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Questions tagged [north-africa]

The northern most countries of Africa that are differentiated from the rest of Africa which lies south of the Sahara desert (those southern countries are also known as sub-Saharan). The UN classifies the following 8 countries as being the geopolitical unit of "north Africa": Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, South Sudan, Sudan, Tunisia, and Western Sahara.

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Anyone have a clue what was going on with Biledulgerid?

Wikipedia has a tiny stub on Biledulgerid that—on the basis of its 19th century source—treats it as an actual kingdom in early modern northwest Africa. This early 18th-century source, meanwhile, ...
lly's user avatar
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Did the Luftwaffe tactically support Tobruk's capture in 1942?

In the comic AfrikaKorps, the capture of Tobruk in 1942 is highlighted as the consequence of tactical bombings of the Tobruk perimeter. The reasons of the defeat are given as: Lack of antitank ...
totalMongot's user avatar
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2 votes
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What kind of clothing was worn in Mahgreb states circa the high medieval period?

I'm interested in medieval clothing (I'd focus on the time period from the 9th century onwards) in north Africa especially in the Maghreb states and the other countries that surround the Sahara such ...
Medi1Saif's user avatar
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5 votes
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Were North African silver certificates actually printed in 1935?

The U.S. government printed special silver certificates (U.S. Banknotes) with yellow seals (instead of red or blue seals) so if the North African campaign failed, we could devalue those notes after ...
viggity's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
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What was this king/ warrior's exact name (AGATHOFLIS)

I'm reading some books (in Arabic) about north African history, and exactly the Igilgili (modern day Jijel ) region and I found a story about a warrior / king who tried to conquer the region (4th ...
Hamdiken's user avatar
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What is a term for cultural and social influences left by colonial power that has a long-lasting, negative influence? [closed]

I'm currently doing research on colonial effects on North African countries, and one aspect I want to comment on are both the positive and negative effects of the previous colonial power. Some of ...
qxzsilver's user avatar
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1 answer
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When did blackouts occur in Cairo during WW2?

In what date was Cairo blackout lifted in WW2? Was the date celebrated in the following years? And, not less important: what notable events were in December 21st 1944? A little background: Someone I ...
Meymann's user avatar
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How did plague affect military management in 17th century North Africa?

I’m doing some research on Morocco’s history during the early 17th century, and more specifically the chaos leading to the fall of the Saadians Dynasty. One of the main causes, if not the main, is the ...
Aiman Vargas's user avatar
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1 answer
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What prevented empires with territory in North Africa from expanding south of the Sahara? And vice versa [closed]

Almost all empires I've seen that existed north of Sahara, did not expand to the south. And the empires south of the Sahara did not expand to the north (except for post 15th century European ...
Samid's user avatar
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Did the deity "Horus" pre-date "Horus-Aha"?

Hor-Aha (or Aha or Horus Aha) is considered the second pharaoh of the First Dynasty of Egypt by some Egyptologists, others consider him the first one and corresponding to Menes. He lived around the ...
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Why have some Sahrawis become Moroccan citizens while others ended up in refugee camps?

Quoting from this article, The Sahrawis who did not flee have been given Moroccan citizenship. Is this all there is to the story? Much of the literature on the Western Sahara conflict overlooks why ...
Tfovid's user avatar
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How many people did the Islamic Caliphate send to the Maghreb during the Arabization of North Africa?

I know that during the Muslim conquest of the North Africa it was more a military colonization than an Arabization an spread of their culture as the Berbers in North Africa kept their culture and were ...
Taher's user avatar
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How important was the Suez Canal to the Allies during WWII?

The Suez Canal allows one to travel from the Mediterranean or North Atlantic to the Indian Ocean without having to circumvent the continent of Africa. A ship traveling from the UK to India could ...
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29 votes
5 answers
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Why did the Allies Invade French North Africa?

Question: Why did the allies invade Vichy French North Africa? Operation Torch was the name of the Anglo American Invasion of French North Africa. Both of the American most ...
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6 votes
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314 views

Is there any known pre-twentieth century history of the tomb of Sidi Rezegh?

Is there any known pre-twentieth century history of the tomb of Sidi Rezegh? A variant spelling is Sidi Rizq from سيدي رزق at 31.8287°N, 24.1345°E in Al Butnan province, Libya near Tobruk and Al Adm. ...
Tomas By's user avatar
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Stonehenge-like olive presses?

What are the olive presses referred to in Gregory S. Aldrete's History of the Ancient World A Global Perspective? It mentions olive presses in North Africa that look so much like Stonehenge they were ...
Hao S's user avatar
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How did Tunisia's revolution (and Arab Spring) begin?

I am asking because the most cited reasons are not that convincing: The self-immolation of Mohamed Bouazizi: He was neither the first nor the last to self-immolate himself. Poverty: Prices more than ...
imedadel's user avatar
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WWII: What navy controlled the Mediterranean during the North African Campaign?

Inspired by the question about the Strait of Gibraltar, I wondered how Germany was able to get troops to North Africa, given the naval power of Britain? Based upon this question, I would doubt that ...
Tom's user avatar
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1 answer
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Libya: Did Gaddafi forbid locks in private homes and order people to swap jobs?

After reading "The Arab of the Future", which I enjoyed and recommend. The author mentions two unusual things about his childhood in Libya. 1) Gaddafi forbade private property and locking home doors....
Anat Sbelko's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
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Why did European writers and artists continue to depict the Moors as being black skinned, even though they were mostly Berbers and Arabs

The Moors were foot soldiers of the Ummayad dynasties of Syria who crossed the straits of Gibraltar into the Iberian peninsula. Later in that period, two new dynasties emerged: the Almoravids and the ...
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From Twitter: When did Islamic literacy fall behind?

This morning I found this interesting question from verified Twitter user Iyad el-Baghdadi. Transcription: Question to experts (and good researchers). My impression is that parts of the ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
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Through what developments did Sweden end up in war in northern Africa in early 1800's?

Sweden was one of the warring parties in the First Barbary War (1801-1805) with 3 frigates from the Swedish navy. I had read that Sweden had a colony in Gold Coast (modern Ghana), taken from the ...
Eddie's user avatar
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Was there a state or kingdom in the Maghreb of North Africa that predates the founding of Carthage?

Was there a state or kingdom in North Africa before the arrival of the Phoenicians and the foundation of Carthage in 814 BC, except the primitive Capcian civilization?
mohamed amdouni's user avatar
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1 answer
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Why were harvest times in Cyrenaica earlier than in Greece in antiquity?

In The Corrupting Sea (2000), the authors state that Cyrenaica's harvest time was "a month earlier than that of most of Greece and well before that of the Black Sea" (p. 72), and because of this the ...
James Cook's user avatar
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28 votes
7 answers
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Why didn't the Moroccans try to explore and conquer the New World?

Why didn't the Marinid try to discover and colonize the New World during the 15th and 16th centuries, like the Spanish and Portuguese? They faced the Atlantic Ocean and had the power and the ...
Mr.lock's user avatar
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-3 votes
2 answers
444 views

Is there a reason beyond the simple textbook explanation as to why the Allied forces chose to fight the Axis powers in North Africa during WWII? [closed]

The textbook explanation is simply, "colonialism". But I'd like to understand the more profound motivations for the North African conflict. Ultimately, what had the Allied forces to gain? What ...
ShieldOfSalvation's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
267 views

Which lame moor was the namesake of Rancho Moro Cojo?

Governors of Mexican Alta California granted ranches to well-connected petitioners. One such piece of land near Elkhorn Slough was called Rancho Moro Cojo (Lame Moor Ranch), granted in 1825 by ...
Aaron Brick's user avatar
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How kind were the Muslim occupations of North Africa?

I grew up in Egypt and although I was raised in Muslim-majority country, I am atheist now. In history classes we were told a doubtful story: The Muslims would have been kind and merciful invaders ...
K. M.'s user avatar
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3 votes
8 answers
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Does the Ottoman Empire count as a colonial power?

Their role in the Middle East and North Africa was pretty similar to that of the French and British, who succeeded them. The French and British rule of their areas is generally called colonial rule, ...
HannesH's user avatar
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-3 votes
2 answers
134 views

Which countries actually played a part in the foundation of the UN [closed]

I'm doing a presentation on the influence of countries outside Europe in the foundation of the United Nations, I think China had some influence but I'm not sure!
Historyfriend123's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
320 views

Why does Spain have enclaves in Morocco? [closed]

As in, why are they Spanish territory instead of Moroccan?
Harry Anderson's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
158 views

Why was Archbishop of Carthage, Cyriacus, arrested?

In Life and Letters in Roman Africa page 117, it is mentioned that Cyriacus, the Archbishop of Carthage was arrested by Arab rulers on complaints by his own Roman Catholic followers. I find it very ...
NSNoob's user avatar
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10 votes
4 answers
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Was the religious and cultural diversity a core structural cause of the Ottoman Empire's decline?

To what extent did the bureaucratic structure of the state that were required to sustain the Ottoman’s wealth and power undermine (damage or weaken) the foundations of the Ottoman state in the late ...
Sohee's user avatar
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21 votes
5 answers
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Why didn't Romans conquer/explore the African Atlantic Coast?

I know that the Romans, when their empire was at its peak around the 1st and 2nd century AD, controlled the northern coast of Africa and had the Sahara desert as some kind of natural "wall" ...
Orsinus's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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Did North African countries have a police in the 18th/19th Century?

This is just a derived question from my other question about firefighters. I wonder if there have been special forces for security like what we call police nowadays or at least nightwatchmen in ...
Medi1Saif's user avatar
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5 votes
0 answers
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Who were the firefighters in Muslim North Africa in the 18th/19th Century and how were they organized?

As we know that the Romans already had some forces for keeping their cities secured and safe: The Vigiles who were what we now may call police and firefighters together! And as I failed to find some ...
Medi1Saif's user avatar
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18 votes
2 answers
4k views

Why were Morocco and Tunisia made a French protectorate, but Algeria annexed as part of France?

This question is somewhat related to this one. The three maghreban countries of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia are almost like three sisters and share everything in common culturally and historically. ...
Bregalad's user avatar
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12 votes
1 answer
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Why did Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia remain loyal to France during and after World War II?

During WW II Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia did not revolt against either Vichy France or Free France. Not only did they not take advantage of the initial French defeat and its occupation by Axis powers,...
user69715's user avatar
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12 votes
1 answer
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How were the Morisco refugees from Europe received in North Africa, given that they were foreigners and Christian?

On 1609 Spain ordered the expulsion of the Moriscos, the descendants of Spanish Muslims who were force-converted to Christianity in 1502. Presumably many of them went to the Muslim lands in North ...
user69715's user avatar
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12 votes
2 answers
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Why didn't the Ottomans conquer (what is now known as) Morocco?

As far as I know the Ottoman Empire stopped its expansion in northern Africa in (northern) Algeria. Why didn't they try to take over Morocco? Or did they try to and fail? What is the reason why ...
Medi1Saif's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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What happened with North African oil during the Second World War? [closed]

From everything I have seen, the war in North Africa was solely about getting oil from the Middle East. Had oil simply not been discovered in North Africa during the time of the war?
computergorl's user avatar
-3 votes
1 answer
9k views

Alignment of South American and Egyptian Pyramids [closed]

I don't remember when and where I hear, but I remember something like this: several pyramids in Egypt are aligned with pyramids in South America . That is, in South America are several (if correctly ...
Oto Shavadze's user avatar
16 votes
2 answers
1k views

When did the First Barbary War start?

I am reading about the First Barbary War from both Swedish and American perspective. I have what I believe to be a very reliable source in Swedish, and it says that the Pascha of Tripoli declared war ...
V.E.'s user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
84 views

Who really controls the area behind the Sahara wall [closed]

I would like to know who really controls this blank area which is possessed by Morocco and behind the sahara wall, it's controlled by the moroccan army or by the polisario ? or it's blank area ...
geogeek's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
546 views

Did the local population in North Africa resent the presence of the Germans during the Second World War?

During the Second World War, did the Arabs of North Africa care at all that the Germans were invading their countries, or did they think that there was no difference between the Germans and France and ...
Ne Mo's user avatar
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12 votes
4 answers
8k views

Why did Christianity disappear in North-Western Africa?

During Roman times North-Western Africa had a thriving Christian community, giving birth to Saint Augustine and a long lasting heresy. This is similar to many Christian communities of the time, from ...
astabada's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
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Was Casablanca a "safe" place for the Allies to hold a global conference in January, 1943?

In January 1943, America's President Roosevelt and Britain's Winston Churchill held a conference in Casablanca, Morocco. Russia's Stalin declined to attend (citing the fighting at Stalingrad). One "...
Tom Au's user avatar
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35 votes
6 answers
5k views

How was the United States able to produce excellent tanks in 1942?

Most military histories of the war in North Africa, and especially those produced from a British point-of-view, emphasise the greenness of the American troops which landed there in 1942. There is a ...
Tea Drinker's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
750 views

Were does Tifinagh come from?

Because all of my knowledge of Tifinagh came from the Wikipedia article, I was quite puzzled to read this blog. For those of you that just don't bother checking, the author describes the different ...
astabada's user avatar
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1 vote
4 answers
726 views

Were scientists in Ancient Egypt Egyptian, or were they from other regions?

Do we have knowledge of any scientists of Ancient Egypt? If yes, were they originally from Egypt, or were they from other regions such as Europe, North Africa or Asia? Any examples?
md nth's user avatar
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