answer
392 views

What is the difference between “seigneurie” and “manor”?

From page 170 of Samuel Clark's State and Status: The Rise of the State and Aristocratic Power in Western Europe: In the Spanish/Austrian Low Countries a change in the ancient coat of arms of a ...
5
votes
2answers
854 views

What was the reason for the Dutch attack on Venezuela in 1908?

The Netherlands attacked Venezuela in 1908, which resulted in the overthrow of Venezuelan President Cipriano Castro. According to the New York Times article Dutch at War with Venezuela, the Dutch said ...
5
votes
1answer
254 views

Was there a coup in the Netherlands in 1672?

From 1650 to 1672, the Dutch Republic lacked a stadtholder because the Government was dominated by Republicans who didn’t want William Prince of Orange to become stadtholder. However in 1672, during ...
4
votes
2answers
547 views

Did the Netherlands join the anti-Japanese oil embargo later than US? If so why?

From Wikipedia's Dutch East Indies Campaign: President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued an executive order on 26 July 1941 which froze all of Japan's U.S. assets and embargoed all oil exports to Japan. ...
4
votes
0answers
98 views

Is there any evidence of naval ramming in the 9th and 10th century North Sea?

In Bernard Cornwell's 'Sword of the Kings', his main character uses the tactic of ramming to sink an enemy ship before engaging in hand-to-hand combat with surviving ships which get leashed together. ...
4
votes
0answers
85 views

How was the Order of the Golden Fleece involved in the trial of Egmont and Hoorne?

Egmont and Hoorne, both Knights of the Golden Fleece were arrested by the third Duke of Alba, put on trial, found guilty of high treason, and executed. As knights of the Golden Fleece, they called ...
4
votes
0answers
213 views

What happened to Dirk Willems' family after his martyrdom?

From Wikipedia Dirk Willems was a Dutch martyred Anabaptist who is most famous for escaping from prison, turning around to rescue his pursuer —who had fallen through thin ice while chasing ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

How did public debt financing through annuities work in the States General of the Netherlands?

We're going through some readings regarding how the formation of modern states was structured through the many wars throughout Europe across the centuries, and one of the points that concerns me - ...
3
votes
0answers
167 views

Which is closer to Old Dutch? [closed]

The Dutch dialects spoken in Belgium and the Netherlands are diverse, but if a general statement can be made, which, as spoken today, is closer to the root of the language?
2
votes
1answer
136 views

Can you tell me the name and location of post war camp in the Netherlands

My father was a young Dutchman who was sent to Berlin to work for AEG as forced labour. According to my fathers account after the end of the war on his return in Holland he was put in a camp in ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Why did PvdA and not KVP provide the prime minister in the Kabinet Drees-Van Schaik (1948-1951), despite KVP being the largest party?

In the Dutch General Election, 1948, the largest party was KVP with 32 seats. Second was PvdA with 27 seats. Normally the largest party provides the prime minister. Yet in the folowing KVP-PvdA-CHU-...
1
vote
0answers
217 views

What happened to Johannes Heinrich Louis Munt after his trial in 1945?

I was curious what happend to Johannes Heinrich Louis Munt. He was a SS-Hauptsturmführer and Kriminalkommissar during World war 2 in the Netherlands. He ordered the execution of more than 50 people ...
1
vote
0answers
147 views

Why are there two “Smaller & Smaller”s?

So M.C. Escher created a piece of art called "Smaller & Smaller". The problem is, when you look it up, two similar but non-identical pieces of art come up: and The color difference isn't a big ...
1
vote
1answer
167 views

Was there regular contact by the general population between the Spanish Netherlands and the Dutch Republic during the second half of the 17th Century?

Was there commercial or social interactions between the general populations of the Dutch Republic and the Spanish Netherlands after the Eighty Years War? Would a person living in Aardenburg, ...
-1
votes
1answer
146 views

Exactly how much of what did General Benjamin Butler seize from the Netherlands Consulate in New Orleans on May 10th, 1862? [closed]

There seems to be some conflicting reports over whether or not the amount was cash or specie, and exactly how much of it was seized.