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Questions tagged [nobility]

Nobility is a class of people who hold titles, generally of a hereditary nature.

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What court positions did Abe no Yasuchika hold during the reign of Emperor Nijō?

I've been having a frustrating time researching the career of Abe no Yasuchika, who was an onmyoji (yin-yang diviner/astrologer) during the late Heian period in Japan. Searching Google mostly gives me ...
Yeslek71's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
271 views

What would "close confinement" look like for a Saxon count being punished by Henry V of Germany in the early 1100s?

While reading the Cambridge Medieval history collection I keep coming across 'confinement' or 'imprisonment' being used to punish or coerce nobles, kings, and even popes. I'm wondering what the ...
Matt's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
201 views

What is this large bronze medallion?

Searched many sites but nothing matches this particular lion.
Somanyquestions's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
163 views

Did medieval squires and pages have their own servants?

The squires and pages in the middle ages acted almost as personal servants of the knights. Apart from their trainings, they looked after the personal needs of their masters, such as cleaning clothes ...
Lishachulisha Magenta's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
318 views

What's the male equivalent of a lady's companion?

I've been wondering if men used to have a paid attendant comparable to a lady's companion. I've seen it being compared to a valet but valets were normally more subservient and of a lower social status ...
1995inHUN's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
337 views

In the Kingdom of Italy (1861-1946), who was entitled to style himself a prince?

The motivation for my question comes from a highly controversial celebrity. In an interview with Piers Morgan, Jordan Peterson stated that Olivia Wilde had married 'a millionaire prince'. I do not ...
Tom Hosker's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
2k views

Why didn't a noble family change their last name from a kind of duck to something more prestigious?

Several days ago, I got curious about the last name of Nikolai Gogol. It just seemed not Slavic to me to be the last name of a Russian/Ukrainian author. I searched for his father on Wikipedia: He was ...
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3 votes
1 answer
200 views

What is the difference between "liege-vassal" and "simple vassal"?

Jean Bodin said in his Six Books of the Commonwealth: The fourth is the simple vassal who owes faith and service for his fief, but is neither a sovereign himself, nor the natural subject of the man ...
Guilherme de Souza's user avatar
16 votes
5 answers
5k views

Has a hereditary peer ever been promoted or demoted to a higher or lower rank?

The hereditary peerage of the United Kingdom consists of dukes, marquesses, earls, viscounts, and barons. The same is more or less true of the peerages of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Great ...
Psychonaut's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
207 views

Was it illegal in 18th century France or Spain to use false titles of nobility?

The friend of popes and kings and noblemen, and of all the male and female ruffians and vagabonds of Europe, abbé, soldier, charlatan, gamester, financier, diplomatist, viveur, philosopher, virtuoso, “...
Duncan Drake's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
437 views

Prior to 1963 did a British nobleman ever disclaim or renounce his title? What would have happened if someone had tried?

British nobles could not disclaim their titles prior to 1963, and even then it had to be done within a year of succeeding to to the peerage. Why did the British make it so difficult to relinquish a ...
Nick Gidaro's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
243 views

What legal test, if any, distinguished gentlemen from commoners in Tudor England?

I read today that, as part of the dubious legal proceedings which Henry VIII used to get rid of Anne Boleyn, five men were tried and executed for having treasonous relations with the queen: Mark ...
Tom Hosker's user avatar
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3 votes
4 answers
533 views

Are there any examples of European rulers with a rank lower than king to utilize a "throne" and a "throne room"?

There is a image in the popular culture of a king sitting on a throne in a throne room and "holding court", that is performing administrative and diplomatic tasks. Was such ceremony and room ...
Harry's user avatar
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10 votes
3 answers
1k views

How aware was Europe nobility of the danger of consanguinity?

If my understanding of history is correct, it was common for much of European history for nobles and royalty to need to keep the blood 'pure' by marrying only people of similar standing. This ...
dsollen's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
152 views

Do the Chadwyck-Healey baronets have a coat of arms?

The Chadwyck-Healey baronets are one of the more obscure British dynasties. The title is extant - at the time of writing, we're on the fifth baronet - but only the first baronet was notable enough to ...
chancellorofpaphos's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
180 views

Where can I find biographical details on Bernardino (Dino) Barozzi?

I am studying some specific aristocratic merchants figures in Italian history and nobilty and I came across the figure of Bernardino (Dino) Barozzi. Dates of birth and death are 1863 and 1942. Any ...
Son Gohan's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
166 views

What is this coat of arms?

This is on a chair that has been in my family in Sweden for several generations, but it looks to be of British origin rather than Scandinavian. I am still new to heraldry but the terms martlet, ...
user50054's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
340 views

What materials would have been used in the ancient Mesopotamian crown?

To provide context, I'm working on a project involving artwork for the Enuma Elish, and I've gotten to a sort of crown initially on my portrayal of Absu. I know that gold was available to the ancient ...
Michael Macha's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
2k views

Has a British peer ever come to live in a typically lower class way?

Recognizing that social class in Britain does not correspond to wealth, that that peers have been gambling away fortunes since time immemorial, has a hereditary peer, a duke, marquess, or earl, ever ...
Joshua Fox's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
181 views

Why wasn't the Treaty of Waitangi framed in terms of a feudal exchange, rather than a surrender of sovereignty?

So, I've been doing a bit of reading on Wikipedia about the Treaty of Waitangi and the ensuing New Zealand Wars that resulted when members of both sides broke the terms of the treaties, and I saw that ...
nick012000's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
158 views

Who was the last/is the current count of Orsay?

Alfred d'Orsay (1801-1852), comte d'Orsay, had no children so I believed that the title passed to his sister Ida d'Orsay (who is mentioned to be countess of Orsay on various websites) and then to her ...
KimP's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
349 views

Under primogenture in 12th century France, if the eldest son predeceases his father, did the grandson or an younger son inherit?

Okay so I'm not sure how to word this eloquently, I'm sorry, but please bear with me. Let's say that a lord, eg. a Duke had two sons. The older one got married, had a male heir, and then died while ...
Katerina's user avatar
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15 votes
2 answers
4k views

When was the last promotion in the British Peerage?

I suspect that I ought to say "elevation", rather than promotion, but I think that the question is clear. According to Debrett's : The five titles of the peerage, in descending order of ...
Mawg's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
209 views

How formalised were the various tiers of Russian nobility during the regency of Sophia Alekseyevna?

I'm a few chapters into Robert K Massie's biography of Peter the Great, and I was surprised to read that, in the aftermath of Peter's seizure of power from his sister and regent Sophia, when passing ...
Tom Hosker's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
321 views

Did 12th century French nobles really sleep in the great hall of the castle? [closed]

I've been on so many sites and each one seems to tell a different story. Some say that nobles had their own bedrooms (evidenced by the fact that castles had bedrooms) but I have also seen people say ...
Katerina's user avatar
  • 355
4 votes
2 answers
273 views

Is Carolyn Seymour (the actress) related to Alexander von Benckendorff (the Russian statesman)?

Browsing Wikipedia (I know) the other day, I came across the page for the British actress Carolyn Seymour. The page in question states that she was born Carolyn von Benckendorf (note that this is only ...
Tom Hosker's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
519 views

How would “distraint of knighthood” law in medieval England fit with the fact that all knights must be of noble birth?

I've read recently about “distraint of knighthood” law in medieval England started by Henry III but I found it very strange indeed. This law forced all rich people who has 40 £ or more to be knighted ...
Anas Albakri's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
1k views

Until when did Castile consider all Basques to be noble?

According to J. I. Israel's Race, Class, and Politics in Colonial Mexico: 1610-1670 (pp. 112-113), Basques in the Spanish empire had a special universal claim to nobility: Perhaps the most ...
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1 vote
0 answers
151 views

Why did the form Baron OF Somewhere drop out of use?

The Question In the various British peerages - i.e. the peerages of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom - one finds titles of the form Duke of X, Marquess of X and Earl ...
Tom Hosker's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
564 views

What would a 9th-century German count do if he wanted to spend some time with his wife?

Are there any records of leisure activities by married noble couples in approximately 821? What sort of things can they both do? Did women go on hunts with men? Could there have been a theater, or a ...
KeizerHarm's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
1k views

Is there any valid basis for this claim that German Emperor Wilhelm II and the Hohenzollern family had Jewish blood? [closed]

In his book Semi-Imperator, genealogist Wilhelm Pickl von Witkenberg claimed that the Hohenzollern family had Jewish blood. I understand this claim is highly unlikely. Nevertheless, it has aroused ...
Ignacio Hill Oliveira's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
351 views

How were noblewomen named/titled in Medieval France, c. 11th century?

I was reading through some articles on Wikipedia and long story short I ended up reading about 11th century dukes of France. I noticed that a lot of their wives had names such as, e.g. Adelaide of ...
Katerina's user avatar
  • 355
1 vote
2 answers
176 views

Did princess Maria von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen -Belgian king Albert's mother- have a child out of wedlock?

Maria Luise von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen in German. She was married to prince Philip of Belgium and was the mother of king Albert I. Just one source and no other more -Wikipedia in Spanish - claims ...
Ignacio Hill Oliveira's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
6k views

What present-day monarchs descend from Rodrigo de Borgia, a.k.a., Pope Alexander VI?

I understand all enthroned and dethroned Catholic royal families (except for the Grimaldis) and even some Protestant German royal families like Hessen, Mecklenburg and the Prussian Hohenzollern ...
Ignacio Hill Oliveira's user avatar
33 votes
4 answers
13k views

What is the oldest European royal house?

What is the oldest European royal or princely house, either enthroned or dethroned, that patrilineally survives nowadays?
Ignacio Hill Oliveira's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
1k views

In the High Middle Ages, how did French nobility introduce each other?

Say two lord, or lord and a lady are talking. Would they start a conversation with a person whose name they don't know? And if so, how would they ask for the other's name/introduce themselves? I'm ...
Katerina's user avatar
  • 355
6 votes
2 answers
658 views

Was Erich Ludendorff any form of nobility?

Erich Ludendorff was the most powerful German general at the end of the First World War, achieving practically dictator status from 1916 on. A very common mistake is to posthumously nobilitate Erich ...
LаngLаngС's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
417 views

Did German Princes during the Protestant Reformation often live in castles?

I'm writing a short story based on Snow White. My research tells me the story took place during the late 16th century. The timeline of my story coincides with the Protestant Reformation. I am ...
Nolan's user avatar
  • 31
7 votes
1 answer
365 views

Were there records kept of French nobility before the invasion of England in 1066?

I can trace my family name (Chance) back to the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Were any records kept (do they survive?) of French nobility around or before this time? Or is it a known dead end for ...
Elliot Chance's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
2k views

How is it possible to be a baronet and not a peer?

I probably still haven't grasped what peerage really entails. Wikipedia says: The Baronetage of Nova Scotia (a British hereditary title, but not a peerage) had been devised by King James VI of ...
Ludi's user avatar
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10 votes
3 answers
4k views

Are there any British peers whose surname matches their title? [closed]

Is it possible for a British peer to have the same surname and title? As in William Podunk, Duke of Podunk? I had been quite sure of the thing's impossibility till I thought of a counterexample: ...
Felix Goldberg's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
914 views

Hunting in Armour in Medieval Europe?

Someone has told me that all nobility, when they hunted animals, it is in armour. They are further convinced that depictions of normally clothes hunters, are either not nobles, or they are wearing ...
Johnny's user avatar
  • 583
20 votes
4 answers
18k views

How common was marriage between nobles and peasants in the Middle Ages?

How common was it during the Middle Ages for European nobility to marry peasants or serfs? I am aware that during the era, the institution of marriage was considered a severely practical matter ...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
271 views

Why was the Titles of Nobility Amendment proposed?

Why is it that the Titles of Nobility Amendment was proposed in congress? Were there instances of Americans accepting foreign noble titles?
Benjamin's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
2k views

At what point did noblemen stop being the backbone of the military? [closed]

During the Dark Ages one of the primary responsibilities of noblemen was to engage in warfare. It was a large part of their education, and a nobleman was expected to be able to win easily against a ...
Censored to protect the guilty's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
277 views

What rank did cadet branches hold in the peerage?

I've looked at the answers for the question "How did cadet branches start?", and based off the information in that forum, I would like to know what rank equivalent to peerage the cadet branch could ...
Elfstone12's user avatar
6 votes
4 answers
840 views

Has there ever been a revolution backed by a royal or a noble against their own family?

Has there ever been a true rebel in the higher Royal or noble society who charged against a regime or a kingdom that is run by his own family, for altruistic reasons?.
Theravada's user avatar
  • 205
11 votes
3 answers
1k views

Did any English duke ever grant away an earldom he held?

The standard idea said of feudalism is that nobles have vassals, which could have vassals of their own. So that noble might have an extra title lying around and grant it to someone in exchange for ...
Caleb Paul's user avatar
14 votes
4 answers
1k views

Why did Baldwin of Boulogne proclaim Edessa a County, not a Kingdom?

[Edessa was] ruled by Thoros, who was officially a vassal of the Turks but in reality acted independently. He did not expect that situation to continue for very much longer without help, so he offered ...
Caleb Paul's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
3k views

What titles did early Welsh rulers hold?

Before England created Welsh fiefs, what would the rulers of land be called in the area now called Wales? Wales existed as smaller kingdoms, ruled by kings, but were there lesser titles, such as how ...
Mac Cooper's user avatar